Capitalist production is not merely the production of commodities, it is essentially the production of surplus-value. The labourer produces, not for himself, but for capital. It no longer suffices, therefore, that he should simply produce. He must produce surplus-value. That labourer alone is productive, who produces surplus-value for the capitalist, and thus works for the self-expansion of capital. If we may take an example from outside the sphere of production of material objects, a schoolmaster is a productive labourer when, in addition to belabouring the heads of his scholars, he works like a horse to enrich the school proprietor. That the latter has laid out his capital in a teaching factory, instead of in a sausage factory, does not alter the relation. Hence the notion of a productive labourer implies not merely a relation between work and useful effect, between labourer and product of labour, but also a specific, social relation of production, a relation that has sprung up historically and stamps the labourer as the direct means of creating surplus-value. To be a productive labourer is, therefore, not a piece of luck, but a misfortune.
—  Karl Marx, Capital, Volume One

Circular economy: the importance of re-using products and materials

On Monday 6 July, MEPs debate a report that calls on the European Commission to put forward an ambitious proposal to facilitate a transition towards a circular economy, where products are designed in order to facilitate reuse.
Below you will find links to audiovisual and editorial materials that you can use free of charge. To check the terms and conditions, click on the link to the right.

Watch the debate on Monday from 6pm CET

This infographic is available in 24 languages. Select your language on the page’s upper left corner.
Circular economy

Circular economy: the importance of re-using products and materials (article in 24 languages)
Moving towards a circular economy (briefing by the European Parliamentary Research Service)

(locally sourced) Bio waste vs Animal waste or Animal detritus?

As an investigator into the use and waste of animal ‘bio waste’ I will have to be less bias and remove myself from the personal ethical and moral ambiguities that this process includes. Twin Towers’ Agent Cooper was suggested as a model investigator: his recording methods and attitude towards investigating, “withholding judgement”.

Through this investigation I hope to explore the thin line between the consumer's acknowledgement of 'natural' ingredients and how it could change the way they interact or use the chosen product :a bone china cup produced from locally collected chicken bones and sugar filtered through locally collected chicken bones

As the word 'bio waste’ can come across a bit misleading and seem to be more organic then it actually is and 'animal waste’ is thought of as excrement I have decided to find a word that sits in the middle of these two: 

detritus |diˈtrītəs| (noun)
waste or debris of any kind:
• organic matter produced by the decomposition of organisms. 
• gravel, sand, silt, or other material produced by erosion.

So, from this point on my material will be called 'animal detritus’ or until I find a better word to call it, that wont and cant form a bias opinion based on the name of the material.

freakinjailbird asked:

So I've noticed from glancing at your page that you use silicon molds? I'm familiar with the process a little from working in Iron Foundries, but what are some major components to think about when beginning to use silicone for molding? What types of materials can you pour (product wise) into the molds. How expensive is start up? Are there preferred methods/companies/products you use that are superior in different ways? Thanks in advance for any help on the subject!

I’ve only recently got into casting and molding, and silicone is even more recent. If you’re looking for experts, I’d suggest checking out people like Punished Props and Volpin Props who detail their processes or asking on the RPF forums.

but what are some major components to think about when beginning to use silicone for molding?
Is molding the best method and do you need silicone?
This is getting into expensive costume territory, so it might not be the best option for some people. If it’s a one-off, you might find it easier/cheaper to work with a thermoplastic or foam to produce your piece. If it’s for gem casting, you might find better luck with hard-plastic chocolate molds or paint trays

You will also want to think about your base material and casting material and how it will chemically react. Some clays have sulfur which reacts with the silicone and won’t let it cure properly, so you need to use sulfur-free clay. Silicone sticks to itself, so if you plan to cast a silicone piece in a silicone mold then you need to use a release agent to prevent this. Also liquid latex doesn’t cast in silicone because it’s non-porous. 

Aside from that, you need to look at your piece and decide how you’ll make the mold. One piece/ flatback , two part, multi-piece, matrix? This takes some research on your part, understanding the benefits of different molds and how they work with your piece. Flatback or one-piece molds are super easy and a great way to learn how to work with the material without getting into complex construction:

The flat back mold refers to the piece having a flat back. It is also called a one piece mold because it’s one piece. Commonly used for gems or other embellishments. The image above if from Volpin’s moldmaking guide which is worth reading if you plan to get into this stuff.

A two-part or multi piece mold is made of multiple parts that fit together, it gets more complicated in terms of making the mold but it gives you three dimensional pieces! This is a two-part brush on mold I made (my first attempt at a two-part), on the left you can see I started making the mold jacket with plaster.  

What types of materials can you pour (product wise) into the molds.
Depends on the silicone. Casting resins/liquid plastics, waxes, low-temperature metal, hot glue, silicone and other prosthetic-making materials (usually with a release),  if it’s food-grade then you can cast chocolate :P

How expensive is start up?
Depends what you’re making and how much you need.

I mainly work on small projects as I’m trying to get to know the material, and it’s about $30-50 for the trial size/pint kits (or $30US from smooth-on + shipping). You may need to make a mold jacket or a mold box, depending on what you are making, which will add to the cost. I’ve done mold boxes with cardboard (free) and mold jackets with plaster bandages ($6 at Curry’s) rather than fiberglass  because I’m on a budget, but it works well for the small projects I’ve used it for.

You’ll also want gloves,stir sticks and measuring cups. Bigger projects get more complex and may involve more supplies like a degassing chamber.

Are there preferred methods/companies/products you use that are superior in different ways?
I’ve mainly been working with Smooth-On’s products. Specifically Rebound brush-on silicone and I think the other one was Mold Max. Sculpture Supply Canada is close to me, so I usually purchase from them because in-store is so much cheaper than trying to ship liquids.

Pretty much you need to read the properties of the silicone you are buying. Some are stronger than others, cast faster/have shorter pot lifes, are made for pouring or brushing, or can handle different casting materials.

Care To Try On A Pork-Rind Sweater?

For most people, thinking of a favorite sweater likely brings to mind descriptors like soft and cozy, warm but breathable. Maybe it’s made of a fine Merino wool or cashmere. Few are those who, when thinking of the sartorial pleasures of knitted clothing made of natural fibers, will conjure the effluvia of slaughterhouses.

Philipp Stössel is one of the few. Stössel, a doctoral student researching biomaterials science, looks for useful materials that can be made from agricultural waste. Working with colleagues at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich, he has been perfecting a process to make warm yarns out of animal byproducts like gelatin that can be knitted into clothing.

The motivation to turn the skin, bones and tendons of vertebrates into a wearable fiber comes, the group writes, from an enormous supply of waste.

“The raw material, namely, slaughterhouse waste, accumulates at about 10 million tons per year in the European Union and the global gelatin market is expected to reach 450,000 tons in 2018,” Stössel and his coauthors wrote recently in a study published in the journal Biomacromolecules. Learn more and see pictures of the process below.

Keep reading

Maintain and Sustain an Ability

I have concluded, from the many conversations I have had and heard today in the studio, the take away coffee culture is an ever growing and expanding industry. And this is a disposable culture that adds to our land full every day. The cups, plastic covers, sticks, cup collars, spoons… and not all are from recyclable or reusable materials.

I propose to form a process where the ‘bio-waste’ from the industrial agricultural production is put back into the system of manufacturing materials.

In the USA alone about 2 billion pounds of feathers are produced and are discarded each year, which could be used in the manufacturing of plastics. 

me: draws from my position to the means of production (materialism and the ways in which I am constituted by power and discourse to develop an anti-politic of resistance, accompliceship and solidarity.

you: idk man I mean isn’t it antisemitic to oppose settler-colonial states? IDK man identity politics are pretty cool. Vote Sanders.

anonymous asked:

Didn't Rebecca Sugar hint that Peridot wasn't a gem? I could've sworn she did in a tweet. Do any of your followers know about this because I really thought I had seen that but maybe not...

nope, I’ve never heard anything about that. Possibly someone trolling? Or perhaps you misread something 

Rebecca actually pretty much never tweets anything aside from links to tumblr posts with production material or art she’s made. She’s very guarded, the only time she ever says stuff about the show is during interviews (or during that AMA last year).