-A match is a tool for starting a fire. Typically, modern matches are made of small wooden sticks or stiff paper. One end is coated with a material that can be ignited by frictional heat generated by striking the match against a suitable surface.
When you light a match, a reaction occurred in the tip of the match that contains potassium chlorate (an oxidant), sulfur, starch, glue and some other ingredients. The striking surface on the match box contains powdered glass, red phosphorus, and glue.
When a match strikes on this surface, the heat of the friction causes a reaction between the potassium chlorate in the match head and the red phosphorus in the striking surface. That way sparks are formed, which finally ignite the match head that continues to burn after that. -x
One of the chemical equations of lighting a match is: