Saint Catherine of Alexandria, with the Defeated Emperor (c.1482). Probably the left wing of a triptych. Master of the Legend of Saint Lucy (Netherlandish, active Bruges, active c.1470-c.1500). Oil on panel. Philadelphia Museum of Art.
Saint Catherine of Alexandria, here shown reading a book, was the patron saint of students and scholars. Because she refused to relinquish her faith under torture, she was revered in northern Europe during the Renaissance as a powerful helper for penitents in times of need.