mas 49

Fusil Semi-Automatique Mle1949/56

Made by the Manufacture d’Armes de St-Etienne post-WW2 until 1965 at a total of 295840 units, including an initial production of 20240 MAS 49.
7,5x54mm 1929C 10-round removable box magazine, gas-operated semi-automatic fire, built-in compensator/Nato 22mm grenade launcher with sights.

This rifle’s had a long and tortuous development, in major parts due to a little historical event you might have heard of. First of all it’s important to note that its action is in fact based on Rossignol’s B5 prototype rifle of the French military rifle trials in the early 1900′s. This is in fact the direct impingement system that would later be used not only in these MAS rifles but also in the American AR series.

The Rossignol B5 ENT-1901 rifle.

In 1938, with a war looming and thus in the very same circumstances that saw France try to modernize its arsenal around the turn of the century, the Manufacture d’Armes de St-Etienne started development of a new semi-automatic military rifle. The resulting weapon was the MAS 38/39 and MAS 40 prototypes, both featuring a 5-round fixed box magazine like the bolt action MAS 36, but making use of the Rossignol system.

The MAS 40 rifle.

About 60 working prototypes were made during the early days of WW2, before being adopted in March of 1940. Unfortunately much like the A6 Meunier in 1913, there were no time or resources to implement a new military rifle during a world war. With German occupation becoming unavoidable, workers at MAS hid the plans to the gun as well as its prototypes.
They did their job extremely well, to the point that Free French forces in their now liberated country had to reverse-engineer the MAS 40 without blueprints to resume production, leading to the creation of the MAS 44.

The MAS 44 rifle.

Less than 7000 Mle1944 were manufactured for use by French Marine Commandos in the later stages of WW2. This is the first iteration of the design to introduce a detachable box magazine holding ten rounds.
Following the end of the war and the rebuilding of the country’s infrastructure, the rifle was very lightly modified and rolled out for mass production as the MAS 49. It was supposed to see service with all branches of the French military but only ended up in the hands of soldiers fighting in the conflicts of the Decolonization era.

The MAS 49 rifle.

It was finally after these experiences in the Indochina war, the Suez canal crisis in Egypt and the start of the Algerian war that the MAS 49 was refined into the Mle1949/56, with an overall shortened and modernized exterior more fit of a battle rifle. Before that it still looked very much like the MAS 36 bolt action rifle, which is fine if you’re into hunchbacked Lebels.

The MAS 49/56 rifle ready to fire a 22mm grenade.

Fusil B5 ENT-1901 système Rossignol

Tested at the Ecole Nationale de Tir between 1894 and 1913 as part of a large program to find a replacement for the Lebel Mle1886.
6x60mm proprietary round, gas operated - direct impingement as later used in MAS-49 and AR rifles, 9,7kg, select fire.

One of the many prototypes of rifles produced in the early 1900′s in France, it was more effective as an automatic rifle/light machine gun than an infantry rifle due its weight, and was consequently beaten by the Meunier A6 semi-automatic design.
None of them however would be mass-produced in time for WW1 and the Lebel rifle remained France’s main issued infantry weapon.

anonymous asked:

If you had to 'keep peace' in a dusty African nation, what rifle would you bring? Please no AK's.

hmmm… plot twist : I’m 100% against foreign intervention in African affairs, in any form and for any reason. 

But let put that aside for a moment.

I would definitively take an AK for a lot of reasons, 

but for the sake of the argument here’s a short list of guns I would trust (and feel comfortable with) for that task :

[SIG 550]

Because it’s able to sustain a lot of abuse, still be reliable despite low maintenance, and it will still be very accurate.
Since I will presume Swiss Federal Police would not let that rifle be exported to a troubled zone, let’s go to the next obvious choice.

[Vektor R4]

A well-made AK in 5.56x45, the antipodean cousin of the Valmet is not only well-distributed on the whole continent but has a proven track record.

[MAS 49-56]

Light, powerful, simple and reliable, I would select it over the FAL or the G3 because of its colonial track record. It’s a great rifle and Africa is its playground.

Contenders that I could consider would be :

- IWI Galil ACE, allegedly one of the best offer in 7.62x39 that is not (exactly) an AKx

- FAMAE 541, a SIG produced under license in Chile. A pretty good gun, slightly lighter than the 550.

- FN FAL, even if me wearing short shorts would probably be considered as a war crime in itself.

- [edit] I forgot about the FN FNC, the Belgian AKM. Very good rifle.

Depending on the situation, I wouldn’t reject two PDW like


or the USM1 carbine

I lived a few years in Africa, and I’ve seen that Stoner designs are not Africa-proof. I also really don’t like to shoot with the HK G3, which would be otherwise a very good choice for the situation described.

anonymous asked:

Hello. Is there any fics where Draco masterbates to Hermione. Like fantasizing about her. Bonus if she sees it and it ends with smut. Thank you. ✌️

Hi! Check these out:

The Essence of Life By: cklls - M, 3 Chapters - Fertility issues in pureblood marriages lead to desperate measures. Draco seeks out help from a most unlikely source, in a most unlikely way. Written as a gift for a DMHG Bingo winner and posted with her kind permission.

Two Ways About It by Musyc- M, one-shot - Draco uses a charmed mirror to spy on Hermione in the Prefect’s bathroom, and gets more than he expected. (AU, 7th year,)

First Sight by dedra - R, one-shot - sexual situations/content

- Jamie





The Fallout by everythursday - MA, 49 Chapters - Hermione learns about growing up through the redemption of Draco Malfoy.

Caught in Sexual Tension By: Halfblood of Avid Lucidity - M, one-shot - Hermione and Draco have been working together for some time now and the desire for each other had gradually built up during those months. What happens when Hermione catches Draco doing something in his office which is considered inappropriate? DMHG PWP

Thanks, @alexandriasafron, @justdoitandfeeltheburn, and @dramione-4-lyf!

- Jamie

In-depth: French experimental SMGs

Even before World War II, the French Army had experimented with military submachine guns. The French were perhaps more forward-thinking than the British Army in this regard. Both the French and the British had been offered the Thompson and both turned it down, but whereas the British Army dismissed the idea of submachine guns completely, the French began work on their own design called the MAS 35. It was chambered in 7.65x20mm. The prototypes were very basic and had simple tubular butt stocks with flat plates acting as shoulder pieces. The design was not adopted but instead improved upon as the MAS 38. The MAS 38 was unique in that the bolt actually traveled back into the stock at a tilted angle. The internal workings were very complicated and I will spare readers a full explanation.

The MAS 38. Designed at Saint-Étienne and chambered in 7.65mm. This was the standard French submachine gun in World War II.

Despite its unorthodox design, the MAS 38 was adopted as the standard French issue submachine gun. The low-powered cartridge meant that recoil was low and accuracy was good. The weapon was used throughout World War II by both the Free French and the Vichy regime, and would also be used post-war in France’s subsequent conflicts.

After the war it became apparent that submachine guns were more effective than most European militaries had anticipated. The Section Technique de l’Armée (the French equivalent of the Ordnance Board) commissioned the small arms factories at Châtellerault (MAC) and Saint-Étienne (MAS) to develop a new submachine gun in 9x19mm. STA felt that the 7.65mm cartridge was not powerful enough and opted for 9mm since almost every other European country had adopted it.

MAC developed their first prototype in 1947. It had a hinged magazine housing that would fold under the barrel. The magazines used were that of the MP-40. Internally, the return spring was actually located near the trigger mechanism and had a torsion action to it. The end of the spring was attached to a lever that came from a recess from within the bolt. When the bolt flew back, the return spring twisted and tightened.

The MAC 47. Despite a superficial resemblance to the Sten, it was internally nothing alike. The hinged lever underneath the trigger cocked the weapon.

The cocking system was also unusual. There was a lever that folded under the trigger on a hinge. Turning it downwards would cock the weapon. The folding buttstock was made of sheet metal and was considered very unergonomic because it was too large. The return spring system also lost tension after extended use. Another version of this prototype was made that had a wireframe stock and a perforated barrel jacket. The stock folded across the side of the weapon and a brace that ran across the middle of it would deliberately block the open ejection port to prevent it from being discharged in this configuration.

In 1948, MAC produced a new design. It had a cylindrical body and the internal action was based on the Sten gun, but with left-hand cocking. The magazine well was very long and doubled as a fore grip. MP-40 magazines were used. The safety was in the pistol grip and, rather unusually, the stock protruded from the bottom of the grip. Fixed to the side of the stock was a hinged steel plate that was designed for the firer to rest their right elbow on whilst firing from the hip. There was no fire selector on the initial prototypes but subsequent models had two triggers for automatic and semi-automatic fire. Ultimately the weapon was not all that accurate.

MAC produced a lightweight version of this weapon which was made almost exclusively from pressed steel. The wooden stock was replaced with a basic “tromboning” stock which was a simple retracting wireframe. This version was known as the SL and was produced in limited quantities. Those that were made were issued to French troops in Indo-China (now South-East Asia).

The MAC 48. The unusual stock did not align well with the bore and made aiming difficult. When fired from the hip, it was decent.

Meanwhile Saint-Étienne produced a series of prototypes called the C1, the C2, the C3, and the C4. They were all basically derived the same design and differed only in very minor ways. Development started in 1947 and by 1948, the final version known as the C4 had been produced. The action was very similar to the later H&K G3. It had a two-part, L-shaped bolt that ran through a tube over the barrel. The firing pin was fixed to the vertical arm of the bolt. Fitted underneath the long horizontal arm of the bolt, and in front of the shorter vertical arm, was a light bolt head, which was attached to a rotating lever. One end of the lever touched the bolt body and the other end sat in a recess in the weapon’s frame. When gas pressure was applied, the lever rotated, which accelerated the bolt. There was no conventional fire selector. Instead, the trigger was pressurized to give single shots at a half-pull and automatic fire at a full press.

Neither the MAC nor the MAS designs were adopted by the French Army and instead the MAT-49 was chosen.

The MAS 48 C4 in 9mm. The magazine housing, like many other French designs of the time, was hinged and folded under the barrel.

The MAS 49. Chambered in .30 Carbine. Note the long barrel and bipod.

The MAT 49. This was the weapon that was adopted by the French Army. It saw use in Algeria and Indo-China.

Other post-war French designs included the Gevarm D3, produced by ammunition firm Gevelot. It was a very basic Sten clone with a wooden stock and was never manufactured in any quantity. More interesting was the PM-9 produced by Societe Pour l’Exploration des Brevets MGD in 1954. The PM-9 was a very compact folding submachine gun. It is very hard to describe the internal action of the weapon. The bolt was a sort of rod that was connected to a flywheel on the rear end and the front end was connected to a crank that revolved 180 degrees when the bolt moved forward. When it reached the end of its travel, it returned 180 degrees in the opposite direction, upon which the next round would be chambered. When this happened, the flywheel on the rear end of the bolt would oscillate, cocking the weapon, which would then cause a spiral spring to tension and the move the bolt forward again. Very interestingly, the weapon′s fire rate could be changed by adjusting the tension of the spring.

The Gevarm D4 by Gevelot. This version had a retracting stock whereas the D3 had a fixed stock. Not many were made.

The PM-9 produced by MGD and later Erma. The high cost and complex mechanism ensured that it was a commercial failure.

The folded PM-9. In this configuration it was incredibly compact.

The PM-9 design was sold to Erma Werke in Germany in 1955. Erma had difficulty selling the weapon so they instead used its production as a training exercise for young employees. Each unit cost about $150 so production ceased quickly.


A new addition to my personal collection, a French MAS 49/56. This model is chambered in 7.5x54, it was not converted after century arms imported it. The gun is fed from ten round magazines. From what I could tell this one was made in 1961. All matching numbers and shoots like a dream. Now the hunt begins for a MAS 36.


@minimum-wage-commando hat deinen Eintrag gerebloggt und das hinzugefügt:

>tfw no MANURHIN made SIG 540

I’ve heard a lot of things about that rifle, mostly by people who got it (or, depending on the theater of operation, the 7.62x51mm SG 542 battle rifle) in emergency when French Army was transitioning from the MAS 49/56 to the FAMAS. 

Some people really hated it (a few barrel batches were faulty, and the charging handle Has maybe a bit too much the will to go outside and explore the world by itself), but most feedbacks were very positive. 

One thing I really like about the 54x is that they weight about a pound less than their 55x counterparts, thanks to the stamped steel build.

I really think it would have been a better option than the FAMAS, but it suffered from two things - the NIH syndrom, and the fact it was made in a private manufacture instead of a State-owned one like GIAT. It was maybe also too classic and lacked the kind of weirdness French people really like in their demonstration of Grandeur.

anonymous asked:

Any slowburn fics with alot of smut? Like 'Isolation' by bex-chan?

The Fallout - MA, 49 chapters - Hermione learns about growing up through the redemption of Draco Malfoy.

Title: Finders
Author: everythursday
Rating: MA
Genre(s): Action, Adventure, Drama, Mystery, Romance
Chapters: 18
Word Count: 143,864
Summary: An alliance is formed when Hermione begins seeing things, as a dangerous magic threatens to overtake Hogwarts.

Title: Out of the Silent Planet
Author: ianthe_waiting
Rating: NC-17
Genre(s): Adventure, Angst, Drama, Hurt/Comfort, Romance
Chapters: 39
Word Count: 229,710
Summary: Hermione Granger fulfills Severus Snape’s final wish, to journey to Japan to ‘retrieve’ something of importance. 

Title: Thirteenth Night
Author: nelpher
Rating: MA
Genre(s): Angst, Drama, Romance
Chapters: 24
Word Count: 81,410
Summary: When Hermione is assigned to keep tabs on a memory-charmed Draco, she is faced with a decision that could change her life forever.

Title: Summer in Sweden
Author: Sagaoosh
Rating: M
Genre(s): Romance, Mystery
Chapters: 55
Word Count: 51,673
Summary: The Malfoys has some unexpected ancestors that they visit once in a while, and this summer Draco finds someone staying there as well, someone that has been missing for months. Short chapters, slow development, M for later chapters.

- Lisa

anonymous asked:

Hello. Could you please give me an H&V starter list of 5-10 fics (that only exist on H&V) I should read? Thank you so much!

  1. Thirteenth Night by nelpher - MA, 24 chapters - When Hermione is assigned to keep tabs on a memory-charmed Draco, she is faced with a decision that could change her life forever.
  2. How Soon Is Now? by nelpher - M, One-shot -  A series of letters revealing what transpires when Hermione investigates a supposed breach of Draco’s probation.
  3. Waiting Room by nelpher - M, 21 chapters - A series of encounters with Draco in the waiting room of St. Mungo’s helps Hermione reconsider her views on love, friendship, and the intersection thereof.
  4. The Symmetrical Transit by everythursday - MA,10 Chapters - Draco believed the world was screwed up because a lack of balance. Everything in the world had its equal parts – love, hate; right, left; sun, moon – but no one ever grew up with these parts in the same proportion, which made them off. People were either forced to live discordant, or they were lucky enough to find that balance through someone else.
  5. Parade of the Sun by everythursday - MA, 35 Chapters - Floralis Fati is a plant with the power to control time, hidden in the wild, and protected by a magic that strips people of their own while seeking to kill them. Hermione wants it to save the world. Draco wants it to save himself. Sometimes what we want can destroy us - and sometimes it can build us new again.
  6. The Fallout by everythursday - MA, 49 Chapters - Hermione learns about growing up through the redemption of Draco Malfoy.
  7. Respected Elf Enslaver by Alex25 - M, 10 Chapters - How could a romance, or even a friendship, or even a little RESPECT develop between Draco and Hermione? Owls between the two, IC, unique perspective, preHBP.
  8. A Pound of Flesh by Pennilyn Novus - MA,33 chapters - Becoming attached had never been part of the plan. Neither was falling in love. One night out on the town, Hermione comes face to face with Draco Malfoy–Memory Charmed and living as a Muggle–and an opportunity too good to pass up. What starts as revenge quickly grows into something more, and as Hermione delves deeper into the mysteries surrounding the man who can’t remember who he is - the man everyone thought was dead - she might discover more than she can handle.
  9. The Timekeeper’s Watch - Pennilyn Novus – K, 3 chapters - He can’t change anything, but everything will change.
  10. Fifteen Minutes - Little DollfaceM, one-shot - “Come on, Hermione. Live a little,” Lavender said just before Hermione was forcefully dragged into the hot, crowded room by her arm.


Le Clarion: The FAMAS - 5.56x45 NATO

One of the most iconic of bullpup rifles, the French FAMAS is certainly one of the more peculiar shaped bullpup. This icon of French patriotism, besides being on the replacement block has become a sort of mystery to the American buyer.

Following WWII, France was working on making a modern rifle. It would be a bullpup, a novel idea for the 1960′s as the only real bullpups were prototypes like the British EM-2. Armed with the MAS-49/56 Semi-auto rifle, a long line of prototypes were made, with a number of substitute arms such as the MAS-49, HK33 and SG 540 serving as a stopgap. After the Battle of Kolwezi in 1978, it pressured France into designing the gun faster and later in the year, the FAMAS F1 was adopted and replaced the older MAS-49/56 rifles as well as the MAT-49 submachine gun. 

The FAMAS is an oddball rifle to be sure, as are a lot of French guns in general. It’s a lever delayed blowback, similar to the AA-52 machine guns operation. It’s notable for a number of quirky features, such as 25-round “disposable” magazines over the later M16 style STANAG magazines. And like most disposable magazine ideas, it went nowhere and ever since the French have been stuck with 25-rounders. It’s fitted for grenade launchers, sight rails, conversions for left and right handed shooting and all these other lovely features.

The problem with the FAMAS was a lot of specific things. One was ammunition. The FAMAS’s action tended to have very high extraction pressure, so they used steel case ammo. But when NATO went to a bigger bullet, the guns started to suffer from malfunctions, combine that with a magazine issue, it made the gun a bit of a headache, at least for the Army.

The French Navy decided to ditch that and go to the FAMAS G2. This was an updated model with notable features such as a magwell for STANAG mags, modifed action to allow it to use the newer NATO ammo reliably and a big trigger guard for using with gloves. Unfortunately, the French Navy was the only ones who use it as the main army used the F1. There also were a number of failed prototypes such as the Felin system and so on, but the main two are the F1 and the G2. The FAMAS was reasonably popular, but as of 2016, the French Army is looking to replace it with either the HK 416 and the FN SCAR.

Now besides being really cool and French, the FAMAS is very well known in the US and similarly to the AS Val, it’s due to it’s rarity. You see, in the late 1980′s the FAMAS began importation into the US with a deal between Century Arms and St Entienne/MAS. Unfortunately, not many got imported, about 250-300 rifles. The reason for this was the fact that a base FAMAS rifle, besides having all the military stuff like the rifle grenade barrel ribs, the grenade sights and so on removed, they costed a shit load. A base FAMAS could go for$995 dollars, which paled in comparison to say…Steyr AUGs with a couple of mags and the scope for $650. If the price didn’t help it, the fact they first were imported in 1988, one year before the import ban didn’t help. 

Besides this fact, the FAMAS is a very important firearm, it’s served the French military for around 30 years, it’s an icon of France and NATO and while it might be kicked out the door for the next big thing, it’s left a legacy that many rifles only dream of.

“Aux armes, citoyens… “

nogoodscum  asked:

top 10 fics every dramione fan should read?

Hi! There are definitely more than 10 that should be on this list but here are the first ones that came to mind that, I think, are absolutely worth every dramione fan’s time:

The Fallout by everythursday - MA, 49 Chapters - Hermione learns about growing up through the redemption of Draco Malfoy.

Isolation By: Bex-chan - M, 48 Chapters - He can’t leave the room. Her room. And it’s all the Order’s fault. Confined to a small space with only the Mudblood for company, something’s going to give. Maybe his sanity. Maybe not. “There,” she spat. “Now your Blood’s filthy too!” DM/HG. PostHBP.

The Flatmate By: attica - T, 5 Chapters - After the Ministry seizes all of Draco Malfoy’s possessions - including his beloved Malfoy Manor - he takes up drinking and finds himself taking up temporary residence at Hermione Granger’s flat in Wizarding London. But what neither of them expect is that a lot can happen in 139 days in such close quarters - even the impossible. DHr. COMPLETE!

The Rest of Their Lives By: smuggled-muggle - M, 15 chapters - [Complete] Voldemort’s defeated and now they’ve got the future to look forward to. Hermione’s happily ever after doesn’t happen as she had planned, and Draco refuses to live the life planned for him.

A Wonderful Caricature of Intimacy By: Countess of Abe - M, 25 Chapters - Draco loves his son more than anything in the world. So, when his ex-wife plans to take his son away, Draco asks the most unlikely person for help. Hermione must decide whether changing her entire life is worth helping the man she hates unconditionally.

Gravity By: luckei1 - T, 10 Chapters - It’s about arranging stacks of books, wall colours, and jumping off a cliff. Draco/Hermione

The Green Girl By: Colubrina - T, 22 Chapters - Hermione is sorted into Slytherin; how will things play out differently when the brains of the Golden Trio has different friends? AU. Darkish Dramione. COMPLETE.

Diary of an Illicit Affair By: LoveBugOC - M, 11 Chapters - Chapters of an affair, through the eyes of two lovers: an unfaithful husband and his mistress. Rated for Mature subject matter. Eleven-part series. Dramione.

Clean By: olivieblake - M, 31 Chapters - Malfoy’s handsome face was contoured into a condescending smirk. “No faith in that giant brain of yours, Granger?” She looked up at him defiantly. “Maybe I don’t have faith in you!” she said, raising her voice. Malfoy only looked at her. “You’ll find I’m very surprising.” Dramione AU, Year 6 with a slow burn and a killer twist. COMPLETE.  

A Fruitless Year by everythursday - MA, 3 Chapters - Sometimes the simplest of storms can grow to nearly topple the mightiest of oaks, and the only choices left are to sever it by the roots, or let it grow towards the light.

- Jamie

Show Me Something | Rozdział 2

Autorka: hlstyles [oryginał/konto AO3]

Ilość słów: 746

Opis: Harry ma szesnaście lat, kiedy pojawia się jego pierwszy tatuaż bratniej duszy.

Od autorki: 40-parę dni później i mam dla was sequel! Mam nadzieję, że polubicie go tak, jak pierwszą część.

Od tłumacza: U mnie to nie było 40 dni, tylko jakieś… 8 miesięcy i 1 dzień? Po prostu myślałam, że autorka nie doda kolejnej części (bo tak coś pisała) i przestałam sprawdzać. Ale proszę, macie tutaj króciutki rozdział 2, który jest bardzo uroczy :)


            Harry i Louis mają swoją pierwszą randkę tego samego dnia, którego się spotkali. Louis jest tak głośny, ale niesamowicie zabawny. Prowadzi w szkole zajęcia z aktorstwa, a kiedy Harry śpiewa mu I need a man z Grease, Louis pochyla się nad stołem i całuje go.


            Harry ma 24 lata a Louis 26, kiedy wprowadzają się razem. To tylko dom w mieście, nic wielkiego, trzy pokoje i dwie łazienki. Kuchnia o przyzwoitym rozmiarze.

Keep reading


The French MAS-36 bolt action rifle

By the mid 1930’s France’s stock of Lebel and Bethier rifles were beginning to show their age and obsolescence.  The French military wanted a new rifle that was shorter, more compact, and more importantly used a modernized rimless cartridge with a modern 5 round box magazine.  The government owned arms factory, Manufacture d'armes de Saint-Étienne (MAS) created the MAS-36, a new bolt action rifle designed to bring the French Army into the modern era of warfare.

World War I was the dark ages when it came to bolt action rifle design in France. The official service rifle was the Berthier Mle 1907/15, which believe it or not utilized a 3 round magazine.  The Berthier was supplemented by the 1880’s vintage Lebel, an obsolete design which used an 8 round tube magazine which needed to be loaded one cartridge at a time. Although the Lebel was an aging design, French soldiers preferred its 8 round capacity to the Berthier’s pathetic 3 round capacity, despite the fact that it used an obsolete tube magazine. In the mid 1930’s it was high time for that the French adopted a new, modern bolt action rifle. The MAS-36 was designed with many of the mistakes of World War I in mind, and drew inspiration from other successful designs such as the German Mauser and British Lee Enfield.  It had  rear locking lugs that were resistant to dirt, new peep sights designed for common combat ranges, and a turned down bolt made to make working the action fairly easy. One interesting feature of the MAS-36 was its bolt handle, which was turned at a very sharp forward angle for a shorter and easier stroke action. Some soldiers, however, were not comfortable with this and bent the bolt into a more traditional angle.  Perhaps the most important feature of the MAS-36 was that it was chambered for 7.5x54 French, a new replacement for the older 8mm Lebel cartridge.  Overall while not pretty, the new rifle was accurate, tough, rugged, and reliable.

The MAS-36 was most notable for its use during World War II.  Unfortunately not enough could be produced to arm all French soldiers by the war’s start, so it served alongside the ancient Lebel and aging Berthier (both updated with a 5 round box magazine). A rare paratrooper carbine variant was also produced with a folding aluminum stock. After the fall of France the rifle was still used by Vichy French government, as well as Free French troops and resistance fighters.  Many were captured by the Germans and renamed the Gewehr 242f, which was used to arm some occupation forces, but mostly the Volksturm, Hitler’s civilian militia composed of old men and children.  After World War II the rifle continued to be used in France’s colonial wars, including Algeria and the Indochina China Wars.  By 1949 is was replaced with a semi-auto rifle called the MAS-49.