13 Reasons to Have an Out-of-This-World Friday (the 13th)
1. Not all of humanity is bound to the ground
Since 2000, the International Space Station has been continuously occupied by humans. There, crew members live and work while conducting important research that benefits life on Earth and will even help us eventually travel to deep space destinations, like Mars.
2. We’re working to develop quieter supersonic aircraft that would allow you to travel from New York to Los Angeles in 2 hours
We are working hard to make flight greener, safer and quieter – all while developing aircraft that travel faster, and building an aviation system that operates more efficiently. Seventy years after Chuck Yeager broke the sound barrier in the Bell X-1 aircraft, we’re continuing that supersonic X-plane legacy by working to create a quieter supersonic jet with an aim toward passenger flight.
3. The spacecraft, rockets and systems developed to send astronauts to low-Earth orbit as part of our Commercial Crew Program is also helping us get to Mars
Changes to the human body during long-duration spaceflight are significant challenges to solve ahead of a mission to Mars and back. The space station allows us to perform long duration missions without leaving Earth’s orbit.
Although they are orbiting Earth, space station astronauts spend months at a time in near-zero gravity, which allows scientists to study several physiological changes and test potential solutions. The more time they spend in space, the more helpful the station crew members can be to those on Earth assembling the plans to go to Mars.
4. We’re launching a spacecraft in 2018 that will go “touch the Sun”
In the summer of 2018, we’re launching Parker Solar Probe, a spacecraft that will get closer to the Sun than any other in human history. Parker Solar Probe will fly directly through the Sun’s atmosphere, called the corona. Getting better measurements of this region is key to understanding our Sun.
For instance, the Sun releases a constant outflow of solar material, called the solar wind. We think the corona is where this solar wind is accelerated out into the solar system, and Parker Solar Probe’s measurements should help us pinpoint how that happens.
5. You can digitally fly along with spacecraft…that are actually in space…in real-time!
NASA’s Eyes are immersive, 3D simulations of real events, spacecraft locations and trajectories. Through this interactive app, you can experience Earth and our solar system, the universe and the spacecraft exploring them. Want to watch as our Juno spacecraft makes its next orbit around Juno? You can! Or relive all of the Voyager mission highlights in real-time? You can do that too! Download the free app HERE to start exploring.
6. When you feel far away from home, you can think of the New Horizons spacecraft as it heads toward the Kuiper Belt, and the Voyager spacecraft are beyond the influence of our sun…billions of miles away
Our New Horizons spacecraft completed its Pluto flyby in July 2015 and has continued on its way toward the Kuiper Belt. The spacecraft continues to send back important data as it travels toward deeper space at more than 32,000 miles per hour, and is ~3.2 billion miles from Earth.
In addition to New Horizons, our twin Voyager 1 and 2 spacecraft are exploring where nothing from Earth has flown before. Continuing on their more-than-37-year journey since their 1977 launches, they are each much farther away from Earth and the sun than Pluto. In August 2012, Voyager 1 made the historic entry into interstellar space, the region between the stars, filled with material ejected by the death of nearby stars millions of years ago.
7. There are humans brave enough to not only travel in space, but venture outside space station to perform important repairs and updates during spacewalks
Just this month (October 2017) we’ve already had two spacewalks on the International Space Station…with another scheduled on Oct. 20.
Spacewalks are important events where crew members repair, maintain and upgrade parts of the International Space Station. These activities can also be referred to as EVAs – Extravehicular Activities. Not only do spacewalks require an enormous amount of work to prepare for, but they are physically demanding on the astronauts. They are working in the vacuum of space in only their spacewalking suit.
8. Smart people are up all night working in control rooms all over NASA to ensure that data keeps flowing from our satellites and spacecraft
Our satellites and spacecraft help scientists study Earth and space. Missions looking toward Earth provide information about clouds, oceans, land and ice. They also measure gases in the atmosphere, such as ozone and carbon dioxide and the amount of energy that Earth absorbs and emits. And satellites monitor wildfires, volcanoes and their smoke.
9. A lot of NASA-developed tech has been transferred for use to the public
Our Technology Transfer Program highlights technologies that were originally designed for our mission needs, but have since been introduced to the public market. HERE are a few spinoff technologies that you might not know about.
10. We have a spacecraft currently traveling to an asteroid to collect a sample and bring it back to Earth
OSIRIS-REx is our first-ever mission that will travel to an asteroid and bring a sample of it back to Earth. Currently, the spacecraft is on its way to asteroid Bennu where it will survey and map the object before it “high-fives” the asteroid with its robotic arm to collect a sample, which it will send to Earth.
If everything goes according to plan, on Sept. 24, 2023, the capsule containing the asteroid sample will make a soft landing in the Utah desert.
11. There are Earth-sized planets outside our solar system that may be habitable
To date, we have confirmed 3,000+ exoplanets, which are planets outside our solar system that orbit a Sun-like star. Of these 3,000, some are in the habitable zone – where the temperature is just right for liquid water to exist on the surface.
In 1960, the United States put its first Earth-observing environmental satellite into orbit around the planet. Over the decades, these satellites have provided invaluable information, and the vantage point of space has provided new perspectives on Earth.
The beauty of Earth is clear, and the artistry ranges from the surreal to the sublime.
13. We’re building a telescope that will be able to see the first stars ever formed in the universe
Wouldn’t it be neat to see a period of the universe’s history that we’ve never seen before? That’s exactly what the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) will be able to do…plus more!
Specifically, Webb will see the first objects that formed as the universe cooled down after the Big Bang. We don’t know exactly when the universe made the first stars and galaxies – or how for that matter. That is what we are building Webb to help answer.
Happy Friday the 13th! We hope it’s out-of-this-world!
i wrote Mike seeing Will’s burn scar from the iron rod Nancy stabbed him w for Mars bc she told me to and I love this idea so Mars this is for U I love u
-July 23rd, 1987-
“You ready to go?”
Mike twirls his keys around his index finger, leaning against the counter as Will manages to stumble out of his room.
They’re in the Byers’ kitchen, where the light filters through the windows and hits the walls at an angle that makes the paint glow, filling the room with a warm amber light. It’s comfortably silent, with Joyce at work and Jonathan off at NYU. Mike’s taking Will to the art gallery that just opened in Hawkins, after Will complained that he had no artistic inspiration and needed something to help him finish a project for his advanced art class.
Will’s pulling a sweatshirt (one of Mike’s, an old Hawkins highschool sweatshirt that practically swallows him) over his head, rustling up his hair until it sticks out at awkward angles.
A soft smile falls on Mike’s face as he watches Will finish getting ready, smoothing his hair out and tugging the sleeves of the shirt down over his hands. Mike’s eyes wander across Will’s body, memories flashing through his mind like a flip book of everything he loves about Will.
Will’d changed as he’d gotten older, aging at a speed that almost felt too fast. He’s not much taller than he used to be, the top of his head barely reaching Mike’s shoulder (although Mike is freakishly tall, having hit a growth spurt that didn’t stop for three years). He’s slimmed slightly, his body narrow and light like a sparrow. Mike once worried about how tiny he is, but, then again, Will can eat more than him and Nancy combined and his metabolism is like a freight train, making it seem like he can never gain weight even if he wants to.
His face hasn’t changed much, reminiscently cherubic and peppered with dark moles that he refuses to acknowledge unless Mike is pressing gentle kisses into them.
The most obvious change is that Will’s hair has grown out in smooth waves until it falls to just above his shoulders. He’d grown it out after claiming that he was tired of the short haircut he’d had since he was twelve.
“Is this….. bad? do you want me to wear something else?”
Will’s voice breaks through Mike’s thoughts, and for a moment Mike can see a familiar flood of anxiety behind Will’s eyes, dark clouds that he knows are wreaking havoc in Will’s gut. Mike blinks. He had been staring.
“Wh- no! no, don’t change!” Mike blurts, pushing away from the counter and closer to Will, a surge of something he can’t quite place pumping through his chest at the sight of Will tilting his head up to look Mike in the eye. Will grins at him, his fingers intertwined in front of his chest. The sweatshirt he’s drowning in is a dark green like the evergreens outside their windows and Mike can’t help but think about how the color makes Will’s eyes feel so much brighter. Will’s hands rest on Mike’s shoulders, like they’re ballroom dancing. He giggles, and Mike sways a little, humming under his breath.
“Maybe we could have our own Snow Ball, right here in the kitchen.”
Mike’s hands come to rest just above Will’s hips, about halfway up his stomach, and Will jolts. His eyes go wide and a soft mewl falls from his lips before Mike can even ask what’s wrong. His hand falls from Mike’s shoulder to wrap tight enough around his wrist to begin to cut off circulation. he practically rips Mike away from him, his breathing thin and wavering. Mike lets go of Will’s sides, terrified that he’s somehow hurt Will or sent him into an episode, but the moment Mike’s hands are off his hips he falls quiet, tilting his head towards the floor so his eyes are hidden behind a curtain of dark hair.
The room is silent- a rubber band about to snap.
“Will? are you okay?” Mike asks, his voice barely loud enough to be considered a whisper. Will nods, his chest heaving.
“I- I’m fine. I’m sorry- I- l-lets just go.” Will says, but Mike grabs his shoulders, keeping him from pushing past and leaving.
“Did I hurt you?” Mike asks. Will looks at him, shaking his head. His eyes are wide and terrified behind the strands of hair covering his face.
“No. No, you didn’t- it’s just- I- it-” Will stammers, tears beginning to glitter in his lashes. Strawberry red floods his face as he tries to find the words he wants to say.
“Is it an- an episode? did I- are- are you seeing the shadow again?” Mike asks, his hands moving to Will’s arms as he tries to calm Will down. Will’s stammering falls quiet at Mike’s words, but his eyes are still hidden behind his hair.
“No. It’s- I shouldn’t be so- It’s something from a while ago, you weren’t- I don’t think-”
“Show me.” Mike says, leaning down until Will’s eyes meet his. Will swallows thickly but obliges, his fingers finding the hem of his sweatshirt and pulling it up until the spot on his side is exposed.
There, halfway between his hip and his ribs, is a thick scar, about as wide as one of Mike’s fingers and a little longer than his thumb. The skin looks burnt away, leaving a dark patch against the pale white of Will’s skin. It seems like there’s something trapped inside it, a thick black line zig-zagging through the length of the burnt skin like lightning. Mike exhales softly at the sight of it, his eyes flicking to Will’s. Will is looking away from him, his eyes trained intently on the kitchen cabinets.
“What- where did this come from?” Mike asks. He reaches forwards to touch it, but Will’s breathing hitches and he freezes, not wanting to scare Will any further.
“The- when- when he w-was in my head- they had to burn- burn him out-”
“I remember. I thought they used heaters? and the fireplace?” Mike asks. The scar on Will’s side moves when he breathes, stretching and relaxing as his chest heaves. The black marking seems to writhe within his skin independently, sending a thick dread sliding down Mike’s throat.
“they- they did, b-but- but then he got m-mad, and broke one of the- the wrist ties. mom tried to- she tried to stop him- he- I started- I was ch-choking her- a-a-and they couldn’t- they couldn’t get m-me off,” Will’s voice cracks and he takes a moment to lick his lips before continuing. “Nancy- she used a st-stoker from the fireplace to get me to- to stop.” Will says. His voice is shaking and he’s looking anywhere but Mike’s face because he knows Mike will be angry. Angry that Will didn’t tell him sooner, angry that Nancy hurt Will without telling him, angry that Will had done something like trying to choke out Joyce even though it wasn’t him, it hadn’t been him in there.
A gentle hand pushes Will’s hair out of his face, tucking it behind his ear with a touch that barely feels like a touch, like they’re barely making contact. Mike’s fingers are warm and the hand at Will’s elbow is sure and Will gathers just enough courage to glance at Mike’s face.
Mike is watching him with something that Will thinks might be pity or sorrow but most of all Mike looks like he’s in love. his eyes are so full of love despite all the awful things Will has done and it makes Will cry, hiccuping once before tears begin to stream down his face.
“I’m sorry I wasn’t there with you.” Mike says, his voice thicker than it had been a moment ago.
Will shakes his head, tears dripping to the floor.
“D-don’t-” He starts, but Mike pulls him closer, wrapping his arms around Will’s body protectively.
A warmth floods through him that he hasn’t felt for a while, the guilt weighing down on his shoulders feeling just a bit lighter now.
they hold each other in silence for a while, the only sound between them being Will’s soft sniffles every now and then and the brush of fabric against fabric as they shift. Mike begins to sway ever-so-slightly, smoothing Will’s hair down and pressing a kiss against the top of his head. Will hiccups again and his fingers dig into Mike’s back as he reaches for anything to ground him.
Mike finally pulls away from Will, pushing the hair on the other side of his face behind his ear.
“You know what this means, right?” He asks. Will cocks his head at Mike, his eyes red-rimmed and puffy. His fingers are still tangled in the back of Mike’s shirt.
“I’m never gonna let you out of my sight ever again.” Mike says, grinning.
Will buries his face into Mike’s chest, trying to hide his grin in the soft fabric and warmth of Mike’s body. He can hear Mike’s heartbeat and smell him- he smells like fabric softener and the pine trees outside and the allspice that seems everpresent in Karen’s kitchen back at home -and he doesn’t think he’s ever felt more protected in his life as Mike’s arms slowly wrap around him again.
airmom. tumblr. com/post/159215839296 is the mars post I was talking about you doing for the rest of the signs. it's simple, to the point, and informative. I like it a lot. lol.
ooo hehehe ok sure
Aries Mars: -anger e over everything - 1, 2, 3 action! (cannot handle laziness) -loves competition, either gym rat or athlete monstr -hates waiting -angr e sex could be a strong desire -strong risk-takers, u either try or die trying -loves the chase -actions speak louder than words!!! -str8 to the point -wants to play basketball w ur feelings probably -wants to live their life to fullest
Taurus Mars: -likes to touch rather than talk -process things slowly and steadily (not saying they’re slow, I meant by approach) -takes patience to understand them heh -might b a sugar daddy/sugar baby -obsessed with their things, so don’t b surprised how protective they can b abt u -so calm, so hard to read -keeps sexual activity like a secret, sh -might forget that sex is abt creating a bond, bc they are so focused on their own pleasure oopz
Gemini Mars: -so unpredictable omgknjvnsjvnd -like to makes things abt themselves sometimes -likes to learn, hit them with that new math problem u learned at school -double-texters imo -want someone to keep up w them -so easily distracted, and scattered o no -have a way w words oo la la -likes to talk over the phone, might have a phone sex kink (shrug) -prefers variety and to keep their options open -needs their space, does not like to rush into things
Cancer Mars: -will talk about having children -cute girls > hot girls -protective -huge homebody oo co zee -most likely to come off really cute!!! cute energy!!! -v smart, will make the effort to the things they want to achieve -hides in their shell, so ppl don’t see their true intentions -takes a while to get with these bad bois (eas e peas e? ya u tHouGht) -likes to observe the ones they like -might give u a quiz, n will see where the relationship is going from there (might make platonic or romantic move on u, and see ur response to it) -might come off harsh if they feel trapped -want to feel secure!!
Leo Mars: -anger e over everything pt 2 -lazy but are very goal-oriented -confident over the person they r trying to pursue (might not always b the case) -need to learn to slow their roll, 100/100 likely to go straight into flirting -likes attention n affection hehe -when they aren’t trying to seek a partner, they r busy doing something artistic -loves everything art -wants to make themselves n the ppl around them proud!!! -super stubborn grrr -loves the adrenaline they get when they r in love ahh, thats y they like falling love -enthusiastic, and warm makes them v cute partners -pretty much a top
Virgo Mars: -keeps it one hunneh -likes to pursue things n not make a big deal out of it, they know they did good -strives 4 success -polite conversations > flirting -calm, and quick-minded -dont get in their way bc they’ll just push u aside -has sharp-tongue (b careful when u french kiss them o no) -can turn calm into detached, ya theres a difference -hit them with that correct grammar and that advanced english -old-skool loverz -they remind me of….office sex -another earth mars that keeps things secret sh -prefer to do things thru experience
Libra Mars: -another air sign that has a way w words oo la la -commitment is not in their dictionary (ehehe jokes) -most likely to win ur heart (fUcK) -so charming, alluring, and kno how to grab ur attention -dont kno what they want -decisions r so frusTurAtInG -when they become weak when they are being pressured (sorry I’m exposing u like this) -struggles to be fair, what other ppl want and what they want -want to have fun, so rushing things will b ur downfall heh -like to b complimented and shown any type of attention -likes dirty talk probably, sexting may b?
Scorpio Mars: -hates losing, losing is not an option -prefer to have a few goals, so they can b focused in order to achieve them easily -possessive & controlling -will sit back n think whether u r worth the effort -digs deep into things -probably a stalker (love to research and find out things for themselves but that doesn’t mean u should b dishonest w them) -very hard to befriend -takes a while to gain their trust, lots of patience pls -pls proceed w caution -very good healers, very strong fighters -fascinated w occults, death, dangers, and things that r unanswered
Sagittarius Mars: -adventure seekers -change their wants everyday probably -always coming up w ideas -likes someone who keeps them entertained -not a cheesy/corny lover -fun > emotions -quick-witted, and r very fun to have a conversation w -funny!!!!! so funny!!!! -they r so spontaneous -always going thru new experiences, wisdom is key!!! -can never finish projects bc a new idea always pops up o no!! -will dip when things get 2 serious 2 soon
Capricorn Mars: -DADDDY KINKS I SWEAR TO GODDJSKJLF -sorry but reality is harsh and so are Cappys -goals come first -very serious & straight-forward, lets cut to the chase -work-oriented, especially when they r pursuing someone!!! -patient -can b cold when u c their bad side, move aside, they want to achieve -love and sex is a slow-burning pleasure yummy -they strive for success like the other earth signs -can control their anger -old-skool as heck -plans for the future!!! -make great spouses tbh -dry dark sense of humor ):<
Aquarius Mars: -rules? never heard of her -r not obvious lovers -prefer to b ur friend first!!! -they think instead of express, they r an air sign not a water (ahem) -can be very detached, anything expressive or physical can give them discomfort -reasonable, and calm -kink e -they like to experiment ((((; -idealists, they know what they abt to do to u -logic & reasoning, logic & reasoning -have a very headstrong approach to everythinnnnnnng -independent!!! quirky!!!! -”me, myself, and ego”
Pisces Mars: -things change their moods v easily n they won’t notice!!! -goes thru things unconsciously -will like u one day then won’t answer ur texts the next (wauw) -so indirect -if they want to pursue something they need to b emotionally committed ):< -go-with-the-flow -never know where their feelings r coming from when they express them (y r they sad? tHey DOnT KnOW) -things like money, power, security, etc will not tempt them -they r v soothing, feels like u r rocking in the ocean when they hug u (try it) -patience pls for this water sign (aside Cancer & Scorpio) -difficult, u r in for a ride!!!! -should meditate when angered
“Gods of Mars” is a bombass title but seems a little exaggerated when you realize the plot will probably just be 90 minutes of two siblings screaming and throwing missiles at each other as an exasperated Guardian desperately tries to get these giant pissbaby war machines to get along before they destroy half of the Sol System.
What’s next for NASA? A quick look at some of the big things coming up:
1. We will add to our existing robotic fleet at the Red Planet with the InSight Mars lander set to study the planet’s interior.
This terrestrial planet explorer will address one of the most fundamental issues of planetary and solar system science - understanding the processes that shaped the rocky planets of the inner solar system (including Earth) more than four billion years ago.
2. The Mars 2020 rover will look for signs of past microbial life, gather samples for potential future return to Earth.
The Mars 2020 mission takes the next step by not only seeking signs of habitable conditions on the Red Planet in the ancient past, but also searching for signs of past microbial life itself. The Mars 2020 rover introduces a drill that can collect core samples of the most promising rocks and soils and set them aside in a “cache” on the surface of Mars.
3. The James Webb Space Telescope will be the premier observatory of the next decade, studying the history of our Universe in infrared.
Webb will study every phase in the history of our Universe, ranging from the first luminous glows after the Big Bang, to the formation of solar systems capable of supporting life on planets like Earth, to the evolution of our own solar system.
4. The Parker Solar Probe will “touch the Sun,” traveling closer to the surface than any spacecraft before.
This spacecraft, about the size of a small car, will travel directly into the sun’s atmosphere about 4 million miles from our star’s surface. Parker Solar Probe and its four suites of instruments – studying magnetic and electric fields, energetic particles, and the solar wind – will be protected from the Sun’s enormous heat by a 4.5-inch-thick carbon-composite heat shield.
5. Our OSIRIS-REx spacecraft arrives at the near-Earth asteroid Bennu in August 2018, and will return a sample for study in 2023.
This mission will help scientists investigate how planets formed and how life began, as well as improve our understanding of asteroids that could impact Earth.
The Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) is the next step in the search for planets outside of our solar system (exoplanets), including those that could support life. The mission will find exoplanets that periodically block part of the light from their host stars, events called transits.
The mission will place a spacecraft in orbit around Jupiter in order to perform a detailed investigation of Europa – a world that shows strong evidence for an ocean of liquid water beneath its icy crust and which could host conditions favorable for life.
We’ve issued a draft announcement seeking U.S. industry-led studies for an advanced solar electric propulsion (SEP) vehicle capability. The studies will help define required capabilities and reduce risk for the 50 kilowatt-class SEP needed for the agency’s near-term exploration goals.