mariel boatlift

pain-in-the-bass  asked:

A German friend of mine claims that the refugees in Germany aren't contributing to society and are draining the economy. You guys have anything on hand I can use to prove them wrong?

“Refugees = drain on German economy.”  Your friend, having posited this hypothesis, now has to provide supporting evidence.  The burden of proof lies with them. 

Of course in doing so, your friend will have to explain the following:

a) if refugees have been such a drain on the economy, why has per capita GDP in Germany increased every year for the last six years? 

(SOURCES: x, x, x, x)

b) if refugees have been such a drain on the economy, why has unemployment in Germany gone down every year for the last six years?

(SOURCES: x, x, x, x)

b) if refugees have been such a drain on the economy, why has the Germany economy grown every year for the last four years?* 

(SOURCES: x, x, x, x)
(*Bloomberg News is reporting that Germany’s 2016 economic growth was fueled by “domestic demand” - the kind of domestic demand created in part by thousands of people arriving with nothing and having to replace everything!)

Seems to us that any reasonable person that wasn’t a xenophobic shitbag would look at the data and have to conclude that, if anything, refugees have been a positive impact on the German economy.  This is probably due in part to the thousands of new jobs and billions of € in new social housing that’s been created in Germany as a direct result of the arrival of refugees.  

It’s not just in Germany, either.  Sweden, which is the European country that is hosting the largest number of refugees per capita, is experiencing an economic boom as a result.  Other countries that have enjoyed the economic benefits of refugees and other migrants include Australia, Canada, Kenya, the UK, and the USA.

This shouldn’t be surprising to anyone that bothers to think about it.  Thousands of refugees arriving to a country = thousands of people that need to replace all the things they left behind + a very real incentive for host countries to spend money on social housing, education, etc. instead of giving that money away to billionaires in tax cuts, etc. like they’d normally do.  Refugees are going to spend the money they have in the communities they’re making homes in, not hide it in a tax evasion scam or in a Swiss bank account or spend it on a luxury vacation in an exotic locale.

You want the most glaring example of the refugee economic effect in semi-recent history?  The Mariel boatlift, 1980: 124,000 Cubans were exiled from the country; nearly all of them arriving in Miami that year - a city with a population of around 300,000 at the time.  What impact do you think the arrival of 124,000 penniless Cubans had on Miami’s economy?  Well, if you listen to the economist that studied this, you’ll find that the impact was neither none @ all or it actually created more jobs than were taken up by the Cuban newcomers.

Your “friend” is full of shit.  Time to make some new friends.

“To the Cuban refugees: This great nation is offering you the opportunity of a new life, ample and full liberty, security and the guarantee of a peaceful orderly life, and is also offering you the opportunity of a rebirth and consideration as a person. With all inalienable human rights before God and the people.”

“President Jimmy Carter has opened the arms of our nation, respect the laws and obey the authorities. Patience, Faith (Trust, believe) and optimism, with the help of God and your personal sacrifices you will obtain in the United States the liberty and prosperity that you yearn for. Other Cuban refugees who preceded you have already reached those goals, establishing indestructible friendship bonds with the United States and her people.”

Year: 1980

Let’s talk some more about Cuban Derek Malik Nurse because this has officially become important for my sanity

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On head marking

“I’m a child of Yemaya! I’m not in the religion, but I know it.”

One of the most attractive aspects of Lukumi religion is the idea of head Orishas - that each of us have our own Orisha who is like a parent to us. I, for example, am a child of Oshun. Most people in Orisha religion identify themselves first as a child of their Orisha, before anything else. Who your Orisha is says a great deal about who you are as a person (though it’s not always a like attracts like sort of situation, some people’s Orisha is the opposite of who they are in the world).

To outsiders, this is understandably attractive! Unfortunately, some people have misconceptions about what this means. The biggest misconception is that they think they can choose their Orisha. You can’t. Your Orisha is chosen before birth.

The other major misconception is that you can “just know” who your Orisha is. You cannot. There are only three ways to find out who your Orisha is: diloggun head marking from an Olorisha (preferably an Oriate - this is more than a standard reading), Ifá bajada from Babalawos, or from an Orisha who has mounted someone during a bembé (this needs to be confirmed by either of the previous two methods). These are the only ways to know who your Orisha is. Generally, though it varies by house, a person only finds out their Orisha when they are getting ready to become a priest in Lukumi. So, no, you can’t just find out for the sake of finding out - it is a step on the path towards becoming a priest and fully functioning member of this community, not a fun horoscope-like fact. In fact, knowing your Orisha too early can create more problems than it solves. The ceremonies to find out your Orisha basically make a promise to the Orisha that you’re going to become initiated - if you fail to fulfill this promise in a timely manner, let’s just say it’s not great.

“But I had a dream with Yemaya!! I love the sea!!”

Nope, not a valid way to find out who your Orisha is. Perhaps Yemaya has a message for you - the best way to find out is to get a diloggun or Ifa reading from a reputable Olorisha or Babalawo. In Orisha religion, we confirm everything via divination - there is no ambiguity, no room for “just feeling it.”

“I’ve always known I was a child of Yemaya!!”

Almost everyone I know who’s had their head marked thought they knew exactly who their Orisha was going to be. They sat down in the banquito on the mat thinking “Yes, this is going to confirm it all!” And the vast majority of them were shocked to find out who their Orisha actually was. I, for one, was convinced that Oya or Yemaya was my mother, but it turned out I’m a child of Oshun. What sits on top of your own head is often the hardest thing in the world to see.

“I met a Santera/espiritista/New Orleans Voodoo priestess/Rootworker who said I am FOR SURE a child of Yemaya!”

Unless they read that through diloggun or Ifa divination, they were just talking out of their ass. If they were a valid Santero, they might have made an informed guess, but most Santeros I know are terrible at guessing people’s Orisha unless we can look at a bunch of diloggun readings you’ve received over at least a year. Sorry. That’s just the truth.

I see all of this happen so much, especially on Tumblr where everyone is a cultural magpie trying to grab anything that isn’t nailed to the floor, and it’s a little frustrating. Often the people claiming this or that Orisha (for some reason, it’s almost always Yemaya, Oshun, or Oya - you guys know we have 401 Orisha, right?) have never even stepped into an Orisha ceremony or drumming.

You can love the Orisha - that’s wonderful! But please, don’t claim to be something you are not. If you’re really interested in honouring the Orisha, you will follow the protocols they themselves have established over hundreds of years through the hard work of their priests who’ve had to survive so much (slavery, ongoing police persecution, murder, deportations, the Mariel boatlift, etc.) to keep this religion alive. The most important thing in Afro-Diasporic religions is respect. Please, have some respect and I promise it will pay off in the end.


The United States Penitentiary, Atlanta (USP Atlanta) is a federal medium security prison for men, located in Atlanta, Fulton County Georgia. Opened in 1902, it is the oldest prison in the state of Georgia, and is the larger of two federal prisons in the state. The facility was designed to hold 1200 inmates, but currently houses over 2000. USP Atlanta also holds inmates waiting for housing transfers between federal prisons, and has earned a bad reputation for placing inmates in tiny isolation cells for weeks at a time while awaiting transfer.

In the 1980’s, USP Atlanta was designated as the federal detention facility for Cuban refugees from the Mariel Boatlift, who were considered ineligible for release into society. Due to the complicated relations between the U.S. and Cuba at the time, these inmates were held indefinitely, and lived in constant fear of being deported. They rioted for eleven days and took dozens of hostages, and ultimately set fire to the prison.

USP Atlanta has held a number of high-profile members of organized crime, including Whitey Bulger, Mickey Cohen, Jimmy Burke, Kenneth McGriff, and Vincent Papa, who was murdered at USP Atlanta in 1977.

Other notable inmates have included:

Carlo Ponzi – The originator of the notorious “Ponzi scheme”, Ponzi was incarcerated for three years in the 1920’s for mail fraud.

Eugene Debs – Union leader and socialist party candidate, Debs was released in 1921 after his sentence was commuted by Warren G. Harding.

Ed Norris – Former Baltimore city police commissioner, for misusing police department funds for personal use and for tax fraud.

Roy Gardner – Notorious bank robber during the 1920s, Gardner is said to have been the most hunted man in Pacific Coast history, after escaping from custody multiple times, despite the $5,000 bounty on his head. He has been referred to as “The Smiling Bandit”, “The Mail Train Bandit”, and “King of the Escape Artists.”

Just 90 miles south of America’s dangly bits lies Cuba – a place that went from vacation destination to pseudo-dystopia over a matter of years. So what’s it like to live in (and escape from) a country that accelerates from zero to tyranny practically overnight? To find out, we spoke to Vivian Moreau, whose family escaped when Castro’s government was still in its swaddling clothes; Jose Suarez, who was a child in Cuba as Castro seized power; and Jose Manuel Garcia, who spent most of his childhood in Fidel’s Cuba and later escaped to America during the infamous Mariel boatlift.

6 Ugly Facts Of Life In Communist Cuba