marie of hesse and by rhine


The Signs as Queens : Leo - Maria Alexandrovna

Maria Alexandrovna (Marie of Hesse and by Rhine) was born in August 1824 and became Empress of Russia as the first wife of Emperor Alexander II. She gave birth to eight children and was also awarded the honor of Dame of the Order of Queen Maria Luisa in Spain. Maria Alexandrovna passed away in June 1880.


The 42 grandchildren (in-order) of Queen Victoria and her husband Prince Albert, the Prince consort. Including Kaiser Wilhelm II, George V of United Kingdom, and Empress Alexandra Feodorovna of Russia.

1. Wilhelm II, German Emperor. Born as Prince Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albert of Prussia, on 27th January 1859. The first grandchild of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. Wilhelm became the Kaiser of Germany on 15th June 1888, until his abdication on 18th November 1918. He died in exile on 3rd June 1941 (aged 82). (”Willy”)
2. Princess Viktoria Elisabeth Auguste Charlotte of Prussia; 24th July 1860 - 19th October 1919 (aged 59). (”Ditta”,”Charly”)
3. Prince Albert Wilhelm Heinrich “Henry” of Prussia; 14th August 1862 - 20th April 1920 (aged 66). He married his first cousin, Irene of Hesse. (”Harry”)
4. Princess Victoria Alberta Elisabeth Mathilde Marie of Hesse and by Rhine, later Marchioness of Milford Haven; 5th April 1863 - 24th September 1950 (aged 87). Grandmother of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, consort of Elizabeth II.
5. Prince Albert Victor Christian Edward of Wales, Duke of Clarence and Avondale; 8th January 1864 - 14th January 1892 (aged 28). (”Eddy”)
6. Prince Franz Friedrich Sigismund of Prussia; 15th September 1864 - 18th June 1866 (aged 1). The first grandchild of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert to die. (”Sigi”)
7. Princess Elisabeth Alexandra Louise Alice of Hesse and by Rhine, later Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna of Russia; 1st November 1864 - 18th July 1918 (aged 53). Elizabeth was politically executed by the bolsheviks. (”Ella”)
8. George V of United Kingdom. Born as Prince George Frederick Ernest Albert of Wales; 3rd June 1865 - 20th January 1936 (aged 70). He is the grandfather of Elizabeth II. (”Georgie”)
9. Princess Fredrik Amalia Wilhelmina Viktoria of Prussia; 12th April 1866 - 13th november 1929 (aged 63). (”Moretta”)
10. *Princess Irene Louise Marie Anne of Hesse and by Rhine; 11th July 1866 - 11th November 1953 (aged 87). Married her first cousin, Henry of Prussia.
11. Princess Louise Victoria Alexandra Dagmar of Wales, later Princess Royal; 20th February 1867 - 4th January 1931 (aged 63).
12. Prince Christian Victor Albert Ernst Anton of Schleswig-Holstein; 14th April 1867 - 29th October 1900 (aged 33). (”Christle”)
13. Prince Joachim Friedrich Ernst Waldemar of Prussia; 10th February 1868 - 27th March 1879 (aged 11). (”Waldy”)
14. Princess Victoria Alexandra Olga Mary of Wales; 6th July 1868 - 3rd December 1935 (aged 67). (”Toria”)
15. Prince Ernest Louis Karl Albert Wilhelm of Hesse and by Rhine, later Grand Duke of Hesse; 25th November 1868 - 9th October 1937. He married his first cousin, Victoria Melita of Saxe-Coburg and gotta and of Edinburgh on 1894, but divorced on 1901. (”Ernie”)
16. Prince Albert John Charles Frederick Alfred George of Schleswig-Holstein, later Duke of Schleswig-Holstein; 26th February 1869 - 27th April 1931.
17. Princess Maud Charlotte Mary Victoria of Wales, later Queen consort of Norway; 26th November 1869 - 20th November 1938.
18. Princess Victoria Louise Sophia Augusta Amelia Helena of Schleswig-Holstein, better known as Princess Helena Victoria; 3rd May 1870 - 13th March 1948. (”Snipe”,”Thora”)
19. Princess Sophia Dorothea Ulrik Alice of Prussia, later Queen consort of Greece; 14th June 1870 - 13th January 1932. 
20. **Prince Friedrich Wilhelm August Victor Leopold Louis of Hesse and by Rhine; 7th October 1870 - 29th May 1873. (”Frittie”)
21. Prince Alexander John of Wales; 6th April 1871 - 7th April 1871. Died in infancy.
22. Princess Margaret Beatrice Feodora of Prussia; 22th April 1872 - 22nd January 1954. (”Mossy”)
23. *Alexandra Feodorovna, Empress consort of Russia. Born as Princess Viktoria Alix Helena Louise Beatrice of Hesse and by Rhine; 6th June 1872 - 17th July 1918. The wife and consort of Nicholas II, last Tsar of Russia. She, along with her husband and their five children (OTMA and **Tsarevich Alexei) were politically executed by the bolsheviks. (”Alicky”,”Sunny”)
24. Princess Franziska Joseph Louise Augusta Marie Christina Helena of Schleswig-Holstein, better known as Princess Marie Louise; 12th August 1872 - 8th December 1956.
25. Princess Marie Viktoria Feodore Leopoldina of Hesse and by Rhine; 24th May 1874 - 16th November 1878. (”May”)
26. Hereditary Prince Alfred Alexander William Ernest Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Prince of Edinburgh; 15th October 1874 - 6th February 1899.
27. Princess Marie Alexandra Victoria of Edinburgh, and Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, later Queen consort of Romania; 29th October 1875 - 18th July 1938. (”Missy”)
28. Princess Victoria Melita of Edinburgh, and Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, later Grand Duchess of Hesse, and Grand Duchess Viktoria Feodrovna; 25th November 1876 - 2nd March 1936. Married her first cousin, Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse. But divorced on 1901. (”Ducky”)
29. Prince Frederick Christian Augustus Leopold Edward Harald of Schleswig-Holstein; 12th May 1876 - 20th May 1876. Died in infancy.
30. Stillborn son of Princess Christian of Schleswig-Holstein, third daughter of Queen Victoria; 7th May 1877 - 7th May 1877.
31. Princess Alexandra Louise Olga Victoria of Edinburgh and Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; 1st September 1878 - 16th April 1942. (”Sandra”)
32. Stillborn son of Duke of Edinburgh, second son of Queen Victoria; 13th October 1879 - 13th October 1879.
33. Princess Margaret Victoria Charlotte Augusta Norah of Connaught, later Crown Princess of Sweden; 15th January 1882 - 1st May 1920. (”Daisy”)
34. Prince Arthur Frederick Patrick Albert of Connaught; 13th January 1883 - 21st September 1938.
35. *Princess Alice Mary Victoria Augusta Pauline of Albany; 25th February 1883 - 3rd January 1981. The last grandchild of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert to die.
36. Princess Beatrice Leopoldine Victoria of Edinburgh, Princess and of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, later Duchess of Gallieria; 20th April 1884 - 13th July 1966.
37. Prince Charles Edward George Albert Leopold of Albany, later Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; 19th July 1884 - 6th March 1954. (”Charlie”)
38. Princess Victoria Patricia Helena Elizabeth of Connaught; 17th March 1886 - 12th January 1974. (”Pat”)
39. Prince Alexander of Battenberg, later Sir Alexander Mountbatten; 23rd November 1886 - 23rd February 1960.
40. *Princess Victoria Eugenie Julia Ena of Battenberg, later Queen consort of Spain; 24th October 1887 - 15th April 1969. (”Ena”)
41. **Prince Leopold Arthur Louis of Battenberg; 21st May 1889 - 23rd April 1922.
42. **Prince Maurice Victor Donald of Battenberg; 3rd october 1891 - 27th October 1914. The last grandchild of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.

* = Carriers of Hemophilia
** = Suffered from Hemophilia

Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna of Russia; canonized as Holy Martyr Yelizaveta Fyodorovna; 1 November 1864 – 18 July 1918) was a German princess of the House of Hesse-Darmstadt, and the wife of Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia, fifth son of Emperor Alexander II of Russia and Princess Marie of Hesse and the Rhine. 

She was also a maternal great-aunt of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, the consort of Elizabeth II. Granddaughter of Queen Victoria and an older sister of Alexandra, the last Russian Empress, Elisabeth became famous in Russian society for her beauty and charitable works among the poor. 

After the Socialist Revolutionary Party’s Combat Organization murdered her husband with a dynamite bomb in 1905, Elisabeth publicly forgave Sergei’s murderer, Ivan Kalyayev, and campaigned without success for him to be pardoned. She then departed the Imperial Court and became a nun, founding the Marfo-Mariinsky Convent dedicated to helping the downtrodden of Moscow. In 1918 she was arrested and ultimately executed by the Bolsheviks. In 1981 Elisabeth was canonized by the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia, and in 1992 by the Moscow Patriarchate.


Marie, the seventh and last child of Princess Alice, was born on 24 May, 1874, almost exactly a year after the death of her brother, Frittie. The young princess, nicknamed May, was adored by Alix and Ernie, and their mother lavished particular affection on her three younger children.

On 6 November, 1878, first Victoria and then Alix fell ill with diphtheria, to be followed by May, Irene, Ernie, and then their father, the Grand Duke Ludwig. Princess Alice personally took care of the nursing arrangements, but she still found time to send reports to Queen Victoria. On 15 November she wrote: ‘And my sweet little May so bad - so bad; will she get through it! My little one - my last! Oh, it is agony!’ The next day a telegram arrived at Balmoral to tell the Queen that the little princess had died.

The news of May’s death had to be kept from the other children, and so the grief of Princess Alice was intensified by the need to behave as though nothing had happened and to conduct May’s funeral without them knowing. It was not until the beginning of December that Alice could bring herself to break the news to Ernie, and it was her spontaneous, comforting embrace that resulted in her catching the infection herself. She died on 14 December, four weeks after the death of her ‘sweet May’.

Queen Victoria’s Grandchildren - Lance Salway


† November 16, 1878 – Death of Princess Marie of Hesse and by Rhine

Tragedy strikes again upon the Hessian family when on 16 November 1878, the youngest child of the Ducal couple died from diphtheria at the age of four. Following a joyful summer in England, Princess Victoria the eldest began to feel pain in her throat and neck, soon the children (except Ella who was sent to Queen Victoria) and the Grand Duke himself fell ill. Princess Alice nursed them all with great care but Princess May passed away few days after catching the disease. Princess Alice came down with the disease herself and died on 14 december, she is buried beside her daughter, a statue by Joseph Boehm was placed on the tomb of Alice holding Marie in her arms.

A very dreadful day. — After breakfast, a telegram was brought to me, which said, that precious little May was gone! This is too dreadful. How my darling child, adored that little angel. Westerweller telegraphed the news. The sweet child died suddenly at ½ p. 12. Alice terribly grieved but brave. Louis better, Ernie less satisfactory, & the others better, especially Alicky. Telegraphing to poor dear Alice, & all the family. To think of all this misery, & all, whilst the others are still so ill! — Resting on the sofa. Telegram from dear Alice herself: “Our sweet little one is taken, broke it to my poor Louis this morning. He is better, Ernie still very ill. In great anguish”. — Endless telegrams. All so distressed & grieved. — Can think of little else, am so anxious. — A telegram from poor dear Alice in the afternoon: “the pain is beyond words, but God’s will be done”.’ Queen Victoria’s Diary

A Who’s Who Guide To The Royals- Prince Charles 

Name: Charles Philip Arthur George 

Born: November 14, 1948 (age 65)

Spouse: Camilla, The Duchess of Cornwall (m. 2005)

               Diana, Princess of Wales (1981-1996)

Children: Prince William and Prince Harry

Claim to the throne: first in line

Facts about Charles:

  • He is the firstborn child of Queen Elizabeth II and The Duke of Edinburgh 
  • He was born Prince Charles of Edinburgh 
  • Charles was born in a bathroom inside Buckingham Palace 
  • His godparents were his grandfather (King George), King Haakon VII of Norway, Queen Mary, Princess Margaret, Prince George of Greece and Denmark, Patricia Knatchbull, David Bowes-Lyon, and Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine
  • At the time of his birth, his father was not a prince so King George created letters that would make all of Elizabeth’s children royal by birth- had the letters not been created, Charles would have taken on his fathers secondary title, The Earl of Merioneth 
  • He was 3 years old when his grandfather died and his mother ascended the throne
  • At the time of the ascension, Charles was automatically The Duke of Cornwall and Rothesay 
  • He was created Prince of Wales when he was ten years old and was invested when he was 21
  • He is the oldest heir to the the throne in history 
  • In his youth, he was connected to many women, including Lady Sarah Spencer and Camilla Shand (now his wife)
  • In 1974, Charles started speaking with his uncle, Lord Mountbatten, about a potential marriage to his granddaughter, Amanda Knatchbull 
  • However as Amanda was only 15 at the time, her family told Charles she was his if he was willing to wait several more years 
  • Four years later in 1980, Charles and Amanda had planned to join Lord Mountbatten on a tour of India which would give the pair time to get to know each other; However, a month before the trip was to take place, Lord Mountbatten was killed in an IRA bombing 
  • When Charles returned from India, he proposed to Amanda 
  • Amanda, who had lost two grandparents and her youngest brother in the bombing was now reluctant to join the royal family and turned down his proposal 
  • Shortly after his relationship with Amanda ended, he started courting Lady Diana Spencer, the younger sister of his ex-girlfriend, Lady Sarah Spencer
  • Lady Diana was 18 years old at the time their relationship started while Charles was already 30 
  • Because of the severe press attention that Diana had been receiving, Prince Philip told his son to either marry her or put her out of her misery and end the relationship 
  • They had been dating less than a year when Charles proposed to Diana in February 1981; contrary to popular belief that Charles proposed at Windsor Castle, Diana later admitted that he proposed on a ski holiday
  • Rather than getting down on one knee, Charles simply asked Diana, “How about we get married?”- she thought that he was joking
  • The engagement was announced a few weeks later on February 24, 1981 
  • Charles didn’t have a ring when he proposed, instead he decided to let Diana pick her own ring from a tray of rings approved by both Charles and the Queen 
  • The wedding took place on July 29, 1981
  • It was announced that Diana was pregnant with their first child in November of 1981 and their first son, Prince William was born the following summer on June 21 
  • Charles broke with royal tradition by encouraging his wife to give birth in the hospital (she had planned to give birth at home) and by attending the birth
  • It was announced that Diana was pregnant again on February 14, 1984
  • Their second son, Henry, was born on September 15, 1984
  • Charles had always wanted to name his sons Arthur and Albert but Diana preferred the names William and Harry; as a compromise, they used Charles choices as middle names and named their second son Henry which was another of Charles picks, but call him Harry 
  • Charles and Diana’s marriage official ended in 1986 when both were seeing other people 
  • Contrary to popular belief, Charles was never in an intimate relationship with Camilla Parker Bowels as the time of his marriage to Diana and it only ever became physical when it was clear that his marriage to Diana was over
  • Charles became incredibly depressed during this time and would spend endless hours working in the garden, even in the pouring rain
  • In fact, the Royal Protection Officers became so worried that Charles or Diana may try to kill themselves or even each other, they hid all firearms on the property 
  • Charles and Diana finally announced their separation in 1992 following years of speculation
  • They were divorced in 1996
  • Just over one year later, Diana was killed in a Paris car crash
  • Charles was woken from his sleep by Diana’s brother-in-law who worked as a private secretary to the Queen to be told of the car crash and he later waited by the radio listening to the news; he found out that Diana had in fact been killed in the accident when he was listening to the radio 
  • Diana’s brother-in-law, Alexander, later returned to the room to tell Charles the news only to find him crying having already heard (although the Palace was yet to confirm the news, the French priest who read Diana her Last Rites let it slip to the press) 
  • Charles decided to wait until morning to tell his sons the news; he told William first who wanted to be there when he told Harry 
  • Charles wore a blue suit to Diana’s funeral because it was her favorite color and she loved it on him 
  • In 2005, Charles married Camilla Parker Bowels (nee Shand) who opted out of publicly using her title The Princess of Wales
  • A big fan of Polo, Charles played frequently as a young man and only quit after suffering a fall in 2001 which knocked him unconscious
  • Charles is also an incredibly talented painter
  • He is very interested in gardening and has done extensive work in the gardens at his country home, Highgrove  
  • Charles is also greatly interested in the environment, he promotes recycling (even making the palaces green) and the Aston Martin given to him by his parents for his 21st birthday was even made to run on wine 

Two generations of four sisters. On the left column is Empress Alexandra Feodorovna of Russia and her sisters. Alexandra is the fourth and youngest surviving sister, and on the right column is Alexandra’s daughters.

Daughters of Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse, and Grand Duchess Alice of Hesse (formerly Princess of the United Kingdom, second eldest daughter of Queen Victoria) - The Hessian Grand Duchy in the German Empire

  1. Princess Viktoria Alberta Elisabeth Mathilde Marie of Hesse and by Rhine, later Marchioness of Milford Haven (1863-1950)
  2. Princess Elisabeth Alexandria Luise Alix of Hesse and by Rhine, the future Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna of Russia (1864-1918)
  3. Princess Irene Luise Marie Anne of Hesse and by Rhine, the future Princess Henry of Prussia (1866-1953)
  4. Princess Viktoria Alix Helena Luise Beatrice of Hesse and by Rhine, later Empress Alexandra Feodorovna of Russia (1872-1918)

Daughters of Emperor Nicholas II of Russia (1868-1918) and Empress Alexandra Feodorovna of Russia (1872-1918) - The Russian Empire

  1. Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna Romanova of Russia (1895-1918)
  2. Grand Duchess Tatiana Nikolaevna Romanova of Russia (1897-1918)
  3. Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna Romanova of Russia (1899-1918)
  4. Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna Romanova of Russia (1901-1918)

Crown Princess Marie of Romania (seated),with her sister Grand Duchess Victoria of Hesse (Darmstadt) and By Rhine (the future Grand Duchess Viktoria Feodorovna) in Moscow for the Coronation of Tsar Nicholas II in May 1896.


The monument dedicated to Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, and her daughter Princess Marie, by sculptor Joseph Boehm. It was erected at the Grand Ducal mausoleum at Rosenhöhe, where they were buried after an outbreak of diphtheria swept through the family and the vast majority of them became severely ill. Only Alice and little Marie, who was known as May and just four years old at the time, would pass away from the disease.

The monument shows Alice lying with her daughter in her arms, holding on to her hand.


Today is a busy day in Romanov history!

On November 26th, 1847, Princess Marie Sophie Frederikke Dagmar was born in Copenhagen, Denmark. Known to her family as Minnie, she would eventually marry the future Alexander III and change her name to Maria Feodorovna.

On November 26th, 1894, Nicholas II was married to Princess Alexandra of Hesse and by Rhine, who had changed her name to Alexandra Feodorovna. The wedding took place at the Grand Church of the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg, 8 days after the funeral of Nicholas’ father, Alexander III, who had died on November 1st.

On November 26th, 1895, the baptism of Nicholas and Alexandra’s first child, Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna, took place at the Catherine Palace Church. She was christened early on purpose, to have the event fall on both her grandmother’s birthday and her parents’ first wedding anniversary.