marie louise of france

Arkham Headcanons

This was uploaded on my old blog but I deleted that, so here, have them again! 

  • Whilst Selina is not a patient at Arkham Asylum, she is rather good at breaking in. Thus, she will often break in (to the chagrin of Bruce) to see her friends. 
  • As Selina is close friends with Edward Nygma (Riddler), she has also formed a close friendship with Oswald Cobblepot (who is also not a patient). She will go to the Penguin if she is struggling to locate things and in return, as payment, she performs at his club- The Ice Lounge. 
  • When sneaking into Arkham Asylum, Selina will often bring a few stray cats with her as ‘Animal therapy’. Likewise once the rogues escape Arkham they will return their cats, or drop off new strays at Selina’s door. Killer Croc is known to do this the most as cats seem to get trapped in his sewers. 
  • Often Selina will leave a few strays with the inmates- so far three have decided to keep them: Harley, Two Face and Jervis- Harley has an all black one, Jervis’ is grey, and Two Face has a cat that looks like a cow.
  • Oswald Cobblepot views Edward Nygma as his adoptive son- whether this is due to Eddie’s rough childhood, or Oswald’s loneliness, is unknown.
  • (Because of events in Hush) Joker is rather fond of The Riddler and keeps an eye out of him (not that he’d ever admit it) because Eddie gave up the name of the crook who killed his wife. 
  • Most patients in the lower levels of Arkham are forced to share cells- like Jervis and Scarecrow, however those on upper levels (like Ivy, Two Face and Joker) get their own cells. 
  • Riddler gets his own room as no one wants to share with him. 
  • During downtime, the inmates are allowed to do what they wish (within reason)- Jervis and Jonathan will often play chess or read, Edward will annoy the shit out of everyone (alternatively he will write short stories and poems), Ivy is allowed in the garden (providing she doesn’t kill anyone), and the orderlies try to get Joker to go to art therapy (he keeps drawing Harley). 
  • The Doctors and Orderlies wear name badges with their job titles written on it, and will rarely say their names near the inmates. Some asked Jonathan Crane (an ex Doctor there) why that was and he replied that it was job protection should the inmates every escape they would know little about those treating them. 
  • (Personal Head canon- doesn’t always stay the same, depends on the fanfic I’m writing) Jonathan Crane looks back on his time as a professor in Gotham University fondly. He remembers his promising student Harleen Quinzel and is proud to see what she’s accomplished as Harley Quinn. 
  • Jonathan Crane and Killer Croc still pronounce words differently as both are originally from the south- other inmates would make fun of them if they weren’t certain Croc would eat them. 
  • Once a month, to keep Jervis happy, Jeremiah Arkham will allow Jervis to hold a tea party- each rogue is assigned a roll: Harley is Alice, Jervis is Hatter, Scarecrow and Riddler are March Hare and Door mouse respectively, Poison Ivy is the Queen of Hearts, Selina will sneak in to be the cheshire cat. These parties are allowed to go on providing no one tries to kill each other. 
  • Bruce Wayne (who part funds the asylum) will often visit the hospital in order to see how everything is running. His appearance however upsets many of the patients. Harley, Two-Face and Eddie know that Bruce Wayne is Batman, though Eddie denies it wholeheartedly- for knowing who the Batman is ruins the puzzle. Croc also knows Bman is Bruce Wayne though this is because of their identical scent. 
  • Mary Louise Dahl (newly incarcerated and an ex girlfriend of Croc’s) will often sneak out of her cell and go to the sewers where the hospital holds Killer Croc. Though the orderlies are aware of this, no one tries to stop her in case Croc tries to eat them. 
  • Mary is the only person, other than Selina, to call Croc his birth name: Waylon. 
  • Not being a natural blonde, Harley will ask Selina to bring her hairdye. 
  • Harley has given everyone in Arkham a nickname. She often goes to see Croc (who puts up with her high pitched nonsense- she calls him Scales)
  • Harley will also go visit Arnold Wesker and Scarface- they will put on shows for her to make her laugh after fights with Mistah J. 
  • Eddie and Jonathan are huge caffeine addicts- even when they’re in Arkham. Eddie surprisingly likes his black, whilst Jonathan likes his with creamer and sugar. 
  • When the inmates have a mass breakout, they will often congregate in Oswald’s ice lounge- except Zsasz who refuses to go near Cobblepot after that unfortunate gambling experience. 
  • Speaking of Zsasz- he likes to be naked… a lot. Jonathan suspects its so the others can see his tally marks. 
  • Zsasz weirdly loves sweet things (to the point of obsession) and the only ‘Zombie’ Zsasz will happily spend time with is Harley- providing of course she bakes for him. 
  • If she’s good- Harley is allowed in the inmate kitchen where she and Jervis can bake to their heart’s content. They will then sell their creations- Zsasz is their best customer. 
  • Harley and Jervis have a rather popular cooking youtube show, though no one working at the hospital has any idea how its recorded or uploaded. Their recipes are normal enough that any citizen can follow it. 
  • If something big is to happen at Arkham (such as Joker’s party in the game: Arkham Asylum). Eddie will run gleefully around the entire hospital to hide his riddles in the hope of stumping the Batman. He tries to stay a few rooms ahead at all times. 
  • Killer Croc loves monster films- King Kong, Godzilla, etc
  • Killer Croc reads a lot of French literature. 

Many women of the upper echelons became mistresses for almost any reason other than financial benefit. Often they were married, socially well-placed and with a certain degree of independance. Once started, tact and iscretion were essential to the smooth running of the affair, especially in retaining a domestif status quo. And no one would deny that intrigue added glamour - and the thrill of danger - to the liaison.

Elisabeth Louise Vigée Le Brun
Stuff You Missed in History Class
Elisabeth Louise Vigée Le Brun

No starving artist, Vigée Le Brun was the first woman to ever become a court painter in France when she was commissioned to paint Marie Antoinette. She painted royalty and nobility throughout Europe, even as her personal life had its ups and downs.

One of Vigée Le Brun’s self-portraits

Another self-portrait

Mme. du Barry

Marie Antoinette

Louise de La Vallière (Françoise Louise de La Baume Le Blanc; 6 August 1644 – 7 June 1710) was a mistress of Louis XIV of France from 1661 to 1667. She later became the Duchess of La Vallière and Duchess of Vaujours in her own right. Unlike her rival, Madame de Montespan, she has no surviving descendants. Louise was also very religious and she led a religious penance for herself near the end of her life.

Early life

Louise de La Vallière was born in Tours, the daughter of an officer, Laurent de La Baume Le Blanc (who took the name of La Vallière from a small estate near Amboise) and Françoise Le Provost. Laurent de La Vallière died in 1651; his widow remarried in 1655, to Jacques de Courtarvel, marquis de Saint-Rémy, and joined the court of Gaston, Duke of Orléans, at Blois.

Louise was brought up with the younger princesses (the future Grand Duchess of Tuscany, Duchess of Alençon, and Duchess of Savoy), the half-sisters of La Grande Mademoiselle. After the death of Gaston, Duke of Orléans, his widow moved with her daughters to the Luxembourg Palace in Paris and took the sixteen-year-old Louise with them.

Louis XIV

Through the influence of a distant kinswoman, Mme de Choisy, Louise was named Maid of honour to Princess Henrietta Anne of England, sister of King Charles II of England, who was about her own age and had just married Philippe I, Duke of Orléans, the King’s brother. Henrietta (known as Madame) was extremely attractive and joined the court at Fontainebleau in 1661. Her friendly relationship with King Louis XIV, her brother-in-law, caused some scandal and fed rumors of a romantic affair.

To counter these rumors, the King and Madame decided that Louis should pay court elsewhere as a front, andMadame selected three young ladies to “set in his path”, Louise among them. The Abbé de Choise reported that the seventeen-year-old girl “had an exquisite complexion, blond hair, blue eyes, a sweet smile … [and] an expression [at] once tender and modest." One of her legs was shorter than the other, so Louise wore specially made heels.


Louise had been at Fontainebleau only two months before becoming the king’s mistress. Although she was intended to divert attention from the dangerous flirtation between Louis and his sister-in-law, Louise and Louis soon fell in love. It was Louise’s first serious attachment and she was reportedly an innocent, religious-minded girl who initially brought neither coquetry nor self-interest to their secret relationship. She was not extravagant and was not interested in money or titles that could come from her situation; she wanted only the King’s love. Antonia Fraser writes that she was a "secret lover not a Maîtresse-en-titre like Barbara Villiers.”

Nicolas Fouquet’s curiosity in the matter was one of the causes of his disgrace, for, when he bribed Louise, the King mistakenly thought that Fouquet was attempting to take her as a lover.

In February 1662, the couple fell into conflict. Despite being directly questioned by the King, Louise refused to tell her lover about the affair between Henrietta and the comte de Guiche. Coinciding with this, Jacques-Benigne Bossuet delivered a series of Lenten sermons in which he condemned the immoral activities of the King through the example of King David’s adultery—and the pious girl’s conscience was troubled. She fled to the convent at Chaillot. Louis followed her there and convinced her to return to court. Her enemies—chief among them, Olympe Mancini, comtesse de Soissons, niece of Cardinal Mazarin—sought to orchestrate her downfall by bringing her liaison to the ears of Louis’s queen, Maria Theresa of Spain.

During her first pregnancy, Louise was removed from the Princess’ service and established in a lodging in the Palais Royal, where, on 19 December 1663, she gave birth to a son, Charles, who was taken immediately to Saint-Leu and given to two faithful servants of Jean-Baptiste Colbert. Despite the secrecy of the transfer, organised by a doctor Boucher who was present at the birth, the story quickly spread to Paris. The public scorn at a midnight mass on 24 December resulted in a distraught Louise escaping home from the church.[6]


Concealment was practically abandoned after her return to court, and within a week of Anne of Austria’s death on 20 January 1666, La Vallière appeared at Mass beside Maria Theresa. Ashamed of her conduct, she treated the queen with humility and respect. In return, the queen was reportedly venomous towards her during the five-year affair, continuing even after the affair really ended—unaware that the king had taken another mistress.

After five years, Louise’s favour was waning. On 7 January 1665 she had given birth to a second son, Philippe, and on 27 December of that year she gave birth a third son, Louis;but the three children soon died, Charles on 15 July 1665, Philippe before the autumn of 1666 and Louis shortly after. A daughter was born at Vincennes on 2 October 1666. In May 1667, by letters patent confirmed by the Parlement de Paris, Louis XIV legitimised his daughter, who was named Marie Anne de Bourbon and was given the title of Mademoiselle de Blois. Louis XIV also made Louise a duchess and gave her the estate of Vaujours. As a duchess, Louise had the right to sit on a tabouret in the presence of the queen, which was a highly prized privilege. However, Louise was not impressed. She said her title seemed a kind of retirement present given to a servant who was retiring. Indeed she was correct, for Louis commented that legitimising their daughter and giving Louise an establishment “matched the affection he had had for her for six years”: in other words, an extravagant farewell present.

On 2 October of that year, she gave birth to their fifth child, a son named Louis, but by this time her place in the King’s affections had been usurped by Françoise-Athénaïs, marquise de Montespan, whom both she and the queen (both pregnant when the affair began) had thought of as a trusted friend. Under the pretense of her pregnancy, Louise was sent away to Versailles while the King and the court were at the scene of the war; however, she disobeyed the King’s orders and returned, throwing herself at his feet sobbing uncontrollably. In a strange twist of fate, she ended her relationship with the King in the same way in which she started: used initially as a decoy for Louis and “Madame”, Louise now became a decoy for her own successor, as Louis made her share the Marquise de Montespan’s apartments at the Tuileries to prevent the legal manœuvres of the Marquis de Montespan (who wanted to get his wife back) and to keep the court from gossiping.

Mme de Montespan demanded that Louise assist her with her toilette, and Louise did so without complaint. Whenever the king wished to travel with his real mistress, Athénaïs, he made both Louise and Athénaïs sit in the same carriage with the queen. Since Athénaïs was married, it meant that both the king and she were committing adultery, a mortal sin. Louise had refused a smokescreen marriage for this very reason. (In cases where one partner is unmarried, canon law of the Roman Catholic Church considered a carnal affair to be simply fornication.)

Mlle de La Vallière was the godmother of Athénaïs’ and Louis XIV’s first daughter, who was given the first name Louise. Louise hated being the decoy for Athénaïs and begged and wept often to be allowed to join a convent. She took to wearing a hair shirt, and the strain of being forced to live with her former lover and his current mistress caused her to lose weight and become increasingly haggard.

She attempted to leave in 1671, fleeing to the convent of Ste Marie de Chaillot, only to be compelled (once more by order of the King) to return. In 1674, she was finally permitted to enter the Carmelite convent in the Faubourg Saint-Jacques in Paris under the name of Sister Louise of Mercy.

When Louise left the Court, the new Duchess of Orléans (born Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate) took care of the education of her only surviving son, Louis. He later was involved in a scandal with his uncle Philippe de France and Philippe’s favourite, the Chevalier de Lorraine, and died in 1683 while in exile in Flandres.His loving sister and aunt were greatly affected by his death, while his father did not shed a tear. His mother, still obsessed with the sin of her relationship with the king, said upon hearing of her son’s death:

I ought to weep for his birth far more than [for] his death.

Madame de Maintenon asked Louise if she had fully considered the discomforts that awaited her at the Carmelite convent which ended up including being forbidden to wear the shoes that allowed her to walk without a limp. “When I shall be suffering at the convent”, Louise replied, “I shall only have to remember what they made me suffer here, and all the pain shall seem light to me.” The day she left, she threw herself at the feet of the Queen, begging forgiveness: “My crimes were public, my repentance must be public, too.”

She took the final vows a year later, accepting the black veil from the queen herself, who kissed and blessed her. The queen already had a habit of spending brief sojourns at the convent for spiritual consolation and repose. Interestingly, later in life, Mme de Montespan went to Louise for advice on living a pious life. Louise forgave her, and counselled her on the mysteries of divine grace. She died in 1710. The Duchy of La Vallière went to her daughter Marie Anne as did the fortune she had acquired during her life as Louis’s mistress.

La Vallière’s Réflexions sur la miséricorde de Dieu, written after her retreat, were printed by Lequeux in 1767, and in 1860 Réflexions, lettres et sermons, by M. P. Clement (2 vols.). Some apocryphal Mémoires appeared in 1829, and the Lettres de Mme la Duchesse de la Vallière (1767) are a corrupt version of her correspondence with the Maréchal de Bellefonds.


Some detailed shots of the BEAUTIFUL handmade costumes of Outlander season 2. I can’t believe how much work went into these costumes that weren’t seen this up close on screen. If you can make it to the Paley Center in Beverly Hills before August, please go visit this exhibit! There are also several pieces of set design to view as well!

Louise-Marie of France (15 July 1737 – 23 December 1787) was the youngest of the ten children of Louis XV and his wife, Maria Leszczyńska. As a daughter of the king, she held the rank of a fille de France. From 1740 she was known as Madame Louise.


Louise was born at Versailles on 15 July 1737, and was at first known as “Madame Septième" (one of her seven older sisters died before her birth) or "Madame Dernière”, later “Madame Louise”. She was sent to be raised at the Abbey of Fontevraud with Louis’ three other young daughters, Victoire, Sophie and Thérèse (who died at Fontevraud at the age of eight). On 20 December 1738 she was baptised at Fonevraud; her godfather was François-Marc-Antoine de Bussy, seigneur de Bisé; her godmother was Marie-Louise Bailly-Adenet, first woman of the chamber to her sister Madame Thérèse.When Louise reminded a nun at the convent that she was the daughter of the King, the nun replied: “And I am the daughter of God”.

None of King Louis’ projects for Louise’s marriage came to fruition, and she sought sanctuary from the world in her religion. In 1748, there were rumours that Louis would have her engaged to Charles Edward Stuart, pretender to the throne of England.

Monastic life

In 1770, to general amazement, Louise asked her father to allow her to become a Carmelite nun. She believed that becoming a nun would compensate for her father’s lax morals. Louise joined the convent at Saint-Denis,where the order’s rule was obeyed strictly, taking the name Thérèse of Saint Augustine. On 10 September 1770, she took the habit. On 1 October 1771, she gave her vows and was fully accepted into the order.

Louise became prioress of the convent 25 November 1773. She served as prioress from 1773 to 1779, and a second term from 1785. She interceded with her father to allow Austrian Carmelites persecuted by the Emperor Joseph II to enter France. While at the convent, she tried her best to make sure that the other nuns treated her as an equal rather than the daughter of a king. As a child, she had an accident that affected her knee. As a result, she found it difficult to kneel, but when she was offered assistance, she refused. On 26 May 1774, two weeks after the death of her father, she was visited at Saint-Denis by her nephew, King Louis XVI.

She died at Saint-Denis, suffering from a stomach complaint. Her last words were the following:

Au paradis! Vite! Au grand galop!“ ("To paradise! Fast! At the great gallop!)

Along with other royal tombs at Saint-Denis, her remains were desecrated during the French Revolution. Pope Pius IX declared her venerable on 19 June 1873. Her life is celebrated on 23 December.

Marie Louise d'Orléans (26 March 1662 – 12 February 1689) was the first wife of King Charles II of Spain. She was a granddaughter of Louis XIII of France. In her adopted country, she was known as Maria Luisa de Orléans.
B a c k g r o u n d

Marie Louise d'Orléans was born at the Palais Royal in Paris and was the eldest daughter of Philippe of France and Henrietta of England.
Charming, pretty and graceful, Marie Louise was her father’s favourite and she had a happy childhood. Marie Louise spent a lot of time with both her grandmothers - Anne of Austria and Queen Henrietta Maria. For a time she was raised with the future Queen Anne I of Great Britain, her first cousin who lived in France till 1670. Marie Louise’s mother died the same year and her father married Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate in 1671. All her life, Marie Louise would maintain an affectionate correspondence with her stepmother.
M a r r i a g e 
She was forced to marry Charles II of Spain. The proxy marriage ceremony took place at the Palace of Fontainebleau on 30 August 1679. On 19 November 1679, Marie Louise and Charles II were married in-person in Quintanapalla, near Burgos, Spain. This was the start of a very lonely existence at the Spanish court. Her new husband had fallen madly in love with her, whose beauty and charm were renowned, and his passion for her remained with him until the end of his life. The very rigid etiquette of the Spanish Court (it was even forbidden to touch the Queen), and her unsuccessful attempts to bear a child, however, caused her to suffer from depression.
Her French attendants were all accused of plotting against the king and his family and, as a result, one of her personal maids was tortured under allegations. Due to the nature of the times, and the Spanish Court’s hatred of the young French princess, there were even riots outside the Palace in Madrid where she resided.
After years of trying and of increasing homesickness of her happy years in France with her family, Marie Louise turned to food. During the last years of her life, she became overweight. After horseback riding on 11 February 1689, she felt a severe pain in the abdomen which forced her to lie down the rest of the evening. She died the following night.
Her husband was heartbroken at the death of his wife. At the time, there were rumours that she had been poisoned but it seems likely that the real cause of Marie Louise’s death was appendicitis. Shortly after the Queen’s death, the Spanish ministers began to look for a second wife for the King. The main candidates were the Tuscan princess Anna Maria Luisa de’ Medici and the Maria Anna of Neuburg and the latter was chosen. Charles II died childless in 1700 ending the Spanish branch of the House of Habsburg.