Maria Goeppert-Mayer (1906-1972) was a German physicist, and the second woman to win the Nobel Prize in physics. She achieved this in 1963 for proposing the nuclear shell model of the atomic nucleus.
As a child, she attended a special school run by suffragettes to prepare girls for university. After graduating from the University of Göttingen, she moved to USA and became a science teacher and researcher at various universities and colleges. Today, an award in her name is given to promising female physicists.