margaret russell

anonymous asked:

there's a lot of posts about women in ancient and medieval times, but what i haven't seen is how people justified their sexism. How did men have female loved ones that they thought were inferior? What men and women think was the difference between the genders? Why did so many women put up with it? Did some of them truly believe they were inferior?

It’s been said that the scariest words are, “But it’s always been done this way!” And that was the primary reason sexism was around. Men had been in charge for thousands of years, and very few women had the time and organization necessary to foment rebellion. There’s a reason many social movements occurred after a large section of the population were well fed, safe, and had leisure time.

Part of the sexism came from religion. Women were seen as inherently sinful because, according to the Bible, they (through Eve) are the reason everyone has to suffer on Earth instead of chilling in Paradise. Many medieval women accepted subservience as part of the punishment for their great-x1000 grandmother eating the apple. Or they accepted having a lower status because they thought this was how God wanted it to be. If women had any questions about their world, they were supposed to consult the Bible, which is not the most feminist work in the world.

Women were seen as more delicate, more gentle, more supple, more envious, more loving, more prone to laughing, and more malicious than men. Women were also seen as slower to work and more deceitful. A medieval woman’s view on men is impossible to find because of the rarity of female authors, but you can assume men were cruder, rougher, less openly joyful, harder working, and more truthful. 

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On the morning after Chapuys wrote to the Emperor’s sister about Catherine’s fears regarding Anne of Cleves, the sixty-seven-year-old Margaret de la Pole, Countess of Salisbury, was wakened in her rooms at the Tower of London with news that the King had decided she was to be executed in the next few hours. She had been condemned by act of attainder during the White Rose intrigue, which meant the death sentence could be enacted whenever the King saw fit. Throughout her interrogation in 1538, the Countess had consistently refused to confess to treason. The Earl of Southampton, one of her inquisitors, remarked that in defence of herself and her family Lady Salisbury “showed herself so earnest, vehement and precise that more could not be.” she was in a similar spirit when they told her about her execution. She argued with her jailers and demanded to know the justification for her impending death. It was only once she realized that there was no way out that she went quietly out of the Tower to a green near Tower Hill called East Smithfield.

Young and Damned and Fair: The Life of Catherine Howard, Fifth Wife of King Henry VIII - Gareth Russell

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Margaret Pole, Countess of Salisbury, was an aged grande dame of the English aristocracy when she was arrested. A niece of two kings, Edward IV and Richard III, cousin of Henry’s late mother Elizabeth of York, and godmother to his eldest daughter, she was “the last of the right line and name of Plantagenet,” the royal family who had ruled England in one form or another between 1154 and 1485.

Young and Damned and Fair: The Life of Catherine Howard, Fifth Wife of King Henry VIII - Gareth Russell

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Photo Op from the American Film Institute Life Achievement Award Dinner honoring film director William Wyler. In attendance were Betty Ford, Charlton Heston, William Wyler, Harold Russell, Margaret Wyler, Fred Astaire, Greer Garson, Jimmy Stewart, Henry Fonda, Merle Oberon, Audrey Hepburn, and Steve Allen. The dinner was held at the Century Plaza Hotel in Los Angeles, CA, March 9, 1976.  It was broadcasted over CBS.

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Red Band Trailer for The Nice Guys

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The Nice Guys - Red Band Trailer (2016)

It’s 1977 Los Angeles. And your missing daughter has gotten herself wrapped up in all kinds of shady business. Who do you go to for help? Who is fit for such a task? Well, you may want to call up “The Nice Guys!”

Check out the newly-released red band trailer for the disco-era detective comedy starring Ryan Gosling and Russell Crowe as two mismatched private eyes who team up for a case involving a missing teen girl and the LA mafia.

Directed by:   Shane Black

Starring:   Ryan Gosling, Russell Crowe, Kim Basinger, Matt Bomer, Keith David, Margaret Qualley, Jack Kilmer

Release date:   May 20, 2016