marcus vitruvius

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Sketches dated between 1530 to 1545 by a member of the Sangallo family, a wealthy Florentine house which produced multiple generations of renowned artists and architects including Bastiano “Aristotile” da Sangallo, “Il Gobbo”, and Antonio da Sangallo. The drawings are based on Ten Books on Architecture, an ancient architectural treatise written by Roman military engineer and architect, Marcus Pollio Vitruvius in the 1st century B.C. During the Renaissance, Vitruvius’ treatsie was hailed as the first and only surviving ancient Roman text on architectural theory. Based on the number of surviving drawings and notes found on manuscript copies of the original Latin, these images were likely drafts for what was intended to be a complete translation of Vitruvius’ work, the first of it’s kind. Alas, for unknown reasons, the project was never completed.  

redvellvett1  asked:

In your professional opinion, what makes a building a piece of Architecture rather than a building? I looked up Marcus Vitruvius, and his work. But I'm not sure what it means. I need to write about it for a project. Thanks :)

Vitruvius wrote that a building must be considered “with due reference to function, structure, and beauty” (Utilitas, Firmitas, and Venustas in his original Latin). I will give you a very VERY condense response (because this could be a book) any structure that is to be considered a building will stand (and remain standing) to fulfill its function. Utilitas means that it will be useful in some manner or will have a function. Firmitas means that its structure will stand up robustly and remain standing for as long as needed. Remember the time this was written where many structures were made of weaker materials and very susceptible to time and weather.

The one characteristic that differentiates any building to be considered architecture is Venustas aka beauty, and I don’t mean only in the aesthetic sense but in the manner that there is an idea, a concept that enriches our life, that improves the way we work, live, and play.

Does it help?

A 1684 depiction of Vitruvius (right) presenting De Architectura