On this day in 1879, the German physicist Albert Einstein was born in Ulm. Despite now being acclaimed as a genius the young Einstein struggled in school, especially dealing with a speech impediment. However he still had a great passion for science, and this interest was encouraged by his Polish tutor, leading him to write his first paper aged sixteen. He went on to study in Zurich, Switzerland, where he met his future first wife Mileva Maric. He had a bad reputation at university, and earned such a poor reference from one of his professors that he struggled to get a job after graduation. In 1905, he published a series of scientific papers, one of which detailed his famous mass-energy equivalence formula - E = mc2. These papers were initially neglected by physicists, but after the endorsement of eminent scientist Max Planck, Einstein’s standing rose in the science community. In 1915, Einstein completed his most famous work - the general theory of relativity. He received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics, but not for the relativity theory. Some of his later work included the groundbreaking idea that the universe is not static but in fact constantly expanding. Einstein became a U.S. citizen
in 1940, after moving there upon Adolf Hitler’s rise to power in Germany when Einstein became a target of their anti-Semitic policies. He became involved in anti-nuclear arms and equal rights movements. Albert Einstein died in April 1955 aged 76 in Princeton, New Jersey, and is still hailed as one of the greatest scientists in history.
Peace Cannot be Kept by Force ; It can only be achieved by understanding .
“A human being is a part of the whole called by us universe, a part
limited in time and space. He experiences himself, his thoughts and
feeling as something separated from the rest, a kind of optical delusion
of his consciousness. This delusion is a kind of prison for us,
restricting us to our personal desires and to affection for a few
persons nearest to us. Our task must be to free ourselves from this
prison by widening our circle of compassion to embrace all living
creatures and the whole of nature in its beauty.”
Happy Birthday Albert Einstein ~ March 14 , 1879 ~
Born March 14, 1879, in Ulm, Germany, Albert Einstein (1879−1955) seems not to have anticipated how famous his theories and ideas would make him. In fact, Einstein professed to be mystified by the adulation and attention that rained down on him as his last name became, even during his lifetime, a byword for “genius.”
The truth is, however, that his life and work continue to intrigue. As the Museum’s 2002-3 Einstein exhibition points out, “Albert Einstein reinterpreted the inner workings of nature, the very essence of light, time, energy, and gravity. His insights fundamentally changed the way we look at the universe—and made him the most famous scientist of the 20th century.”
Albert Einstein (14 March 1879-18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist from Ulm. He developed the general theory of relativity, 1 of the 2 pillars of modern physics (along with quantum mechanics). He is best known for his mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc2 (dubbed “the world’s most famous equation”). He received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics for his services to theoretical physics, in particular the discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect, a pivotal step in the evolution of quantum theory.
After a long career in Europe and the USA, in April 1955, he experienced internal bleeding caused by the rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm, which had been surgically reinforced in 1948. He refused further surgery, saying: “I want to go when I want. It is tasteless to prolong life artificially. I have done my share, it’s time to go. I will do it elegantly.” He died early the next morning at the age of 76, having continued to work until near the end. During the autopsy, the pathologist of Princeton Hospital/USA removed Einstein’s brain for preservation without the permission of his family, in the hopes that the neuroscience of the future would be able to discover what made Einstein so intelligent. His remains were cremated and his ashes were scattered at an undisclosed location. In a speech at Einstein’s memorial, nuclear physicist Robert Oppenheimer summarized his impression of him: “He was almost wholly without sophistication and wholly without worldliness… There was always with him a wonderful purity, at once childlike and profoundly stubborn."
Einstein published more than 300 scientific papers along with over 150 non-scientific works. In 2014, universities and archives announced the release of his papers, comprising more than 30,000 unique documents. His intellectual achievements and originality have made the word "Einstein” synonymous with “genius”. His IQ is estimated to have been between 160 and 180.
Even though it is true that Einstein did not start speaking fluently until he was about seven years old as he suffered from Asperger syndrome, a developmental disorder affecting ability to effectively socialise and communicate, Einstein never failed in school.
Even though the rumours of Einstein being poor in studies give his life an ironic effect, it’s not surprising that he excelled in physics and maths from a young age and studied calculus when he was only 12 years old. The misconception was born during one of his years at school, when the school officials changed the grading system by making A’s into F’s and vice versa, thus confusing many.
Noble prize for photoelectric effect
While his E=MC2 formula, which depicts the special relativity theory, is indeed one the greatest contributions of Einstein, it is not this theory that won him the laurel for physics in 1921. It was the “discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect” that he was honoured for.
In 1926, Einstein and his former student Leó Szilárd designed a new kind of appliance called an absorption refrigerator. This fridge was jointly made by the duo to stop the leakage of perilous chemicals like methyl chloride, ammonia and sulfur dioxide. According to How Stuff Works, Science, the device which was patented in 1930, relied on the principle that liquids boil at lower temperatures when exposed to lower atmospheric pressures. As pressure in the pipe above the butane reservoir dropped, the butane would boil off, drawing in heat from its surroundings and lowering temperatures in the fridge. Because it had no moving parts, the appliance would last as long as its casing.
His brains and eyeballs were stolen
Though Einstein wanted his body to be cremated and his ashes scattered secretly to avoid the possibility of admirers making a shrine of his grave. Pathologist Dr Thomas Harvey stole the genius’s brain and his eyeballs which he gave to Einstein’s eye doctor Henry Adams. Determined to find out what made Einstein so smart, Harvey hid the brain in many places before finally returning it to Princeton, as he moved around a lot and also lacked funding and expertise needed to experiment on the brains of Einstein.
He despised wearing socks and loved sailing
Famous for his dishevelled look, the genius hated wearing socks as his big toe always ended up making a hole in a sock. In fact, he wrote to his wife in a letter saying, “even on the most solemn occasions, I got away without wearing socks and hid the lack of civilisation in high boots.” But despite being a lousy sailor, which Einstein admitted himself, he had taken up sailing as his hobby while in college. Besides, he did not know swimming either.
Zodiac Signs Of Prolific Historical Figures (Part 1) | TheZodiacCity
Nothing has been greater for us today than those who have paved the way for us long ago and are still influential. From political figures to sports legends, here are some of their astrological signs (in case you were wondering). These are in no particular order.
Thomas Edison, (Aquarius) - inventor of the electric light bulb and other influential devices (February 11, 1847 - October 18, 1931)
Albert Einstein (Pisces) - developed the general theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics and is one of the world’s most recognized physicists (March 14, 1879 - April 18, 1955)
Booker T. Washington (Aries) - author, educator and advisor to United States presidents; dominant leader in the African-American community for 20+ years (April 5, 1856 - November 14, 1915)
Malcolm “Malcolm X” Little (Taurus) - revolutionary American Muslim minister and civil rights activist (May 19, 1925 - February 21, 1965)
Martin Luther King, Jr. (Capricorn) - an American Baptist minister, activist, humanitarian, and leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968)
Abraham Lincoln (Aquarius) - 16th President of the United States, serving from March 1861 until his assassination; dubbed one of the greatest U.S. presidents because of his deep involvement with the power issues of each state (February 12, 1809 - April 15, 1865)
Rosa Parks (Aquarius) - African-American Civil Rights activist and “the mother of the freedom movement” (February 4, 1913 - October 24, 2005)
Helen Keller (Cancer) - campaigned tirelessly on behalf of deaf and blind people having become deaf and blind herself at the age of 19 months old (June 27, 1880 – June 1, 1968)
Muhammad Ali (Capricorn) - former professional boxer, generally considered among the greatest heavyweights in the history of the sport (b. January 17, 1942)
Mother Teresa (Virgo) - devoted her life to the service of the poor and dispossessed; became a global icon for selfless service to others and was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979 (August 26, 1910 - September 5, 1997)
Mahatma Gandhi (Libra) - preeminent leader of the Indian independence movement in British-ruled India; profound spirituality and belief in justice inspired the world (October 2, 1869 - January 30, 1948)
Jackie Robinson (Aquarius) - an American Major League Baseball second baseman who became the first African American to play in the major leagues in the modern era (January 31, 1919 – October 24, 1972)
Amelia Earhart (Leo) - an American aviation pioneer and author; was the first female aviator to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean and received the U.S. Distinguished Flying Cross for this record (July 24, 1897 - disappeared July 2, 1937)
Happy Birthday, Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955)! His 1915 General Theory of Relativity earned him world wide acclaim and his work on the photo-electric effect won him the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics and a firm place in history. Dissatisfied with Newton’s classical mechanics and their limitations in explaining the natural world and specifically the newly discovered microscopic world suggested by the electromagnetic field, Einstein proposed a theory that addressed mechanics, electromagnetic fields and gravity. The world relativity was first used in English as a noun in 1834 meaning simply the fact or condition of being relative, derived from the English adjective relative. It first had roughly the sense that Einstein used in the work of English scientist James Clerk Maxwell in 1876. The word relative was used in English in the 14th century to mean a relative pronoun-from the Late Latin relativus meaning having reference or relation, which came from Latin relatus, the past participle of referre meaning to refer.
Albert Einstein in 1921 after his Nobel Prize in Physics.