Renaissance Girl from my friend’s Fashion History Project
Finally I finished the Fashion History Project’s fanarts to my friend Pedro…
So, those are all the renaissance girls, each one representing one great icon of the period:
Beatrice d'Este, is from Italian Renaissance (1490s), where the waist is still high, as in the Late Gothic period.
Sibylle of Cleves (Anne of Cleves older sister) is from the german renaissance (1526), with the patches stripes fashion.
Anne Boleyn represents the french renaissance (between 1526 and 1533). Yes, french, not english. Because Anne spent a few years at the french court as queen of France’ maid, and when she returned brought with her the french fashion, which soon became the most adopted trend by the ladies of the English court.
Jane Seymour is the most ‘english part’ of Henry VIII’s queens (1533). Besides she is wearing a french hood (my friend request me a french), Jane used the english hood. But represents the return of the british values in the period after Anne Boleyn.
Kathryn Howard represents the frivolity and ostentation from the Tudor Era (1540). She was the teenager wife of Henry VIII, and he loved spoil her.
Eleonora di Garzia di Toledo represents the influence of spanish fashion on the rest of Europe… She was a italian duchess and uses a lot of details of renaissance iberic style, like the ruff and the gold embroided undersleeves.
Elizabeth I, queen of England, don’t need to be introduced, right? (1580s) She was one of the most important queens of history, and a huge fashion icon. The fashion of her period is called as elizabethan obviously because of her ;)
Marguerite de Valois, or just Margot (1599), ends the renaissance with a pre-baroque outfit. This dress is a transition between the late french renaissance and the early french baroque fashion, with the ruff collar and the large puff sleeves.
I’m really happy to can help my friend with this project :D
Finally finishing the Trastamara’s queens family three, Maria of Spain, Anna and Elisabeth of Austria.
Maria of Spain, Holly Roman Empress
She was the spouse of Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Bohemia and Hungary. She was the daughter of Emperor Charles V and Isabella of Portugal, and twice served as regent of Spain.
Maria and Maximiliam had sixteen children during the course of a twenty-eight-year marriage. Among them the Holly Roman Emperors Rudolf II and Matthias III, and the queens Anna and Elisabeth of Austria, the first queen of Spain and the last queen of France.
While her father was occupied with German affairs, Maria and Maximilian acted as regents of Spain from 1548 to 1551 during the absence of Prince Philip. Maria stayed at the Spanish court until August 1551, and in 1552 the couple moved to live at the court of Maximilian’s father in Vienna. During another absence of her brother, now King Philip II, from 1558 to 1561, Maria was again regent of Spain and returned to Madrid during that time.
After her return to Germany, her husband gradually succeeded his father Ferdinand I as ruler of Germany, Bohemia and Hungary, which he ruled from 1564 to his death in 1576. Maria was a devout Catholic and frequently disagreed with her religiously ambiguous husband. She had great influence over her sons, the future emperors Rudolf and Matthias.
Anna of Austria, queen of Spain
She was the eldest daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II and Maria of Spain, and the fourth and last wife of Phillip II of Spain (the other first two are her cousins, Maria Manuela, daughter of Catherine of Austria; and Mary I of England, daughter os Catherine of Aragon. The third is the french princess Elisabeth of Valois)
Anna was considered her father’s favorite child. The story goes that he enjoyed playing and gambling with her and once a meeting of the Estates of Hungary was postponed because Anna was sick. She received a Catholic education even though her father was sympathetic to Lutheranism.
As the eldest daughter of the Holy Roman Emperor, Anna was a desirable candidate for marriage at the European courts. Her parents thought of a Spanish marriage to strengthen links between the Austrian and Spanish Habsburg families. Initially she had her cousin Don Carlos of Spain in mind, the only son of her maternal uncle Philip II of Spain, but with the death of Don Carlos and the wife of Phillip, Elisabeth of Valois, the plans had changed, and she married with her uncle.
Besides being her father’s favorite child, Anna was also Philip’s most beloved wife. But the marriage was at first opposed by many, including Pope Pius V. According to diplomats, the king was in love with his young bride.
It was Philip’s fourth marriage, but the king still had no male heir. Anna completed her duties flawlessly in that regard. Not only was she a good stepmother to Philip’s daughters Isabella Clara Eugenia and Catherine Michelle, but she also gave birth to five children, including sons.
She had 4 sons and only one daughter, Maria, but the girl died with only 3 years old.
Elisabeth of Austria, queen of France
She was the wife of King Charles IX, and a member of the House of Habsburg, she was the second favorite daughter of Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor. Her Maria of Spain, was daughter of Isabella of Portugal, a descendant of Isabella of Castile.
With her flawless white skin, long blond hair and perfect physique, she was considered one of the great beauties of the era, and she was just as intelligent and charming as her father.
After the death of her husband, she returned to Vienna, and lived at first in her childhood home, Schloss Stallburg. On 1576 her beloved father Maximilian II died, and her brother Rudolf II succeeded him as Holy Roman Emperor. Her last great tragedy came on 1578, when her six-year-old daughter Marie Elisabeth died.
When a new proposal of marriage was made to her, this time from King Philip II of Spain after the death of his wife Anna in 1580, she again refused; according to Brantôme, she replied to the offer with the famous phrase: “The Queens of France never remarried” (Les Reines de France ne se remarient point), once said by Blanche of Navarre, widow of King Philip VI.
And now, the complete family three of Trastamara’s queens descendents of Isabella of Castile:
Kathryn Howard, the ‘rose without thorns’ teen wife of Henry VIII, from The Tudors, with her amazing bird dress.
Even though this elizabethan colar is very innacurated (it just was used at least 30 years later the Kitty Howard time), this cloak is very beautiful!
This dress is from circa of 1540.
I made to my friend’s Fashion History Project, a simplified version inspired in the same dress, but from the 'The Tudors Costumes Exposition’ when this is without the elizabethan cloack and the embroidery birds.
Isabella of Castille had 4 daughter, the 1st and the 3nd was queen of Portugal, but her most famous daughters are Juanna of Castille and Catherine of Aragon.
Juanna of Castille or Juanna la Loca
Juana became known as Juanna la Loca (Joanna the Mad), because of her emotional disorders, which worsened with the affairs of her husband, Philip the Handsome, by whom she was completely in love.
Most historians now agree that she had melancholia, severe clinical depression, a psychosis, or a case of inherited schizophrenia. There is debate about the diagnosis that she was mentally ill considering that her symptoms were aggravated by non-consensual confinement and control by others who had assumed her royal powers.
Catherine of Aragon (Catalina de Aragon), queen of England
Catalina de Aragon as princess of Wales, when she still was married with prince Arthur, Henry VIII’s older brother and heir of english throne until his death. She became queen of England by her marriage with Henry VIII. Henry divorced her to marry Anne Boleyn. She and Henry was Queen Mary I’s parents.
As I relied on a picture of only her face, I used as reference, the dresses Elizabeth of York (her mother-in-law) and Isabella of Castile (her mother) to can make the skirt.
I was wondering make a real version of Catalina, since only had done the Tudor’s show version. Catalina was red, not brunet, and how I made her mother, sisters and daughter as red, it would be really weird if just she didn’t was according with she really was.
The 1st fanart was inspired in one of her most famous portraits when she stillwas just princess of Wales as wife of prince Arthur Tudor (c. 1502), and 2nd fanart was inspired in a George Stuart’s wax figure when she already was queen of England as the first wife of Henry VIII (c. 1530).
Newly I posted the Trastamara’s Family Three, and talked a little about the matriarch, Isabella of Castille.
Now I’ll introduce two of her daughters, both queens of Portugal and wives of King Manuel I.
Isabella de Aragon, princess of Asturias and queen of Portugal.
She was the first daughter and heiress of Ferdinand de Aragon and Isabella de Castile, and the beloved first wife of portuguese King Manuel I.
In 1490 Isabella married Afonso, Prince of Portugal, the heir of John II of Portugal. Though it was an arranged marriage, Isabella and Afonso quickly fell in love, and Isabella was grief-stricken when he died in 1491: sent home to her parents by John II, she declared that she would never marry again and would enter a convent. Her parents ignored this, and in 1497 she was persuaded to marry Manuel I of Portugal, Afonso’s uncle and John II’s cousin and successor. She did so on condition that Manuel follow her parents’ religious policy and expel Jews who would not convert to Christianity from his realm. This he duly did. In the same year, Isabella became Princess of Asturias and heiress of Castile following the death of her only brother John and the stilbirth of his daughter.
Was really hard find good images to make her, the only one where she appears in full body, she’s on her back, so to make her headdress I used a drawing of her that certainly is from ten years after the model of the dress.
Maria de Aragon, queen of Portugal
She was the second daughter of Ferdinand de Aragon and Isabella de Castile, and the second wife of portuguese King Manuel I.
As an infanta of Spain, her hand in marriage was very important in European politics. Before her marriage to Manuel I of Portugal, her parents entertained the idea of marrying her off to King James IV of Scotland. This was at a time when her younger sister Catherine’s marriage to Arthur, Prince of Wales, was being planned. Ferdinand and Isabella thought if Maria was Queen of Scotland, the two sisters could keep the peace between their husbands. These plans, however, came to nothing. Her eldest sister Isabella, Princess of Asturias, was the first wife of Manuel I, but her death in 1498 created a necessity for Manuel to remarry. Maria became the next bride of the Portuguese king, reaffirming dynastic links with Spanish royal houses.
Manuel and Maria were married in 1500, and had 10 children, eight of whom reached adulthood, including King John III of Portugal, Holy Roman Empress Isabella of Portugal, and Beatrice, Duchess of Savoy.
In the next post we’ll see the two must famous daughters of Isabella of Castile, Juanna and Catalina.
Of course the family isn’t totaly complete, but I’ve done all the Trastamara’s queens after Isabella of Castile.
Isabella of Castille - The Matriarch
Isabella of Castile, also known as Isabel “the Catholic”, queen of Castile and Leon, was one of the most important queens of history, she and her husband, Ferdinand II of Aragon, brought stability to the kingdoms that became the basis for the unification of Spain.
Isabella and Ferdinand are known for completing the Reconquista, ordering conversion or exile of their Muslim and Jewish subjects and financing Christopher Columbus’ 1492 voyage that led to the opening of the “New World”.
All her daughters were queens!
Isabella and Maria are queens of Portugal, Juanna heir the throne of Castile by her mother, and Catalina (Catherine of Aragon) was queen of England.
I’m making a lot of posts about this family tree, taking 2 queens in each post. So, come back later ;)
I can’t believe I fogort to post my Paul Poiret Girl here! o.O
Paul Poiret was a french fashion designer. His contributions to 20th century fashion have been likened to Picasso’s contributions to 20th century art.
He abolished the corset in the life of the 20th century woman. And also introduced the orientalism on fashion, and this is my favorite orientalist outfit by Poiret! (Do you think the egyptian inspiration has something to do with the fact this is my favorite outfit? hahahahah)
He is my favorite fashion designer ever, side by side with the amazing John Galliano, of course! ;)
Ending the line of Trastamara’s queens descendents of Isabella of Castile, we have the daughters of Maria and Catalina (Catherine) of Aragon.
Isabella of Portugal (Maria of Aragon’s Daughter)
Isabella was the second child and eldest daughter of King Manuel I of Portugal and his second spouse, Infanta Maria of Castile and Aragon. She was named after her maternal grandmother, Isabella I of Castile, and her aunt Isabella, Princess of Asturias, who had been her father’s beloved first spouse.
Isabella had 3 children. Phillip II of Spain, the Holy Roman Empress Maria of Portugal and Joanna princess of Portugal.
She died in 1539, so this is a postumos portrait painted 9 years after her death.
And I just realized that I totally forgot of the Holy Roman Empress, the Archduchess Maria of Austria, spouse of Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Bohemia and Hungary, and her daughters Anne and Elizabeth of Austria, both queens. WOW!!! I’ll make her soon. I promise! ;)
Isabella’s portrait is from c. 1548
Maria had another daughter, the infanta Beatrice, married with Charles III, duke of Savoy. But she never was a queen neither her descendents.
Mary Tudor (Catherine of Aragon’s Daughter)
Queen Mary I of England, or Bloody Mary
Mary was the only surviver daughter of Henry VIII and Catalina de Aragon, and a huge catholic person. She became more famous because of her persecution of protestants during her reign than anything else, so she earned the nickname Bloody Mary.
Mary was a precocious child. Throughout Mary’s childhood, Henry VIII negotiated potential future marriages for her. When she was only two years old, she was promised to the Dauphin, the infant son of King Francis I of France, but the contract was repudiated after three years. In 1522, at the age of six, she was instead contracted to marry her 22-year-old first cousin, Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. However, the engagement was broken off within a few years by Charles with Henry’s agreement.
But with the nullification of the marriage of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon, Mary was considerated as bastard.
From 1531 until her mother’s death, Mary was often sick with irregular menstruation and depression, although it is not clear whether this was caused by stress, puberty or a more deep-seated disease. She was not permitted to see her mother, who had been sent to live away from court by Henry.
Mary and her first stepmother, Anne Boleyn, detested each other, and she also hate Katherine Howard, but apparently she got along quite well with Jane Seymour, Anne of Cleves and Katherine Parr.
As illegitimate child, Lady Mary loose everything, including her marriages proposals, and only had a new suitor when she was courted by Duke Philip of Bavaria from late 1539, but Philip was Lutheran and his suit for her hand was unsuccessful.
She finally got marriage after being crowned queen. At the age of 37, she married with her cousin Phillip II of Spain, but, but even with several psychological pregnancies, she died childless.
It’s really interesting analize the costumes of the Trastamara Girls to see the versatility of the fashion renaissance. When we think in the renaissance, we automaticaly visualize 3 or 4 especificy outfits, like the mid 1530s Tudor’s fashion, an elizabethan, an italian renaissance, and maybe an iberic style outfit…
And in the House of Trastamara’s fashion we can see the transition between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance even in the 16th century, a huge influence of german renaissance, and of kind of hats, hoods and veils. Is really cool to see it.
I’ve always love Sleeping Beauty… Not just because Aurora and Phillip (my favourite fairy tale couple) but also because Maleficent, my favorite fairy tale vilain ever!!! So, I was very exciting with her debut in Once Upon a Time!
She still isn’t a regular character on the series, but who knows the future, right?
A few days ago, I made the adorable Mina Harker from Bram Stoker’s Dracula as a tribute to Stoker’s birhtday, and made her makes me want to also made her past life, Elisabeta (Winona Ryder too), the gorgeous wife of Vlad Dracula.
“In 1462, Vlad Dracula, a member of the Order of the Dragon, returns from a victory against the Turks to find his wife, Elisabeta, has committed suicide after receiving a false report of his death. Enraged that his wife is now damned for committing suicide, Dracula desecrates his chapel and renounces God, declaring that he will rise from the grave to avenge Elisabeta with all the powers of darkness. In a fit of rage, he stabs the cross with his sword and drinks the blood which is pouring out of the cross."
So, when Dracula met Mina, he instantly knew she was the reincarnation of his beloved wife Elisabeta…
So, love transcends life, and the couple fall in love again 500 years after the death of Elisabeta.
But love is also sacrifice…
In the chapel where he renounced God, Dracula lies dying in an ancient demonic form. He asks Mina to give him peace. They share a kiss as the candles adorning the chapel light up, and Mina shoves the knife through Dracula’s heart. The mark on her forehead disappears as Dracula’s curse is lifted. She decapitates him, and finally gazes up at the fresco of Vlad and Elisabeta ascending to Heaven together.
The 2nd part of my friend Pedro’s Fashion History Project with my fanarts ;) So, I’ve already post the renaissance girls, but the neoclassic I’m posting only now. So… hey ho, let’s go…
The neoclassic period is divided in 3 sub-periods, the directoire (1795-1799), the empire (1800-1815), and the regency (1816-1825). Forward 1825 the romantism starts.
The neoclassic woman inspired herself in the ancient classic greek period, so, she use a lot of curls in her hair, and dresses with a diaphanous fabrics as a kind of protest against the exaggeration of the rococó. A great scandalous, you know… Because they are almost naked with so little fabric covering her bodies after using paniers and a lot of skirts with heavy fabrics of the rococó period.
In 1799, the Egyptian Expedition made by Napoleon brought the Ancient Egypt to the fashion with papyrus and lotus flowers as prints and embroideries in the clothes. The turbans and large headbands were a huge success with the ladies in this time because the egyptian influence.
In 1800s the empire begins with the rise of Napoleon in the whole Europe. And his gorgeous wife, Josephine de Beauhairnaiss, one of the most beautiful women of the period, was the greater icon of the empire fashion.
The spanish princess Carlota Joaquina, wife of the heir of portuguese kingdom, was a huge fashionist, and used this red dress totally inspired on Josephine’s style. Josephine loved small puff sleeves and a huge tail in her gowns.
Around 1810, the dresses became more “renaissance” than “classic greek”, so the sleeves are very detailed, adorned with all kind of lace, bows, frufrus and what else could be used in them.
This renaissance trend continued for the rest of neoclassic fashion period in all kind of dresses and gowns. Even in a widow dress, we can see the multiple renaissance puff sleeves and the small ruff in the neck and fist.
Isn’t because the neoclassical style was much simpler than the rococó, they have to be lacking in detail, on the contrary, they could be very luxurious, as the brazilian empress Maria Leopoldina de Habsburgo used in her coronation in 1822.
In Leopoldina’s dress we can see a lot of romantic details, as the ruff collar made with lace, a great example of the transition between the two periods.
And last, but not least, Auguste Strobl, one of the beauties of her time, using a romantic dress from 1825, ending the neoclassic period. Her dress still have a huge neoclassic-renaissance touch in the sleeves, but the skirt is tottaly romantic, broader with more volume, adorned with ruffles of lace, embroidery and other delicate applications.
I want to thank my friend Pedro for had the opportunity to be part of this adorable project! I really love made the fanarts for it! :D