manteca

Manteca
  • Manteca
  • Dizzy Gillespie and his Orchestra with Chano Pozo
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Song: Manteca / Cool Breeze

Artist: Dizzy Gillespie and his Orchestra

Record Label: RCA Records 20-3023

Recorded: December 22, 1947

Location: KTI Radio

You’ll hear this rhythmic jazz number while driving around the streets of Los Angeles, perhaps during the mission “Reefer Madness”.

“Manteca” along with “Tanga” pioneered the introduction of Latin and Afro-Cuban jazz to mainstream audiences. Coincidentally, both were Afro-Cuban slang for marijuana.

John Birks Gillespie was born in South Carolina, the son of a bandleader and the youngest of nine children. Due to his father’s occupation, he begame greatly interested in music and learned to play the piano, trombone, and the trumpet. His professional career began in 1935, performing in the Frank Fairfax Orchestra in Philadelphia. As a result of his sense of humor and practical jokes, he soon earned the nickname “Dizzy”.

He soon began performing with the Edgar Hayes, Teddy Hill, and the Cab Calloway Orchestras, playing his trumpet. He would meet his future wife, a dancer named Lorraine Willis, whom he would marry in 1940. He was able to write, perform, and record, often with outrageous solos. However, he had a falling-out with Calloway regarding his ostentatious behavior and frequent pranks.

Later, he would write music for Woody Herman and Jimmy Dorsey and freelanced with Ella Fitzgerald and Earl Hines bands. He then joined Billy Eckstein’s big band where he performed with saxophonist Charlie Parker.

It was then that he wanted to perform with small combos, experimenting with scat singing and jazz, giving rise to bebop. He frequently improvised with Parker to produce a different sound than the swing music of the time. He composed songs such as “A Night in Tunisia”, “Salt Peanuts”, and Groovin’ High".

He cheerful personality complete with beret and horn-rimed glasses along with pouched cheeks and trademark “bent trumpet” (caused by a musician sitting on the instrument in 1953) all led to the popularity of bebop and later, Afro-Cuban jazz.

Luciano Pozo González, otherwise known as Chano Pozo, was a streetwise drummer already famous in Cuba for his virtuosic percussion work and his rough lifestyle. He also became renowned for his sense of fashion with all-white top hat and tuxedo.

He helped compose this piece with its atypical accenting and his Abakuá chants. The strangeness of collaborating bebop and Afro-Cuban styles soon ironed out with people raving over the infectious rhythms of Latin jazz.

The song became a regular part of Dizzy Gillespie’s band set. However, Pozo’s last performance with the band was on October 9, 1948. He was shot and killed in a Harlem’s Rio Bar two months later.

Some of his experiences are documented in the 2010 animated film, Chico and Rita.

Listen to the flip side “Cool Breeze” here.

idk what this is called but @infxtuate​ tagged me in this so thank you!

a / age - 17
b / biggest fear - abandonment, heights, bridges, my family dying, getting kidnapped, dying in a painful way
c / current time - 4:53 pm
d / drink you had last - water
e / everyday starts with -  checking all my social media
f / favorite song - my favorite song always changes so right now its Dead Girl Walking(Reprise) from the Heathers Musical
g / ghosts are real? - i dont believe in ghosts
h / hometown - i’d say antioch, CA but i’ve been living in manteca, CA for like most of my life sooo
i / in love with - no one love is fake hahahahah
j / jealous of - people who like other ppl more than me, ppl in love, ppl who are happy
k / killed someone - this is a dumbass question wtf
l / last time you cried - a week ago
m / middle name - rose
n / number of siblings - 2 sisters
o / one wish - to go back to a month ago and fix what i fucked up so a specific person wont b hurting anymore
p / person you last called/texted - Kyle and Desiree
q / questions you’re always asked - “why are you always smiling?” (idk why my default face is smiling but it is even though im dying inside 24/7)
r / reasons to smile - animals, friends, food, traveling, nature, pretty sunsets, love
s / song last sang - Dead Girl Walking- The Heathers Musical
t / time you woke up - 7:00 am
v / vacation destination- Canada and Portugal
x / xrays you have had - one on my back
y / your favorite food - lobster, shrimp, pizza, five guys burger, cupcakes, sweets, candy
z / zodiac sign - aries

okay so i tag

@rasbperry @thestarryeyedlover @someonepoisonedkyky @stariou @femmefuckup @torridamour @colds @melanchoely @fairycosmos @scribbledstars

vimeo

Manteca | Sizzling Latin Jazz live from Puerto Rico

Manteca!

Finally someone has re-uploaded (is that even a word?) the live recordings of Dizzy and Arturo Sandoval playing Manteca in Havana in 1985. I’m not sure I’ve ever seen a group of musicians have quite so much fun. It would have been amazing to be there. 

Be sure to listen out for the pianist imitating Arturo Sandoval’s first entries. Also stick with it for Sayyd Abdul al-Khabbyr’s mad Baritone sax solo towards the end of the first half.  

Part One and Part Two