THE NACIONAL SIBLINGS! (Tribute art to the National Museum of the Philippines)
ink on paper
digitally colored in Adobe Photoshop CC
Meet the Museum Trio: Sergio, Antonio & Faustino Nacional! The gorgeous daddies of Old Manila! inspired by the three structures of National Museum of the Philippines.
Sergio is a gritty old man with burning passion for all forms of art. He is the eldest brother. The creases on his face represent the many years of his dedication to uplift the status of fine arts in the country. Despite his stoic face, Sergio is surprisingly approachable and warm. He is the National Arts Gallery
Antonio is one of the Nacional twins. An anthropologist who dedicated most of his life documenting the complex culture across all of Philippines’ history. Antonio is obviously an intellectual being but is never arrogant to think he knows everything. He represents the National Museum of Anthropology
Faustino is the younger another half of the Nacional twins. Had a sudden change of heart when he came back home from traveling all over the country. Now he’s a naturalist eager to share more about Philippine’s incomparable natural wonders. He is the National Museum of Natural History
Together, the Nacional brothers will always be there to promote our countries invaluable heritage!
The buildings are in Neoclassical style so their clothes are neoclassical too! However, I added a local flavor to it by blending it with our very own illustrado fashion and styling.
For Sergio, (S - Sining (art in Filipino)) I wanted his look to be minimal, manly yet with a hint of flamboyance or grace.
As for Antonio (Ant - anthropology), I added okir patterns on his coat to relate his clothes with the indigenous arts of Filipinos.
As for Faustino (Fau- Fauna), I went for cool shades of color present in Philippine nature particularly its water and rainforests. I also added an umbrella with a somewhat modern geometric pattern to go with his neoclassical look. that represents the tree of life which is a part of the drastic overhaul of the museum (which will open very soon!) His coat is also adorned with the national flower of the Philippines which is known as the Waling Waling or Vanda sanderiana. It is considered to be one of the three most beautiful flowers in the world (The other two, I believe, are Rhododendron and Cattleya)
I am so proud of this art! I finally was able to draw something I think that is relevant to my country, not to mention that this combined my interest in visual arts, fashion, architecture, and literature and that this is entirely different from my usual subjects (which are my two gay OCs). I am so inspired by the artists I have discovered and befriended in Fb and Ig who are Jap Mikel, Redge Tolentino, Brent Sabas, and Japhers. I would like to thank them for making opuses that matter. I made this art as a thank you to the effort of the stakeholders to uplift the status of the museum of the Philippines! There is so much overhaul that is happening in the old district that it’s really exciting!
The Battle of Manila is a forgotten part of history and rarely mentioned as part of the Spanish American War. On May 1st, 1898 the US Pacific Fleet under the command of Admiral Dewey trashed the Spanish Far East Fleet in Manila Bay. The US Fleet blockaded Manila, preparing for a long siege and waiting for US ground forces to arrive. In July, around 40,000 US soldiers and Marines arrived, around 11,000 of which were devoted to capturing Manila itself.
The Spanish dug in with 13,000 troops of their own, but it was clear that they could not hold out. Along with the American soldiers were 30,000 Filipino fighters of the Philippine Revolutionary Army. Spanish general Fermin Jaudenes saw the writing on the wall. Surrender was an inevitability, but the last thing he wanted to do was surrender to his former Filipino subjects. Thus, he secretly began negotiations with Admiral Dewey to not only negotiate a surrender, but to stage a mock battle so that the Spanish could save face while the Americans could take all the glory.
Without informing their Filipino allies of the faux assault, the Americans began the battle on August 13th. Although a peace accord had been signed the day before, neither side had yet received news that the war was over. The Americans began by shelling Spanish forts, the gunners taking care to only hit abandoned buildings. Then US troops advanced, firing above the heads of the Spanish while the Spanish did likewise. For the most part the mock battle went off without a hitch. The shooting stopped when the Spanish raised the white flag of surrender, and US troops quickly occupied Manila before the Philippine Army could enter the city. Only two thing went wrong. First, the gunners of one of the American ships had not been informed that the battle was staged, purposely shelling Spanish fortifications. Second, a group of Filipino fighters joined the battle thinking it was a genuine battle, causing a real firefight with Spanish troops leading to the death of 49 Spaniards, 1 American, and an unknown number of Filipino fighters.
After the Spanish American War, the Americans would claim possession of the country. Enraged at the American’s unwillingness to grant them independence, the Filipinos rebelled. What resulted was a long and bloody war which lasted decades. Americans responded brutally, committing many atrocities, leading to the death of thousands.
To post-Liberation voters, Arsenio Lacson of Talisay, Negros Occidental, seemed a completely new kind of politician, a brute wind hurtling through a wasteland of old men. Quezon had fixed the type of the old-style politico - an elegant, eloquent, rater jaded man of the world who belonged to the elite, prized gentility, and danced the tango. Manuel Roxas was of the true Quezoninan stamp - courtly and polished and vaguely jaded - but when in the 1946 campaign he attempted Quezon’s grand manner, he was rudely rapped by the rowdy new age in the person of Arsenio Lacson.
Lacson symbolized the postwar world almost too perfectly: he was not only a newspaperman and a columnist, he was also a radio commentator. He looked and talked like a stevedore; he was a gaudy dresser; and he didn’t dance the tango. He had no respect for political parties and no great liking for the Americans - and he said so, in his newspaper column, and on his radio program, In This Corner.
Joaquin, Nick. Manila, My Manila: A History for the Young. Bookmark, 1999.
Monuments dedicated to Manila Mayor Arsenio Lacson, Located in different parts of Manila.
1. Baywalk Roxas Boulevard, Manila
2. Manila City Hall
3. Plaza Lacson (formerly Plaza Goiti), Santa Cruz, Manila
PS: Mayor Lacson was once a boxer. His show’s title, In This Corner, references that.
- Spain found that Cavite was a very strategic location in protecting the gateway to Manila and so decided to fortify it by building the Fort San Felipe and by fortifying the city itself, not only to defend itself from invaders, but also mainly to protect Manila from being invaded easily.
- Fort San Felipe of Cavite was where the 13 Martyrs of Cavite were executed. It was also the place where the 1872 Cavite Mutiny would take place that would lead to the execution of the GomBurZa and spark the nationalism of even Jose Rizal [through his brother Paciano] himself.
- Emilio Aguinaldo [the Cavite Governor] would be initiated in the Katipunan by the Supremo, Andres Bonifacio, himself. When Aguinaldo was in a pinch at a certain deck in the port office in Manila, Bonifacio found out about it and sent 2 Katipuneros to seek apology / duel from the person who troubled Aguinaldo since, Bonifacio said in defense of Aguinaldo, “Kailangan ipagtanggol ang karangalan ng Kapatid.”
“To the Caviteños, even the Supremo, the founder of the Katipunan, was but an outsider, was but one more in the stream of refugees from Manila for whom the Caviteños of the time coined a contemptuous term ‘alsa balutan’.”
“If there was anything they had in common, it was the HOSTILITY TO OUTSIDERS.”
“In the struggle between Manila and Cavite, the last word belongs to a Caviteño: SANTIAGO ALVAREZ, at the convention in Tejeros, where the 2 revolutions had their climactic confrontation: "If you wish to establish any other kind of government more suited to your fancy, retire to your province and conquer territory from the Spanish government as we have done here, and establish there whatever government you like, and no one will interfere with you. WE CAVITEÑOS DO NOT NEED ANYONE OF YOUR CALIBER AS AN INSTRUCTOR.”
“The MANILEÑO’S INNATE SENSE OF SUPERIORITY may explain the behavior of some of its men, i.e. Antonio Luna & Andres Bonifacio, this behavior had DISASTROUS consequences for it intensified CAVITEÑO CLANNISHNESS.”
References: 1. Looking Back series by Ambeth Ocampo 2. A Question of Heroes by Nick Joaquin
“The 37th Division landed at Lingayan Gulf, on the Philippine Island of Luzon, January 9, 1945, and after almost a month of fighting took part in the assault of Manila, entering the city on the 4th of February. The soldiers of the 37th Infantry Division secured the Old Bilbad Prison freeing 1330 civilian internees and military prisoners of war. They made an assault crossing of the Pasig River, cleared the Paco neighborhood, and reduced the Intramuros fortress. The Japanese fortified buildings with skill and the larger reinforced concrete buildings became major obstacles to the men of the 37th. Casualties mounted. The Japanese held not only the access to the buildings, but also fought from inside the buildings themselves, forcing the 37th to fight not only block by block or building by building, but floor by floor and room by room. This was the kind of fighting that placed a premium on good leadership at squad and platoon levels. Many junior officers and noncommissioned officers led by example.
“A squad leader in the 148th Infantry was the object of a bayonet charge by six Japanese soldiers who charged from approximately 30 yards away. Sergeant Billy E. Vinson warded off the first Japanese soldier’s bayonet thrust, then dispatched the assault group with one long burst from his Browning Automatic Rifle. He held his forward position until all wounded soldiers in the vicinitiy could be evacuated. After weeks of hard fighting, Manila was secured on the 2nd of March, 1945.”
“The first "Women Guerrilla” corps has just been formed in the Philippines and Filipino women, trained in their local women’s auxiliary service, are seen here hard at work practicing on November 8, 1941, at a rifle range in Manila.“