mandatory sentencing

What a lot of people don’t understand is that the prison industrial complex goes far beyond just the fact that prisons exists.

It’s every single major corporation in the world benefitting from paying slave wages for prison labor

It’s private prisons enforcing quotas to incentivize the state to arrest and convict at higher rates

It’s the war on drugs treating (mostly black and latino) non-violent drug users as hardened criminals

It’s the school to prison pipeline

It’s a country where homelessness is criminalized

It’s mandatory minimum prison sentences

It’s imprisoning civilians for years without bail Before they get a trial

It’s prisoners leaving prison in debt because the slave wages they were forced to work for didn’t cover the cost of food and a bed

It’s former prisoners losing the right to vote

It’s employers discriminating against former prisoners

It’s abuse and substandard living conditions.

It’s a corrupt police state that falsifies evidence and unfairly targets minorities.

The problem is that a lot of y'all still just think of prison as a place where bad people go. It’s not. Most of the bad people are in board rooms, on the golf course, at the bank, in the white house. The truth is, prisons in America are just a business. The lie that they keep you safe is just an ad they can run.

Abolish the prison industrial complex

Andrew Arellano, a rapist in my community (in Portland, OR) who was charged with five counts of using a child in a display of sexually explicit conduct (child porn) and two counts of sexual abuse. The child porn charges come with a mandatory minimum sentence of five years each so the prosecutor was originally asking for 25 years, but somehow today Andrew Arellano was allowed to make a deal to receive only probation and he’s already out of jail free to sexually abuse and rape people again. He also raped some people in Denver and apparently there’s an investigation happening there too so maybe there’s still a chance that his victims will get some justice. 


Jeffrey Dahmer Timeline

May 21st 1960- Birth

June 18th 1978- Murdered Steven Mark Hicks (remains found in a crawlspace under his home and his bones found in woodland behind Jeffrey’s home)

January 1979- Jeffrey enlisted in the U.S. Army

March 1981- Formally discharged from the Army due to his alcohol abuse

August 7th 1982 – Jeffrey exposed himself to a crowd of 25 women and children at Wisconsin State Fair Park.

August 1986 – Arrested for masturbating in front of two 12-year-old boys

March 10th 1987- The charge was changed to disorderly conduct and was sentenced to one year’s probation.

November 20th- Murdered Steven Tuomi in a rented room at the Ambassador Hotel (remains never located)

January 16th 1988- Murdered James Doxtator (remains never located)

March 24th- Murdered Richard Guerrero (remains never located)

March 25th 1989- Murdered Anthony Sears (His preserved skull and genitals found in a filing cabinet at 924 North 25th Street)

May 20th 1990- Murdered Raymond Smith *The first victim to be murdered at Jeffrey’s North 25th Street apartment* (Bones were around his apartment as ornaments and his sjull was painted grey and placed in his fridge)

June 14th – Murdered Edward Smith (remains never located)

September 2nd – Murdered Ernest Miller (His entire skeleton was found in the bottom drawer of a filing cabinet)

September 24th – Murdered David Thomas (remains never located)

February 18th 1991- Murdered Curtis Straughter (Skull was found in his apartment)

April 7th– Murdered Errol Lindsey (Skull found in his apartment)

May 24th – Murdered Tony Hughes (Skull found in his apartment)

May 27th – Murdered Konerak Sinthasomphone (Skull located in the freezer)

June 30th- Murdered Matt Turner (Head and internal organs found in the freezer and his torso was in a 57-gallon drum)

July 5th – Murdered Jeremiah Weinberger (Torso located in the 57-gallon drum)

July 15th -Murdered Oliver Lacy (Skeleton was found in his apartment and his heart was in the fridge)

July 19thMurdered Joseph Bradehoft (Head was found in the refrigerator and torso found in the 57-gallon drum)

July 22nd – Persuaded Tracy Edwards to accompany him back his apartment. Tracy escaped his apartment and flagged down Milwaukee police. Jeffrey was then arrested.

July 25th- After admitting to the murders, Jeffrey was charged with four counts of murder.

August 22nd- Charged with a further 11 murders.

September 17th – Charged with the murder of Steven Hicks

January 13th 1992 – Jeffrey pleaded guilty but insane to 15 counts of murder at a preliminary hearing

January 30th– His trial began

February 15th – The verdict was made, on the first two counts, Dahmer was sentenced to life imprisonment plus ten years, with the remaining 13 counts carrying a mandatory sentence of life imprisonment plus 70 years.

May 1st Jeffrey was extradited to Ohio to be tried for the murder of Steven Hicks. He was sentenced to a 16th term of life imprisonment.

July 1994- While in prison, Jeffrey was attacked by Osvaldo Durruthy and his throat was attempted to be slashed with a razor embedded toothbrush. Jeffrey was not seriously hurt in this incident.

November 28th 1994- Jeffrey was attacked by fellow inmate Christopher Scarver while in the showers. He had been bludgeoned over his head and face by a metal bar. Jeffrey was later pronounced dead at hospital.

anonymous asked:

I think the higher incarceration rate may be because now we have more ways to track down criminals (cameras fingerprints) not because police are just throwing people into jail.

Noooope. But lets do some math to be sure. All the statistics I will be using are from here, here, and here.

We’ll look at race first. The united states has 693 people in prison per 100,000. However if we quickly glance at the Incarceration in the United States page, we can see the incarceration rate broken down by race. While white people are incarcerated at a rate of  450 per 100,000, Hispanic people are incarcerated at almost double the rate ( 831 per 100,000) and black people at an astoundingly high rate of  2,306 per 100,000. So lets consider a hypothetical prison system that doesn’t  discriminate by race, we assume that the default incarceration rate for everyone is an equal 450 per 100,000. By doing that alone the United States falls from first place to 11th.

We can also look at the breakdown by crime committed. Around 22% of prisoners are in state and federal prison for non-violent drug related crimes. 22% of 450 is 99. So if drug usage was legalized, this further reduces the rate of incarceration to 351. The united states would then be in 24th place.

Even with these reductions, the incarceration rate is more than triple that of other equally developed countries, like France, the Uk, and Germany. Its more than 5 times that of Norway, the Netherlands and Denmark. All of these countries have comparable law enforcement technology to the united states.

These are just some quick estimates that take into account some readily available and easy to work with information. We haven’t even considered things like private prison profit incentives, private prison quotas, and public policy. Quoting from wikipedia, “ Violent crime was not responsible for the quadrupling of the incarcerated population in the United States from 1980 to 2003. Violent crime rates had been relatively constant or declining over those decades. The prison population was increased primarily by public policy changes causing more prison sentences and lengthening time served, e.g. through mandatory minimum sentencing, “three strikes” laws, and reductions in the availability of parole or early release. 49 percent of sentenced state inmates were held for violent offenses. Perhaps the single greatest force behind the growth of the prison population has been the national “War on Drugs.” ”

So no, more technology being available hasn’t resulted in the United State’s insane incarceration rates. Institutional racism, a bullshit “war on drugs”, and vindictive laws that line the pockets of private prisons are. Don’t let ideology fool you, the United States is objectively one of the least free countries.

Hillary Rodham Clinton

In the 1960’s Hillary Clinton at Wellesley College became a student activist who advocated for black women to be enrolled in her college.

In the 1970’s Hillary Clinton worked for a black civil rights activist, Marian Wright Edelman at the Children Defense Fund.

In the 1970’s Hillary Clinton worked on getting black youths out of adult prison in South Carolina because of physical and sexual abuse.

In the 1970’s Hillary Clinton worked as a free legal aid providing free services to black people in South Carolina

In the 1970’s Hillary Clinton worked undercover to stop educational segregation in Mississippi and Alabama.

In the 1970’s Hillary Clinton interned at a California Law firm that represented Black Panther Leaders!

In the 1980’s Hillary Clinton reformed Healthcare system in Arkansan by creating SCHIP program providing healthcare to urban communities.

In the 1990’s Hillary Clinton reformed the educational system on the federal level advancing urban communities.

In the 1990’s Hillary Clinton stood with Black movements such, Mothers of Gun Violence, Stop the Violence and Tough on Crime.

In the 1990’s Hillary Clinton stood up to Mayor Rudy Giuliani and NY FBI shooting of unarmed black men.

In the 2000’s Hillary Clinton supported cutting mandatory minimum sentences for nonviolent drug offenses in half.

In the 2000’s Hillary Clinton created a charter school in the Bronx, for Young Men of Color called Eagle Academy.

In the 2000’s Hillary Clinton Invested $5 billion in re-entry job programs for formerly incarcerated individuals

In the 2000’s Hillary Clinton privately supported Mrs. Bell, Sean Bell wife after the police put 5 bullets into his car killing him.

In the 2000’s Hillary Clinton reformed the Foster care program that assisted Black kids finding a home

In the 2010’s Hillary Clinton fought Ugandan efforts to criminalize homosexuality, punishable by death.

Yesterday Holder responded to Session’s racist announcement to enforce the racist mandatory minimum sentencing policy for non-violent drug offenses.

I find the part at the end as the most important: this is an act that can be reversed by congress.

The Holder memo, issued in August 2013, instructed his prosecutors to avoid charging certain defendants with drug offenses that would trigger long mandatory minimum sentences. Defendants who met a set of criteria such as not belonging to a large-scale drug trafficking organization, gang or cartel, qualified for lesser charges — and in turn less prison time — under Holder’s policy.

But Sessions’s new charging policy, outlined in a two-page memo and sent to more than 5,000 assistant U.S. attorneys across the country and all assistant attorneys general in Washington, orders prosecutors to “charge and pursue the most serious, readily provable offense” and rescinds Holder’s policy immediately.

The Sessions memo marks the first significant criminal justice effort by the Trump administration to bring back the toughest practices of the drug war, which had fallen out of favor in recent years with a bipartisan movement to undo the damaging effects of mass incarceration.

Goro : “I hope I didn’t worry anyone too much. After everything that’s happened in the last few months, I never thought I’d get to, well, to live with him…

Oh, and Mona’s here, too.”

[Here are a few out-of-character important notes. We gave the context some thought. The events depicted on this blog are set post-canon. This much is known to the public so far:

Keep reading

Prison Song
System of a Down
Prison Song

System Of A Down - Prison Song

They’re trying to build a prison
They’re trying to build a prison
Following the rights movement
You clamped on with your iron fists
Drugs became conveniently
Available for all the kids
Following the rights movement
You clamped on with your iron fists
Drugs became conveniently
Available for all the kids
I buy my crack, I smack my bitch
Right here in hollywood
(nearly 2 million americans are
incarcerated in the prison system
prison system of the US)
They’re trying to build a prison
They’re trying to build a prison
They’re trying to build a prison
(for you and me to live in)
Another prison system
Another prison system
Another prison system
(for you and me to live in)
Minor drug offenders fill your prisons
you don’t even flinch
all our taxes paying for your wars
against the new non-rich
Minor drug offenders fill your prisons
you don’t even flinch
all our taxes paying for your wars
against the new non-rich
I buy my crack, I smack my bitch
right here in hollywood
The percentage of americans in the prison system
prison system, has doubled since 1985
They’re trying to build a prison
They’re trying to build a prison
They’re trying to build a prison
(for you and me to live in)
Another prison system
Another prison system
Another prison system
For you and I, For you and I, For you and I.
They’re trying to build a prison
They’re trying to build a prison
They’re trying to build a prison
For you and me
Oh baby, you and me.
All research and successful drug policy show
that treatment should be increased
And law enforcement decreased
While abolishing mandatory minimun sentences
All research and successful drug policy show
that treatment should be increased
And law enforcement decreased
While abolishing mandatory minimun sentences
Utilising drugs to pay for secret wars around the world
drugs are now your global policy now you police the globe
I buy my crack, I smack my bitch
right here in hollywood
Drug money is used to rig elections
and train brutal corporate sponsored dictators
around the world
They’re trying to build a prison
They’re trying to build a prison
They’re trying to build a prison
(for you and me to live in)
Another prison system
Another prison system
Another prison system
(for you and me to live in)
For you and I, for you and I, for you and I
For you and I
They’re trying to build a prison
They’re trying to build a prison
They’re trying to build a prison
for you and me
oh baby, you and me

Crime Viral article about sibling killers

8 Shocking Cases of Siblings Who Became Killers

These following siblings had more in common than just the same genes - they also had the same desire to kill… 

8. Delfina and Maria de Jesus Gonzalez 

Delfina and Maria de Jesus Gonzalez were two sisters from Guanajuato, a north-central Mexican state. Between the 1950s to the mid-1960s, they ran “Rancho El Angel” a large prostitution ring where at least ninety-one murders took place. 

Police had arrested a young woman named Josefina Gutierrez on suspicion of kidnapping young girls in the Guanajuato area. During her questioning, she mentioned the names of the Gonzalez sisters. She led them to a property in San Francisco Rincon and their search shockingly found the bodies of 80 women, eleven men, and many fetuses. 

It was later discovered that the sisters would place adverts for housemaids who were wanted in the local area. When young girls replied to the adverts, they were held hostage and forced to take either heroin or cocaine. Those who became too ill, pregnant, damaged through sexual activity or just stopped pleasing customers were killed. Replaced with more innocent victims. 

The customers were killed too - anyone who showed up with a lot of cash would be disposed of and their money would then belong to the sisters. When questioned about the bodies on the property one of the sisters reportedly put it down to food poisoning. 

In 1964, the Gonzalez sisters were sentenced to forty years in prison. Delfina died in prison and Marina vanished after her release never to be seen again. They have a Guinness World Record entry as the “most prolific murder partnership”. 

7. Robert and Michael Bever 

In 2015, five members of the Bever family were found murdered at their Broken Arrow, Oklahoma home. The bodies of parents, 52-year-old David and 44-year-old April, were discovered with 66 stab wounds between them, 12-year-old Daniel had been killed by nine stab wounds, 7-year-old Christopher died after suffering six stab wounds and 5-year-old Victoria had been killed by seven stab wounds. 13-year-old Crystal survived and she identified the two killers to be her 18-year-old brother Robert and 16-year-old brother Michael. 

There was a lack of motive behind the boys’ crimes. They had both been home educated and neighbors claimed the family kept themselves away from others - the children were rarely allowed to mingle with others. Other neighbors commented that they only come to know the names of the family members when the murders were printed in the press. 

The brothers admitted they had killed their family, they also revealed they had a desire to kill for quite awhile but their original idea was to stage a school shooting somewhere close by. The very next day after the killings, 3000 rounds of ammunition had been delivered to the house that is believed to have been ordered by the brothers. They were both charged with five counts of first-degree murder and one count of assault and battery with intent to kill. 

6. Linda and Charlotte Mulhall 

Dublin-born sisters Linda and Charlotte Mulhall, killed and dismembered Kenyan immigrant Farah Swaleh Noor in 2005. Noor was killed as he was struck with a hammer swung by Linda and then stabbed with a Stanley Knife by Charlotte. They killed him after an argument over him dating their mother, Kathleen Mulhall. They also sliced off his head and penis then dumped his dismembered corpse in the Royal Canal, Dublin. 

Ten days later, his leg had been found floating in the river and the body was still wearing a sock. Neither the head and penis of Noor were never recovered - the girls later admitted they had disposed of these body parts in rubbish bins around Dublin. 

The sisters were arrested and they both admitted to their involvement in the murder. The media attention landed them the name “Scissor Sisters”. Their mother fled to England and their father, John Mulhall, hung himself in Phoenix Park, shortly after they were both charged. The judge labeled the killings: “The most grotesque killing that has occurred in my professional lifetime”. Charlotte Mulhall was given the mandatory life sentence and Linda Mulhall was given a 15-year sentence for manslaughter, they were both sent to Mountjoy Women’s prison in Dublin. 

5. Dan and Ron Lafferty 

On July 24th, 1984, brothers Dan and Ron Lafferty targeted their sister-in-law Brenda Lafferty, who was married to their brother Allen, and her 15-month-old daughter, Erica. Both brother’s had become extremists and members of the School of Prophets, founded and led by Robert Crossfield, where they believed God was sending them revelations. The brother’s said God wanted them to kill Brenda and her infant daughter as a “removal revelation.” 

Brenda was different from other women they had met before. She was a former beauty queen and a college graduate, she spoke up and told the brothers that she didn’t believe they were prophets. They also believed she was the reason Ron’s wife had left him. 

On that night in July, they beat their victims until they were unconscious and then slit their throats. Their friend Chip Carnes, who drove the getaway car, claimed that Ron thanked his brother Dan for “doing the baby.” After the murders, police found writings of the “revelation.” 

The brothers are now both on death row and still show no remorse for the killings. Dan told in 2004, “It’s never haunted me, it’s never bothered me. I don’t blame anyone for not understanding it. But if you had done it, it wouldn’t haunt you either. It was a strange phenomenon.” He added, “I held Brenda’s hair and did it pretty much the way they did it in the scriptures. Then I walked in Erica’s room. I talked to her for a minute, I said, ‘I’m not sure why I’m supposed to do this, but I guess God wants you home.’”

4. Alex and Derek King 

In 2001, in Pensacola, Florida, brothers 12-year-old Alex and 13-year-old Derek King, murdered their father, 40-year-old Terry King, after bludgeoning him to death with a baseball bat. Convicted child molester, 41-year-old Ricky Chavis, was also sentenced to a maximum of 30-years in prison after helping the young boys cover up the murder. 

After the boys had killed their father, they set their home on fire, called Chavis who came to pick them up, then washed their clothes and hid from the police at his house. His lawyer called his sentence “disproportionate” when compared to the maximum eight-year sentence the King brothers received for the murder. The boys, who were on trial separately, both pleaded guilty to third-degree murder and served their sentences in separate juvenile facilities. 

3. Erik and Lyle Menendez 

The case of the Menendez brothers shocked and gripped America in equal measure in the Nineties. The brothers murdered their rich parents in August 1989, when Lyle was 21-years-old and Erik was 18-years-old, planning the whole thing to make it look like some kind of ultra-violent Mafia hit. They had - according to their own defense - suffered years of abuse at the hands of their mega rich parents, so after it became too much, they banded together to defend themselves in a fatal way. 

However, as was revealed during their highly televised trial in 1993, the truth of the matter was somewhat different. They shot their father Jose and mother Mary in cold blood one evening in the family’s home in Beverly Hills, and then went out to the movies with their friends so that they’d have an alibi. For a while, this story worked out for them, regardless of the suspiciously lavish spending that ensued in the months following the parricide. However, soon enough, Erik confessed the crimes to his psychologist, L. Jerome Oziel. After being threatened by Lyle, Oziel talked about the murder to his girlfriend, who went on to report it to the police. The cops then moved in for the arrest, with the brothers facing trial in 1993, live on the newly launched Court TV. 

Before millions of mesmerized viewers, Lyle stated that he would miss his dog as much as his parents and Erik revealed that he “felt love for his mother when he placed the shotgun in her cheek.” Despite such shocking admissions, the two juries in the first trial ended up being deadlocked, requiring a second trial to be held. This time, with less media attention, they were found guilty and sentenced to life without parole. Yet perhaps more startling than the lateness of this decision or the crime itself is the news that behind bars, both brothers have now apparently found love, marrying pen pals and enjoying the kind of intimacy they didn’t quite have with their parents. 

2. Micajah and Wiley Harpe 

Macajah “Big” Harpe and Wiley “Little” Harpe, were serial killers and river pirates, who carried out their crimes in Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, and Mississippi during the late 18th century. Many claim they were America’s first serial killers who were responsible for the murders of 39 people, or possibly more, as there were 50 other unsolved murders which could have been connected to them. 

In 1797, the Harpes brothers were living near Knoxville, Tennessee but they had been driven from the town after they were caught stealing hogs and horses. They were also accused of murdering a man named Johnson, whose body had been found in a river - the torso ripped open and weighted down with stones. This would soon be the “signature” of the Harpes brothers and how they often disposed of corpses. 

They soon became known as vicious killers who would butcher someone at the slightest provocation - even their own children. It has been said Big Harpe bashed his own daughter’s head against a tree because she cried too much. This was also the only crime he ever showed genuine remorse for. 

Eventually, they were caught and confessed to killing 39 people. Big Harpe was shot dead and Little Harpe was executed by hanging in 1804. 

1. Anthony, James and Linwood Briley 

The Briley Brothers were Anthony, James and Linwood Briley. They were known as good boys, raised in a loving home, who would often help neighbors fix their cars or with repairs. However, behind closed doors, the boys collected exotic pets such as tarantulas, piranhas, and boa constrictors that they would torture and kill. Their own father kept his bedroom door padlocked from the inside when he slept at night. 

In 1971, 16-year-old Linwood aimed a rifle from his bedroom window, then shot and killed an elderly neighbor as she was hanging out some laundry. The crime was almost never solved until a funeral director found a small bullet wound under her armpit. Police investigated that the only angle the bullet could have come from was where the Briley house stood. Linwood admitted to the crime and said, “I heard she had heart problems, she would have died soon anyway.” He was sent to reform school for one year. 

The in 1979, the brothers went on a seven-month killing rampage that terrified locals. On March 12th, they knocked on the door of a Henrico County couple claiming they had car trouble and needed to use their telephone before eventually forcing their way into the house. They tied the couple up at gunpoint, doused them in fuel and lit the house on them on. Luckily the husband managed to free his arms and they both survived the attack. Days later they shot dead a vending serviceman. Then the following month they followed a 76-year-old into her house before murdering her. Their next victim was a 17-year-old boy who they killed by dropping a cinderblock onto his skull. 

Months passed by and the brothers began looking for another victim. When they came across a DJ who was taking a break between his set, they assaulted him and put him in the trunk of his own car. They then drove the car to an abandoned paper mill and shot him before dumping his body in a river. Later when they were arrested, Linwood was wearing a ring belonging to the victim. 

The same month, the brothers beat a 62-year-old private nurse to death and just five days later and only two blocks from their own home, they bludgeoned a couple to death with a baseball bat, scissors, and a fork. When the bodies were discovered, the scissors and fork were sticking out of their victim’s back. Their last victims were a couple who lived in the neighborhood, the woman was five months pregnant at the time. After the attack, the police noticed the brothers running down the street and were arrested soon afterward. All three brothers were sentenced to death row. 

purqatory  asked:

quick goodbye kiss for dramione :))))

“Granger, have you eaten?”

“Hm?” she asked, staring down at the unfinished draft of legislation. “Yeah.”

She didn’t look up as he strode into the room, sitting carelessly opposite her at the desk. “I heard they’re burning copies of Hogwarts, A History outside,” he commented.

“Mm,” she said. “Right.”

“I’ve been thinking,” he added, facetiously tapping his mouth. “Should we have fourteen babies, or will ten be sufficient?”

“Yeah,” she said, crossing out a line about mandatory minimum sentences. “I agree.”

“I was also thinking,” Draco continued loftily, “that we should quit our jobs and start a zoo. Oh, and I’ve illegally acquired two dozen house elves to paint the inside of our flat in Slytherin colors, and will hereby be changing my name to Fernando McBollocks. I expect you to take my name when we get married,” he added. “You can hyphenate if you want. Granger-McBollocks.”

“Sounds nice,” Hermione murmured, and he grinned, leaning over to kiss her.

“See you later,” he told her, pulling away, but she stopped him, hesitating.

“Did you say babies?” she asked, and he smiled.

“All in good time,” he assured her, striding briskly out of the room.

Send me a kiss and I’ll give you five lines 
(except this one was really long but you know, for you, anything)

Thanks ladies for the supportive comments. It really means a lot to me. I don’t often delve into that phase of my life here, I think I feel like because my family court experience ended with me getting my kid back and our life getting better, I feel awkward trying to verbalize what bio moms you might be in a foster care relationship with could be feeling.

@bujnik thank you for the very thoughtful question. These are some things I wished the person taking care of my child had/n’t done:

-I wish she had deferred to my opinion on things that seemed little to her but were important to me. Clothing, for example. She felt like when I complained about clothes, I was being ungrateful for the effort she’d put into scrambling to get baby clothes. But to me how she dressed M represented something larger. I felt like she was dressing M the way she’d dressed me and my siblings, which made me feel like M was to her the other child she’d long tried to have. New moms buy tiny clothes with their first baby. Seasoned parents know how fast babies grow and buy big. But I was a new mom and I really wanted the teeny tiny onesies. That was the fourth baby she was taking care of, but my first baby, and maybe the only baby I’ll ever have.

-I wish she hadn’t done things that to me felt like she was making M grow up faster. Stroller selection, for example. I thought a newborn should be in a snap & go. She doesn’t like clunky strollers and didn’t know how to fold it so she got an umbrella stroller. It reclined all the way, it wasn’t unsafe. But I felt like that was a stroller for a 1-year-old, not a 1-month-old. I already felt like I was losing so much time with M, and anything that made M seem older made me feel like time was moving too fast for me to ever catch up.

-I wish she hadn’t shown me pictures of/ told me about all the random people spending time with M. She was trying to be nice and wanted me to know M was adored by an entire community. But to me it felt like how come your third cousin can take her for a walk, and I can’t; how come my brother’s roommate got to rock her to sleep, and I can’t.

-I was happy that my mom always answered when I called. On the rare time that she didn’t, my mind started swirling thinking something horrible had happened to M and I couldn’t focus on anything until I knew she was okay. I hated it when my mom would complain to me about being tired. I know taking care of a newborn is exhausting. But I would’ve traded anything to get to be exhausted from taking care of M.

-After rehab, there were 2 (3?) months when I could be at their house all day but had to sleep somewhere else at night. Then for another bit of time I could live with them but couldn’t be alone with M. She’d throw around her “supervising” power whenever she was irritated at me about anything. Right or wrong, I felt like she’s the one who needed to be supervised, not me. I wish she’d never taken advantage of the power she held over me.

-I wish she had listened to me about things like feeding schedules and sleep training. Or even put one percent of effort into trying. Maybe the way I wanted her to do things was not the way she’d done things in the past. But this wasn’t the same as how things had been for her in the past, i.e. this was not her child. When me and M moved out and I could finally start doing things my way, it was challenging to change some of the habits my mom had instilled.

-She said I was a great mom, but I felt like she took on an air of righteousness, like she thought she was the pinnacle of parenting because she was handed my baby. I wish she’d understood that the line between good and bad parenting can be very blurry. It’s easy to deem addicts unfit because drugs are simple to test for. Other things, like emotional abuse, are more subjective and not simple to test for. I wish she hadn’t interpreted her role in the situation as validation of parenting style, caregiving choices, and of herself as a superior human being.

In terms of maintaining the relationship with an incarcerated parent, these are some things I do for M’s dad:

-every year for her birthday I order her one of those personalized books and in the inscription say it’s from both of us. I color xerox the pages and send them to him so when we visit he can talk to her about the adventures she’s having in the book

-sometimes on a random weekend day I’ll take a photo of everything she’s doing like a pic of her eating breakfast, a pic of her in her car seat, a pic of her on the swings, a pic of her having a tantrum, a pic of her sleeping, etc then send them to him in order, so he can vicariously experience the little details of a day in her daily life which allows him to know her better and see what her life is like other than the usual generic smiling pictures I often send

-when she was younger I’d print out articles on child development and send them to him. I used to babysit so I have experience with kids but he doesn’t, and this would teach him what to expect at visits, let him know how she was progressing, etc. Now I send copies of the written portion from her parent teacher conferences.

-M is safe, happy, and healthy because of what happened. But that doesn’t mean there’s not a huge hole in her life from his absence. I think of some of the positive things he would be doing with her if he were here, things I wouldn’t be inclined to do on my own, and make an effort to do them with her. Gardening is one of them. That was his hobby and something I wasn’t interested in but I’ve started doing with M until he’s here to do it with her himself.

-as she’s gotten older there are personality traits I’ve noticed that she inherited from him. It’s hard for me to really understand her perfectionism for example, because I’m not like that, but he is. I asked him how he wished someone had helped him with that when we was a kid, and at a visit he talked to M about it, better than I could have, in ways she related to.

-I try to nurture their shared interests. He’s a great artist, so is she. She sends him unicorn drawings and he sends her drawings of her at a princess castle, etc.

-sometimes when I’m annoyed with him I have a tendency to write off his parenting ideas, like oh he has no clue about anything, I’m the real parent, I’m the one who’s here every day, etc. But it’s only luck that I’m here and he’s not. We were both arrested. He had a prior record so he got a seven year mandatory minimum sentence; I did not have a prior record so I got probation. I try to remember that I’m not better than he is; I’m just luckier. He wishes he could be here with her. One day he will be here with her. She’s just as much his child as she is mine.


Laurel Highlands is a penitentiary for men, located 70 miles SE of Pittsburgh. It is the only prison in the state of Pennsylvania that is specifically for inmates who are elderly or infirm. Inmates within the Pennsylvania corrections system are sent to Laurel Highlands when they have been diagnosed with a condition that requires daily medical support, such as Alzheimer’s disease, cancer, kidney or liver disease, or pulmonary diseases. The facility operates mostly as a medical hospital, and the staff consists of registered nurses, licensed practical nurses and nursing assistants. Security staffing is minimal. The hospice unit is also staffed by a prisoner helper system, where other prison inmates assist the nursing staff by providing personal care such as cleaning, helping a sick inmate move from place to place, and providing company to the dying inmate. There are no bars on the windows, and security fencing is similar to those at a minimum security prison. Showers are outfitted with grab bars and shower seats. Due to the four decade long “war on drugs”, mandatory minimum sentencing and three strikes laws, the percentage of elderly inmates in prison has exploded, leaving the country’s correctional systems in the position of having to provide geriatric care, which costs approximately 30% more than the cost of housing a relatively healthy inmate. There are roughly 300 inmates at Laurel Highlands, with a very long waiting list.

absolxguardian  asked:

This is a trans headcanon prompt- but an au were the les amis(+other characters their age) are all in middle school and javert is a really scrict teacher.

yesssss yesSSS YESSSSSSS 

  • So everyone knows that if you get Javert for your history teacher, you’ve gotta be on your best behavior or you’ll be staying after class
  • Javert, while he teaches everything he needs to, has his opinions about certain subjects
  • enjolras is constantly staying after class because he disagrees with basically everything javert says. he also has a tendency to argue about getting more LGBT+ history into the curriculum. Javert: “i understand, and I would add it, but we need to move on” Enj: “move on? we CANNOT MOVE ON” Javert : “Stay after class”
  • courfeyrac is also there all the time because javert has the rule of ‘if he catches you talking you must say it to the entire class’ and courfeyrac constantly has to yell “I’M REALLY GAY” to the class, which disrupts everyone
  • combeferre is there about once a week because of spending too much time on one part that he was interested and he didn’t get his work done
  • Jehan appears whenever they are doing poster projects because, like combeferre, they want to make all their words flow properly. Javert just gave up arguing with them because oh my god this kid just wants to add poetry so they can explain that to their parents on why they have to stay back
  • grantaire is there because he 1) spends too much time drawing on posters and 2) argues with Enjolras
  • feuilly is there for the same reason as enjolras, but they’re constantly yelling about nonbinary identities because they refuse to be ignored
  • bahorel is just loud and gets into fights
  • joly is there once around the holidays because everyone is hugging and they are scared of the germs that are being spread and is kinda disruptive about it
  • bossuet just has the worst luck of talking whenever it randomly gets silent so thats why he’s there
  • cosette calls out Javert about how he agrees with mandatory minimum sentences and is vocal about feminism
  • eponine is also vocal about feminism and is ready to punch any boy who says that she’s only transitioning to look at girls in the restroom. javert is strict and punishes her when she punches people, but he is kinda proud
  • marius just ends up insulting javert on accident 
  • valjean is the happy nice vice principal.

i love everyone of these babes so much

Quick story.

I spent most of last summer teaching at a medium-security prison. Many of my students had life sentences. All of them had committed horrific crimes. Murders, sexual assaults, battery, you name it. It was a composition course, and I specifically structured it in a way that allowed for personal expression. 

 Many of my students wrote about having been abused, growing up hungry with the electricity out, absent parents, cruel parents, wasted parents. Not one of them blamed their circumstances for their crimes or their imprisonment. The general tenor of their writing was far more “maybe if things had been different I would have been a different person, but this is the hand I was dealt, and I played it poorly." 

They also acknowledged their crimes and took responsibility for them. I remember one student, in one of the roundtable discussions we had, stating that so many men on the yard to this day deny that they ever committed their crimes, but "how do you move forward if you won’t own up to what you did that got you here?" 

These men ultimately fell very far because of their own actions, and not only did they acknowledge and accept that, but they were actively trying to better themselves and take a different path. That’s why they were in my class instead of out on the yard for rec. 

Now, there’s a lot more nuance to it than that, of course – mandatory minimums, drug sentencing, overextended public defenders, etc. – and we discussed a lot of those at length. 

But on the last day of the class, when my students and I just sat and talked, about the prison system, about justice and fairness, good and bad, the unofficial spokesman of the class, a bespectacled older man who took diligent notes in the front row, said, "What did you learn from being here with us, professor?" 

I thought a moment. ”…that people are worth much more than the worst thing they ever did.“ 

And I still believe that.


Instead of treating drug addiction as a health issue, it has been normalized as a crime, one fitting of severe punishment. Rather than addressing the social and economic problems causing drug use and addiction, the easy solution, sadly, has been to punish those who fall victim to the social environment. Since Nixon’s first announcement of the “War on Drugs,” rigid sentencing guidelines were put in place that required longer sentences, mandatory minimums, reclassifying some drug offenses from misdemeanors to felonies, and the “Three Strikes You’re Out” laws were passed. These changes drastically influenced the lives of millions of people, especially those of color.

According to Earl Smith & Angela J. Hattery, “African American men are disproportionately likely to be incarcerated. Of the 2.3 million Americans who are incarcerated, 43%(or more than one million) are African American men. In fact, more than forty percent of all American prisoners, men and women, are African American men. Controlling for gender, African Americans comprise nearly two-thirds(62%) of the male prison population, yet they make up just 13% of the US male population.

“In terms of probability, 90 out of every 1000 men will be incarcerated in their lifetimes. When we break the data down by race only 44 out of every 1000 White men(4%) will be incarcerated but 285 out of every 1000 African American men(28.5%) will be incarcerated in their lifetimes. Put another way, nearly 1 in 3 African American men will be incarcerated during their lifetimes.

Apologists use Ethiopia as an example to prove how Muslims aren’t more likely to commit FGM anymore than anyone else and it simply isn’t the case.
It’s not just a North African thing. It goes all the way to Indonesia. Even Singapore isn’t able to stop it. Muslims are pretty much the only ones who stick with it when they move to the West.
And this doctor is an example of how fucking bad the problem is. She went through the demanding American system of medical school, got a degree, and risked it all to cut off the genitals of little girls? Why? She’ll go to jail for a minimum of 15 years and she will never be allowed to work in the medical field again, she’ll never pay off those student loans, she’ll have to register as a sex offender if she even survives prison. (No, women’s prisons in America are not Camp Cupcakes).
The parents will likewise have to go to prison, have their children removed from their care, and likely permanently. Because this made the news the court system isn’t going to show leniency because they don’t want to be embarrassed in the press. They can’t anyway, because of mandatory sentencing laws.
The parents and doctor alike all knew the risks but they figured cutting was just that damn important. But leftists claim that FGM is a xenophobic straw man.
Everything Trump wants to do with his first 100 days in office:

From the office of Donald Trump: 

What follows is my 100-day action plan to Make America Great Again. It is a contract between myself and the American voter — and begins with restoring honesty, accountability and change to Washington

Therefore, on the first day of my term of office, my administration will immediately pursue the following six measures to clean up the corruption and special interest collusion in Washington, DC:

* FIRST, propose a Constitutional Amendment to impose term limits on all members of Congress;

* SECOND, a hiring freeze on all federal employees to reduce federal workforce through attrition (exempting military, public safety, and public health);

* THIRD, a requirement that for every new federal regulation, two existing regulations must be eliminated;

* FOURTH, a 5 year-ban on White House and Congressional officials becoming lobbyists after they leave government service;

* FIFTH, a lifetime ban on White House officials lobbying on behalf of a foreign government;

* SIXTH, a complete ban on foreign lobbyists raising money for American elections.

On the same day, I will begin taking the following 7 actions to protect American workers:

* FIRST, I will announce my intention to renegotiate NAFTA or withdraw from the deal under Article 2205

* SECOND, I will announce our withdrawal from the Trans-Pacific Partnership

* THIRD, I will direct my Secretary of the Treasury to label China a currency manipulator

* FOURTH, I will direct the Secretary of Commerce and U.S. Trade Representative to identify all foreign trading abuses that unfairly impact American workers and direct them to use every tool under American and international law to end those abuses immediately

* FIFTH, I will lift the restrictions on the production of $50 trillion dollars’ worth of job-producing American energy reserves, including shale, oil, natural gas and clean coal.

* SIXTH, lift the Obama-Clinton roadblocks and allow vital energy infrastructure projects, like the Keystone Pipeline, to move forward

* SEVENTH, cancel billions in payments to U.N. climate change programs and use the money to fix America’s water and environmental infrastructure

Additionally, on the first day, I will take the following five actions to restore security and the constitutional rule of law:

* FIRST, cancel every unconstitutional executive action, memorandum and order issued by President Obama

* SECOND, begin the process of selecting a replacement for Justice Scalia from one of the 20 judges on my list, who will uphold and defend the Constitution of the United States

* THIRD, cancel all federal funding to Sanctuary Cities

* FOURTH, begin removing the more than 2 million criminal illegal immigrants from the country and cancel visas to foreign countries that won’t take them back

* FIFTH, suspend immigration from terror-prone regions where vetting cannot safely occur. All vetting of people coming into our country will be considered extreme vetting.

Next, I will work with Congress to introduce the following broader legislative measures and fight for their passage within the first 100 days of my Administration:

  1. Middle Class Tax Relief And Simplification Act. An economic plan designed to grow the economy 4% per year and create at least 25 million new jobs through massive tax reduction and simplification, in combination with trade reform, regulatory relief, and lifting the restrictions on American energy. The largest tax reductions are for the middle class. A middle-class family with 2 children will get a 35% tax cut. The current number of brackets will be reduced from 7 to 3, and tax forms will likewise be greatly simplified. The business rate will be lowered from 35 to 15 percent, and the trillions of dollars of American corporate money overseas can now be brought back at a 10 percent rate.
  2. End The Offshoring Act. Establishes tariffs to discourage companies from laying off their workers in order to relocate in other countries and ship their products back to the U.S. tax-free.
  3. American Energy & Infrastructure Act. Leverages public-private partnerships, and private investments through tax incentives, to spur $1 trillion in infrastructure investment over 10 years. It is revenue neutral.
  4. School Choice And Education Opportunity Act. Redirects education dollars to give parents the right to send their kid to the public, private, charter, magnet, religious or home school of their choice. Ends common core, brings education supervision to local communities. It expands vocational and technical education, and make 2 and 4-year college more affordable.
  5. Repeal and Replace Obamacare Act. Fully repeals Obamacare and replaces it with Health Savings Accounts, the ability to purchase health insurance across state lines, and lets states manage Medicaid funds. Reforms will also include cutting the red tape at the FDA: there are over 4,000 drugs awaiting approval, and we especially want to speed the approval of life-saving medications.
  6. Affordable Childcare and Eldercare Act. Allows Americans to deduct childcare and elder care from their taxes, incentivizes employers to provide on-side childcare services, and creates tax-free Dependent Care Savings Accounts for both young and elderly dependents, with matching contributions for low-income families.
  7. End Illegal Immigration Act Fully-funds the construction of a wall on our southern border with the full understanding that the country Mexico will be reimbursing the United States for the full cost of such wall; establishes a 2-year mandatory minimum federal prison sentence for illegally re-entering the U.S. after a previous deportation, and a 5-year mandatory minimum for illegally re-entering for those with felony convictions, multiple misdemeanor convictions or two or more prior deportations; also reforms visa rules to enhance penalties for overstaying and to ensure open jobs are offered to American workers first.
  8. Restoring Community Safety Act. Reduces surging crime, drugs and violence by creating a Task Force On Violent Crime and increasing funding for programs that train and assist local police; increases resources for federal law enforcement agencies and federal prosecutors to dismantle criminal gangs and put violent offenders behind bars.
  9. Restoring National Security Act. Rebuilds our military by eliminating the defense sequester and expanding military investment; provides Veterans with the ability to receive public VA treatment or attend the private doctor of their choice; protects our vital infrastructure from cyber-attack; establishes new screening procedures for immigration to ensure those who are admitted to our country support our people and our values
  10. Clean up Corruption in Washington Act. Enacts new ethics reforms to Drain the Swamp and reduce the corrupting influence of special interests on our politics.

On November 8th, Americans will be voting for this 100-day plan to restore prosperity to our economy, security to our communities, and honesty to our government.

This is my pledge to you.

And if we follow these steps, we will once more have a government of, by and for the people.

mjaozedong  asked:

im writing an honors research paper on the prison-industrial complex, school-to-prison pipeline, etc and youve always seemed pretty knowledgeable about this sort of thing - do you have any suggestions on things to talk about?

Well if you’re going to talk generally about the state of prisons in the U.S., you will want to touch on a few topics within this framework:

Let me know if you want some more ideas! I hope you share this report with all of us!