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The Sumatran rhinoceros is actually the closest living relative to one of the world’s most well-known of the Ice Age megafauna, the woolly rhinoceros (last image).  This horned giant ranged all across Eurasia, from Korea all the way to Spain, and survived the last Ice Age before dying out 10 000 years later.  Originally this close relationship was only theorised due to the two animals’ similar woolly coats, but recent DNA analyses have proven that the two are sister species.  Some theories maintain that, in addition to global climate change, the woolly rhino was driven to extinction by over-hunting by humans, ironically the same thing that threatens the Sumatran rhino today.  

3

The Sumatran rhino, unlike most Asian rhinos, has two horns, a front and rear.  The front, or nasal horn, is the large, with one animal having a horn measured at 81 centimetres in length (thought most do not grow above 25).  The second, or frontal horn is considerably shorter, sometimes little more than a bump.  Males tend to have longer horns than females.  These horns are not used in fighting, but for scraping open wallows, pulling down edible branches, and breaking paths through dense vegetation.  The rhino’s horn is made of keratin, the same material that makes up hair and fingernails, but is also the cause of the rhino’s decline.  Rhino horn is highly valued in East Asia as a folk medicine and status symbol, and today poaching and over-hunting is by far the biggest threat to the Sumatran rhino’s continued survival.

eartharchives.org
Extinct goat was cold-blooded
An extinct goat that lived on a barren Mediterranean island survived for millions of years by reducing in size and by becoming cold-blooded, which has never before been discovered in mammals.

Research reveals that Myotragus balearicus survived the island’s scarce resources by adjusting its growth rate and metabolism to suit the available food, becoming cold-blooded like reptiles.

2

The term “aardvark” comes from the Afrikaans meaning “earth pig” or “ground pig”.  It has also been colloquially called “African ant bear” or “Cape anteater”.  In reality, however, it is related to neither pigs or anteaters or bears.  It is a completely unique mammal, the most evolutionarily distinct mammal in the world.

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Adorable Portraits of Pollen-Covered Bats Taken by the World’s Leading Bat Expert 

By Jenny Zhang

Bats are some of the most fascinating and misunderstood creatures in the world, and few know this better thanMerlin Tuttle, the world’s leading bat biologist and photographer. If you’ve ever seen a fantastic photo of a bat in a newspaper article, book, or anywhere else, chances are that Tuttle took it. The founder of Bat Conservation International, Tuttle has spent nearly his entire life working for the conservation of bats, who are often hunted and feared despite playing a vital part in nature.

His passion sprouted as a teenager living in Tennessee in the 1950s, when Tuttle managed to prove that gray bats are migratory, contrary to what textbooks and scientists said at the time. Since this first breakthrough, Tuttle has gone on to become a top ecologist who has captured and banded well over 1 million bats in order to identify and track them for research purposes. Part of his work includes photographing bats in an effort to positively depict their harmless—and often adorable—nature. Among his most eye-catching images are these portraits of bats with their faces covered in pollen and their long tongues sticking out as they feed on flowers and fruits. The winged mammals are responsible for the pollination of over 500 plant species, including different types of mango, banana, cocoa, durian, guava, and agave. Without bats, say goodbye to treats like chocolate and tequila, as well as a balanced and healthy ecosystem.

One of the photographer’s goals is to debunk common misconceptions about bats by showing them in a new light—a noble objective that often means grooming the little creatures with baby shampoo before a shoot, as well as upholding his personal policy of never photographing a bat snarling or making a scary face. Tuttle wrote to us in an email: “Seen in proper light, bats are just as fascinating and important as any other animals. Contrary to traditional misperceptions, they’re vital to healthy ecosystems, provide billions of dollars of benefits to human economies and have one of our planet’s best records for living safely near humans.”

How does Tuttle manage to get so close to his nocturnal subjects with his camera and flash? “Most of my action photos are taken in my portable, walk-in studio at distances of just 1 to 1.5 meters. Four to eight high-speed flashes are required,” Tuttle told us. “Acclimation typically takes from one to five nights, after which bats view me as a source of tasty treats, often learning to come to my hand on call to be fed. Once a bat overcomes its fear of me, I can photograph it going about its normal activities in sets that I build to be indistinguishable from what one would see in the wild. That doesn’t mean that I don’t often have to work all night, several nights in a row, with thousands of tries to get just one perfect image! When possible, I also work in the wild.”

Tuttle documented his lifetime of whirlwind adventures in his new book The Secret Lives of Bats: My Adventures with the World’s Most Misunderstood Mammals, which will be available from Amazon, Barnes & Noble, and other retailers starting October 20, 2015.

read more 

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Do you like games such as,

- Zoo Tycoon 2

- Jurassic Park: Operation Genesis

- Rollercoaster Tycoon

and were you disappointed in the lack of realism, artificial intelligence for the animals, or lack of creativity revolving around the enclosures for your creatures?


Prehistoric Kingdom is a tycoon simulation game currently under development that aims to be a spiritual successor to Zoo Tycoon 2 and Jurassic Park Operation Genesis.

This game promises to have realistic dinosaurs (with feathers that you can turn on and off according to your preference), prehistoric mammals, aquatic reptiles, and other extinct species that are accurate depictions of their kind.

Here is the catch;

200 different species will have AI that allows them to perform and react with their natural behaviors to a variety of settings, including social, predator/prey, and environmental settings.

But this is a theme park building game!

Safari jeep tours, aquariums, roller coasters, and animal interactions are just a few of the theme park attractions that you can create.

This game is the epitome of Tycoon-type experiences, combining all of your favorite games into one, modern, accurate depiction of Prehistoric theme park greatness.

You are essentially creating your own version of Jurassic World that isn’t just limited to Dinosauria!!


What you can do to help promote this indie game into production:

Like them on Facebook (where they post almost weekly updates and commonly ask for fan input on creatures and options being added)

Subscribe to  them on Youtube

Stay active and help advertise their game, because I strongly believe this will be the new generation of Zoo Tycoon-type games that everyone will love.


This is a trailer for it’s upcoming Spring 2015 Tech Demo.


Note: I have no association with Prehistoric Kingdom or it’s development team in any way, I just wanted to help promote the game.

Source for GIFs and some info: http://saucelotosaurus.tumblr.com/post/96760767904/prehistoric-kingdom-is-a-tycoon-simulation-game

“Okay, okay, I’ve got one. ‘Sloths.’”

“Sloths?”

“Sloths! They’ll live in trees and climb around and eat leaves.”

“That sounds pretty cute, evolution. But leaves aren’t all that nutritious, are they? How are they going to get enough energy to climb around?”

“Oh, I thought of that! They’ll supplement their diets with algae that they grow in their own fur. I even put special channels in their hairs to collect rainwater and keep the algae moist.”

“Huh, okay… but then what are the algae going to feed on?”

“Thought of that too. They’ll be fertilized by all the moths that also live in the sloth’s fur.”

“Wait, what? Seriously? Moths? And how are the moths going to reproduce? Their larvae need to eat something too, you know.”

“Yup, thought of that. Once a week, when the sloth needs to poop, it’ll climb down from the tree and poop on the ground. Then the moths can lay their eggs in the dung, and the larvae will eat that.”

“Okay, this is ridiculous. I mean, doesn’t climbing down to poop defeat the whole purpose of living in a tree? Won’t that make it stupidly easy for a jaguar or something to come along and eat them?”

“Well, yeah, that does happen. Kind of a lot, actually.”

“And?”

“Look, no system’s perfect.”

Source: Flickr / Scott Aaron / licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0