From Slave to Sultan: Baibars I - The Slave Warrior Who Fought His Way to the Top
Baibars I was a Mamluk sultan who fought hard to reach and hold his position. He repeatedly defeated Crusader and Mongol armies on the battlefields. Powerful and also diplomatically skilled, Baibars was a powerhouse until his untimely (and unusual) death.
In unmodified EU4, there’s not so many options to play Jews…so I started a game as Ethiopia, triggered a Jewish revolt in Semien, and let it win.
Fast forward a century, and I control everything south from the Mamluks to the Horn of Africa, and everything down until Kilwa is my vassal, along with Yemen (who I converted). I’m the 8th ranked Great Power, though due to my distance from tech institutions, that’s tricky to maintain. And my great rival is Persia.
So…as long as the Ottomans don’t break me, I’m going to have a FUN AAR on here with maps showing the spread of Judaism lead by the Beta Israeli back to being a prominent religion with significant temporal power…and then I’m going to try to use the fan-made EU4->Vic2 exporter and the Vic2->HoI4 exporter to keep going through the end of the World War II era…things should be different this time around.
Jean de Joinville’s account of the Seventh Crusade is really interesting bc even though the text he wrote it in was part of a haiography of Louis IX in preperation for his planned canonization (because the Pope at the time wanted a propaganda coup against Louis’ grandson who openly spruned the authority of the Church) the description of the Crusade itself is like an incredibly grisly and rather realistic description of the horrors of medieval warfare. Like he talks about how the Egyptian and Mamluk forces employed Greek Fire against them in nightime raids and how the fires got so intense it appeared as if it was day and how he saw people burned alive. Or when where Joinville talks about when the Crusaders had barely managed to defend a pontoon bridge over a branch of the Nile only to be besieged in a living nightmare of death and disease like he talks about many soldiers were afflicted with a sickness that caused their gums to rot and made them unable to eat food so surgeons had to remove these diseased gums and the camp was constantly filled with terrifying screams that Joinville compared to a woman giving birth except they were occurring for hours on end.
the 9th crusade aka the “Fuck dude what did I step in I am way over my head with this shit the Mongols and Mamluks are off having Clash of the Titans while we only have enough Crusaders to engage in some raids and cattle-rustling Imma slink off back to England” Crusade
Egypt - A Brief History. The regularity and richness of the annual Nile River flood, coupled with semi-isolation provided by deserts to the east and west, allowed for the development of one of the world’s great civilizations. A unified kingdom arose around 3200 BC and a series of dynasties ruled in Egypt for the next 3 millennia. The last native dynasty fell to the Persians in 341 BC, who were replaced by Greeks, Romans, and Byzantines. It was the Arabs who introduced Islam and the Arabic language in the 7th century; they ruled for the next 6 centuries. A local military caste, the Mamluks, took control around the year 1250 and continued to govern after the conquest of Egypt by the Ottoman Turks in 1517. Following the completion of the Suez Canal in 1869, Egypt became an important transportation hub, but also fell heavily into debt. Ostensibly to protect its investments, Britain seized control of the government in 1882, as nominal allegiance to the Ottoman Empire continued until 1914. Partially independent from the UK in 1922, Egypt acquired full sovereignty following WW2. The completion of the Aswan Dam in 1971 and the resultant Lake Nasser have altered the time-honoured place of the Nile in agriculture and the ecology of Egypt. A rapidly growing population (the largest in the Arab world), limited arable land, and dependence on the Nile continue to overtax resources and stress the population.