1943, Warsaw Ghetto uprising - Malka Zdrojewicz a Jewish resistance fighter captured after throwing Molotov Cocktails at German troops and smuggling weapons in her boots through sewers and into the ghetto
Three Jewish Woman Resistors, Members of the Żydowska Organizacja Bojowa; ŻOB (Jewish Fighting Organization) Captured by the Nazis During the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. The Only Identified Fighter in the Photo is Malka Zdrojewicz (right), Who Survived Being Deported to the Majdanek Extermination Camp 1943
Today marks the 74th anniversary of the beginning of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. The Ghetto Uprising was one of the first large scale armed uprisings against the Nazis during World War II. In the Ghetto Uprising, some 220 people organized into the Jewish Fighting Organization (ŻOB), and a similar number in the Jewish Military Union (ZZW), armed mostly with pistols with a handful of bullets and molotov cocktails, took on over 2000 Nazi troops armed with all of the tools of then modern warfare: machine guns, flame throwers, artillery, tanks, and a surplus of ammunition. It is not to be forgotten that the Nazis were all well fed and well taken care of, while the mainly young people who fought against them had been locked up in the ghetto for almost 3 years, starved, subjected to unsanitary conditions that resulted in rampant disease, denied medical care, and demoralized by watching their family and friends brutalized and murdered by the Nazis. Nonetheless, the Ghetto Uprising lasted for just under a month, and inflicted possibly as many as 300 casualties on the Nazis.
On this day in 1943, the Warsaw ghetto uprising broke out in earnest when Jews fought back against Nazi attempts to deport them to the Treblinka concentration camp. Although sadly defeated, it was the biggest armed Jewish rebellion against the fascists. Pictured are Jewish resistance fighters who were captured. Malka Zdrojewicz, right, survived the death camps.