Larisa Latynina (b. 1934) is a former Soviet gymnast who holds the world record for most
gold medals obtained by a gymnast, male or female, with nine. Her total record
of 18 Olympic medals stood for 48 years, until 2012.
She was the most
successful gymnast of the 1956 Summer Olympics, where she obtained four gold
medals on her first time participating in the international event. At the 1958
Championships, she obtained five out of six titles despite being four months
pregnant. She is one of only two female gymnasts (the other being Simone Biles
in 2016) who has won team, all-around and an event final gold in the same
Olympiad – she has done so twice, in 1956 and 1960.