Würzburg is located in the region of Franken (Franconia) in Bayern (Bavaria), Southern Germany. Situated on the Main river, it lies at about equal distance (120 km) between Frankfurt/Main and Nürnberg. Population ~ 125,000. Founded in the 10th century, it served as the home of powerful prince-bishops for centuries. It’s renowned for the Residence, regarded as one of the finest palaces in Europe and a high point of Baroque art (a UNESCO world heritage site). Würzburg is also home to one of the oldest churches in Germany, built in the 8th century on top of a former pagan shrine. The city was the center of the kingdom known as Franconia. In the 19th century, Napoleon merged Franconia with Bavaria, by which the city is ruled to this day. Würzburg experienced heavy demolition during a 20-minute bombing raid in 1945 which destroyed 80% of its buildings. The city has since been rebuilt, though not as painstakingly true to its original architecture as other historic towns. Anyone eager to visit this town to study its historic architectural structures should be prepared to see its restored buildings placed next to post-war modernistic houses.