Drawing of a bronze tablet found at Pergamon. It depicts three crowned goddesses labeled as ΔΙΟΝΗ (Dione), ΦΟΙΒΙΗ (Phoibie or Phoebe), and ΝΥΧΙΗ (Nychie), each surrounded by dense inscriptions, mostly untranslatable syllables for incantation (voces magicae). The inscription around Phoebe invokes Persephone, Melinoë, and Leucophryne. The lettering dates the inscription to the first half of the 3rd century AD. Esoteric symbols are inscribed along the edges. The center hole suggests that the tablet was suspended over a surface and used for divination.
Example of a Gnostic gem where “abraxas” is circled in ourovore (Sheppard 1962.)
(Also) He was taken to Egypt by the Greco-Roman iconography, who made the attribute of Saturn (Deonna 1955). Indeed, this god was often depicted holding a scythe hand, and the other contained the ourovore perpetual cycle time (Ibid.). The snake regenerates by devouring itself was adopted by the sects Ophites and Gnostics - these by the symbol of the vital continuity which regenerates itself - and accounted for them Logos, intermediate between the demiurge and the Savior (Bianchi 1978: 254, Rudolph 1983: 89). Countless seals, amulets, gems and abraxas (fig. 11, 12) exhibit between the second century BCE and the third after (eg Hilprecht 1904 Fig facing p 447; Bonner.. 1950: passim; Betz 1986: 7, 23, 134, 163, 188, 273; Bohak 2008: 197 and fig 3-7)..
Magic Nails, bronze Four nails containing signs and inscriptions for defixiones and used at shrines or driven into house doors for protection (the largest contains an incantation to a goddess). London: British Museum. Credits: Ann Raia, 2006.
animal: crocodile; animal: cynocephalus; flail; gesture, figure in hand; gesture, ithyphallic; solar disk
A: Ithyphallic baboon standing to left on the back of a crocodile, also to left. The head of the baboon is crowned with the solar disk. The baboon extends both arms to the right, holding up the squatting figure of Harpocrates, to left, with solar disk on his head, left hand holding flail, right hand raised to mouth. B: Plain.
Curse tablet, Written on a lead plate that was used to sheathe a wood structure of a building. The author of the curse removed the plate, flattened it, and wrote out the curse, after which s/he pierced the plate with seven nails hammered in on the blank side (the number seven was a magical number; small). Found in 1934 below Telegraph Street, Moorgate, London. Early 1st century CE. British Museum. Credits: Ann Raia, 2006. Keywords: magic, superstition
Magic Circle, copy of an illustration from ‘Dreyfacher Hollenzwang’ by Dr Faustens, Passau 1407, Reproduced in 'Das Kolster’ Vol V, by J Scheible, 1845, used in a 'History of Magic’, published late 19th century (woodcut)
Oops, didn’t get the right text on there while hunting down origin. This should be right.
The means used and the way it happens are simple, the inverse of scientific. I use a formula, created by instinctive guess and *arbitrarily* formed, not evolved by hypothesis and experiment. The law of sorcery is its own law, using sympathetic symbols.
In the Western occult tradition, each planet can be represented by a seal or diagram. The seal is based off of the planet’s magic square, with the seal theoretically touching every number within the square, although in practice that is not always apparently the case.
The Seal of Saturn follows the convention of overlapping every number of the magic square of Saturn in a distinctly orderly fashion. The upward pointing triangle includes numbers 1, 2, and 3. The diagonal line touches 4, 5, and 6, and the bottom-pointing triangle includes 7, 8, and 9.
“Complete on all sides. The writing runs against the fibers, and the back is blank. The papyrus was folded three times horizontally and twice vertically. Mirror images of the writing are visible, mainly in the upper and lower margins.” (from Daniel - Maltomini 1990, I, 33.) φηγ γη βαλοχρα θαμρα Ζαραχθω ξορκίδω μς κατ τς πικρς νάκης Μασκελι Μασκελω Φνουκενταβαωθ ορεοβαζαγαρ ηζίχθω ππόχθων πυριπηγανυξ· πάλαξον μμων το -χον ατν πυρετν κα ίγους, δη δη, ταχ, ταχύ, ν τ σήμερον.
PHĒG GĒ … BALOCHRA THAMRA ZARACHTHŌ, I conjure you all by the bitter compulsion: MASKELI MASKELŌ PHNOUKENTABAŌTH OREOBAZAGAR RHĒZICHTHŌN HIPPICHTHŌN / PYRIPĒGANYX. Deliver Ammon from the fever and shivering fit that restrains him, immediately, immediately; quickly, quickly; today!”