Hidilyn Diaz waves to the crowd in tears after winning the silver medal for the Philippines in the Women’s 53kg weightlifting contest during the Rio 2016 Olympics, August 7, 2016

She ended the Philippines’ 20-year drought in the Olympics and became the first Filipina to win a medal in the Olympics. This is the country’s first non-boxing medal since 1936 and is only the third silver medal in Philippine history. Congratulations!


“You don’t understand! He would have killed me, Sirius!”
“Then you should’ve died! Died rather than betray your friends! 
As we would have done for you!”


Typhoon Hagupit, AKA Ruby, has officially made landfall in the east Philippines near Dolores. At last check, the massive storm was just under Super Typhoon status and was the same strength as a Category 4 hurricane. Winds of 115-160 mph are being reported but unfortunately, up to the moment information is hard to find since there is very little coverage of the disaster unfolding. Wind and rain have been blasting into the Philippine Islands for a few days now, causing property damage, landslides, flooding, tsunami-like storm surge, and more. No injuries or deaths are reported but that is very likely to change in the coming hours as the islands are enveloped by the storm.

On it’s current track, it will strike the capital of Manila  with 85 mph sustained winds and heavy rain on Monday afternoon and evening.

At least 500,000 people have been evacuated, many of whom live in the areas devastated by Super Typhoon Haiyan just 13 months ago. Thousands of people still live in make shift housing making this situation even more dire. I will continue to monitor the situation and update when I can.

[Information current as of 09:00 12/06/2014]

reading that fan story about niall in Philippines made me realize how once niall tweeted along the lines of ‘i wish you guys could know me’ and to have him remember a fan, someone who respected his privacy and treated him like a normal human being instead of an object, is so essentially him. to form a connection over a conversation that could flit between his travel details and random stories is so endearing to me? to know my fav is out here being the only thing he knows. that is himself. i love niall.


The Crossdressing Fighters at Balangiga,

In 1898 military forces of the United States kicked the Spanish out of the Philippines.  While the Americans came as liberators, many Filipino’s were enraged when the United States made the Philippines a territory rather than granting the country independence.  As a result many Filipino’s revolted against the Americans, especially the rural population and the Philippines’ various native cultures.

The war in the Philippines was bloody, and American troops are noted for conducting terrible atrocities during the war.  As the bloody war dragged on, the Americans began a policy of occupying small villages across the country to deny the rebels safe haven.  When soldiers of Company C of the 9th US Infantry set up a garrison in the small town of Balangiga on the Island of Samar, things were peaceful at first.  However as time wore on the soldiers conduct degraded over time.  Things came to a head when two drunk soldiers attempted to molest a girl, only to be fended off by her two brothers.  In response the commander of Company C, Capt. Connel ordered all of the male villagers to be rounded up and detained.  143 townspeople, including small children and old men, were rounded up and detained in two small tents for two days.  In addition all bolos (machetes) were confiscated as was every family’s supply of rice, which was destroyed.

Enraged, the townspeople decided that the American’s had to go, and concocted a bold plan to kick them out.  The townspeople contacted the local Filipino resistance and asked for fighters and weapons to help out in the cause.  Since the villagers and fighters had few guns, only swords and machete’s, the plan revolved around a fiesta to celebrate the 42nd anniversary of the local church parish.  The Americans were invited to the party, where the villagers got the soldiers drunk on tuba, a local made palm wine.

In the meantime all of the village’s women and children were evacuated.  So that the soldiers would not notice the absence of women, the Filipino resistance fighters cross-dressed as women, tricking the Americans into believing that nothing unusual was going on.   As the fiesta continued the Filipino’s smuggled weapons into the church in caskets, under the guise of a funeral.  When a soldier demanded to see what was in the caskets, he luckily opened one in which the corpse of a young boy was placed.  The soldier apologized profusely and didn’t check the other caskets.

The next morning the men of Company C were suffering a terrible hangover when they heard the bells balangiga chime.  On that signal, the Filipino fighters threw off their women’s clothing, armed themselves and the villagers, and stormed the army garrison.  The assault was swift and terrifying as the fighters stormed the barracks and hacked down ever American soldier in their way.  Out of Company C’s 72 men only a few dozen were able to escape.  As well the fighters captured all of the garrisons weapons and supplies.

Newspapers touted the “Massacre at Balangiga” as the worst US military defeat since the Battle of Little Bighorn.  While the villagers of Balagiga were victorious, American retribution for the attack would be swift and cruel.  The entire Island of Samar was declared a “kill and burn” zone.  Towns and villages on the Island were put to the torch, including Balangiga.  In one of the worst American war atrocities in history, in which Brigadier-General Jacob H. Smith reportedly gave orders to kill anybody capable of bearing arms over the age of ten. He would later be court martialed by personal order of Pres. Theodore Roosevelt. Officers of Company C were also court martialed for unfair treatment of the people of Balangiga.

Today the surprise attack at Balangiga is celebrated by Filipino’s as a source of national pride and patriotism.

So about 2 years ago I made a pre-colonial Philippines reference post with links to English translated texts from Spanish written accounts of our ancestors during the early colonization, to Chinese accounts, some books and essays, videos, and posts that were already written on Pinoy-Culture.

If you remember I did do an updated list last September that I posted but on wordpress, not on Tumblr. This is when I was debating whether to have Pinoy-Culture have it’s own blog separate from Tumblr but after a couple months I preferred to leave it and stick with Tumblr for now. Sadly while transferring the domain over from the wordpress blog to here I lost all the posts I have written over there that wasn’t fully posted on here but linked, including this post. At least that is what I thought. I’ve been looking through my databases for my hosting as I am working on creating two separate sites for my aunt and a family friends business and thought what if they were stored somehow somewhere? Turns out after turning to faithful Google, I learned that you can indeed find all the posts you have written on Wordpress saved in a certain directory. And long a behold I did find it!

Thank goodness because this reference post is one of my most requested and it has more updated links than the original. So I will be posting this again and I have also added a few other links and references on here that I have personally found and read over the past few months. This post is dedicated for those of you interested in reading the material yourselves and enriching yourself with knowledge of our history and cultures. Enjoy!

I have broken it down to 4 sections.

I. Pre-colonial History & Culture Based on Primary Accounts & Dictionaries

Pretty self explanatory. This section focuses on resource on looking at our precolonial history and cultures. The links are for the most part linked to the English translations of the early Spanish accounts and other primary sources regarding our ancestors and history from nearby countries like China, Brunei, & Japan.

II. Books

Once again, pretty self explanatory. This section focuses on books regarding our history and cultures. Think of it as a list of a Pilipin@ library that you should check out and read.

III. Video Clips

Though not a lot, there are a few useful videos regarding various aspects of our history and cultures and this section will post links to those videos.

Front Page of the Boxer Codex

IV. Articles, Essays, & Online Archives

The final category, which again is pretty self explanatory.

This list will be the official reference list and will be periodically updated as I found more resources to add. If you have or find anything to add feel free to drop a comment below so I can add it to the list.

I. Pre-colonial History & Culture Based on Primary Accounts & Dictionaries

A Manila Galleon depicted in the Boxer Codex

History of the Bisayan People in the Philippine Islands by Francisco Ignacio Alcina, English Translation

II. Books

Filipino Tattoos: Ancient to Modern by Lane Wilcken

III. Video Clips

  • Forgotten Philippines: Gold of Ancestors (With English translations) (Parts: 1, 2, 3)
  • Philippine Treasures Video by GMA-7 (No English Translations) (Parts: 1, 2, 3, 4)
  • Ayala Museum Gold Book

Philippines Treasures Documentary by GMA-7 Network

IV. Articles, Essays, & Online Archives

Articles on

Articles & Essays Elsewhere

  • Philippines Epics and Ballads Archive by Ateneo (this has some of the actual recordings of the epic chanters but some don’t have the translations in English yet, they are only translated into Tagalog, and even some aren’t translated at all, however there are brief notes on the epics in pdf format. Also you will need to register an account but its free and you don’t need to attend a school in the Philippines to access the archive, just put in your school name in the field that asks)
  • Any book and essay by F. Landa Jocano.
  1. Agricultural Rituals in a Philippine Barrio
  2. Notes on Philippine Divinities
  3. Notes on the Sulod Concept of Death, the Soul, and the Region of the Dead

Any book and essay by E. Arsenio Manuel.
Anything by Francisco Demetrio, S.J.

  1. Towards a Classification of Bisayan Folk Beliefs and Customs
  2. Creation Myths Among the Early Filipinos
  3. Death: Its Origin and Related Beliefs Among the Early Filipinos
  4. The Bukidnon Myths of Sickness, Death and Afterlife

Anything by Dante L. Ambrosio

  1. Bakunawa and Laho
  2. Balátik and Moropóro Stars of Philippine skies 
  3. ‘Mamahi:’ Stars of Tawi-tawi 
  4. Balatik: Katutubong Bituin ng mga Pilipino 

Filipino Mango Float Recipe


  • 3 large mangoes (ripe)
  • 200 gm graham crackers
  • 50 gm crushed graham crackers
  • 1 can condensed milk
  • 1 can all purpose cream


  1. Slice mangoes into thin wedges.
  2. Mix the all purpose cream, sliced mangoes and condensed milk in a container and set aside for a while.
  3. Dip the graham crackers into cold water.
  4. In a rectangular bowl, create a layer of the graham cracker. Arrange them neatly in the rectangular bowl.
  5. Spread a layer of the mixture mentioned in step number 2.
  6. Repeat the last two steps unti you reach the desired thickness of the mango float.
  7. The last layer must be the mixture in step number 2.
  8. Sprinkle the crushed graham crackers on top of the layers.
  9. Store in refrigerator and chill it overnight. Some preferred the mango float to be freezed so it will be your choice. Serve it sold.
10 Creepiest Places On Planet Earth

Kabayan Burial Caves

A collection of man made caves in the Philippines are filled with mummies of the indigenous Ibalois. They’re some of the best preserved on earth, likely because mummification preparations would begin shortly before a person died. In fact the dead here almost look ready to jump up out of their pods.

Aokigahara, Japan’s Suicide Forest

In Mount Fuji’s shadow lies a forest shrouded by death, and the world’s second most popular suicide location. Since the 1950s, people have wandered in and not wandered out. The site holds so many bodies that the Yakuza (Japanese Mafia), pays homeless people to sneak into the forest and rob the corpses.

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