made up language

Finnish Grammar Gothic

- There are 14, 15 or 16 cases, depending on who you ask. One might be accusative. Accusative may not exist at all. It depends on who you ask. Who do you ask? You don’t know who to ask. You can ask nobody. The accusative case stares at you, accusingly.

- Imperative exists in three persons. Which three persons, you ask. Plural, they reply. Don’t forget the plural imperative. You stare at your textbook. Your textbook stares back at you. The negative active 2. person imperative has ceased to make any sense. Has it ever made sense?

- You’re learning the difference between the short and the long vowels. The short vowels are short. The long ones are twice as long as the short ones. But really, they say, they’re thrice as long as that. Even longer than that. Ä, you say. Ää. Äää. Äääääääääää-
It never stops.

- The verb types are easy, they say. There are only six verb types. Six. Your text book lists only five. What is the sixth verb type? It’s in the next book, your professor says. There is no next book. What is the sixth verb type?

- The vowels come in groups. You don’t know why they’ve come or why they’re in groups. You learn their harmony all the same. You shed a tear when you’ve mastered it. But have you mastered it? The vowel harmony lulls you into a false sense of security. The vowels will strike when you least expect it.

- Consonant gradation.

- There is no accusative, your professor screams at you. It’s genitive! Or partitive! Or plural nominative, but only in the personal pronouns! The accusative does not exist! He is red in the face. Why does the accusative not exist? Do grammatical objects not exist in this language? you ask. (You shouldn’t have asked.) You are met with blank stares.

- In the future you would like to speak Finnish fluently. You make the mistake of saying this aloud. The ground opens beneath your feet and a terrible voice booms: THERE IS NO FUTURE! Silly you, you think. Of course there isn’t. You dutifully note down the three different past tenses.

- Sentence replacements replace sentences, your professor tells you. He does not tell you what the sentences are replaced with. You stare at the list of sentence replacements. There are nine items on the list. One is a quantum sentence replacement. You dare not ask.

- New words are easy to create, they say. So easy. What could possibly go wrong? You decide to create a new word. You have created an abomination.

- You’re conjugating -i nouns. There’s another group of -i nouns conjugated differently. These are very old words, your professor says. There’s another group of -i nouns. These are very old words, she says. Even older words. There’s another group of -i nouns. These are very old words, she says. They are ancient words. Blood and devil words, the past whispers in your ear.

- Some of those 14 or 15 or 16 cases are fossilised, so don’t worry about them, your professor says. Don’t worry at all. But you worry. You must worry.

- You watch a video on facebook. The Most Important Word In Finnish, it’s called. It becomes clear that it is possible to carry entire conversations using only this one word. Your smile stiffens on your face. There is only one word. There has only ever been one word.

If you guys haven’t noticed, Kubo-sensei is preparing for her trip to Mexico 

She even changed her Twitter profile picture into her OC wearing a sombrero hat along with a mustache.

She’s also practicing her spanish 

Buenos Noches-Good Night

Muchas Gracias-Thank you very much

Quiero comer “Pozole” en Guadalajara. “Pozole” es rojo, blanco, verde …? Elegiré verde “Pozole”-I want to eat Pozole in Guadalajara. Pozole is red, white, green…? I’ll choose green Pozole.

No soy linda-I’m not cute

i Hola! Mucho gusto ¿Cómo está? Un poco cansado- Hi! Nice to meet you, How are you, A little tired

No hablo español bien- I don’t speak spanish well

Mi equipaje no ha salido- My luggage hasn’t left yet (?)

Thinking about it, Cinco de Mayo [5th of May] is coming up soon!!!

i love when new words like “genderfluid” or “pansexual” are added to the dictionary, ignorant people complain that they’re not real, actual words because they’re “made up”
i don’t know how to tell you this but all words are made up
that is how languages are developed

2

I went off on twitter. This was mostly about sexuality, but it fucking applies to gender too, Melissa.

Transcript:

“Why are there new terms for sexualities? They sound made up.“ 

 Yes, Susan, that’s language; A BUNCH OF MADE UP SOUNDS THAT EVOLVE OVER TIME

This isn’t the 40s, Bob; I’m not a hep cat homophile, I’m a tired lesbian who wants you to leave the nice demi/pan/aro/ace/etc queers ALONE.

All they wanna do… is have a nice succinct name… and a nice little flag… AND WALK IN THE PRIDE PARADE LIKE THE REST OF US, MIKAELA.

I’ll put it this way: 

 "If thou dost protest thine word’s natural evolutions, mayhaps THOUST GET THEE TO AN INN FOR THINE ELDERY, HORATIO.”

Perhaps… have some empathy & maybe think about how people are different from you & that doesn’t invalidate either of your feelings, Chad.

“Everyone has to make an emotional connection before they’re sexually attracted to someone.“ 

 No, Lucy, I’d bang hot total strangers.

But hey… if you think that… maybe… YOU SHOULD LOOK UP THESE SEXUALITIES YOU’RE SAYING ARE MADE UP AND REASSESS YOUR’S, SHAKIRA.

We make up new words b/c we need a new word. That’s how you know that an "app” is the word for the application on your microcomputer, Lou.

So I’m sorry if you’re lazy/new words scare/threaten you in your  old age. But these are my queer sisters/bros/NB kin & they’re REAL & VALID

Linguasks

1: What is your native language?
2: Have you learnt any other languages? If yes, what are they?
3: Have you ever read a book in a foreign language?
4: Did you learn any languages at school? If yes, what were they?
5: What is the prettiest language?
6: What is the ugliest language?
7: Have you ever made up your own language?
8: What languages do your parents speak?
9: If you were granted a wish that allowed you to instantly be able to speak any language, which would it be?
10: Have you ever tried to learn sign language?
11: Have you ever watched a movie with subtitles in a different language, or vice versa?
12: Choose a Scandinavian language you’d like to learn.
13. Choose a Slavic (eastern European) language you’d like to learn.
14. Choose an Asian language you’d like to learn.
15. French, Spanish, Greek - which is the best?
16. German, Dutch, Italian - which is the best?
17. Have you ever been embarrassed by a native speaker of the language you are trying to learn?
18. Name a dead language that you wish to make a come back.
19. What is your native language / homeland famous for?
20. What language is overrated?
21. What language do you think is too intimidating to learn?
22. What language should more people speak?
23. What language uses the prettiest alphabet?
24. What language uses the weirdest alphabet?
25. Try to find some foreign currency in your house. Where is it from?

anonymous asked:

The story about the howling commandos meeting each other for the first time made me cry. Can you tell us anything more about your time in prison? (Seriously though, this is one of my favorite blogs, I hope you enjoy modding it as much as we do reading it <3)

well, calling it a prison is really a hair misleading; it was actually a labor camp. which is how we had access to the supplies necessary to blow somebody up. some of the supplies. we stole a lot of stuff. 

i don’t have many stories from there that arent incredibly depressing–surprising no one, nazis are not great at running fun summer camps, but they’re pretty good at causing misery–but nonetheless, we did our best to keep spirits up in the face of adversity. sometimes we sang.

no, really, we actually did a fair bit of singing. not loudly, mostly just to keep a steady rhythm as we worked. the guards let us get away with it so long as we kept it quiet. and most of them didn’t speak more than a word or two of english, so they never had any idea what lyrics we were singing.

once we figured that out, we got inventive. 

it turns out that if you have nothing to think about except how badly you want to get out of nazi prison and how much you hate nazis, even the most illiterate of men become poets. we came up with bawdier and bawdier verses for dozens of songs, all increasingly insulting to hitler, red skull, hydra, and nazis in general. old classics like ‘Hitler Has Only Got One Ball’ were trotted out alongside our originals, which included ‘Satan’s Favorite Dinner is Nazis and Spam,’ ‘All You Need To Beat A Hydra Is Fire, Fools,’ and ‘Red Skull’s Blue Because His Mother Never Loved Him.’ i’ll admit we sometimes got a little…personal. but to be fair, they were nazis.

we sang some of the songs we made up for the rest of the 107th when we got out, and they were pretty impressed with how vulgar they were. steve went as red as his uniform and choked on his beer in front of peggy.

 we were very proud of ourselves.

au where lance is a famous youtuber and blogger and keith is a minor one but a big fan of lance (and also has a even bigger crush on him) and decides to send him this message – minus the i love you – but not anonymously ofc and then keith regrets his whole life bc of a simple misspell


lance mentions that on his next video and keith decides to answer by saying “he can be silly sometimes, no offense, but i’d never send him a hate message” (really keith stop trying to pretend you’re not a fan of his goofiness)


lance takes full offense on that and they start going back and forth on their bantering both on youtuber and tumblr with silly little interactions like lance reblogging a picture of an alien holding a knife angrily and tagging it as #keith (he may or may not have done his research on what are keith’s interest. for no reason at all, not interested, nope.) and and keith doing a live outside and “oops, sorry lance” when almost stepping on poop and etc


but people would begin to catch on how keith’s voice softens whenever lance is mentioned and how lance’s eyes softens whenever keith is mentioned


keith, being a fan and all, knows for a fact that he and lance live in the same city, so he gathers courage and asks lance out. not entirely, what he does is tell lance they should do a video together someday, so he says they should meet up to talk about it and maybe eat something, which of course lance answers is “talking? eating? are you asking me out on a date?”


keith doesn’t answer right away because well shit he is asking him out on a date, subtly, but surely and he doesn’t know what to answer. lance, seeing his message visualized but not answered thinks he went too far and immediately says that jk but yeah let’s meet up


and so they do, and on that day lance takes a picture of them – keith looking slightly amused and looking at lance with quirked eyebrows, lance looking to the camera, bright smile and leaning into keith – and posts on Instagram with a single hashtag, #klance


and their video together? gayer than ever; lance is telling one of his crazy childhood stories and keith is just staring at him with a lazy smile and soft eyes, not even realising it but, of course, everyone else realized it, so the fans made lots of edits and shitposts like “i want someone to look at me the way keith looks at lance” and while keith is mortified for being called out like that, lance is sitting at home, slight blush on his face, “oh”


and it’d be so soft, everyone who have eyes would notice the growing affection between them just from their videos and pictures together, how closer they’d get each video and how more comfortable keith would be with lance so close to him in every picture, and the fans would make metas and analysis of that. they’d read everything, of course, but never together. they’d read it in their homes and never mention it to the other, too embarassed (but that wouldn’t stop them from reading a klance fanfic together, one that keith had to close because nope, no, absolutely not, i can’t do this anymore lance, blushing furiously and angrily



lance doesn’t have a moment when he realizes he likes keith, like it came out of nowhere, he knows they’ve passed the friend line long ago, it just happens naturally; they’re sitting on keith’s couch after a session of recording two videos, (one for lance’s channel, other for keith’s) and lance looks at him, his eyes are closed, he’s blissing out. lance sighs with a smile, “i really like you, y'know”, keith opens one of his eyes to look at lance, a knowing smile on his face, “yeah, me too” as they entrelace their fingers and keith cuddles up to lance, sighing happily. “now i know what that girl from starstruck: my boyfriend is a superstar feels” keith says, making lance almost die laughing


after some time together, they’d decide to move in together and make a channel together and being absolutely most diabetic and amazing couple ever, making videos singing love songs while drunk such as always by bon jovi or all about us by he is we – dancing too – and keith everyday thanks for misspelling that ask on tumblr

Because I have a love of forest things  ❤

Las (m.) - Forest
Drzewo (n.) - Tree
Liść (m.) - Leaf
Kłoda (f.) - Log
Nasiono (n.) - Seed
Mech (m.) - Moss
Krzew (m.) - Bush
Kwiat (m.) - Flower
Orzech (m.) - Nut
Skała (f.) - Rock
Jezioro (n.) - Lake
Rzeka (f.) - River
Gleba (f.) - Soil
Natura (f.) - Nature

Jesień (f.) - Autumn

Wilk (m.) - Wolf
Lis (m.) - Fox
Jeleń (m.) - Deer
Wiewiórka (f.) - Squirrel
Sarna (f.) - Roe deer
Mysz (f.) - Mouse
Sowa (f.) - Owl
Kret (m.) - Mole
Żubr (m.) - Bison
Dzik (m.) - Boar
Pająk (m.) - Spider
Niedźwiedź (m.) - Bear
Królik (m.) - Rabbit
Ptak (m.) - Bird
Wąż (m.) - Snake
Jeż (m.) - Hedgehog

Wędrować/Powędrować - To hike

Tips for Witches Keeping Their Practice Secret

Some of my witchy friends keep their practice secret for various reasons, so here’s a handful of tips for witches trying to do the same!

-Take up an interest in stones/zodiac/plants/etc
-Design your altar inside a shoebox that can easily be closed and hidden away
-Drink lots and lots of tea
-Dress or paint your nails in corresponding colors
-Use a cleansing spray as perfume/air freshener
-Use herbs when you cook for correspondences
-Stir things clockwise
-If you’re not a tea fan, use ingredients in your coffee corresponding with intent/goal for the day (ie cinnamon or mint for luck/prosperity, sugar for a sweet day, etc)
-Take advantage of various mundane tools (cosmic witches can use galaxy themed objects, art witches can use paint water for potions and things, green witches can use a rake as a broom, so on.)
-Cleanse and clean at the same time! Wash negative energy off your floors/dishes, sweep away negativity, etc.)
-Incense is a relatively normal thing nowadays, and candles are always cool. Carve symbols into candles, use incense according to scent to cleanse or whatever
-WINDCHIMES
-Draw sigils in places that are difficult to see: purse, wallet, shoes, etc
-Enchant/charm various items you use daily (charm your keys so that they’re difficult to use
-If you don’t mind not speaking aloud, speak spells in your head
-Store your supplies in places where people won’t go, such as under your bed or in the back of your closet.
-If you’re making moon/star/sun water, leave it in a plastic water bottle. Of anyone asks, tell them you’re just a little messy and forgot to put it away or something.
-Make spell jars look like galaxy jars, candle holders, etc and people will be much less suspicious
-If someone asks, tell them sigils are just random doodles/made up language/brand symbol/etc
-Open up your windows as much as possible to let in natural light/fresh air!
-Meditate
-Dress your house will pictures of the moon/planets/stars/patron god/goddess/etc because ~aesthetic~
-Make your grimoire/BoS/whatever you like to call it look like a notebook, document, file, or something else relatively unsuspicious
-Remember that you are a wonderful, qualified witch no matter what type of witchcraft you practice

Reblog with your own additions!

anonymous asked:

I'm learning Japanese (slowly!) and your translations of the actors tweets and videos is really helpful but what is へばなおやちゃん? Kentarou uses it a lot and I can't quite figure out the slang?

Ah hahahhaha… this is what we call Ken-chan’s very special blend of English and Japanese.

If you look at Ken-chan’s other tweets throughout a day, he likes to say things like…

  • おハロー   (oh-ha-rou –> Oh hello) It also sort of sounds like おはよう for ‘good morning,’ too and he usually uses that kind of message in the mornings.
  • おハローございます (oh-ha-rou-go-za-i-ma-su) Now he’s just throwing polite endings onto it.  
  • ババアナイスデー  (ha-ba-na-i-su-de- -> Have a nice day).  This one’s pretty straightforward, it’s just English that he’s written out in Katakana.

へばなおやちゃん  (he-ba-na-o-ya-chan) 
The  へばな  is like the  ババア  from “have a nice day,” he just adjusted the vowel slightly.  The  おやちゃん  is a cutesy form of おやすみ (good night).  

And so I translate it to “Have a nice night!”  

Sun letters and Moon letters in Arabic 

In the Arabic alphabet, there are 28 letters; 14 of them are the so called Sun Letters (حُرُوف شَمْسِيّة), the other 14 are the Moon Letters (حُرُوف قَمَرِيّة). Depending on whether a word starts with a Sun Letter or a Moon Letter, the article ال is pronounced differently. 
The rules for this are quite simple: 

If a word starts with a Moon Letter, ال is pronounced al. 
If a word starts with a Sun Letter, you do not pronounce the ل (lam; like the english letter l) in the article ال. What happens here is that the ل is assimilated. Instead, you pronounce the first letter of the word, the Sun Letter, with a ّ - a shadda; that means it’s pronounced twice, like in the word الشَّمْس (ash-shams; the sun) for example or in الرَّجُل (ar-rajul; the man). 

These are the Moon Letters: 

أ ب ج ح خ ع غ ف ق ك م ه و ي

And these are the Sun Letters: 

ت ث د ذ ر ز س ش ص ض ط ظ ل ن

Now, technically speaking, you have to memorize them. There’s not really a way around it; but maybe you can make out some patterns as to which letters are Sun Letters and which ones are Moon Letters. For example, you might notice that a lot of Moon Letters tend to be pronounced in the back of your mouth or your throat whereas your tongue plays a more important role in pronouncing the Sun Letters. They’re pronounced in a way that would make it difficult for you to pronounce them together with the letter ل. Try saying al-schams (الشَّمْس; the sun) instead of saying ash-shams or al-rajul (الرَّجُل; the man) instead of ar-rajul and you might realize it’s more difficult than saying for example al-qamar (القَمَر; the moon) or al-bait (لبَيت; the house). 

I do recommend you practice these if memorizing things isn’t for you. To help you, I have compiled a list with words that start with Sun Letters and words that start with Moon Letters. Knowing example-words that start with the letters in question helps me personally remember which ones are Sun Letters and which ones are Moon Letters the best so maybe it’ll help you too! 
(Feel free to point out mistakes or suggest corrections and bear with me because of the transliteration. I’ve only ever learnt how to do it in German.)

Edit: it’s الْفيلم, I forgot the ي! Sorry :)

These are just some modern,kinda weird ways to do quick witchcraft and keep it hidden.

-enchant bandaids with positive energies(protection,confidence,peace) and keep them on you if you’re feeling sad,angry,etc. Visualize your emotions as a cut somewhere and put the bandaid over it to try and heal it.

-make your entire room your altar. you don’t have to have one specific place for tools if it’ll look suspicious.

-use hygiene magic such as different hairstyles,bath products,colored hair ties,scented perfumes,flavored toothpaste

-if you’re an artist,clean your brushes on your by painting sigils on your skin when you’re painting

-if your phone is being watched,or your parents are really strict/Christians,use👏your👏school👏library👏check out books on astrology,history of witchcraft,divination,dreams. Also use the computers to search up spells and copy them onto paper/your BoS

-keep tarot cards under your pillow or in the case. this is not only a good hiding spot but good bonding with them. they can also be moonlight charged if your bed is by a window.

-your BoS can be notes scribbled in a regular book,whether on small pieces of different paper or blank space. Careful not to lose the pieces or let anyone else read it!

-create bookmarks of correspondences or whatever you want to memorize and put them in the book you’re reading

-regularly go for walks. unless your parents/people you’re living with are super strict,this is an easy way to bond with nature. bring your pets along for the journey too! talk to the animals,plants and sun/moon/stars. they love you💞

-create a playlist for a spell and as you’re listening,dance or hum along to charge it.

-paint your nails with your intent! green= money,red= courage and so forth

-if your pet is your familiar,play with them and get to know them more

-if asked about sigils ,say it’s for a writing project and they’re a made up language.

Feel free to add on more!

“Five” and “Punch”

This one is a fairly familiar example in linguistics textbooks, but one that is probably surprising to someone not familiar with Indo-European linguistics.

Punch, in the sense of a fruit beverage, is a borrowing from the Hindi pāñć meaning “five”, from the fact that the original version of punch used five ingredients.  Numbers, of course, especially small numbers, tend not to be borrowed, and tend to be pretty stable in meaning as well.  They therefore provide a perfect class to look at when figuring out if groups of languages are related.  The Hindi pāñć descends from Sanskrit páñcan, in turn from Proto-Indo-European *pénkʷe.  In the course of evolving into Sanskrit, short /e/ /a/ and /o/ all merged as /e/, the labiovelars became plain velars (thus kʷ became k) and (before the /o/-/e/-/a/ merger), /k/ became palatized before front vowels, thus, *kʷe became *ke, became *ce, became *ca.

In an early stage of pre-Proto-Germanic, *pénkʷe became *pémpe, a sporadic form of assimilation.  Then, under the normal sound changes, particularly Grimm’s Law, *pémpe became Proto-Germanic *fimf.  In the Ingvaeonic languages, a small group of West Germanic languages (made up primarily of English, Frisian, and Low German), nasals before voiceless fricatives were lost, with compensatory lengthening, thus, *fimf became Old English fīf, which became Modern English five.

There were two PIE roots that appear to have been closely related to *penkʷe which have also left descendants in English. *pn̥kʷ-sti-s meaning “fist” and *penkʷ-ró-s meaning “finger”  The first is the origin of Modern English “fist” and the second is the origin of “finger”.  It is plausible that the original meaning of this root had something to do with “fist” or “hand”.  Compare, for example, the Proto-Austronesian *lima, which meant both “hand” and “five”.

The development of “fist” from *pn̥kʷ-sti-s was this way: the syllabic non-vocalic sonorants became -uC-, thus PIE *n̥ became Proto-Germanic *un.  /kʷ/ (and /kw/, which merged with /kʷ/ early on) lost its labialization (the /w/ sound) in certain contexts, one of which which was when preceded by /u/, including /uC/ sequences.  /k/ before an /s/ or /t/ subsequently became /x/, thus becoming Proto-Germanic *funhstiz, which was simplified to *funstiz.  This became Old English fȳst, the result of the /i/ in the last syllable fronting the /u/.  The vowel was shortened and unrounded to become Modern English fist.  There is, however, another possible etymology of Progo-Germanic *funstiz from the zero-grade of *pewǵ- “punch”, in which case the verbal -n- infix would appear along with the suffix *-sti-s

In *penkʷ-ró-s, Verner’s Law caused /kʷ/ to become /gʷ/.  Most cases of /gʷ/, whether derived originally from *gʷʰ via Grimm’s Law or *kʷ via Verner’s Law were subsequently lost, with various reflexes depending on environment.  Word-initialy, historic *gʷʰ became *b, most likely after Grimm’s Law happened (thus *gʷʰ → *gʷ → *b), but the opposite order is also possible (thus *gʷʰ → *bʰ → *b), while word-medially it generally became either *g or *w.  Unstressed /e/ became /i/, thus creating Proto-Germanic *fingraz.

so I’ve been wearing this guy friend’s jacket (we’ll call him “E”) like a robe around the house and no one has asked why I’m wearing a jacket five times the size I am (pretty sure they know it’s E’s) but it just made me think of this word that I never knew wasn’t even a real word as a kid because my dad couldn’t pronounce the real word with his thick accent (English isn’t his first language) 

it’s actually developed a new meaning in our home and I could totally put this word in the dictionary… Basically he would try to say I “confiscated” his stuff and kept it as my own simply bc it’s his and I love him but instead he’d say “comfícated” (pronounced “comfy-cated”) which has come to mean: 

Com·fí·cate

“To take or borrow something that belongs to a loved one and then use it as your own.” So for example, I comfícated E’s jacket.