Macedonian Gold Myrtle Funerary Wreath, 4th Century BC

This wreath, with filigreed and enameled flowers, was looted from a royal Macedonian tomb in Northern Greece and may have belonged to one of Alexander the Great’s relatives. It was returned to Greece by the Getty Museum, who called it a “lavish miniature garden.”


Roman Black Marble Bust of Alexander the Great, Roman Imperial, 1st Century AD

Many portraits of Alexander the Great created after his lifetime, like this splendid example, tended to follow the models created by his appointed court sculptor, Lysippos. Features of the grey marble head, such as the slight turn of the head, prominent brow, accentuated and deep set eyes, and long, thick locks of leonine hair, are all hallmarks of Alexander’s image.

Family Ties: 8 Truly Dysfunctional Royal Families

Grandma’s stewing about something her sister said 20 years ago, Uncle Rupert’s out teaching the kids about bottle rockets, and no one on dad’s side of the family is currently speaking. If your family reunions look something like this, rest easy: You’re still doing better than a great number of kings and queens throughout history.

With power and money comes dysfunction, as any number of royal families has proved. From palace assassinations to serial marriages, castle walls have seen it all.

1. Cleopatra, coming at you

Cleopatra is famous for her suicidal ending. What’s less known is her bloody beginning — and the familial drama that brought her to power. Read more.


Rare & Unique  Alexander The Great Equestrian Figure, 3rd-2nd Century BC

A magnificent bronze sculpture of Alexander the Great, this powerful and inspiring image of the young ruler is an exceedingly rare, indeed unique, masterwork from the Hellenistic period. The figure was originally astride a horse. The upraised right arm is bent at the elbow with the hand positioned to hold a spear or a much longer lance, the Macedonian sarisssa.

Alexander the Great's Father Found — Maybe

A decades-old mystery about the body of Alexander the Great’s father has been solved, anthropologists claim.

A new analysis of bones from a Macedonian tomb complex reveals a skeleton with a knee injury so severe that it would have caused a noticeable limp in life. This injury matches some historical records of one sustained by Philip II, whose nascent empire Alexander the Great would expand all the way to India.

The skeleton in question, however, is not the one initially thought to be Philip II’s — instead, it comes from the tomb next door. The skeletons are the subject of an entrenched debate among experts on ancient Greece and Macedonia. While some praised the new study, others pushed back, suggesting the new research will not quell 40 years of controversy. Read more.

Gold Ivy and Fruit Wreath found in Chalkidike, Macedonia, Greece, late 4th century BC

From the era of Philip II of Macedon, Alexander the Great’s father. It consists of 30 gold leaves and two sets of fruit. Archaeologists have unearthed only two similar Macedonian wreaths. They claim that they were used by priests during Dionysus’ feast.

Well she descends from one of the generals of Alexander the Great who are Greek Macedonians. So there is no question there that she comes from a line of Greeks. It gets a little bit more certain because they tend to…they intermarried. The 13 or 14 marriages in her dynasty, ten of them were brother-sister marriages. So there’s really no foreign blood whatsoever in this dynasty, they are truly Greek Macedonian to the hilt. There may have been a Persian princess who slipped in there somewhere, but otherwise you’re really talking about a woman who was as Greek in terms of ethnicity, in terms of culture, in terms of education, as you could be in that world.

Stacy Schiff

Art Source

Inscribed Macedonian Bronze Shield, Hellenistic, 1st Half of the 3rd Century BC

Hammered from a single heavy sheet, of convex form, the rim rounded and folded over, with geometric decoration composed of a Macedonian star at the center, its twenty-four rays encircled within a double band flanking a Greek inscription, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ DHMHTPIOY, “Of King Demetrios,” surrounded by seven concentric arches, each centered by an eight-rayed star, three concentric bands along the edge.