luminists

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Albert Bierstadt - Capri by Irina

Albert Bierstadt (January 7, 1830 – February 18, 1902) was an American painter best known for his lavish, sweeping landscapes of the American West.

The light of the moment becoming a memory—
that was their subject: as if the present
could be haunted by its own nostalgia.
Or perhaps that wasn’t the subject exactly.
And a desolate sweep of beach reflects
only an afternoon when no one was there.

All of these places look emptier
than they were: unmarked,
unfulfilled, atremble. “Spirit of repose,”
"silent energy of nature"—that’s the way
you could think if you believed
the landscape was more than a mirror.

Lawrence Raab, from “The Luminists,” Paris Review (vol. 41, no. 153, Winter 1999/2000)

Albert Bierstadt (1830-1902)
“Sunset in the Yosemite Valley” (1869)
Luminism

Luminism is an American landscape painting style of the 1850s – 1870s, characterized by the effects of light in landscapes, through using aerial perspective, and concealing visible brushstrokes. Luminist landscapes emphasize tranquillity, and often depict calm, reflective water and a soft, hazy sky.

Anniversary
Emile Claus was the leader of the Luminist movement in his native country, Belgium. Luminism can be seen as the synthesis between French impressionism and neo-impressionism on the one hand, and the realist tradition of the Belgian art on the other.

Emile Claus was born on September 27, 1849.

Emile Claus, Winterzon, namiddag (Wintersun, afternoon), 1902. Oil on canvas, 98,5 x 143 cm. Private collection

Gustave De Smet,  l'artiste et sa femme [the artist and his wife], 1927

gouache sur carton, Musée des beaux arts de Gand, BELGIQUE

Gustave De Smet (1877–1943) was a Belgian expressionist painter.  Having first adopted the “luminist” style of Emile Claus, he came under the influence of expressionism and cubism during World War I.

His brother Léon de Smet (1881–1961) was also a notable painter.

Anniversary
In the mid 1880′s, the impressionist and neo-impressionist movements almost simultaneously had their breakthrough in Emile Claus’ native country, Belgium. But Claus only got enthusiastic about them in 1889 during a long stay in Paris and specifically after a visit to an exhibition of Monet at the Boussod-Valadon gallery.
From then onwards, he integrated (neo-)impressionism into his work and eventually became the leader of the “Luminist” movement in his country.
Claus was born on September 27, 1849.

Emile Claus, De kastanjelaar (The Chestnut Tree), 1906. Oil on canvas, 135 x 144 cm. Musée d'art moderne et d'art contemporain de Liège, Belgium

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Joaquin Sorolla y Bastida - A Gypsy by Irina

Joaquín Sorolla y Bastida was a Spanish painter. Sorolla excelled in the painting of portraits, landscapes, and monumental works of social and historical themes.

Anniversary
Today we celebrate the birthday of Emile Claus, a Belgian painter who was born on September 27, 1849.
This monumental oil is an example of his work before 1889. During that pivotal year in his career, Claus stayed in Paris for a while and visited Monet’s exhibition at the Boussod-Valadon Gallery.
That is when and where he became an impressionist. Claus later became the leader of the Luminist movement in his country.

Luminism can be seen as the synthesis between French impressionism and neo-impressionism on the one hand, and the realist tradition of the Belgian art on the other.

Emile Claus, De oude tuinman (The Old Gardener), 1885. Oil on canvas, 216 x 140 cm.  Musée d'art moderne et d'art contemporain de Liège, Belgium

Remember Emile Claus
Emile Claus was the leader of the Luminist movement in his native country, Belgium. Luminism can be seen as the synthesis between French impressionism and neo-impressionism on the one hand, and the realist tradition of the Belgian art on the other.
Emile Claus died on 14 June 1924, 75 years old.

Emile Claus, Meisjes in het veld (Girls in the Field), 1892. Pastel on paper, 71 x 53 cm. Museum voor Schone Kunsten, Ghent, Belgium

Eaton’s Neck, Long Island
John Frederick Kensett (American; 1816–1872)
1872
Oil on canvas
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York