loyalist forces

House Corbray Lords of Heart’s Home, sworn to Arryn

Corbray is a noble house from the Vale of Arryn, they blazon their arms with three black ravens in flight holding three red hearts, on white and have an ancestral Valyrian sword called Lady Forlorn. The Corbrays are an Old house with Andal roots, founded during the Andal invasion. Corwyn Corbray conquered the Fingers by defeating Houses Brightstone and Shell, claiming for himself the title of Lord of the Five Fingers. During the First Blackfyre Rebellion, Ser Gwayne Corbray of the Kingsguard was part of the loyalist forces that fought Daemon Blackfyre at the Battle of the Redgrass Field. They dueled for nearly an hour, their Valyrian swords Blackfyre and Lady Forlorn clashing loudly. At last, Blackfyre struck Gwayne’s helm and left him blind and bleeding. Daemon dismounted to tend to his foe and ordered Redtusk to carry Gwayne back to the maesters for healing, an action that afterwards some considered decisive, since it gave the Raven’s Teeth enough time to find a good position to fire the arrows that killed Daemon.

Lord Lyonel Corbray is the current Lord of Heart’s Home, as he is childless his younger brother Lyn Corbray is his heir. At the Battle of the Trident, Lyn’s father Lord Corbray was badly wounded. In the confusion Lyn took up the family’s Valyrian steel sword, Lady Forlorn, and distinguished himself by leading an assault on the Dornish lines. He personally finished off a wounded Lewyn Martell. Honoring Lyn’s achievements on the battlefield, his father bequeathed him Lady Forlorn upon his death. His elder brother Lyonel Corbray inherited the rest of the family estate and titles, but still resented the loss of the family blade. Lyn acompanies the Lords Declarant to the Eyrie.

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Ambitious and brilliant, Jonathan Sewall rose through the ranks to finally achieve the rank of Attorney General of Massachusetts. This would often put him in direct conflict with the Sons of Liberty, and in later years, his best friend John Adams. Choosing the side of loyalist, he was forced to flee to England in 1775 after a mob stormed his family’s home. He would later be named in the Massachusetts Banishment Act of 1778, barring him from ever returning to the colony again. The stress of the move and living in Britain was too much for him, especially when many of his own family members joined up with the American cause. This, his wife’s unhappiness, and his treatment as a second class citizen in London caused him to slip further and further into madness.

Years later, while Adams was assigned to London as a U.S. minister to the Court of St. James’s, he and Sewall were briefly reunited. It only lasted two hours. Unable to reconcile, the two never saw one another again.

In 1796, weakened by illness, Sewall died. As his old friend John Adams put it however, he died “of a broken heart”, and Adams considered him a casualty of the American Revolution.

In many ways, he truly was.

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With the collapse of the Spanish Republic in early 1939, some 400,000 refugees fled the country and the Nationalist’s reprisals. Some managed to make their way to the Americas to find a welcome sanctuary in Mexico, while a small number were able to make it to the Soviet Union due to political connections in the Spanish Communist Party. Many of them would serve - and die - with the Red Army during the ‘Great Patriotic War’.

But for the majority, France was the only possible destination. Soldiers were given the option to volunteer and make their way into the French Foreign Legion (The famed 13th Semi-Brigade included many Spaniards, and was one of the first to declare loyalty to the Free French), but hundreds of thousands of men, women, and children were herded into internment camps. About 70,000 soon returned to face an uncertain future in Spain, and many others were used in labor brigades, soon to be used preparing defenses against Germany once World War II broke out. Following the German invasion, Spanish Republicans who evaded capture would be inaugural members of the French Resistance, putting their skills from the previous conflict to good use.

When Germany took France, many refugees who remained in France were deported back into Spain, where show-trial executions awaited many, and a vast penal system took in the rest, where they were politically reeducated, and worked as slave labor. In some cases though - mainly Loyalist veterans and high profile political figures - the Germans had them sent to concentration camps, mostly Mauthausen. By 1945 some 500,000 people in Spain would face some sort of judicial process for involvement with the Republic, while about 10,000 Republicans would die in the German camps.

(Magnum Photos)

Although a very small, and not particularly advanced force, the Spanish Air Force remained mostly loyal to the government, the most extreme, right-wing political elements mostly being constrained to the Army. Within a few months, more modern Soviet built aircraft and Soviet Air Force advisors began to arrive in Spain to bolster Republican forces.

Seen here, a Republican aircraft completes a bombing run over Nationalist positions.

Historic rifles discovered in north Belfast Orange hall

Ten antique rifles have been uncovered in an Orange hall in Belfast.

The guns were part of a shipment of 25,000 rifles smuggled into Larne on board the Clyde Valley in 1914.

It is believed they were concealed in Clifton Street Orange Hall for just over 100 years and date from the Home Rule crisis.

Orange Order members were clearing out a disused room inside the hall when they opened a cupboard and found the rifles and ammunition inside.

Orange Order member Ronnie McDowell described how he felt when he made the discovery.

“I’d like to say it was excitement, but at the onset it was blind panic,” he said.

“We opened one of the cupboards expecting to find minute books and banners inside.

"We were worried at first, as it is not every day that you open a cupboard and you see rifles and ammunition staring back at you.

"Finding out they’re antique weapons with an antique calibre is great excitement.”

The police were called and the guns removed.

An examination revealed that all 10 were Austrian made Steyr rifles manufactured in 1904 and were part of a cache of guns from the Larne gunrunning operation in 1914.

Each is stamped ‘Ulster Volunteer Force’. Once landed, the smuggled guns were distributed and hidden by unionists.

In a statement the PSNI said: “All the weapons date from before World War One and the circumstances in which they were found indicate that they had not been disturbed for many decades.

"Orange Order members facilitated a search of the hall to ensure that no other weapons were present.

"Police are satisfied that the Orange Order members contacted them immediately on making the discovery and that none of the existing members were aware of the existence of these weapons.”

About 25,000 guns and millions of rounds of ammunition were illegally landed in Northern Ireland from Germany on board the Clyde Valley coal ship to arm the Ulster Volunteer Force during the Home Rule Crisis in 1914.

The 10 rifles have been returned to the Orange Order and will be displayed in a museum inside Clifton Street Orange Hall.

The arms were found on 29 December 2015, but the guns are being shown to the public for the first time.

SOURCE

Guernica is a painting by Pablo Picasso. It was created in response to the bombing of Guernica, a Basque Country village in northern Spain, by German and Italian warplanes at the behest of the Spanish Nationalist forces on 26 April 1937 during the Spanish Civil War.

The bombing is considered one of the first raids in the history of modern military aviation on a defenseless civilian population.

While living in Nazi-occupied Paris during World War II, one German officer allegedly asked him, upon seeing a photo of Guernica in his apartment, “Did you do that?” Picasso responded, “No, you did.”

(Source)