“The arctic sun is very hard on the eyes. While travelling in bright sun on the snow or on the sea, people commonly suffered from snow blindness. Snow goggles (iggaak) made from wood, antler, or ivory protected the eyes. The only light that could enter was by means of a narrow, thin slit. In addition, the interior of the goggles was usually blackened with soot from the qulliq. This further reduced the glare, and hence the strain on the eyes. Nevertheless, Inuit did suffer from snow blindness. They also suffered from other eye ailments.
‘A few drops of oil were administered in cases of snow blindness caused in the spring by the reflection of the sun on the snow. When first poured on the eye, the oil produced a very acute burning sensation, but afterwards brought relief to the patient. One would also smear one’s face with seal oil. A taboo concerning food was imposed in such a cure: one could not eat the contents of a [caribou] stomach…
Sometimes a whitish substance formed on the globe of the eye. One would permit a louse, tied by a hair, to turn in the substance. With a little patience, one was soon rid of the discomfort' (Lorson 1968:14-16)."
“Ever since we’ve met I’ve known that we’re special.that the way we talk and laugh around each other is defferent than everybody else. That I will never meet anyone that I trust as much as I trust you.(which scares me at times) And I think most people search their whole lives for what we already have.”
“Ewwww, girls have cooties!” takes on a completely different meaning when you know what “cooties” really are.
Typhus was a horrible disease. In the trenches, epidemic typhus caused a fatality rate between 10 and 40% depending on the outbreak, despite treatment (since antibiotics were not around yet). In WWI and WWII, millions of deaths, most civilian, occurred because of typhus outbreaks. Anti-typhus campaigns were almost completely geared towards the military until after 1945, when serious eradication campaigns began throughout Europe. Notable casualties of typhus - Anne Frank and her sister Margot both succumbed just weeks before Allied troops liberated the camp.
**Don’t confuse typhus with typhoid fever! They occurred in the same areas a lot of the time, but are completely different diseases, with completely different methods of transmission.
Psocids are small, scavenging insects which feed primarily on fungi, algae, lichen, and organic detritus. The adults are winged. The nymphs are colloquially referred to as ‘tree cattle’ which when you see them is a very apt description. They stick together as a moving mass. If you disturb a point in the mass, the nymphs part ways and then “flow” back together again. Alternatively they will collectively move as a group or herd.
Crab lice, which are generally found in the pubic
region of their human hosts, have claws on the tips of their
legs that clamp around pubic hairs with great precision. Pulling off a crab louse will often leave the legs behind,
still firmly attached to the hair.