loss of property

Substituting with “anything” (a quartz and rosemary-inspired rant)

Apparently this is the month of me sticking my foot in places I’ll likely regret. But I feel like this really damages the learning process for a lot of witches and needs addressing. So today I’d like to talk about this thing being told to new witches way too often: that they can use “anything” as a substitution if they don’t have X ingredient for, say, a spell jar or whatever.

Can I just say, as someone whose practice focuses heavily on herbal work, how crazy that makes me?

I am not saying spells are set in stone and substitutions can’t be made. They totally can be.

I am not saying that this here fancy spell with all these fancy, expensive ingredients can’t have a more accessible re-working done with more common ingredients. It probably can.

I am all about making spells work for less money, less time, and less privileged people. You tell me what you’ve got in your kitchen and yard, and I will help you find a way to make that into any-damn-thing you please.

I am not all about the elite-extra-special “old way” or some dead guy’s mandates on how to witch.

But when I see, “just use quartz/rosemary instead” as the generic advice for EVERYTHING, no matter what the missing component in question is, it makes me crazy.

What’s the purpose of using ingredient-based spells? No, not just for the aesthetic™. It’s to reduce the energy load on you by replacing it with stuff that ALREADY HAS a given energy, or focus.

So if you remove it and just stick a generic energy booster in there, what’s going to happen?

One of two things:

1. The spell doesn’t work as intended, because you took off a wheel and put a rocket where it used to be.

2. The spell does work as intended, but I’m willing to bet you feel the exact same drain you would have felt if you’d just done energy work… because that’s probably what you did (and a lot of people don’t realize that isn’t supposed to happen).

So while I’m not saying that you’re wrong and your spell didn’t work regardless of whatever generic substitutions you made, I am going to say that if that’s true, I wonder if you’re wasting a lot of materials in your practice.

The purpose of spell ingredients is to use the properties of the ingredient in order to add a specific energy to the spell, which reduces the burden on you to supply that specific energy, and to have highly consistent focus while doing so. If your spell calls for valerian, then there is something about valerian itself that is aiding the spell. You can’t simply swap it with cayenne and expect to get the same results. There are definitely things you COULD swap it with because they have similar properties, but not absolutely anything.

If you can swap the valerian with literally anything and get the same results, that likely means you are not actually using the valerian to help you cast the spell. You’re simply using your own energy and the herbs are set dressing.

And there’s most certainly nothing wrong with being adept at pure energy work. That’s a great skill to have as a witch. But it sure is a waste of herbs if you’re not actually using them, eh? I mean, a lot of these herbs we use aren’t cheap or readily available.

Why not just get rid of the set dressing and save yourself time and money and just do energy work? Or if you like your set dressing, use tools meant to amplify energy work, like a wand or a staff or something?

Also, I think there’s a certain level of damage being done when we tell witches who are trying to learn herbal work that anything is just the same as anything else and none of it matters.

The magical uses of herbs are often tied to their mundane uses. Let’s remember: cunning craft was the mother of medicine. To this very day, the magical uses of many herbs are tied to their physical affects. Even when they aren’t, they’re often a sort of hypersigil, and they’ve gained those associations through dozens or even hundreds of years of thousands or millions of people all imbuing them with the same purpose and energy. Most correspondences have a biological reasoning behind them, or have been basically sigilized by being used the same way thousands of times.

Exceptions and personal correspondences are a thing; I have a few myself. But these tend to be herbs that have been highly significant in my own life over a long period of time, and have consequently become a sort of personal sigil, as opposed to the cultural sigil of most broader correspondences. My personal correspondences tend to be things I have history with (even if it’s mundane), not just literally anything. Basically, I’ve overridden the cultural sigilization, by writing over it with my own over time. But that’s an exception.

It makes it impossible to learn herbal work – which is a totally different skill from energy work – if you’re proposing that none of it actually matters and it all works the same anyway. And furthermore, it’s pretty discouraging if a witch tries that, and then their spell fails, which I see with some regularity.

Witches read that they can replace “anything” with quartz or rosemary, and then they come back and say their spell is doing all kinds of weird stuff it shouldn’t be doing.

Well, I’m not surprised. The original ingredient was there to give the spell a specific property, and then someone told them to replace it with a neutral energy booster and not do anything to replace the loss of that specific property, or control all the unprogrammed energy.

So, the result is going to be a high-powered bouncy ball of a spell that just pings around doing random shit and putting holes in the wall. Because they didn’t give it anything except energy with no focus. Because you can’t just replace “anything” with quartz or rosemary.

That tripped me up for a while, as someone who relies a lot on tools. I’m an empath, and like a lot of drain-prone people, I find using ingredients helps reduce how drained I get by casting spells. Becoming adept at herbal work was really important for me to be able to cast at all with any consistency. I can DO energy work, but I don’t always wanna wind up spending the next day in bed, and that’s where tools help me.

It’s not very helpful to just say “replace it with anything.” That’s not how herb magic works.

Substitution can be done in most cases. But if you’re gonna remove a wheel, you need to add a different one that’s compatible with the car, not just strap a rocket to the axle.

So, long story short: I really wish people would stop saying you can substitute with “anything.” While I get that the intention is to try to make the craft more accessible, it just impedes people from learning how to do it with stuff that’s ACTUALLY accessible. I mean, what’s inaccessible about the stuff most people have in their kitchen? You can substitute for a lot with that!

While it is completely true that you don’t need ingredients to do a spell, it is also true that if you’re going to use ingredients, they matter. If they didn’t matter there’d be no point to using them.

If you find that you can substitute with “anything” and get the same results no matter what, then I think I can save you some time and money: just get an energy working tool instead!

In partnership with San Diego State University, Tumblr is launching Scholars of Change, an op-ed series dedicated to featuring the voices of academic experts on the issues most impacting our communities. 

Sea Level Rise and Social Equity

Climate change and accompanying sea level rise could put millions of homes in the U.S. underwater by 2100. Florida and Louisiana will be the states most affected, but even in California, hundreds of thousands of homes may be at risk with property losses estimated in the $100 billion range. The disastrous impacts of sea level rise depend to a large extent on the population’s vulnerabilities which are intensified for certain communities of low-income or color. Not only do these communities lack the political capital to influence decisions on where and who to protect, but social inequalities also increase both the exposure and severity of vulnerable groups to an array of climate hazards such as excessive heat and air pollution. Therefore, the effects of sea level rise will be seen in the poorest neighborhoods. Because sea level rise is occurring slowly and because the poorest communities have the least economic and social mobility, they will be the ones remaining (the last to leave) as their property values fall in the face of both flooding and weakening market demand. Steve Lerner tells the sad story of the burdens of toxic pollution on low income and minority communities in his book “Sacrifice Zones.” He argues that although chemical manufacturing and hazardous waste impacts everyone, vulnerable commutes will experience the largest burden. Unless we as a society (and government) stop putting our collective heads in the sand, and start devoting time and resources to building climate resiliency and promoting social equity in response to this climate change time “bomb”, these new forms of climate change “sacrifice zones” will become all too common.  

Want to take Action? Here are some organizations that fight for climate change reform

Adapting to Rising Tides: http://www.adaptingtorisingtides.org/portfolio/equity/

Climate Action Campaign: https://www.climateactioncampaign.org/5fights/equity/

Public Health Institute: http://www.phi.org/

Heberger et al., 2009. The Impacts of Sea Level Rise on the California Coast. California Climate Change Center and the Pacific Institute. http://pacinst.org/app/uploads/2014/04/sea-level-rise.pdf

- Richard Gersberg PhD, MS Professor of Environmental Health, San Diego State University

Tumblr: (https://richardgersberg.tumblr.com/)

The views and opinions expressed in this post are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of Tumblr. 


I apologize for my handwriting, but I did the self analysis worksheet and I actually feel a little better. Organizing my thoughts and working through what happened definitely gave me some insight and a piece of mind as far as my situation currently is concerned.

I know I should be focusing on myself and myself only, but my boyfriend has no idea what’s been going on at all. I don’t know how to tell him, I’m terrified of him leaving me or thinking I cheated. 

I was drunk. I was hard on myself at the time, but now I understand that it’s not MY fault that HE took advantage of me. I put myself in an unfortunate situation, sure. But I stated that I didn’t want to have sex when I was sober, then when I was drunk he disregarded my boundaries anyway. 

I’m a little fuzzy on the whole night, but even if I did kiss him first like he said, that’s still not consent to have sex with me. On top of being drunk as well, 17 is the legal age of consent anyway, which I am not. I refuse to be manipulated by him & believe that this is my own fault and that I’m the one who did something wrong. 

I’m in the wrong for trusting the men around me, I’m in the wrong for believing that he wouldn’t touch me, and I’m in the wrong for thinking these men actually care for me if they could take advantage of me while I was drunk like that. I will not have sympathy simply because he feels guilty. 

He’s going around telling people I wasn’t even that drunk & how he has feelings for me and all of this, which speaks for itself that he knows he’s wrong. He took advantage of a drunk & high girl, below the age of consent, while she has a boyfriend.

 And regardless of the circumstances that is inexcusable. I will not apologize for drinking or smoking, because regardless that does not give him the right to have sex with me after saying no sober. I stayed at his house because I was too drunk to go home. Just because he had a drunk girl in his bed, doesn’t mean he needed to have sex with her. 

After realizing this, at this point I just need help with how to resolve the situation with this boy, on top of how to address the situation to my boyfriend. But overall I have a much clearer mind now.

#LAVENDER sisterhood answer:

THIS IS EXCELLENT! Keep it going!

This is exactly how you need to approach recovery AND you need to do it over & over & over.   There are many issues way beyond this night’s events that lead your thinking & his to the decisions & situation.

On the aspect of him being an adult & you a minor, you may have some legal justice, but realize the only reason the St. Paul survivor got some justice is because in our society her “rich” father and his daughter’s virginity was his property and another male took it.  

I’m not saying it’s right.  I’m just saying that when you seek justice under the law, it was written from a male’s perspective of his property loss, and those who win have the $$$ to demand justice.  

Millions of women without rich daddy’s, white included, never get justice. Millions of rape kits go untested.  Sorry, you are not as important as a rich male screaming that another male destroyed his precious property.  

It’s not fair.  It just is.  Until all of us get into the law and change it. 

PLEASE now do this same exercise but after reading about misogyny & patriarchy so that you gain greater command of feminist language and can see precisely all the millions of ways you have been told to ignore the signs:

Read these 3 posts and redo your exercise & again send it to us: 

PLEASE #LAVENDER sisters give her your support & understanding

Herb - Lavender

Planet: Mercury

Element: Air

(Side note: This is a wonder-herb. I love it. Not only is it great in witchcraft, but it’s super for around the home remedies. Under medicinal properties, I’ve only added a small portion of information and there’s still a great deal.)

Magical Properties

- Lavender flowers are commonly used for seeking love, healing, and inner calm.

- It’s burned at during Litha as an offering.

- It can be burned, used in a bath, or strewn around a place for purification, promoting peace, stress relief, and anger management.

- It’s believed to be liked by fey, in particular, elves. It’s also used to increase sensitivity to other entities and to aid in communication with spirits.

- Protection: Worn to protect against abuse, used for psychic protection, protects against nightmares, protection during travel, etc.

- Grown in gardens to bring luck.

- In some traditions, bundles of lavender were given to women during childbirth to bring courage and strength.

- It’s sometimes used to increase the potency and duration of spells.

- Common uses: Consecration and cleansing, happiness, healing, love, peace, and protection.

- Also used for: aiding divination, luck, gentleness, harmony, meditation, memory, stability, liberation, clairvoyance and passion. Associated with chastity, secrets, vigour, weddings, attracting money and menopause. Used in dealings with dreams and sleep. Can help people deal with loss.

Medicinal Properties

- Lavender is one of the few essential oils gentle enough to be applied directly to skin. However, when as an essential oil, it should only be used externally - especially with animals.

- Soaking in a bath with added lavender oil eases depression, anxiety, high blood pressure and it can improve circulation.It also helps with the aches and pains that come alongside with pregnancy.

- It’s an effective anti-inflammatory and antiseptic.

- To ease headaches, apply a drop of lavender oil to the temples.

- It’s used to repel insects (Side note: When I was younger, head lice were a major problem. Using shampoo with lavender extracts in it or adding lavender essential oil to it will kill head lice and with continued use, repel them).

- Lavender is reputed for it’s aid in sleep. Combine it with valerian or chamomile in tea, use oil in an evening bath, sprinkle a drop on your pillowcase, or add dried lavender to sleep pillow mixtures.

- It’s sometimes combined with rosemary in relieving arthritis, sore muscles and nerve pain. Lavender can also be used in a massage oil to relieve arthritic stiffness in older dogs.

- For a remedy to burns and sunburns, apply a wet cloth with witch hazel and a few drops of lavender essential oil to the burn.

- Dot essential oils of lavender, tea tree, lemon, and witch hazel on blemishes and acne to kill bacteria.


- Burned to induce sleep and rest

- Lavender will also keep insects away

My notes on Runes and their meanings: 

Image above is my Lapis Lazuli runes

Fehu: success

positive:Possessions won or earned, earned income, luck. Abundance, financial strength in the present or near future. Sign of hope and plenty, success and happiness. Social success. Energy

negative: Loss of personal property, esteem, or something that you put in effort to keep. It indicates some sort of failure. Greed, burnout, atrophy, discord. Cowardice, stupidity, dullness, poverty, slavery, bondage.

Uruz: energy

positive:Physical strength and speed, untamed potential. A time of great energy and health. Freedom, energy, action, courage, strength, tenacity, understanding, wisdom. Sudden or unexpected changes (usually for the better). Sexual desire, masculine potency. The shaping of power and pattern, formulation of the self

negative:Weakness, obsession, misdirected force, domination by others. Sickness, inconsistency, ignorance. Lust, brutality, rashness, callousness, violence.

Thurisaz:  conflict/change

positive:Reactive force, change, conflict

negative:Danger, defenselessness, compulsion, betrayal, dullness. Evil, malice, hatred, torment, spite, lies

Ansuz:  communication

positive: A revealing message or insight, communication. Signals, speech, true vision, power of words and naming, the taking of advice, true words, wisdom

negative: misunderstanding, lies, manipulation

Raidho: travel

positive:Travel, both in physical terms and those of lifestyle direction. A journey, evolution, change of place or setting.

negative: being static, or feeling dislocated, out of place

Kenaz: knowledge/creativity

positive: vision, revelation, inspiration, harnessed creativity and knowledge

negative: lack of creativity, false hope, instability

Gebo:  gifts (in a sense of sacrifice and of generosity - balance)

positive: a well balanced relationship

negative: greed, dependance, loneliness (not well balanced)

Wunjo: Joy

Positive: comfort, pleasure, harmony

negative: sorrow, alienation, or other extremes such as mania and rage

Hagalaz: destruction/an unexpected internal storm that will lead ultimately to calm. The greater the challenge the more you gain overcoming it.

cannot be reversed

Nauthiz: need/cravings

positive: innerstrength, a warning to control your emotions and not give into temptations

negative: opposite — give more freely to your emotions, etc. Don’t be constrained

Isa: Ice (frustration)

Ice. Stagnation. Lack of emotion/change. Blocking progress.

No reverse.

Jera: A Year of Good Harvest

Success and continuity. Just rewards for your efforts. Profit, achievement, justice.

Eihwaz: momentum

positive: speed, quick wits, forward progress, moon, confidence, Movement can help with change for the better.

reversed: reluctance, muddled thinking, slowness

Perthro: Mystery, chance, a gamble, unknown outcome

reversed: Take no chances - failure is likely. What appears clear-cut hides a deeper meaning. You are tempted to be rash - but do not succumb.

Algiz: Protection. A shield. guard. You will be safe if you keep your defenses up and avoid recklessness.

reversed: bewared,  you are unprotected and open to attack. be less short-sighted and put up your guards.

Sowilo: The Sun

discovery. victory. energy. awareness. understanding.

no revsed.

Tiwaz: courage, compassion, bravery/fearless. new challenges but perseverance.

negative: naivete, shyness, cowardice, need for concentration.

Berkano: birth/growth (both physical and mental), new beginnings.

reversed: lack of growth, decline or loss. a bad time for new ventures.

Mannaz: the self / humanity / inner self / your ego

balancing mind and body and spirit. balancing ego.  self actualization and self awareness (similar to the hermit major arcana card — note that for reversed)

Laguz: Water

creativity/going with the flow/positive outcome if you tap into your subconscious (deep like the ocean).

reversed: struggling against the current. the tide may take you away from the shore you know but to new horizons.

Ingwaz: internal growth, personal development

no reversed

Inguz is that potential energy that must accumulate gradually in storage before being released as a single surge of energy. It represents the process of a mental ‘seed’ desire implanted by the conscious mind into the subconscious for incubation and gestation, later to emerge as a new creation in your life affairs.Thus, Inguz contains within its lore the true meaning of sacrifice. Such sacrifice occurs when one form is called upon to die so that a newly evolved form may begin to grow.

Dagaz: day or dawn

awakening, awareness, change, illumination, bold new beginning

reversed: A completion, ending, limit,

Othala: homeland, ancestral power

connotations of family and ancestry.

Generally can be a warning to be more forward thinking, not to overall romanticize or focus on the past.

reversed: disrespect/bad karma

Elder Futhark - Rune Meanings

The Elder Futhark is the older form of the runic alphabets. It was used by Germanic tribes and its inscriptions are found on artifacts like amulets, tools, weapons, from the 2nd to 8th centuries.

It consists of 24 runes divided into three groups of eight, known as an ætt (singular of ættir), which are said to be ruled over by both a god and goddess. The first ætt is ruled over by Frey and Freyja, the deities of fertility. The second ætt is ruled over by Heimdall and the third and final ætt is ruled over by Tyr.

A Merkstave is when a rune appears to be ‘upside down’ or facing down. In some cases, like Gebo and Isaz, the rune is symmetrical, so it’s normally considered a merkstave when the rune lands facing down.

Keep reading

Stone - Rose Quartz

Colour: Pink
Energies: Love

Magical Properties

- Rose Quartz is without a doubt, a stone used for love. It is useful for relationships, self love, marriage, family bonds, romance, and helping one open up to emotion. Wear to increase self esteem and put into charms to give relationships a boost.
- It will aid in work regarding the heart chakra.
- It is a soothing stone that is effectively used to reduce stress and tension. It can also be utilized to clear anger, guilt, fear, jealousy, and other negative emotions. In extension to this, Rose Quartz is an excellent stone for bringing balance to emotional trauma and grief.
- Rose Quartz can be used to ease the pain and discomfort of unwanted changes.
- The stone can boost gentleness, kindness, forgiveness, compassion and tolerance.
- As afore mentioned, the stone helps ease past pains and balance out negative emotions. Therefore this crystal can be used to help people who have had rough childhoods or who have suffered from neglect and abuse.
- It’s also used for bringing peace, happiness, and emotional healing, along with dream recall and work.

Medicinal Properties

- It can help rejuvenate the skin and make one look more youthful. This can be achieved by washing your face in water charged by rose quartz. It can help lessen wrinkles.
- Rose Quartz is also sometimes used to benefit the heart, circulatory system, fertility and pregnancy, headaches, sexual dysfunction, depression, addictions, slowing signs of aging, and weight loss.


1st House (Ascendant) – The individual personality

Together with the Sun and Moon the ascendant is one of the most important single factors in a horoscope. The sign at the beginning of the first house tells us a lot about someone’s personality, temperament and constitution. It typifies our immediate, instinctive reaction and shows how we present ourselves to the world. The planet ruling the ascendant sign is of particular importance for the interpretation.

2nd House – Values and Possessions

The second house and its occupants tell us about the material circumstances, the acquisitive urge and how we deal with possessions and material means. This includes the relationship to our own body.

3rd House – Communication

The third house and any planets occupying it tell us of our siblings, the manner in which we communicate on an everyday level and the relationships which determine our daily life.

4th House – Roots and Origins

This house describes our origins, the parental home and the circumstances influencing childhood and youth. It describes how we relate to “family”, our attitude towards “hearth and home”. The father image and the relationship to the real father are also to be found here.

5th House – Pleasure and Creativity

Sexuality and eroticism are at home here, along with play in general and all types of creative expression. This house also describes how we relate to children, pleasure and simple fun.

6th House – Work and Routine

The sixth house describes the circumstances surrounding us in our daily lives, including the work environment and daily routine. This includes our behaviour towards subordinates. Bodily hygiene and care also belong here, as well as tendencies to certain acquired illnesses.

7th House – Relating

The descendant sign and planets occupying the seventh house tell us about how we select our partners and describes the partnerships and relationships we seek. Often we are involuntarily attracted to people whose horoscopes carry a strong emphasis of the sign in our seventh house.

8th House – Loss and Common Property

The eighth house shows how we relate to communal goods and how we deal with material loss. The taxes levied on us each year are a good example for this and show how closely related these areas are. Traditional astrology maintains that this house has an affinity to death and all things metaphysical. Death would then be the ultimate material loss. Amongst other things, the study of metaphysics can be a very differentiated way of dealing with this loss, which inevitably comes to us all.

9th House – Philosophies and Far Countries

The ninth house describes our spiritual leaning, life philosophy and our world view. In fact, these are often influenced by journeys to foreign countries. The attitudes cultivated and formed in this house can greatly influence matters of the 10th. 

10th House (MC) – Occupation and Calling

This house is of particular importance, since it affects not only our choice of profession and our sense of calling - it also has a bearing on our general development, what we become. This continues throughout our lives. According to tradition, as well as more recent experience, this house describes the mother image and the relationship to the real mother.

11th House – Friends and Acquaintances

The eleventh house describes how we relate to friends, benefactors and teachers - people who wish us well or from whom we can learn. It also shows us in these roles. This house shows how we relate to the society in which we live.

12th House – Beyond the Personal

This house represents those spheres of life in which the individual no longer plays a part, where we step back for a greater whole or lose ourselves in one. Traditional astrology sees hospitals, prisons and psychiatric institutions in this house. It is also associated with monasteries and any other retreats.

Talk to me about Nux and how his character arc is a direct take down and dismantling of Toxic Masculinity. 

Talk to me about how this is a boy - barely a man, so young and already at death’s doorstep with his half-life heart - has been conditioned to crave destruction and the glory of death, because that’s the only way he sees himself as being able to matter, that his death must be a glorious and burning thing. 

Talk to me about how he sees the death of Angharad that he has his eyes opened. She went right under the wheels. It was tragic and needless and he bore witness to it. She and her baby died. This is not the loss of Immortan Joe’s property. This is the death of a young girl. 

Talk to me about how Capable changes everything by listening to him, hearing him when he is in desperate pain. He’s in a state of total chaos because his whole world has been thrown off and he doesn’t know how to reconcile what he knows with what he feels. And she listens to him and she’s compassionate and kind and stops him from hurting himself and is gentle when she touches his scarred lips. She soothes him. She reaches out to him. 

Talk to me about Nux choosing to sacrifice himself for all of them, and how his sacrifice is a glorious and burning and selfless thing. 



وجمعة مباركة للجميع

While these may be controversial & provocative, Muslims have no right to be offended by it. What’s offensive is that atheism is punishable with the death penalty in Saudi Arabia & many other Muslim-majority countries both in the middle east & outside of it. Not all Muslim-majority countries have the death penalty, but there are other punishments like prison, lashes, annulment of marriage, loss of child custody & family inheritance, seizure of property, loss of employment, & others.

Even if these laws didn’t exist, atheists still experience oppression from society. Most will not come out to their families for fear of being disowned, kicked out, or even worse, killed. If the apartheid laws weren’t bad enough, you still have to worry about how your family, friends, & neighbours will react to your lack of faith. So these pictures aren’t offensive, they’re resistance against oppression & apartheid. When you oppress a group of people so much & take away their right to live, expect the frustration to be released one way or another, even if it pisses off your oppressors.

While one can try to argue that the death penalty has nothing to do with Islam, the politicians & clerics who advocate the law use Sharia, verses from the Quran, & hadiths to support it. Only a tiny minority of clerics & fiqh experts oppose it, & they are constantly being accused of apostasy themselves.

Thirteen countries punish atheism with the death penalty. These are Afghanistan, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Somalia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Qatar, Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritania, Nigeria, & Sudan. All are Muslim-majority & use Sharia to varying degrees, except for Nigeria but the death penalty only applies in certain Muslim-majority states in the north.

Until these laws no longer exist & atheists can finally live, Muslims have no right to be offended by legitimate resistance & our response to oppression.

Testimonies from Saudi atheists I personally know:

“It’s hell. Religion is always pushed down our throats. We’ve worked so hard to get rid of the brainwash we’ve been receiving all our lives just to put on a mask every fucking day in front of people. A socially acceptable mask. It’s like we’re in a zombie apocalypse & we’re disguising as zombies to not have our brains eaten. You MUST agree with them. You MUST wear that mask every fucking day of your life. You start to get less & less chances in life of taking that mask off & relaxing for a bit & the more you wear that mask the more painful it gets because that fucking mask is poisonous. But you wear it anyway because the alternative is getting killed.”

“The first thing I’d start with is how hard it is to live a double life. Religion & the place I’m living in are some of the reasons why I’m suffering from severe depression. Religion haunts me. I’m always having nightmares that I’ve been caught & will face beheading. My life is in danger 24/7.”

“In Saudi Arabia, god is your judge, jury, & executioner. God is not in the sky but on the ground in the form of long bearded men with evil in their eyes. God wanted me dead but now god can’t reach me (thanks to getting asylum). How godly of him.”

“Being an atheist single mother is terrifying. I’m always paranoid someone will find out & take my son away from me because I’m an “unfit mother”. It breaks my heart that I have to lie to him about god & religion because he’s too young to realize how dangerous speaking the truth is.”

“I can’t think of anything that would describe it better than hell. It’s way too risky to say anything.”

“I seriously don’t want to think about this shitty place we live in becuse I’m already depressed as fuck.”

When Spike Lee Became Scary

In his [New York editorialist Joe Klein] words, the film has only two messages: “the police are your enemy” and “white people are your enemy.” And, like many white critics, he seized on Mookie throwing the trash can as the film’s turning point, not the death of Radio Raheem. “It is Spike Lee himself—in the role of Sal’s deliveryman—who starts the riot,” Klein wrote, proceeding to describe that action, with jaw-dropping hyperbole, as “one of the stupider, more self-destructive acts of violence I’ve ever witnessed.” It should be noted, in contemplating that sentence, that (as Lee points out) Klein’s editorial never even mentioned the murder of Radio Raheem, to say nothing of describing it in those terms. In Lee’s view—which is hard to argue with, reading a piece like Klein's—many white critics are more concerned with the loss of “white-owned property” than with “another nigger gone." 


August 10th 1988: Reparations for Japanese-Americans

On this day in 1988, U.S. President Ronald Reagan signed the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 into law, apologising and providing reparations to Japanese-Americans who were interned in camps during the Second World War. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, which prompted the United States to join World War Two on the Allied side, President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued an executive order allowing the military to relocate Japanese-Americans to internment camps. The order withstood a Supreme Court challenge, and ultimately nearly 120,000 people were held in such camps. Those imprisoned suffered great material and personal losses, with most losing property and some losing their lives to illness or the violence of sentries. There were frequent calls for reparations for this crime against people of Japanese descent, and in 1988 the government officially apologised and provided for $20,000 in compensation for each survivor, with payments beginning in 1990. The 1988 Civil Liberties Act bill received primarily Democratic votes, with many Republican members of Congress voting against it.

“The Congress recognizes that…a grave injustice was done to both citizens and permanent residents of Japanese ancestry by the evacuation, relocation, and internment of civilians during World War II”

grand-duc  asked:

You mentioned that Anabasis!Anakin's Unfettered tattoo makes depuran v. nervous on Tatooine. So obviously this is an aspect of Tatooine slave culture that is is known outside of the community. Is there anything else that is common knowledge even for people with no ties to the community? Or are the Unfettered the exception because they are by nature, less prone to subtlety and caution and the Depuran learned (the hard way) that the symbol and the name heralded TROUBLE.

Basically that second option, yeah.

The Masters don’t actually know what the symbol means. They just know that every time they see it, epic destruction and loss of property follows.

As far as the Masters are concerned, the Unfettered mark is effectively an anarchist symbol.

Proper Use and Handling of Your New Star Fissure

Congratulations!  You are now the owner of your very own Star Fissure.  Before you utilize your new product, please note the following:

  • The Star Fissure is not intended as a rubbish or recycling receptacle. Please dispose of your household waste and recyclables in the manner advised by your city council.
  • Similarly, the Star Fissure is not an appropriate depository for persons you have become annoyed with, i.e. in-laws, exes, or your neighbor’s squalling children.
  • Despite what popular culture may suggest, the Star Fissure is also not a viable method for returning your borrowed library books.  To avoid incurring overdue fees, please return your library books in the manner advised by your local library.
  • In response to a common customer question: no, there are no fish in the Star Fissure.  The words “fish” and “fissure” do not share a common semantic source. Please do not cast lines into the Star Fissure, as this will likely result in loss of property or even accidental travelling. 
  • It is advisable to construct a small fence or barrier around your Star Fissure.  This will help minimize accidental loss of property, unaware strangers, neighborhood pets, and your local mailman.

We hope you will enjoy your new Star Fissure responsibly.

Best regards,

The Maker(s) of Star Fissure

(Subsidiary of Fissure Price, Inc.)

A Look into the Grágás (Medieval Icelandic Law):

Grágás I: Treatment of Homicide Section, On Burning, pg. 169.

“It is prescribed that if a man asks another to go with him to burn a building with people or people’s property in it, the penalty is lesser outlawry [1]; and the same applies to anyone who promises to go, and nine neighbors of each one of them are to be called locally. If they set out and fire with them, then neighbors are to be called from the place where they took the fire. But once fire is taken for burning the fall with forfeit immunity and the penalty is outlawry [2]. But if they burn a building with people or people’s property in it, the penalty is outlawry, and neighbors [of the people burnt] are to be called locally.”

Sources and Notations

[Gen.] Andrew Denis, Peter Foote, and Richard Perkins trans., Laws of Early Iceland: Grágás I. (University of Manitoba Press, 2012), 169. Also, this type of homicide is somewhat “featured” in Njal’s Saga, giving a taste for the cultural opinions regarding such action.

[1] It is much like full outlawry (see notation 2), but less severe. It generally called for a person to go abroad for three years, but sometimes this also resulted in some loss of property. It was not uncommon, at least in the saga world, for people to go raiding abroad while outlawed.

[2] Full outlawry (skóggangr) was the most serious punishment that the Icelandic system could offer. It mean the “loss of all juridicial status and property, privileging anyone to kill the outlaw and indeed obliging the prosecutor to do so (Grágás Ia 189).” William Ian Miller, Bloodtaking and Peacemaking: Feud, Law, and Society in Saga Iceland. (University of Chicago Press, 1990), 234.

some waves feel soft
beneath your skin
and then there are others
that sting like thousand needles.

this way
Allah prepares you
for both trials.
—  “And We will most certainly try you with somewhat of fear and hunger and loss of property and lives and fruits; and give good news to the patient.” (2:155)

Guys, I can’t think about real things any more, so I’m going to think about something of zero consequence.  Which is this tumblr.

I don’t know what to do with it.  I always believed that despite the values I found abhorrent, the Duggars, the Bateses et all (with some notable exceptions) were, on some level, genuinely good people.

But in the last two days:

My ex and her wife had a note left on their front door saying that the writer can’t wait until their marriage was no longer legitimate and that they’re going to burn in hell.  Signed with a “Trump2016,” so…no coincidence.

My friend’s niece was harassed all day at school by kids chanting “build a wall.”  Her own (black) children are being told they should be segregated from the others, and one kid said he’s sorry for “their kind” now that Trump is president.  (I’m scared shitless for her gender nonconforming child.)

My friend’s husband had to arrange an assembly to assure the students of his school that they and/or their parents would not be deported.  Many of my friends teach in inner cities, low income areas, and areas with a high immigrant population.  All of them cried trying to figure out what to tell “their” kids after Trump “won.”

This is TWO DAYS, in my relatively small pool of immediate friends and acquaintances.  

And I don’t believe that, any more, about the fundies I thought were good people.

They knew that Trump was legitimizing racism, xenophobia, Islamophobia, homophobia, transphobia, ableism, anti-Semitism and sexism.  And…is there a word for bigoted against poor people?  Does “classist” cover that?  Or is there a more specific word?

And they voted for him.  Despite everything Jesus has ever said about loving your neighbor, defying wrong and standing by those shunned by society, despite all they bleat about putting Jesus and others before yourself, they felt that Trump was a better choice purely because he wants to imprison people who get abortions.  (Which isn’t in the damn Bible.  Nowhere in the goddamn Bible does anyone say “a fertilized egg is a person.”  It does say that the loss of fetal life is equivalent to loss of property, not loss of a person.) 

They are not good people.  They gleefully rose to the occasion of legitimizing bigotry and bullying, knowing that it wouldn’t affect them, ignoring everyone who isn’t like them. 

And I don’t know what I can do here any more.

I can’t lightheartedly snark on them.  I can’t comment on how man they’re annoying but the kids sure are adorable.  I can’t even make heavily sarcastic pointed comments.  I can’t make light of the suffocating darkness that is these peoples’ souls. 

I never expected them to vote any other way.  But I’d probably feel differently if the election had gone the other way.  It’d be easier to let it go, or just throw it on the pile of gross things about them.

I guess I just thought they never really hated people who were different.  I figured they felt that self-righteous pity the super-religious seem to have by the gallon.  But I didn’t think they were this ugly.

There’s nothing entertaining about where our country’s going, and I can’t bring myself to look at, let alone laugh at, the assholes who think he’s doing God’s work.

I have no idea what I’m doing here; if I’m going to change my mind in a few weeks or months when all has calmed down and things (maybe) seem a little less hopeless. But right now, when I look at the future I just see a huge blank stretching ahead of me.  Not a new page to be filled, but an abyss. 

This was a research project for my Principles of GIS class, and so far I’ve presented it at four conferences. From 1850-1959, the Census of Agriculture measured land value, in dollars per acre, averaged by county. To see the effects of the Civil War on the national economy, I obtained the 1860 and 1870 datasets, and ran them through a model that rasterized both and compared them to produce a raster that expressed the percent difference between the values, and adjusted for 40% inflation between the two years. This rasterization was to overcome the broad boundary changes between 1860 and 1870, where a lot of counties changed boundaries between the Census years.

I haven’t figured out what caused the widespread property value loss, but I have some theories. What I was looking for with the original study was the effect of war damage centered around the primary theater of Northern Virginia and the Mississippi River Valley, maybe seeing a tranche of destroyed counties across northern Georgia and South Carolina to represent Sherman’s damages, but I never thought I’d see such widespread property loss. Quite a few counties in the Cotton Kingdom went from $40-50 an acre (inflation-adjusted) to $2-3 per acre. Something in the war bodyslammed land value in the South in a systemic way, and a follow-up statistical examination produced very little in the way of significance.

The history of British slave ownership has been buried: now its scale can be revealed | World news | The Guardian

The Slavery Abolition Act of 1833 formally freed 800,000 Africans who were then the legal property of Britain’s slave owners. What is less well known is that the same act contained a provision for the financial compensation of the owners of those slaves, by the British taxpayer, for the loss of their “property”. The compensation commission was the government body established to evaluate the claims of the slave owners and administer the distribution of the £20m the government had set aside to pay them off. That sum represented 40% of the total government expenditure for 1834. It is the modern equivalent of between £16bn and £17bn.

The compensation of Britain’s 46,000 slave owners was the largest bailout in British history until the bailout of the banks in 2009. Not only did the slaves receive nothing, under another clause of the act they were compelled to provide 45 hours of unpaid labour each week for their former masters, for a further four years after their supposed liberation. In effect, the enslaved paid part of the bill for their own manumission.

The records of the Slave Compensation Commission are an unintended byproduct of the scheme. They represent a near complete census of British slavery as it was on 1 August, 1834, the day the system ended. For that one day we have a full list of Britain’s slave owners. All of them. The T71s tell us how many slaves each of them owned, where those slaves lived and toiled, and how much compensation the owners received for them. Although the existence of the T71s was never a secret, it was not until 2010 that a team from University College London began to systematically analyse them. The Legacies of British Slave-ownership project, which is still continuing, is led by Professor Catherine Hall and Dr Nick Draper, and the picture of slave ownership that has emerged from their work is not what anyone was expecting.

The large slave owners, the men of the “West India interest”, who owned huge estates from which they drew vast fortunes, appear in the files of the commission. The man who received the most money from the state was John Gladstone, the father of Victorian prime minister William Ewart Gladstone. He was paid £106,769 in compensation for the 2,508 slaves he owned across nine plantations, the modern equivalent of about £80m. Given such an investment, it is perhaps not surprising that William Gladstone’s maiden speech in parliament was in defence of slavery.

The records show that for the 218 men and women he regarded as his property, Charles Blair, the great-grandfather of George Orwell, was paid the more modest sum of £4,442 – the modern equivalent of about £3m. There are other famous names hidden within the records. Ancestors of the novelist Graham Greene, the poet Elizabeth Barrett Browning, and the architect Sir George Gilbert Scott all received compensation for slaves. As did a distant ancestor of David Cameron. But what is most significant is the revelation of the smaller-scale slave owners.

Slave ownership, it appears, was far more common than has previously been presumed. Many of these middle-class slave owners had just a few slaves, possessed no land in the Caribbean and rented their slaves out to landowners, in work gangs.These bit-players were home county vicars, iron manufacturers from the Midlands and lots and lots of widows. About 40% of the slave owners living in the colonies were women. Then, as now, women tended to outlive their husbands and simply inherited human property through their partner’s wills.