loss of function

What is Autistic Burnout?
a guide from Autism Women’s Network

Signs:
• Lack of motivation (hard to care about goals when everyday life is overwhelming)
• Loss of executive functioning abilities (decision-making, organization, etc.)
• Difficulty with self-care
• Easier to reach overload or meltdown
• Loss of speech, selective mutism
• Lethargy, exhaustion
• Illness, digestive issues
• Memory loss
• Inability to maintain masks or use social skills
• Overall seeming “more autistic” or stereotypical
• May have period of high energy before collapse

Causes:
• Passing as neurotypical / suppressing autistic traits
• Doing ‘too much’, too much stress
• Aging: needing more downtime, having less energy
• Changes, good or bad (relationships, jobs, living arrangements, belongings, environment, routines…)
• Sleep deprivation, poor nutrition, dehydration
• Illness
• Sensory or emotional overload

Strategies:
• Time
• Scheduling breaks, managing spoons
• Leave of absence
• Stimming, sensory diet
• Exercise
• Massage
• Reminders and supports
• Routines
• Better environment/job/etc.
• Boundaries, saying ‘no’
• Dropping the mask/façade
• Solitude
• Absolute quiet
• Creative projects, passions, special interests
• Paying attention to reactions and your body

Sources:
“Autistic Burnout – Are You Going Through Burnout?” Anonymously Autistic.
Endow, Judy. “Autistic Burnout and Aging.” Ollibean.
“Help! I seem to be getting more autistic!” American Asperger’s Association. (EDIT: Credit goes to Mel Baggs)
Kim, Cynthia. “Autistic Regression and Fluid Adaptation.” Musings of an Aspie.
Schaber, Amythest. “Ask an Autistic #3 – What is Autistic Burnout?”
Thanks to Lindsey Allen, AWN Nebraska, for compiling this guide ©Autism Women’s Network 2017

The one and only wasteland beverage that doesn’t list radiation as an ingredient. [disclaimer: radiation may still be present in Sunset Sarsaparilla, and the Sunset Sarsaparilla company is not responsible for; mouth mutations, tumors, loss of brain function, decrease in memory retention, headaches, nausea, constipation, numbness in fingers or toes, sudden bouts of existentialism, or death, consult your doctor before drinking in Sunset Sarsaparilla.]

(redbubble)

dailymail.co.uk
US company to start trials 'reawakening the dead' in Latin America
Bioquark, a Philadelphia-based company, announced in late 2016 that they believe brain death is not 'irreversible'. They plan to start trials in Latin America this year.

The first attempts to bring people back from the dead are slated to start this year.

Bioquark, a Philadelphia-based company, announced in late 2016 that they believe brain death is not ‘irreversible’.

And now, CEO Ira Pastor has revealed they will soon be testing an unprecedented stem cell method on patients in an unidentified country in Latin America, confirming the details in the next few months.

To be declared officially dead in the majority of countries, you have to experience complete and irreversible loss of brain function, or 'brain death’.

According to Pastor, Bioquark has developed a series of injections that can reboot the brain - and they plan to try it out on humans this year.

They have no plans to test on animals first.

Humans Are Weird - Prosthetics

So, I’ve just binged on a bunch of “Humans are Weird”/”Space Australia” posts and I’ve absolutely fallen in love with the ideas and the concepts, and I figured I’d toss my hat into the ring with something I haven’t seen much (if any) of - Humans with physical disabilities. I’m of the thought that some aliens are like starfish, and can just regrow their limbs after a period of time if lost, and other aliens will retire their crippled to more ‘homely duties’ with assistance by other aliens, or that some aliens will be rid of their crippled in search of a physically strong race.

—–

Zan’via had dealt with humans on their travels before, having even crewed on a few ships with small teams of humans on a few missions. And they could say that they were impressed: while a lot of the stories they had heard were true, there were many more things that he had not heard of but had seen that had left him thoroughly surprised and, in some cases, even somewhat scared.

They never expected to encounter anything like this.

To be fair, all the captain had asked of Zan’via to do was to go retrieve the ship’s head of security (a human that all of the crew referred to as ‘Chief’) for a pre-landing brief. And the Chief’s door was open upon reaching his berthing, so Zan’via didn’t feel the need to knock.

Finding the human with only their underclothes on wasn’t what shocked Zan’via. Seeing half of the human’s left leg on the desk across the room was.

“Christ mate, you should’ve knocked.” The human said with a breath of relief, having been caught by surprise by Zan’via.

“I apologise, Chief, I forgot that your species has reservations about being seen in a state of undress.” Zan’via responded, their eyes still fixed on the limb still resting on the desk top. The human noted this and sighed, reaching over to grab the leg and get it ready to attach onto his body.

“So, what’s up?” ‘Chief’ asked nonchalantly as he undid a few clips on the metal plate just below his knee and started lining up the connectors on the prosthetic limb with the plate.

“The captain has requested your presence on the bridge… what are you doing with your limb?”

“Just putting my leg on for the day.”

“I was not aware that your species had removable limbs…”

“Oh, we don’t. This is a replacement for the one I lost a number of years back.”

“But it looks artificial. I remember reading that humans can survive a number of injuries and heal back remarkably well.” To this, Chief laughed.

“Mate, there’s a difference between recovering from a few broken ribs and a large penetrating wound, and having your leg completely severed from just below the knee. Our bones can reform from breaks and fractures, our skin can seal back up, and some of our organs can and will grow back if we lose parts of them, but we cannot regenerate a large part of our body after an injury like that. And after decades of leaving people crippled after an accident or a defect leaves a person without an arm, or a leg, or a hand, we developed technology that allowed those people to regain their lost ability.” Chief finished clipping his leg on and rotated his ankle around to test functionality. “At first it was just to help people walk and move around, but as time went on, our prosthetic technology advanced to the point where we can replace entire organs without any loss in functionality. Hell, some of the replacement parts we’ve made can even exceed what the human body can do naturally.”

“But why?” Zan’via was still having trouble comprehending exactly why humans would want to do such a thing. Chief shook his head and stood up, beginning to put on the rest of his duty uniform.

“Because we believe that everyone should have the best quality of life, regardless of their circumstances. Just because you don’t have an arm doesn’t mean you shouldn’t be able to write or fly. Just because you don’t have a leg doesn’t mean you can’t run or jump or dance. Some people lose their limbs in accidents and find life afterwards hard because they can’t do things they once did beforehand. Others are born missing limbs, and never get the chance to do things ‘normal’ people can do. If we can provide a chance for them to live life like the rest of us, then why not?”

“I think I understand… somewhat.” Zan’via’s eyes then locked back onto the now-covered leg, then back up to the Chief’s face. The human could see what his companion wanted to ask next.

“Vee-Bee-Ess-Ess gone wrong, about six years ago. I slipped off a walkway on a Torian cargo vessle and my leg caught between a support beam and a storage container. Combat Medics had to sever my leg to free me. I was in hospital for a couple of months for healing and installation of the neural interface that allows me to move my leg the way I do, then another seven months in rehabilitation to learn how to walk again.” Chief then lifted his leg and rotated his ankle, then set it down and jumped and twisted around. Zan’via watched and just from observing, they could not see any major signs that the human was any different from any normal human. “Now I’m good as new, and have been kicking ass since.”

“I can see.” Zan’via backed up and let the chief pass them through the doorway as the pair made their way to the bridge. “Does it hurt?”

“The pain never really goes away, to be honest. Sometimes it feels like I’ve still got my old leg there, even when the new one isn’t attached. ‘Phantom Limb Syndrome’, they call it. But I manage, I’ve done so for six years so far.” The human then looked to Zan’via, and they could see the glint of determination in the human’s eyes. “If keeping my job and doing what I love meant that I had to have all my limbs fully replaced, then I’d do so in a heartbeat. Nothing can stop a human from a goal, nothing but death.”

Zan’via stood in place as the human continued on towards the bridge, dwelling over what the human had told them. The next chance they got, they would write it down into the ‘notes’ section of the manual in regards to humans.

Vee-Bee-Ess-Ess = VBSS = Visit, Board, Search and Seizure

Babies Are Weird

An excerpt from an essay published by Arak'Antos, professor of Humanology at a renowned university.

As bizarre and fearsome as humans are, their children are yet stranger.  Unlike nearly all other known species, human newborns are incapable of locomotion.  Most other Earth life adheres to this general rule of nature; the foals of their horses can walk within minutes, and the chicks of their birds can hop about.  Human newborns, however, cannot move on their own, and must be carried for the first several months of their life, at minimum.

Despite this, and despite their inability to communicate, babies seem to be able to manipulate any nearby human adults into serving them.  With minor differentiations in their wordless cries, they can communicate hunger, discomfort, uncleanliness, even simple boredom, and have their whims tended to by their caretakers in moments.

Further, this seems to cross the barriers of species.  The humans have tales, too numerous to be discounted as rumor, of newborns abandoned in the wilderness being raised by other animals.  Nearly any mammal is susceptible to the manipulations of these infants, as documented reports include felines, canines, and primates.

Somehow, these “wild” children grow up to be physically superior to more “civilized” counterparts, yet without any accompanying loss of mental function.  One of Earth’s greatest ancient civilizations, the Roman Empire, was said to be founded by two children, Romulus and Remus, who were raised by a wolf.  It is theorized that the influence of these “wild” children throughout Earth’s history is connected to the reckless and frightening nature of humans today.

Hey You!

Yes you, over there! What do you know about diabetes?
No, it’s not being fat, and it’s actually more complicated than not eating sugar.
Well, since it seems most people don’t know that much about it, for World Diabetes Day, we’re gonna do a quick crash course.

There are two kinds of diabetes: Type 1 (formerly known as ‘Juvenile Diabetes’) and Type 2.

Type 2 is the more commonly known type. This can come about from flooding your body with more sugar than it can process. While many type 2 diabetics do have larger body types, they are not the only ones. Even if you are burning off the calories that you eat, your body still has to process the sugar you feed it, and while it you can’t get diabetes by eating healthy foods, nearly everything has sugar in it- bread, sauces, and even fruits and veggies all have sugar.

Type 1 is by far the lesser known of the two, for all that it is fairly common. No one knows exactly what contributes to Type 1, though there are many factors that are suspected to have a hand in it. Type 1 Diabetes is an irreversible autoimmune disease where your body’s immune system recognizes your body’s beta cells as foreign entities and destroys them. Beta cells are found in the pancreas and are responsible for producing insulin to break down sugar.

As of yet, there are no proven cures for Diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetics sometimes can technically ignore their Diabetes without fatal consequences. However, this can lead to serious health issues, including loss of nerve function in the feet (hence all those commercials you see on tv), irritability, and general unhealthiness. Type 1 Diabetics cannot.

Living with Diabetes is manageable, but some days it can be tough. Some of the realities kinda suck. To list a few:
- giving yourself a shot every time you eat or else wearing a pump
- managing your numbers every day
- screwing up your numbers can mean anything from feeling dizzy to death depending on the situation
- needing to carry insulin and a kit everywhere
- needing to know the nutritional facts of everything you eat, or at least be able to make an accurate guess

So, in order to help your friends with Diabetes, here are some things you can do to help them out (A/N: many of these are geared more towards Type 1):
- do not tell them that they cannot eat sugar. Especially if they are full grown. They know their bodies and their limits, and it is insulting to insinuate otherwise. (Besides which, this is inherently untrue, otherwise they would all die as everything has sugar of some kind. Diabetics just need to dose themselves with insulin to eat it.)

- do not harass them about their kits. Yes, it looks like they are taking drugs. Yes, they’ve heard that joke about a million times. No, it is not funny or okay to inform teachers that they are taking drugs. That is discrimination and bullying, and nobody needs that.

- if somebody close to you has Diabetes, ask them to teach you how and when to use their glucagon pen just in case. Also, keep hard candies, juice boxes, or other fast-release sugar sources on hand.

- give them the recipes of the food you make them. This will make their lives so much easier. Homemade food is nearly impossible to measure accurately, especially without at least an ingredients list.

- provide protein (i.e. cheese, beef) with meals, as it is one of the few things Diabetics can eat without dosing (though, if it’s drowned in sauce, this is no longer true)

- give them prep time if you want to plan trips. Lantus (long term insulin used for sleeping) needs a fridge. Insulin kits and snacks must be packed.

- do not pull on their pumps. Pumps are attached to the body like IVs- under the skin. This hurts.

- be generally accepting of their dietary needs and do not get frustrated when accommodating them. Remember, this is their life every day, a bit of inconvenience for their sake can go a long way.

- do not call them fat, or shame them for their Diabetes.

- DO NOT provide people who ask for diet soda with regular soda.
This is not a joke.
I don’t care how you feel about dieting, Diabetes is often not a visible thing, and while diet soda is okay to drink without dosing, regular soda will throw your numbers out of whack in a dangerous way.

(Feel free to add more helpful tips to this post)

12 Intriguing Facts About How The Human Brain Functions

Originally posted by ogicepun

Here’s a list of 12 golden nuggets of information about the human brain and how it functions. John Medina’s book Brain Rules gives incredible insight and intrigue on how our strongest survival organ operates and its uniqueness to each human body. Consider the wisdom below, survival tips for your brain!

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The Gang Represses Their Sexuality: Dennis, Dee, and Compulsory Heterosexuality in “The Gang Saves the Day”

So this is a post that I’ve been…. threatening to make? For a VERY long time now. And now that I’m finally more or less done with school for the semester, I have the time and energy to sit down and make it!

This will be a very long, dense, and text-heavy/image-heavy post.

Keep reading

read-play-sing  asked:

Yesterday, you reblogged a post from bigfatscience that said, "There is no permanent and safe way to intentionally lose weight." This is false and dangerous advice that could keep people from losing weight who want to do it and need to it for health reasons. (I wrote a longer reply to that on my tumblr.) I agree that being overweight is not a curse, but that is precisely why you can change that. It's simply neither as easy nor as difficult as some people would have you believe.

Let’s add a word: “universal.”

There is no universal, permanent, safe way to intentionally lose weight.  There are ways to improve personal fitness, many of which will have weight loss as a functional side effect–most people, upon undertaking a seriously-practiced new athletic endeavor, will lose weight.  Many people, upon leaving an overly stressful or dangerous situation, will lose weight.  Some people, upon starting to take regular naps, will lose weight.

Some people can do Weight Watchers forever, lose weight, and keep it off without hurting themselves.  Others, not so much.  Some people will get (dangerous, terrifying, it’s fun watching relatives push the process without the mortality figures oh wait no it is not) their stomachs stapled and lose weight and keep it off, while others will regain it all and have a permanently truncated digestive system.

There is no universal, permanent, safe way to intentionally lose weight.

2

Favorite world-building elements: Realistic depiction of trauma

One of the things that makes Fury Road so immersive is the way it presents the result of violence. Unlike movies in which characters shrug off what in the real world would be horrific injuries*, the inhabitants of the Wasteland experience the full effect of the bad things that happen to them.

Some examples:

  • Angharad’s graze wound. When Max shoots The Splendid Angharad in the leg, we see a close-up of the injury. When Furiosa asks her how it feels, she says, “It hurts,” and it apparently is a factor in her subsequently slipping from the war rig and being crushed. In the world of Fury Road, even a relatively minor injury can have severe consequences.
  • Avoidance of gratuitous on-screen gore. At the same time, the film avoids depicting injuries just to be shocking. When Angharad is dying and Immortan Joe orders her cut open to try to save the fetus, we see the scene unfold – but we don’t see the actual procedure. The movie only shows enough for us to understand what’s happening. That restraint reflects a maturity in how the film approaches trauma that contrasts with the adolescent gross-out porn of other action movies.
  • Realistic emotional responses. The inhabitants of the Wasteland carry both literal and figurative scars of past experiences. Angharad has a history of self-harm. Max exhibits a degree of PTSD that leaves him unable to speak. I ship Max/Furiosa, and there’s a side of me that wants to believe there were sexy fun times in the back of the war rig during that one chance Nux and Capable had, but I appreciate that the film respects its characters and what they’ve been through enough not to force them into emotionally false situations.
  • Furiosa’s chest wound. When Furiosa is stabbed with the gear-shift dagger, we see the pain of it in her face. Especially given how stoic she’s been up to this point, the increasingly desperate look in her eyes during subsequent events shows the effect it is having on her. Unlike less-realistic movies, where such an injury might lead to a) a quick clichéd death scene with a few coughs of blood, an exhortation or two, and boom, dead, or conversely b) lots of ass-kicking followed by a wince and some light-hearted banter in the denouement, Furiosa’s injury follows a steady and clinically realistic progression through increasing distress and eventual loss of breath function due to tension pneumothorax. That the true emotional climax of the movie centers on an act of healing, as Max decompresses her chest and then treats her subsequent exsanguination with a transfusion of his own blood, is a beautiful inversion of action-movie tropes.

George Miller financed the original Mad Max with his earnings as an ER doctor, and made the movie in part to explore the effects of trauma on people who encounter lots of it. Although he hasn’t worked as a physician in many years, his experience and willingness to hold the movie to a high standard adds greatly to the believability of Fury Road.

*No disrespect to Holy Grail. That shit’s hilarious.

anonymous asked:

Hello! I'm writing a story where a character cannot use his right arm due to some injury he got in a fight years ago, and i was wonderign what kind of injuriy would like, paralyze just the arm,. Thanks!

Hey there nonny! 

Paralysis seems to be a Topic™ today. Let’s rap. 

First, the arm is controlled by nerves. Any damage to those nerves could potentially cause significant loss of function in the arm, though it’s unlikely that this would cause total loss of function. This gets a little complicated, because the biggest nerve in the arm runs alongside the brachial artery, like so: 

(image courtesy of Gray’s Anatomy, public domain)

So as we can see, it’s difficult to damage the nerve without damaging the artery as well. We could call this a “near miss” situation. 

Understand that because the arm is innervated in different locations by different nerves, they won’t lose complete function in the arm unless you choose to injure them near the spine, but we can have them lose enough function of the arm to prevent it from being as effective as the other arm for the purposes of fighting. 

Any trauma to the underside of the upper arm will do, really; a gunshot, a knife wound, etc. And since it’s an old injury, you can write it off with “I almost died, a centimeter closer and it would have been the artery…”. 

Good luck with your story! 

xoxo, Aunt Scripty

(Samantha Keel)

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New & Improved FreeBook: 10 BS “Medical” Tropes that Need to Die TODAY!  

Physiology of Ageing - Muscles
  • Loss of lean body mass 
  • Infiltration of fat and connective tissue 
  • Altered muscle metabolism 
  • Insulin resistance 
  • Reduced levels of key regulatory hormones 
  • Impaired oxidative defence 
  • Muscle strength peaks at approx. 20-40 years 
  • Strength dictated by muscle cross-sectional area 
  • Age-associated decline in concentric strength (leg > arm
  • Decline in concentric strength occurs earlier than decline in eccentric strength 
  • Power generation ability declines faster than max. strength  

Sarcopenia 

= loss of muscle mass (and strength) due to ageing 

  • Two phases: 
  • ‘slow’ from 25 to 50 years (approx. 10% lost) 
  •  ‘rapid’ from 50 onwards (approx. 40% lost from 50-80) 
  • Deterioration in motor unit remodelling 
  • Reduced cross-sectional area and functionality 
  • Disuse atrophy (ageing is associated with becoming more sedentary(not as active)) may contribute to changes 
  • Reduced regenerative capacity 
  • Stem cell function affected by circulating factors? 
  • ‘Systemic inflammation’ theory of ageing? 
  • Increased apoptosis 
  • Anabolic resistance 
  • Protein degradation (muscle & nerve) 

Motor Unit

  • Entire motor unit affected: 
  • Alpha-motorneuron 
  • Fibres innervated 
  • Shift to predominance of slow-twitch fibres 

Force transfer

  • Network of cytoskeletal proteins align and transmit force produced by actin and myosin along muscle fibres and out to extracellular matrix 
  •  E.g. Costameres = sub-sarcolemmal proteins that connect sarcomere to cell membrane 
  • Found in Z and M lines 
  • Transmit force laterally 
  • Significant decrease in costameres and lateral force in ageing

Muscle protein metabolism in ageing 

  • Basal muscle protein synthesis unchanged 
  • Protein/amino acid feeding leads to increase in muscle protein synthesis in both groups 
  • BUT, response is smaller in the elderly 
  • Resistance exercise leads to increase in muscle protein synthesis AND breakdown 
  • BUT, synthesis rates lower in the elderly 
  • Food + exercise needed for anabolic response 
  • Response delayed in elderly, but can achieve similar rates 

Metabolic Capacity

  • Decrease in Mitochondria 
  • Decrease in capillary density 
  • Reduced ability of muscle to extract O2 from blood 
  • Decrease in enzymes for metabolic pathways 
  • Reduced speed of O2 utilisation 
  • Therefore ↓ (a-v)O2 diff (and ↓VO2max) 

Co-morbitities

  • Decline in muscle mass and oxidative capacity, plus increased fat mass leads to greater risk of developing: 
  • insulin resistance and/or type II diabetes 
  • hyperlipidaemia 
  • hypertension 
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Reduced bone mass contributes to loss of functional capacity and risk of injury 
alive and safe and with me

They’re sitting at their dining room table and Philip smiles over at Lukas, picking another piece of pepperoni off his slice of pizza. 

“Why’re you still wearing long sleeves?” Philip asks, narrowing his eyes. “It’s hot in here.”

Lukas has had a sort of quiet contentment on his face since he got home late this afternoon and he just smiles, shaking his head.

“How are you not hot?” Philip asks. “I’m hot.”

“Yeah you are,” Lukas says, grinning at him.

Philip laughs, shaking his head. “What’s up with you? You meet some new cute guy at that group project thing? You getting ready to tell me you’re leaving?”

Lukas scoffs. “As if,” he says. 

Philip knows it’s the most impossible thing, which is why it’s so easy to joke about it. “So why are you acting like you’re staring at something beautiful?”

“Well, I am,” Lukas says, gesturing towards him. He grins when Philip sits back in his seat, clicking his tongue. “Angel face, you walked into that one.”

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medication myth #5487

“It’s the easy way out.”

If i hear ONE MORE PERON say that taking medications for mental illnesses is the easy way out i will literally take the yoga routine you probably swear by and shove it where the sun doesn’t shine.

if you are turning to meds to avoid the hard work of recovery or you believe someone you know is, I have one word for you

HAHAHAHA

medication stabilization is literally the hardest thing i’ve done. i was put on a traditional SSRI and it triggered HELLA BAD mood swings. (just the word Zoloft makes me itchy) an amazing hypomanic episode but the LOWEST low I ever felt and for the first time ever, suicidal thoughts. my psychiatrist at the time decided to DOUBLE the dose instead of stop it. i’m thankful for it because it made them realize i had bipolar 2 (which doesn’t respond well to SSRIs) BUT since then ive been on 6 different meds at 7 different dosages. all with intense side effects.

i was too hazed to realize how sick the meds were making me. my friends were supportive but didn’t know any different. luckily i had a friend who is a medical professional who saw that this was bad and helped me and now i have a new psychiatrist.

i currently take 4 meds a day and 1 as needed. all of these things have caused things like:
-weight gain
-weight loss
-sudden suicidal thoughts
-extreme urge to self harm
-sudden, helpless crying spells
-hair loss
-possible decreased liver function
-migraines
-extreme fatigue
-nausea
-AND A WHOLE LOT MORE
-shaking hands
-insomnia

i have to get my blood tested every time they change a dosage on a certain medication and if i drink more than a glass or two of wine i will probably be sick. being on medication comes with a lot of life changes and sacrifice sometimes too.

so before you EVER assume someone who has decided to explore the option of medication is taking the easy way out CHECK YOURSELF. not only are they probably dealing with crazy awful side effects but also fighting with professionals to listen to them on top of whatever their illness is doing to them. they don’t need an ignorant friend with misinformed medical information shoving a yoga mat and an avocado at them telling them to try harder.

if you want to help, ask (nonintrusive, nonjudgemental) questions. express concern. ask if there is anyway you can help. (i had a friend sleep on my floor until my mood stabilizer kicked in and the suicidal thoughts were gone.) be gentle. educate yourself but don’t you dare insinuate it’s easy because while im thankful as hell for medication and attribute the fact that I’m still here to it, it is so freaking hard.

end rant.

superfatmatt  asked:

Hey Jordan, what is your opinion on cheat days?

Look I tell everyone this when they are losing weight

EATING BAD ONCE A WEEK WILL NOT HURT YOU

just like

EATING GOOD ONCE A WEEK WILL NOT HELP YOU

its what you do consistently that counts.

Cheat days aren’t just about taking a break from dieting. They actually HELP you lose fat. Lemme explain

There is a hormone called Leptin in your body aka the “Anti Starvation Hormone”. It plays a massive role in your fat loss. Its main function was to conserve energy and fat in times of famine so you did not die. But you’re not dying, you’re just eating less than what your body needs in a day and that makes leptin drop. This is important because when your leptin levels are high Its easier to burn fat, but when they are low it slows your fat loss down. This is why people who think “oh i lost 50 lbs oh i dont wanna cheat ever again” have trouble losing those last 5 lbs.

CHEAT DAYS ARE SO FRIGGIN NECESSARY if you want to continue making results as they assure your body that you are not starving and rise those leptin levels again so you can keep losing weight. GO CRAZY On your cheat days but make sure you only do them ONCE a week, some people fall off and start friday and end Monday. that is not going to help you at all. So there you go I hoped I eased your mind haha, put a cheat day in there once a week and your results will be even greater.
Now enjoy your feast if its today haha

Polarity of trauma symptoms

Symptoms of trauma-related disorders can be categorized in a polar way.

That means, people tend to feel their stress too much (“intrusive”/“positive” symptoms) or too little (“constrictive”/“negative” symptoms). If someone shows these types of symptoms alternating over time and a therapist hasn’t known them for a long enough period of time, there’s a high chance of misdiagnosis. Traumatized people with more intrusive symptoms might be diagnosed with Borderline Personality Disorder (which is not to say C/PTSD can’t be comorbid with BPD!), and the ones with more constrictive symptoms might get a diagnosis along the lines of Depression, Psychosis or even Organic personality or behavioral disorders. But mostly depression.

Here is a list of possible symptoms from these categories. Please note that it’s normal not to have a lot of these symptoms if you have PTSD or CPTSD! I simply tried to include everything that is possible, even if it’s pretty rare. You absolutely do not have to check every symptom to be valid.

Intrusive Symptoms

Thoughts:

  • Intrusive memories
  • Flashbacks
  • Compulsive thoughts about the trauma

Emotions:

  • Anxiety
  • High anger levels
  • Explosive/uncontrollable anger
  • No sense of safety
  • Sense of powerlessness
  • Sense of helplessness
  • Unstable relationships as a result of dissociated emotional states or personality parts

Body:

  • Body memories
  • Pain that cannot be explained otherwise (for example abdominal/back/pelvic pain)

Actions/Expression:

  • Overwhelming stress reaction
  • Abreacting
  • Tics, Tremor, Seizures without other causes

Constrictive Symptoms

Thoughts:

  • Difficulties to know and express own needs, wishes, fantasies
  • Concentration problems
  • Difficulties to think complex, critically and rationally
  • Amnesia(s)

Emotions:

  • Numbness
  • Inhibition or inability to feel and/or express anger openly
  • Loss of personality traits or skills
  • Lethargy
  • No perspective for the future
  • No sense of purpose
  • Distanced/few relationships as a result of avoidance

Body:

  • Sense of estrangement
  • Depersonalisation
  • Motor or sensory loss of function in parts of the body (that cannot be explained otherwise)

Actions/Expression:

  • Fatigue
  • Stupor
  • Weakness

Again, these types of symptoms can alternate and it even makes sense that they do. Being more on the constrictive symptoms side with feeling numb and avoiding trauma-related stuff actually makes day-to-day life more manageable. Intrusive symptoms on the other hand are a way of the body trying to defend itself. These two ‘systems’ (managing everyday tasks and defending oneself) try to balance each other, but fail to cope with the trauma itself (or else we wouldn’t have symptoms).

Also, some people start therapy and have mostly constrictive symptoms. And when the layers of numbness and avoidance are peeled back during therapy, they might start showing more intrusive symptoms because they are more in touch with themselves. This feels awful but is actually a sign of progress.

(Sources! This is another rough summary of snippets from chapter 6 of “Komplexe Traumafolgestörungen” (Sack, Sachsse, Schellong - Schattauer 2013) with some explanations and added info by me. I researched this as well as I could but please note that I’m not a professional.)

Update: After a very good addition by @flotsamandptsd I’ve included anger in the symptoms lists. Thanks!

Despite their relative competence in most aspects of crime and debauchery, the members of the FAHC sure do end up dead a lot. It’s little more than a minor inconvenience when you come right back, of course, but that doesn’t mean that there aren’t still awful ways to go out.

For Geoff, the worst way to die is drowning. Crushing, choking pressure that turns into useless coughing and retching at the very best. It’s not a quick death by any means, certainly not painless. Drowning in the ocean is the worst, the searing burn of water where it isn’t meant to be only intensified by the salt.
When it comes to preferred ways to die, Geoff is content with a bullet to the head. Damn near instant and painless, it’s about as ideal as death can be.

Jack’s least favorite way to bite the dust is vehicle accidents. Rarely pretty or quick, the worst aspect of them in Jack’s opinion is the fact that often enough there’s other members of the crew in the car at the same time. Struggling to keep conscious after a nasty wreck to see how your passengers are faring isn’t the most pleasant way to go. Death should at least be anxiety-free, dammit.
On the other hand, if Jack had to choose a way to die were he to find out that his current life was his last, it’d be falling from a great height. There’s a sort of ecstatic beauty in taking in the landscape as you fall out of the sky that outweighs the quick end waiting on the ground.

Though he’s only experienced it a handful of times, Ryan’s most hated way to die is by poison. As a mercenary he relies on reflexes and clarity of mind to get the job done and keep his heart beating. So poison, which not only brings about a painful and slow end but also muddles the senses and weakens the body, provides an aspect of helplessness that Ryan detests. 
Outside of poison, however, Ryan doesn’t seem to particularly dislike dying. If it’s a flashy way to meet an end, he’ll even go out of his way to get himself killed. Lighting himself on fire, staying in a crashing plane, if it makes him look like a badass he’s all for it.

A pure contrast to Ryan, Gavin does not like dying. At all. His least favorite, though, has to be disembowelment. With a hair-trigger gag reflex activated by any sort of guts or gore, having it be his own brings about a whole new level of retching. And literally seeing his stomach twinge as it tries to empty itself? Absolutely mingin’. Much as he’d rather just stay alive, thank you very much, he’d at least like to die with all his organs still inside him.

Michael’s least favorite way to die is freezing to death. All rage and white-hot energy, any sort of end is acceptable as long as it tastes like adrenaline at the back of his throat. Fist fights, gun fights, car chases, they’re all blood and noise and too-sharp grins, even as his heart stops. Freezing, though, is none of that. It’s nothing more than his body giving up because of some stupid fucking weather. It’s frustrating to Michael that even as an immortal he’s still subject to the arbitrary rules of his body.
What’s not frustrating, though, is dying in an explosion. Big and bright and loud and everything Michael loves, they’re damn near perfect. It’s not necessarily a painless death, things involving fire rarely are, but it’s ‘cool as fuck’ and he builds the bombs, he may as well enjoy the aftermath of them a little more intimately from time to time.

For Ray, the worst possible ending is bleeding out. Unfortunately, it’s a common enough death in the line of work, stabbings and shootings and such not necessarily being immediately lethal. For him, the intense, overwhelming cold that accompanies the loss of feeling and function of his body is the worst sensation on earth. For all that he has claimed “YOLO” as his own, like Gavin he would much prefer not to die at all.

Jeremy is fine with any sort of death, as long as it’s not betrayal. Living too many lifetimes comes with the added bonus of getting to see all the filthy undersides of society, all the darkest parts of mankind. Jeremy was innocent, once. Before the FAHC. Before experience twisted him enough to even consider being involved with a crew. But life ain’t fuckin fair and if you’re too nice you end up with nothing to your name and a knife between your ribs. Jeremy will take any end as long as it’s not a fucked up farewell from his newfound family. 

Accurate Typing: The Inferior Function

Read the full Function Theory Guide (mbti-notes.tumblr.com/theory) for more detail, including notes about common typing issues.

The inferior function is opposite to the dominant function, so the two functions generally pull you in opposite directions, feeding you conflicting information about the world. If the dominant function is your true self and who you want to be, then the inferior function is the dark aspect of your personality, the part of yourself that you do not understand very well, the part of your personality that you are prone to avoiding or rejecting. Due to long term reliance on the dominant function and always choosing its goals and desires, the goals and desires of the inferior function remain submerged in the unconscious mind. However, according to psychoanalytic theory, mental activities that are too repressed in the unconscious mind have a way of exerting themselves underhandedly when you least expect it, which implies that the inferior function is not truly “inferior” but actually quite powerful in ways that you do not fully grasp.

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If You Wish Upon A Star

written for @wincestwritingchallenge. Partner: @Manawhaat

Tags: Wee!chesters, implied weecest. kinda fluff, time skips.

Summary: Sam saved his last wish for Dean.

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Sam was a little younger than two when Dean had started school. It was a struggle from day one.

Dean was excited of course, not scared like other kids his age, he genuinely wanted to go to school, learn new things and have friends. On the end of his first day, he ran back to pastor Jim’s with flushed cheeks and a smile, it took the three seconds he needed to take his shoes off for his happiness to die.

Sammy was crying.

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