los setas

Finché alla fine ti bacerò sul cuore, perché ti voglio, morderò la pelle che batte sul tuo cuore, perchè ti voglio, e con il cuore tra le mie labbra tu sarai mio, davvero, con la mia bocca nel cuore tu sarai mio, per sempre, se non mi credi apri gli occhi signore amato mio e guardami, sono io, chi potrà mai cancellare questo istante che accade, e questo mio corpo senza più seta, le tue mani che lo toccano, i tuoi occhi che lo guardano
—  Baricco, Seta
Spanish Vocabulary - La cocina

Just a note, this post is coming from a different one that was talking about restaurant vocab.

Many of these words are equally useful, but obviously you would need to worry less about knowing mesero/a or camarero/a if you’re talking about the kitchen.

  • el restaurante = restaurant
  • la cocina = kitchen
  • la sala = the room
  • el salón = the large room
  • el bar = the bar
  • la comida = food
  • comestible = edible
  • crudo/a = raw
  • poco hecho/a OR poco cocido/a = rare [meat]
  • medio hecho/a OR medio cocido/a = medium well [meat]
  • bien hecho/a OR bien cocido/a = well done [meat]
  • la comida rápida = fast-food
  • la comida basura = junk food [lit. “trash food”]
  • la mesa = table
  • la silla = chair
  • el plato = dish, plate
  • el tenedor = fork
  • el cuchillo = knife
  • la cuchara = spoon
  • los palillos chinos = chopsticks [lit. “little Chinese sticks”]
  • la servilleta = napkin
  • la copa = wine glass [goblet]
  • el vaso = water glass
  • la taza = coffee cup / teacup
  • la botella = bottle
  • la lata = can (of something) [lit. “tin”]
  • la bebida = drink / beverage
  • el agua (f.) = water [a feminine noun with a masc. article]
  • el alcohol = alcohol
  • el vino tinto = red wine
  • el vino blanco = white wine
  • la cerveza = beer
  • la soda / el refresco / la cola / la gaseosa = soda / pop
  • el café = coffee
  • el té = tea [té negro = black tea, té verde = green tea, té blanco = white tea]
  • el zumo = juice [typically Spain or Mexico]
  • el jugo = juice [typically Latin America]
  • el hielo / el yelo = ice
  • la leche = milk
  • la crema = cream
  • el azúcar = sugar
  • el desayuno = breakfast
  • el almuerzo / la comida = lunch
    [for some places la comida meaning “meal” or “food” is used for a midday meal, while almuerzo is “lunch” as well but less common in some places]
  • la cena = dinner
  • el apertivo = appetizer
  • el plato principal / el plato fuerte = entrée / main dish
  • el postre = dessert
  • el menú / la carta = menu
  • el precio = price
  • la cuenta = the bill
  • la propina = the tip
  • ¿Cuál…? / ¿Cuáles…? - Which…? / Which ones…?

Appliances / Furniture / Rooms

  • el horno = oven
  • la estufa = stove / stovetop
  • el gabinete, los gabinetes = cabinet, cabinets
  • el armario = closet OR cupboard
  • la alacena = cupboard
  • la despensa = cupboard OR pantry
  • la encimera = counter [Spain]
  • el mesón = counter [Colombia]
  • la mesada = counter [Argentina]
  • el tope = counter [Venezuela]
  • el refrigerador = refrigerator
  • la nevera / la heladera / el congelador = freezer / ice box
  • el lavaplatos = dishwasher
  • el microondas = microwave
  • el tostador / la tostadora = toaster
  • la toalla = towel
  • la olla = pot / pan
  • el sartén = skillet
  • la vajilla = silverware / flatware
  • el aparato = device / appliance
  • el electrodoméstico = device / appliance
  • el utensilio, los utensilios = utensils
  • los cubiertos, la cubertería = cutlery / silverware / place settings
  • la batidora = mixer (or potentially “blender”)
  • la licuadora = blender [Latin America mostly]
  • el comedor = dining room
  • la cocina = kitchen
  • poner la mesa = to set the table

Food

  • la carne = meat
  • las verduras = vegetables
  • el pescado = fish (to be eaten)
  • los mariscos = seafood
  • los lácteos = dairy (food group)
  • los granos = grains
  • agrio/a = sour
  • amargo/a = bitter
  • dulce = sweet
  • agridulce = bittersweet
  • sabroso/a = tasty / flavorful
  • salado/a = salty
  • picante = spicy
  • caliente = hot
  • frío/a = cold
  • tibio/a = lukewarm
  • asado/a = roasted
  • sofrito/a = sauteed
  • tostado/a = toasted
  • quemado/a = burnt
  • la grasa = fat
  • el pan = bread
  • el queso = cheese
  • la manteca / la mantequilla = butter [manteca or mantequilla depends on where you are]
  • el aceite = oil
  • el vinagre = vinegar
  • la salsa de tomate / la ketchup / la catsup = ketchup
  • la mostaza = mustard
  • la mayonesa = mayonnaise
  • la salsa = sauce OR salsa
  • la ensalada = salad
  • la carne de res = beef
  • el bistec = steak
  • el puerco = pork
  • la ternera = veal
  • el cordero = lamb
  • el carnero = mutton
  • el pollo = chicken OR poultry
  • el pavo = turkey
  • el jamón = ham
  • la salchica = sausage OR hot dog
  • el tocino = bacon
  • el huevo = egg
  • el camarón / los camarones = shrimp [sometimes seen as la gamba which may be used interchangeably, or for “prawn”]
  • la pasta = pasta
  • el espagueti = spaghetti
  • el macarrón / los macarrones = macaroni [also known as los coditos “little elbows”]
  • los fideos = noodles
  • la sopa = soup
  • la lechuga = lettuce
  • la espinaca = spinach
  • el tomate = tomato
  • la aceituna = olive
  • el ajo = garlic
  • el apio = celery
  • la cebolla = onion
  • la zanahoria = carrot
  • el calabacín = zucchini
  • la berenjena = eggplant
  • el aguacate = avocado
  • el pepino = cucumber
  • el pimiento (rojo/verde) = (red/green) pepper
  • el ají / el chile = pepper [often Bell peppers or spicier peppers]
  • el hongo, la seta = mushroom
  • los frijoles / las alubias / las habichuelas = beans
  • el haba / las habas = beans (bigger, usually) [fava beans OR el haba de cacao is “cocoa beans”, el haba de café “coffee beans]
  • las judías = green beans
  • el legumbre = legume
  • el maíz = corn
  • la papa, la patata = potato
  • las papas/patatas fritas = French fries
  • el arroz = rice
  • la manzana = apple
  • la cereza = cherry
  • la naranja / la mandarina = orange
  • la uva = grape
  • la frambuesa = raspberry
  • la fresa = strawberry [in some places it’s la frutilla]
  • el arándano (azul) / la mora azul = blueberry [in some cases arándano is “blackberry” as well]
  • la mora = blackberry
  • la lima = lime
  • el limón = lemon
  • el durazno / el melocotón = peach [Latin America / Spain, respectively]
  • el coco = coconut
  • la piña / el ananá = pineapple [Latin America / (sometimes) Spain, respectively]
  • la sandía = watermelon
  • la masa = dough (or corn masa)
  • la harina = flour
  • la levadura = yeast
  • la miel = honey
  • la torta / el pastel = cake
  • la torta = pie, cobbler (etc.)
  • el helado = ice cream
  • la tortilla = omelette OR tortilla
  • el cacahuete / el maní = peanut
  • la calabaza = pumpkin
  • la escarcha = frosting
  • glaseado / glacé = frosted / with frosting / glazed
  • la nuez / las nueces = nuts [in general, but also refers to “hazelnut”]
  • la vainilla = vanilla
  • el chocolate = chocolate

Spices

  • las especias = spices
  • las hierbas / las yerbas = herbs
  • la sal = salt
  • la pimienta = pepper
  • el salero = salt shaker
  • el pimentero = pepper shaker
  • el pimentón = paprika
  • la albahaca = basil
  • el orégano = oregano
  • el comino = cumin
  • el cardamomo = cardamom
  • el hinojo = fennel
  • la pimienta de Jamaica = allspice [Jamaican allspice]
  • la (pimienta de) cayena = cayenne pepper
  • la canela = cinnamon
  • el anís = anise
  • el clavo, los clavos = cloves
  • el jengibre = ginger
  • el enebro = juniper
  • la cúrcuma = tumeric
  • el cilantro / el coriandro = coriander
  • el eneldo = dill
  • el azafrán = saffron
  • el perejil = parsely
  • la salvia = sage
  • el romero = rosemary
  • el tomillo = thyme
  • la hoja/hojita de laurel = bay leaf
  • la menta = mint
  • la hierbabuena / la yerbabuena = peppermint

Alcohol

  • el alcohol = alcohol
  • alcohólico/a = alcoholic / with alcohol
  • la bebida alcohólica = alcoholic drink/beverage
  • el trago = shot
  • una copa = a glass (of wine / alcohol)
  • el vino tinto = red wine
  • el vino blanco = white wine
  • la soda = seltzer / club soda
  • el refresco / la gaseosa / la cola = soda / pop / cola
  • ___ con gas = sparkling ___
  • sobre hielo / con hielo = on the rocks / with ice
  • el ron = rum
  • la ginebra = gin
  • el jerez = sherry
  • la cerveza = beer
  • la cerveza negra / oscura = ale
  • la cerveza inglesa / la cerveza de malta = ale
  • la cerveza rubia / lager = lager
  • la cerveza tirada / de barril = draft beer
  • la tequila = tequila
  • la vodka = vodka
  • el sake = sake
  • el aguamiel / el hidromiel = mead
  • el whisky / el whiskey = whiskey
  • el (whisky) escocés = scotch
  • el Bourbon / borbón = Bourbon
  • el brandy = brandy
  • el coñac = cognac
  • el champán = champagne
  • la sidra = cider
  • el licor = liquor / liqueur
  • el cóctel = cocktail
  • la coctelera = cocktail shaker
  • agitar la coctelera = to shake the shaker
  • mezclar = to mix

Cuisines

*Note: Most cuisines also function as nationalities or ethnicities. The main difference is that cuisine is implied to be regional, and feminine.

I say feminine because the adjectives that follow are often in reference to la comida “food”, la cocina “cuisine / way of cooking”, or in very formal settings it's la gastronomía.

  • la cocina = cuisine / cooking style
  • la cocina buena = fine dining / good cooking
  • la gastronomía = gastronomy / cooking
  • gastronómico/a = related to food and dining / gastronomical
  • la comida china = Chinese food
  • la comida italiana = Italian food
  • la comida mexicana = Mexican food
  • la comida española = Spanish food
  • la comida francesa = French food
  • la comida india / hindú = Indian food
  • la comida japonesa = Japanese food
  • la comida rusa = Russian food
  • la comida griega = Greek food
  • la comida marroquí = Morroccan food
  • la comida vietnamita = Vietnamese food
  • la comida mediterránea = Mediterranean Food
  • la cocina francesa = French cooking / French cuisine
  • la cocina mexicana = Mexican cooking / Mexican cuisine
  • la gastronomía de Francia = French cuisine
  • [etc.]

Meals

  • la comida = meal
  • el desayuno = breakfast
  • el ayuno = a fast / fasting
  • ayunar = to fast / to go without eating
  • desayunar = to eat breakfast
  • *la comida = lunch
  • *comer = to eat lunch
  • *el almuerzo = to eat lunch
  • *almorzar = to eat lunch
  • la cena = dinner
  • cenar = to eat dinner
  • merendar = to snack
  • la merienda = a snack
  • *la merienda = tea time / high tea [dated, and very British]
  • *merendar = to take tea [dated, and very British]
  • el postre = dessert
  • la tapa, las tapas = tapas / bar food / food to be eaten with alcohol, usually at a bar
  • comer = to eat
  • beber = to drink
  • picotear = to snack in between meals / to nibble on something / to peck at
  • comerse = to eat up / to devour / to consume [more common in spoken Spanish in some places]
  • Provecho / Buen provecho / Que aproveche(n) = Enjoy the meal / Bon appétit

*Note: There are some places that will use comer or la comida to mean “lunch” rather than el almuerzo or almorzar.

This is considered a regionalism, but it can qualify as a partial false cognate in that someone would see comer and think “to eat”… not necessarily “to eat lunch”.

It’s really defined by context, but the way I list it is more how it shows up in a textbook.

People

  • alérgico/a = allergic
  • carnívoro/a = meat-eater
  • vegetariano/a = vegetarian
  • vegano/a = vegan
  • camarero/a = waiter / waitress [more Europe]
  • mesero/a = waiter / waitress [more Latin America]
  • el chef / la chef = chef
  • el cocinero, la cocinera = cook
  • panadero/a = baker [often bread; el pan]
  • pastelero/a OR repostelero/a = pastry chef
  • el restaurador / la restauradora = restaurant owner
  • el dueño / la dueña = owner
  • el jefe / la jefa = boss
  • el / la ayudante = helper
  • empleado/a = employee
  • repartidor / repartidora = delivery person
  • el/la recepcionista = receptionist / host(ess) / person answering the phones
  • cajero/a = cashier
  • [There isn’t really a word for a “host” or “hostess” in Spanish in the sense of someone who greets you and seats you. A “host” will be anfitrión / anfitriona but that’s more someone who invites you to their house]


Verbs

  • ser alérgico/a a algo = to be allergic to something
  • poner la mesa = to set the table
  • limpiar = to clean
  • comer = to eat
  • beber = to drink
  • tomar = to eat, to drink, to take
  • pedir = to ask for, to order [in the sense of making a request for food]
  • traer = to bring
  • servir = to serve
  • servir un vaso de agua = to pour a glass of water
  • poner un vaso de agua = to pour a glass of water
  • llevar = to carry
  • pagar = to pay
  • pagar en efectivo = to pay in cash
  • pagar 
  • ayudar = to help
  • recomendar = to recommend
  • hacer = to do, to make
  • cortar = to cut
  • quemar = to burn
  • helar, congelar = to freeze
  • enfriar = to chill
  • calentar = to heat up
  • cocinar = to cook
  • sofreír = to saute
  • asar = to roast
  • batir = to stir
  • hervir = to boil
  • mezclar = to mix
  • hornear = to bake in the oven
  • amasar = to knead dough
  • glasear / escarchar = to frost (something)
  • añadir = to add in
  • endulzar = to sweeten
  • gustar = to like
  • probar = to taste / to try
  • salar = to add salt
  • sazonar, aliñar, aderezar = to season, to add spices
  • reservar = to reserve
  • masticar = to chew
  • morder = to bite
  • lamer = to lick
  • tragar = to swallow
  • eructar = to burp
  • sorber = to sip
  • saber a = to taste like
  • oler a = to smell like
  • incluir = to include
  • llevar = for a dish to contain (something)
  • el plato lleva… = the dish contains…
  • ¿Qué lleva este plato? = What does this dish contain? 
Spanish Vocabulary List - El restaurante

A suggested vocabulary list involving a trip to the restaurant. If anyone else has any ideas for vocab lists, send them in!

(Just note that there are a billion different food items, so I’m only doing some of the very basics. As always, there will be a million and one regionalisms depending on where you are, so this list isn’t all-inclusive or completely applicable in all areas)

The Basics

  • el restaurante = restaurant
  • la cocina = kitchen
  • la sala = the room
  • el salón = the large room
  • el bar = the bar
  • la comida = food
  • comestible = edible
  • crudo/a = raw
  • poco hecho/a OR poco cocido/a = rare [meat]
  • medio hecho/a OR medio cocido/a = medium well [meat]
  • bien hecho/a OR bien cocido/a = well done [meat]
  • la comida rápida = fast-food
  • la comida basura = junk food [lit. “trash food”]
  • la mesa = table
  • la silla = chair
  • el plato = dish, plate
  • el tenedor = fork
  • el cuchillo = knife
  • la cuchara = spoon
  • los palillos chinos = chopsticks [lit. “little Chinese sticks”]
  • la servilleta = napkin
  • la copa = wine glass [goblet]
  • el vaso = water glass
  • la taza = coffe cup / teacup
  • la botella = bottle
  • la lata = can (of something) [lit. “tin”]
  • la bebida = drink / beverage
  • el agua (f.) = water [a feminine noun with a masc. article]
  • el alcohol = alcohol
  • el vino tinto = red wine
  • el vino blanco = white wine
  • la cerveza = beer
  • la soda / el refresco / la cola / la gaseosa = soda / pop
  • el café = coffee
  • el té = tea [té negro = black tea, té verde = green tea, té blanco = white tea]
  • el zumo = juice [typically Spain or Mexico]
  • el jugo = juice [typically Latin America]
  • el hielo / el yelo = ice
  • la leche = milk
  • la crema = cream
  • el azúcar = sugar
  • el desayuno = breakfast
  • el almuerzo / la comida = lunch [la comida is really only for Mexico and Spain, el almuerzo is for everyone else, not that it won’t be understood everywhere]
  • la cena = dinner
  • el apertivo = appetizer
  • el plato principal / el plato fuerte = entrée / main dish
  • el postre = dessert
  • el menú / la carta = menu
  • el precio = price
  • la cuenta = the bill
  • la propina = the tip
  • ¿Cuál…? / ¿Cuáles…? - Which…? / Which ones…?

Food

  • la carne = meat
  • las verduras = vegetables
  • el pescado = fish (to be eaten)
  • los mariscos = seafood
  • los lácteos = dairy (food group)
  • los granos = grains
  • agrio/a = sour
  • amargo/a = bitter
  • dulce = sweet
  • salado/a = salty
  • picante = spicy
  • caliente = hot
  • frío/a = cold
  • asado/a = roasted
  • sofrito/a = sauteed
  • tostado/a = toasted
  • quemado/a = burnt
  • la grasa = fat
  • el pan = bread
  • el queso = cheese
  • la manteca / la mantequilla = butter [manteca or mantequilla depends on where you are]
  • el aceite = oil
  • el vinagre = vinegar
  • la salsa de tomate / la ketchup / la catsup = ketchup
  • la mostaza = mustard
  • la mayonesa = mayonnaise
  • la salsa = sauce OR salsa
  • la ensalada = salad
  • la carne de res = beef
  • el bistec = steak
  • el puerco = pork
  • la ternera = veal
  • el cordero = lamb
  • el carnero = mutton
  • el pollo = chicken OR poultry
  • el pavo = turkey
  • el jamón = ham
  • la salchica = sausage OR hot dog
  • el tocino = bacon
  • el huevo = egg
  • el camarón / los camarones = shrimp [sometimes seen as la gamba which may be used interchangeably, or for “prawn”]
  • la pasta = pasta
  • el espagueti = spaghetti
  • el macarrón / los macarrones = macaroni [also known as los coditos “little elbows”]
  • los fideos = noodles
  • la sopa = soup
  • la lechuga = lettuce
  • la espinaca = spinach
  • el tomate = tomato
  • la aceituna = olive
  • el ajo = garlic
  • el apio = celery
  • la cebolla = onion
  • la zanahoria = carrot
  • el calabacín = zucchini
  • la berenjena = eggplant
  • el aguacate = avocado
  • el pepino = cucumber
  • el pimiento (rojo/verde) = (red/green) pepper
  • el ají / el chile = pepper [often Bell peppers or spicier peppers]
  • el hongo, la seta = mushroom
  • los frijoles / las alubias / las habichuelas = beans
  • el haba / las habas = beans (bigger, usually) [fava beans OR el haba de cacao is “cocoa beans”, el haba de café “coffee beans]
  • las judías = green beans
  • el legumbre = legume
  • el maíz = corn
  • la papa, la patata = potato
  • las papas/patatas fritas = French fries
  • el arroz = rice
  • la manzana = apple
  • la cereza = cherry
  • la naranja = orange
  • la uva = grape
  • la frambuesa = raspberry
  • la fresa = strawberry [in some places it's la frutilla]
  • el arándano = blueberry [in some cases this means "blackberry” as well]
  • la mora = blackberry
  • la lima = lime
  • el limón = lemon
  • el durazno / el melocotón = peach [Latin America / Spain, respectively]
  • el coco = coconut
  • la piña / el ananá = pineapple [Latin America / (sometimes) Spain, respectively]
  • la sandía = watermelon
  • la masa = dough (or corn masa)
  • la harina = flour
  • la levadura = yeast
  • la miel = honey
  • la torta / el pastel = cake
  • la torta = pie, cobbler (etc.)
  • el helado = ice cream
  • la tortilla = omelette OR tortilla
  • el cacahuete / el maní = peanut
  • la calabaza = pumpkin
  • la escarcha = frosting
  • glaseado / glacé = frosted / with frosting / glazed
  • la nuez / las nueces = nuts [in general, but also refers to “hazelnut”]
  • la vainilla = vanilla
  • el chocolate = chocolate

Spices

  • las especias = spices
  • las hierbas / las yerbas = herbs
  • la sal = salt
  • la pimienta = pepper
  • el salero = salt shaker
  • el pimentero = pepper shaker
  • el pimentón = paprika
  • la albahaca = basil
  • el orégano = oregano
  • el comino = cumin
  • el cardamomo = cardamom
  • el hinojo = fennel
  • la pimienta de Jamaica = allspice [Jamaican allspice]
  • la (pimienta de) cayena = cayenne pepper
  • el anís = anise
  • el clavo, los clavos = cloves
  • el jengibre = ginger
  • el enebro = juniper
  • la cúrcuma = tumeric
  • el cilantro / el coriandro = coriander
  • el eneldo = dill
  • el azafrán = saffron
  • el perejil = parsely
  • la salvia = sage
  • el romero = rosemary
  • el tomillo = thyme
  • la hoja/hojita de laurel = bay leaf
  • la menta = mint
  • la hierbabuena / la yerbabuena = peppermint

People

  • alérgico/a = allergic
  • carnívoro/a = meat-eater
  • vegetariano/a = vegetarian
  • vegano/a = vegan
  • camarero/a = waiter / waitress
  • mesero/a = waiter / waitress
  • el chef / la chef = chef
  • cocinero/a = cook, chef
  • panadero/a = baker [often bread; el pan]
  • pastelero/a OR repostelero/a = pastry chef
  • el restaurador / la restauradora = restaurant owner
  • el dueño / la dueña = owner
  • el jefe / la jefa = boss
  • el / la ayudante = helper
  • empleado/a = employee
  • repartidor / repartidora = delivery person
  • el/la recepcionista = receptionist / host(ess) / person answering the phones
  • cajero/a = cashier
  • [There isn’t really a word for a “host” or “hostess” in Spanish in the sense of someone who greets you and seats you. A “host” will be anfitrión / anfitriona but that’s more someone who invites you to their house]


Verbs

  • ser alérgico/a a algo = to be allergic to something
  • poner la mesa = to set the table
  • limpiar = to clean
  • comer = to eat
  • beber = to drink
  • tomar = to eat, to drink, to take
  • pedir = to ask for, to order [in the sense of making a request for food]
  • traer = to bring
  • servir = to serve
  • servir un vaso de agua = to pour a glass of water
  • poner un vaso de agua = to pour a glass of water
  • llevar = to carry
  • pagar = to pay
  • pagar en efectivo = to pay in cash
  • pagar 
  • ayudar = to help
  • recomendar = to recommend
  • hacer = to do, to make
  • cortar = to cut
  • quemar = to burn
  • helar, congelar = to freeze
  • enfriar = to chill
  • calentar = to heat up
  • cocinar = to cook
  • sofreír = to saute
  • asar = to roast
  • batir = to stir
  • mezclar = to mix
  • hornear = to bake in the oven
  • amasar = to knead dough
  • glasear / escarchar = to frost (something)
  • añadir = to add in
  • endulzar = to sweeten
  • gustar = to like
  • probar = to taste / to try
  • salar = to add salt
  • sazonar, aliñar, aderezar = to season, to add spices
  • reservar = to reserve
  • masticar = to chew
  • morder = to bite
  • lamer = to lick
  • tragar = to swallow
  • eructar = to burp
  • sorber = to sip
  • saber a = to taste like
  • oler a = to smell like
  • incluir = to include
  • llevar = for a dish to contain (something)
  • el plato lleva… = the dish contains…
  • ¿Qué lleva este plato? = What does this dish contain? 

Come tutti gli anni, lo aiutò, senza chiedergli niente, e nascondendogli qualsiasi sua inquietudine. Solo l’ultima sera, dopo aver spento la lampada, trovò la forza per dirgli:
- Promettimi che tornerai.
Con voce ferma, senza dolcezza.
- Promettimi che tornerai.
Nel buio [..] rispose
- Te lo prometto.

(Seta)

Vorrei che il mio pensiero fosse come un nastro di seta, te lo metterei addosso, te lo farei sentire sul petto scorrendo lentamente sul cuore e, più che un pensiero sarebbe una carezza.
—  il cercatore d'amore