location identified

One of the most genius characters David Lynch has ever cooked up is The Cowboy from Mulholland Drive. What I like about him so much wasn’t apparent to me until I rewatched the film for what had to be the fourth or fifth time recently, because I noticed that his costuming is actually a very early 21st century peacoat dyed and distressed to slightly resemble leather. At some point I’ll sit my butt down and write something cohesive about how Mullholand Drive embodies postmodern pastiche like nothing else I’ve seen, but taking the cowboy here: he is a reference without a referent, an empty indicator of something which is assumed to be identifiable or locatable but which, in reality, evades all attempts to position him in a place or time. By this I mean that The Cowboy is like all other cinematic cowboys, in that rather than embodying something real about the conceptual fiction we call “the Old West”, the cowboy is always a cowboy of his cinema’s specific moment and values–whether that’s midcentury Americana, cold-war anxiety, 70s cyncisim, etc. This operation has been noted again and again throughout the history of the Western as a genre, but has done little to displace the tempting fiction that there is ever a cowboy that existed outside of his mediation through the film genre. Our understanding of what a cowboy is is inseperable from the myth, but over time, this myth is depleted–the cowboy as trope is made and re-made, the reference references all other filmic cowboys as well as the “original” (also inherently absent) cowboy. Lynch’s cowboy arrives as a mysterious figure entrenched in what appears to be a Hollywood conspiracy, alongside the businessmen, directors, and other symols of male egotism that pepper these scenes of the film. While these tropic figures seem to be played relatively straight, however, The Cowboy is both absurd and impossible to decipher. I don’t think it’s an accident that it took me four viewings (none of these were on a laptop, all were either in a theatre or at least a theatre-like setting) to notice the anachronistic nature of The Cowboy’s clothing. What can we make of this choice?  It’s my belief that  a man dressed in an accurate (i.e., accurate to earlier Hollywood depictions) cowboy costume would have been legible as “in diguise” (i.e., a member of the conspiracy dressed as a cowboy), this cowboy is a cowboy, and nothing but a cowboy. It’s with this character that I think Lynch really blows open the difference between costume and disguise; one is artifice emodied, the other implies that there is a “true” meaning or self that can be uncovered, but which is hidden. The filmic cowboy of the early 2000s is all costume–literally, the costume “of his time,”— because Lynch’s film is concerned not with American idealism or other tensions that were expressed (allegorically or metaphorically) in earlier Westerns, but with reflexively revealing the formation of myths central to American cinema, myths which form core of what Hollywood film is and does and how we understand it. So when I say that The Cowboy is a reference without a referent, I mean that the thing being referred to is the absence of a “real” cowboy–a folding reference into the tissue of Hollywood that has no center. It’s pretty cool, mostly because while The Cowboy seems like a massive red herring, it’s also impossible for me to imagine Mulholland Drive being complete without him. 

Curiosity of the Week: Bees!

Honey Bees can travel very far just to find nectar and water. They usually go as far as a radius of 4 miles covering 32,166 archers around their hives, but some bees have been know to go as far as 17 miles or even 30 to find what their hive needs to survive. After 7 miles the honey bees will start to loose more ‘weight’ (-8.6 pounds of honey) then they gain from the foraging process, but they will still go that far to find what they require. With this massive distances for a small target honey bees have a form of language to tell their sisters were the flowers are. They communicate with dance.

Originally posted by somerandomdavid

There are at least 3 different types of dance that the honey bee uses, the most famous of which is the waggle dance. This is a term used by the beekeepers and some ethologist to describe the small wiggly figure 8 dance that a worker bee will do. A successful forager will perform this to identify the location for all of the other workers. It covers the distance, direction, and and patches of followers, water sources, and even new nesting sites. 

The direction and distance of the waggle run is directly proportional to the distance and direction of the thing they are referring to. some  species of honey bee, specifically the Apis mellifera and Apis nigrocincta, can use the placement of the sun to describe by using the vertical combs of the hive. The duration of the dance correlates to the distance but the speed of the waggle just shows how happy and excited the bee is about its find. Happy bees perform a happy dance!

This dance isn’t the only communication used. The scent is tracked by the other bees to find the same source. It is believed that most of the time this isn’t new foraging spots one preexisting ones in the hives knowledge. The dance may just be a trigger to activate foraging behavior or activate a memory. This behavior doesn’t really function as a language and is actually not that accurate or consistent, it most likely evolved as a social encouragement in the hive. The behaviors extend beyond dancing and include zig-zaging, buzzing, shaking, and even crashing into other nest-mates.

Originally posted by failworldblog

That’s right, those weren’t silly awkward bees, that shit is like a well calculated high-five. A high-five to the face that may end in a broken limb or two. Honey bees aren’t the only ones to do this. Wasps, hornets, bumblebees, sting-less bees, and even ants share this behavior for encouragement. 

There are also more dances that are performed in the hive that are social in nature. the tremble dance is recruitment for a source and is very similar to the waggle. This dance is more sent based and more a warning then an encouragement. There is also the grooming dance which triggers allogrooming. Allogrooming is seen in almost every social animal, including humans, were members in the activity make sure they look good, are healthy, and share a mutual relationship, It creates a proximity bond. 

Bees have a complex yet very simplistic communication system that reinforces their strange little society. Kind of like humans, dancing, smell, grooming, and awkward encounters keep the members together. 


The Clandestine World of Numbers Stations,

After the end of World War II and during the Cold War, there was a drastic increase in a phenomenon now known as “numbers stations”.  Numbers stations are shortwave radio stations which broadcast exceedingly odd and unusual broadcasts, such as a long list of numbers, a random list of letters, or a nonsensical list of words or phrases. It was not uncommon for such broadcasts to interrupt the communications of ham radio operators, truck drivers, air traffic controller, and shortwave radio enthusiasts.  Speculation grew as to what these numbers stations were used for, but the sudden increase in such shortwave traffic during the Cold War leads to only one plausible conclusion; that they are clandestine coded broadcasts used by governments to communicate with spies and other intelligence agents.  Today there are a number of shortwave radio hobbyists whose past time is to locate and identify the source of these numbers stations.  With certain equipment it is possible to trace a shortwave radio signal to its source, and with a given location it can be quite easy to infer whose is making the broadcasts.  For example, one of the most popular numbers station, known as the “Lincolnshire Poacher Station”, was traced to the Royal Air Force Base in Akritiri, Cyprus.  Thus it is logical to assume that the British Government had some role in its broadcasts between 1988 and its closure in 2008.  Over several decades scores of stations have been identified belonging to the US, British, Russian/Soviet, Israeli, French, German, and numerous other governments. All of course, deny knowledge of such broadcasts.

When the Cold War ended in 1989, the number of numbers stations decreased drastically.  While today numbers stations are still common, they are nowhere near as common as they were during the Cold War.  Along with the end of the Cold War, the invention of new communication methods which are more advanced and more secure could explain the decrease in the use of numbers stations.    More and more numbers stations are becoming commonly used by less powerful nations such as North Korea and Cuba.  Cuba especially has been known as a prolific shortwave radio user, albeit not a very effective one as dozens of Cuban spies have been rooted out and prosecuted using shortwave radio messages as evidence (see the Attencion Spy Case and The Miami Five).  In addition, many numbers stations today have been found to belong to non-governmental groups, such as rebel groups, freedom fighters, terrorists, drug cartels, and organized crime. 

Did you know that spiders can 'tune' their webs for love?

Spiders can control the tension and stiffness of their webs to optimize their sensory powers, helping them locate and identify prey as well as partners, according to researchers at Oxford University.

Much in same way that notes travel along a plucked guitar string, spider silk transmits vibrations in different frequencies, sending information back to the spider.

“A lot of males will actually generate a very specific kind of musical pattern which the females can use to determine not only that they’re a male but they’re the right species and whether she might want to mate with them as well.”

Photograph: EPA/Alamy

heres a tip

Don’t take photos of strangers and upload them to mock them
Don’t so it because you’ve assumed someone is trans
Don’t do it if they are with a child

You do it again and, yes, this is an actual death threat, report me if you will, but I will fucking kill you if you put my daughter at risk again. 

Mutogender - A gender identity that changes based on the situation a person is in (such as the people surrounding them or their location). The person identifying as mutogender may or may not indicate what genders they feel, and may or may not change pronouns based on what gender they are experiencing.

This can be considered a form of genderfluidity.

Injustice for Vietnam War Veterans

Recently, I learned something that I feel is incredibly unjust. 

As history teaches and many people in my hometown know, during the Vietnam War, Laos was decidedly neutral. However, the North Vietnamese forces were sneaking through Laos to conduct military strikes against South Vietnam. Clearly, Laotians didn’t like this happening because it meant possible danger, so they struck up a secret alliance with the U.S. CIA. The Hmong (the largest minority ethnic group in Laos) were a significant help and essential in the American fight. These soldiers rescued many American pilots, identified locations for American bomb strikes, fought Vietnamese communist forces, protected the jungle and mountain areas occupied by American forces, sabotaged Vietnamese supply lines, and gathered intelligence for the U.S. 

It is evident that without these Hmong soldiers, the loss of American soldiers would have been far greater. Laos suffered a casualty rate five times higher than the rate experienced by American soldiers. Hmong soldiers risked their very own lives for the lives of American soldiers. How honorable is that? Many American citizens had the Hmong to thank for being able to see their loved ones come home safely from the Vietnam War. 

Unfortunately, after the Americans abandoned Laos, communists gained control of the country. They destroyed and killed off so many villages. Only 75% of the Hmong in Laos survived the Vietnam War and its aftermath. Of these survivors, one-third of these people decided to do the dangerous in order to keep themselves safe. They fled to Thailand. I’ve heard stories of how parents had to drug their own babies in order to keep them from crying and revealing their location to the communists just to get across the boarder. The treks were awful.

As many people began to realize, Thailand refugee camps are no place to raise a family, so with the help of private American organizations, some Hmong families were flown to America to give them safety as a thank you for their remarkable role in the American fight. I’m going to say it again: these were private organizations. The U.S. government played no role in helping Hmong soldiers and their families at all after the Vietnam war despite any promises that may have been made. Is that really how we thank our allies?

I am a citizen of the United States of America. I happen to live in one of the few areas that has a high population of Hmong-Americans. It may seem insignificant when I tell you that my state’s population is 1% Hmong, but as for my city, it is so much greater. My graduating high school class was 19.5% Hmong-American. I know people who have incredible family stories: their grandparents were born in Laos and fought for the Americans then fled to Thailand, their parents were born in Thailand then moved to America, and they themselves were born in America and are beginning to start their own families.

What I found to be shocking and unjust recently was that even though these Hmong people who are Vietnam War veterans that had fought for the U.S., risked their lives for American citizens, and are now U.S. veterans, they are not considered Vietnam War veterans by our American government, and therefore, they receive no benefits. This may seem like a tedious problem to the majority of America, but to me, and to my city, it is an outraging problem and we wish to thank them and for the United States Government to treat them as the heroes they are. These are beautiful, brave people who continue to inspire me everyday.

If GOM plus Kagami & Kuroko were GPS.
  • Kuroko: Please turn right at West ****. Take a left at the corner, please.
  • Kagami: Take a left... desu. 2.4 miles away from the destination... desu.
  • Aomine: Take whatever route you want. I don't care.
  • Midorima: In Oha Asa's reading for this date, take a right upon reaching the east side of the downtown. Exit #67, as Oha Asa said.
  • Murasakibara: Cannot identify your location. Please try the candy store that is located at the **** east side after exiting the highway #45.
  • Kise: *perfectly directing the driver then* Uwah, Kurokocchi is now located in the building that you'd like to visit.
  • Akashi: Do not obey my orders and follow my command. I am absolute so take a right turn, proceed until you reach the **** street and your destination would be at your left.

Kdin has been running the support crew almost as long as the FAHC has been active enough to support. Those few months before he was around were. Messy. at best.

The results of his work are unquestionable, under his watch support are an unflappable machine; sourcing weapons and surveilling locations, identifying obstacles and running interference, keeping the FAHC out of trouble when they can, diving in to save their sorry asses when they can’t. As overseer Kdin has proven himself invaluable a million times over, but thats not the only reason no one within the crew would dream of messing with him.

It’s not because he’s always armed; while he learned to shoot before learning to drive being an impeccable shot is no big feat in the company they keep. Nor is it because of his family name, never relied upon but always there. Its not even his access to all their online data that makes him so dangerous, not really.  

There’s something careful about Kdin, contained and restrained and wholly intentional. Something hinting at more, at darkness, at violence, something tucked away behind rolled eyes and sharp words.

For all that he is one of them, part of the family and unquestionably trusted, Kdin has held on to privacy far more effectively than any other member of the crew.

They all have his number, his back up number and Geoff’s emergency ‘pick up right now or i’ll fucking set you on fire’ number but somehow no one has any idea where he lives, what he does with the few hours he spends off base. It’s not for lack of trying, they found Ryan’s apartment for fucks sake, but every attempt to pry is carefully twisted around into a new conversation.

Its that, of all things, that really cements Kdin and Gavin’s friendship. No one saw it coming, on the surface they are wildly different in just about every way imaginable, and spend most of their time deliberately antagonising one another, but they come together over secrets and subterfuge. Like attracts like after all, and Gavin of all people knows the value of cunning, of smoke and mirrors, understands how being underestimated can bring just as much safety as the weight of a gun. How it can be just as dangerous.

While he has his own faceless reputation in select circles, few outside the FAHC known just how dangerous Kdin can be, which is exactly how he likes it. Beyond his own crew realising just how much they need him Kdin has no thirst for recognition, no desire to give up secrecy for the sake of a spotlight, and if you’re going to live in a shadow you may as well make it the biggest one in the city. There is untold power in being an integral yet unseen part of the ruling gang in Los Santos; no one asks after the disembodied voice on the comms after all, and it’s hard to think yourself anything less than cataclysmic when dropping commands into the ears of killers.

Sunday, January 3rd - Goals

It’s time to set some goals for the month, and the year, if you’d like. The mistake many people make in setting goals is that they make them too vague and too big. Goals need to be S.M.A.R.T. in order to be useful for you:


A specific goal has a much greater chance of being accomplished than a general goal. To set a specific goal you must answer the six “W” questions:

  • Who is involved?   
  • What do I want to accomplish?
  • Where?  Identify a location.
  • When:   Establish a time frame.
  • Which:   Identify requirements and constraints.
  • Why:    Specific reasons, purpose or benefits of accomplishing the goal.

EXAMPLE:  A general goal would be, “Get in shape.” But a specific goal would say, “Join a health club and workout 3 days a week.”

M = Measureable

  • Establish concrete criteria for measuring progress toward the attainment of each goal you set.
  • When you measure your progress, you stay on track, reach your target dates, and experience the exhilaration of achievement that spurs you on to continued effort required to reach your goal.
  • To determine if your goal is measurable, ask questions such as:  How much? How many? How will I know when it is accomplished?

 A = Attainable

 Make sure your goals attainable. Setting goals that are too hard to accomplish will only make you feel defeated if you can’t attain them.  

For example, if you set a goal to go for a run for 1 hour every evening after work, but you already have other responsibilities which can’t be changed on 2 of those nights, you are just setting yourself up to fail. Or, if you’ve never run before, you don’t want to jump in from zero and try to run for an hour.  

You want your goals to challenge you, but at the same time be attainable and reasonable.   You should also make them FLEXIBLE. Perhaps instead of a goal of running every night after work, you simply make the goal to work out one hour per day, which could mean two half-hour workout videos, or a single one hour run, or one hour of yoga, or even four fifteen minute walks.  Allowing some flexibility in your goals will allow you to still accomplish them even when things go wrong, which they will. Assume things will go wrong and have a Plan B ready to go. 

R = Realistic

To be realistic, a goal must represent an objective toward which you are both willing and able to work. A goal can be both high and realistic; you are the only one who can decide just how high your goal should be. But be sure that every goal represents substantial progress. Your goal is probably realistic if you truly believe that it can be accomplished. Additional ways to know if your goal is realistic is to determine if you have accomplished anything similar in the past or ask yourself what conditions would have to exist to accomplish this goal.

T = Timely

A goal should be grounded within a time frame. With no time frame tied to it there’s no sense of urgency. If you want to run a 5k, when do you want to run it by? “Someday” won’t work. But if you anchor it within a timeframe, “by May 1st”, then you’ve set your unconscious mind into motion to begin working on the goal.  

Also, if you set a goal that is too far away, it makes it difficult to be motivated to start. So, instead of saying, ‘run a 5k by December’, start off with something smaller and more short-term, like ‘run for 2 minutes without walking by January 15th ‘ or ‘complete a C25K program by March 1st


So, what are three specific, measurable, attainable, realistic, and timely goals you can set for this month?

  • Make sure you list the specific steps you will need to do to reach these goals. 
  • Do you need to enlist the help of anyone else to attain these goals? Who? How will you go about this? 
  • Do you need to acquire any equipment like running shoes, a C25K app, a gym membership, etc. in order to accomplish these goals? What is the deadline for getting these things?

Photo suggestions:

  • Before body photos (front, side & back)
  • Screenshot/photo of your most recent run time, daily steps, etc.
  • Photo of  you doing a yoga pose you want to improve on
  • Photo of a goal you want to achieve

Don’t forget to tag your posts #sparkingthefire !


Kacper Kowalski will tell you there’s a beautiful sense of wonder in gazing at things from above. That’s why he takes to the sky in a paramotor to capture breathtaking views of Poland for his series Side Effects.

This impetus to spot patterns is evident in his work, in which striking aerial perspectives reveal unexpected forms and textures in the landscape. Kowalski doesn’t identify the locations because he believes not knowing what you’re seeing enhances the sense of wonder. Incredibly, the intensely bright colors of his photos are exactly as he saw them; he doesn’t use filters or alter them in post-production.

Check out more photos and read about Kowalski’s project.


Starbucks Sets Up “Safe Spaces” For LGBTQ Individuals In Seattle

The Safe Places Program is spearheaded by Ritter, the LGBTQ liaison for the Seattle PD. Participating businesses and locations identify themselves by a window cling with the program’s logo: a police badge colored with a rainbow motif. Ritter started the partnership after noticing discrepancies between reported hate crimes and what he was hearing anecdotally. 



“Why are you doing this” - Bristol Cathedral

I think “Why are you doing this?” is set in the courtyard of Bristol Cathedral.

The few identifying factors are the landscape of windows just above this actor’s left arm, and the building wall and ladder just to the left of his hat. 

With the two large vertical windows just above a smaller square window (with another of the same just next to it) - compared with this photo from setlock (x)

And then set up of the ladder, which seen here (more photos here)

(This was also the set calling for male and female Chinese artists, and where we saw carriages, another outdoor Victorian!221B, lots of extras, lots of smoke, and apparently Ben, Martin and Amanda (with the Black costume), fog, and possibly both an explosion and Martin’s stunt double)


“ah can’t fuckin believe this.. we get back from the club and marnie’s tashin on with gaz, charlotte’s pissed herself AGAIN, and on top of all that, we still haven’t managed to locate or identify the person who murdered Scotty T three months ago.. can tonight get ANY worse?”

While dependent on specific historical contexts, we can say that for the state, identity can be understood as the outcome of exclusionary practices in which resistant elements to a secure identity on the ‘inside’ are linked through a discourse of 'danger’ with threats identified and located on the 'outside.’ This outcome of this is that boundaries are constructed, spaces demarcated, standards of legitimacy incorporated, interpretations of history privileged, and alternatives marginalized.
—  David Campbell, Writing Security: United States Foreign Policy and the Politics of Identity (Revised Edition)

Vivid Map Pinpoints Every Street Tree in NYC

“ MANHATTAN’S TREES TEND to get overshadowed—quite literally in some cases—by skyscrapers that line the city’s streets. But they play an essential role in the city’s habitat: providing oxygen, supporting wildlife, and managing the flow and movement of rainwater.

Starting in May, the NYC Department of Parks and Recreation will begin a five to seven month-long street census to locate and identify the species of every street-side tree.”

Read more via wired.