Photo of the “Llullaillaco Maiden”, a 15 year old girl sacrificed during the Inca Empire for both purposes of religious rite and social control. She was chosen a year prior to her death, fed a ritualistic diet for an approximate twelve months to make her gain weight, then was drugged and left on the shrine at Volcano Llullaillaco, where she was left to die of exposure. For five hundred years, her body had been preserved at 82 ft. She is considered to be the best preserved Andean mummy uncovered.

Final Moments of Incan Child Mummies' Lives Revealed

Three Incan children who were sacrificed 500 years ago were regularly given drugs and alcohol in their final months to make them more compliant in the ritual that ultimately killed them, new research suggests.

Archaeologists analyzed hair samples from the frozen mummies of the three children, who were discovered in 1999, entombed within a shrine near the 22,100-foot (6,739 meters) summit of the Argentinian volcano Llullaillaco. The samples revealed that all three children consistently consumed coca leaves (from which cocaine is derived) and alcoholic beverages, but the oldest child, the famed “Maiden,” ingested markedly more of the substances. Coca was a highly controlled substance during the height of the Inca Empire, when the children were sacrificed. Read more.

A little tidbit from the final film of my animation degree. Llullaillaco Lullaby is a two minute short about the beautiful Lullaillaco Maiden (aka la Doncella). Done entirely in chalk pastel under camera. Which I have been regretting deeply for the past couple of months, since it forces me to work in a dark, dusty room far from sunshine, fresh air and fellow humans. Oh well.

500yr Old Inca Child Mummies Found Drugged.

Archaeologists have found three Inca child mummies dating back to 500yrs on the top of the 22,000ft summit of the Mount Llullaillco volcano in Argentina.

One of the mummies found is that of a thirteen year old girl, now dubbed as the ‘Llullaillaco Maiden’, the other two mummies are that of a boy and a girl aged around four years old.

Click here to learn more about the Lllullaillaco Maiden!

Girl mummy reveals how early American lineages were wiped out by European migration
"It's extinct, we won't find it again."
By Bec Crew

Meet La Doncella (“The Maiden”) - the mummified body of a 13-year-old Incan girl discovered in permafrost in 1999. Killed during a ritual sacrifice at Mount Llullaillaco in Argentina some 500 years ago, this girl is thought to be the descendant of the first people to settle the Americas 16,000 years ago.

Now a new study has analysed DNA from the Incan girl and 91 other individuals from the Pre-Columbian era to discover that their unique genetic line vanished once the Spaniards arrived during the 15th century.

“Surprisingly, none of the genetic lineages we found in almost 100 ancient humans were present, or showed evidence of descendants, in today’s Indigenous populations,” says lead researcher, Bastien Llamas from the University of Adelaide’s Australian Centre for Ancient DNA (ACAD).


Many astronomical images posted on Tumblr were captured not by a space telescope like Hubble but at an observatory in Chile’s Atacama Desert.

 [VLT] at Paranal Observatory in Chile
The world’s most advanced visible-light astronomical observatory

  • The Very Large Telescope array is the world’s most advanced optical instrument.
  • It consists of four Unit Telescopes with main mirrors of 8.2m diameter and four movable 1.8m diameter Auxiliary Telescopes.
  • The VLT’s four Unit Telescopes are named after celestial objects in the indigenous Mapuche language, Mapudungun:
    Antu (the Sun); Kueyen (the Moon); Melipal (the Southern Cross); and Yepun (Venus). 

TOP IMAGE: Home of the Very Large Telescope

  • In the foreground we see the Paranal Observatory, located at an altitude of 2,600 metres [8,645 ft] on mount Paranal in Chile.
  • In the background we can see the snow-capped, 6,720 meter-high volcano Llullaillaco, located a mind-boggling 190 km further East on the Argentinean border.

This image is a testimony of the magnificent quality of the air and the ideal conditions for observing at this remote site.
Credit: ESO/G.Hüdepohl (atacamaphoto.com) // (via ESO)

MIDDLE:  The four main VLT units can be seen, as well the four auxiliary telescopes. || Credit: ESO/H.H.Heyer  SOURCE: ESO

BOTTOM:  The four 8.2-metre Unit Telescopes (UTs) are visible, from left to right, Antu, Kueyen, Melipal and Yepun. In front of them are the four 1.8-metre Auxiliary Telescopes, dedicated to interferometry, a technique which allows astronomers to see details up to 25 times finer than with the individual telescopes.

A reddish laser beam is being launched from Yepun as part of the Adaptive Optics system which allows astronomers to remove the effects of atmospheric turbulence, producing images almost as sharp as if the telescope were in space.

CREDIT: ESO Photo Ambassador Serge Brunier (via ESO)