密陀僧 (Mitsudasou) | #F9C85A | “Litharge”

Mitsudasou comes from the Persian word murda sang (litharge or lead oxide) and refers to the dark yellow shade of lead oxide powder. Used to make various glazes, lacquers, and cements, lead oxide powder is an essential component of the Japanese oil painting technique mitsuda-e, where it’s added as a drying agent and to allow the use of previously unattainable colors such as white and other pale tints. Thought to have originated in Persia, this technique made its way from China to Japan in the 7th century.

(Picture sources: 1, 2, 3 | More colors)