19th century (1800 to 1860) movement emphasizing emotion and imagination, rather than logic and scientific thought. Response to the Enlightenment.
Notable authors: Victor Hugo, Lord Byron and Camilo Castelo Branco (x)
(the Romantic era) was an artistic, intellectual and literary movement originated in Europe on 19th century. It was a reaction to the Industrial Revolution and also a revolt against aristocratic social and political norms of the Age of Enlightenment and a reaction against the scientific rationalization of nature. It was more represented by visual arts, music and literature, but had a leading impact on historiography, education and the natural sciences. Some of the most important autors of this period are: Goethe, that with The Sorrows of Young Werther, published in 1774 was an early influence to the Romantic era, not only in Germany, but also around the world. Other famous autors of this age: Mary Shelley, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Lord Byron, Walter Scott, Jane Austen, Emily Brontë, Edgar Allan Poe, Alexandre Dumas, Victor Hugo, and much more.
“How absurd it was that in all the seven kingdoms, the weakest and most vulnerable of people - girls, women - went unarmed and were taught nothing, while the strong were trained to the highest reaches of their skill.”
The three-act structure is a model used in writing, including screenwriting, and in evaluating modern storytelling that divides a fictional narrative into three parts, often called the Setup, the Confrontation and the Resolution. (x)
The concept of a ring composition, as used in a narrative, revolves around specific rhetorical techniques related to ancient oral traditions, where a speaker will present various ideas or topics in a sequence, before reaching a kind of crescendo composed of the most important topic or idea; afterward, the speaker will retrace the pattern back to the original starting point. This kind of communication has been used for many centuries to tell stories and relay information. Experts believe it has served various purposes, including a mnemonic element that helps the speaker remember how to proceed with a narrative. (x)
Sing to me of the man, Muse, the man of twists and turns
driven time and again off course, once he had plundered
the hallowed heights of Troy.
Many cities of men he saw and learned their minds,
many pains he suffered, heartsick on the open sea,
fighting to save his life and bring his comrades home.
But he could not save them from disaster, hard as he strove –
the recklessness of their own ways destroyed them all,
the blind fools, they devoured the cattle of the Sun
and the Sungod blotted out the day of their return… .
Some say in ice. From what I’ve tasted of desire I hold with those who favor fire. But if it had to perish twice, I think I know enough of hate To say that for destruction ice Is also great And would suffice.