lirum

7

Ferdinand Kriwet, Sehtexte: Rundscheiben, Verlag M. DuMont Schauberg, Köln, 1970. Folder / Rundscheibe I: Wer wen wenn ein jager, 1960 / Rundscheibe III: Anschlusse zunehmed einwarts, 1961 / Rundscheibe VI: Type is honey, 1962 / Rundscheibe VII: Zuverspaetceterandfigurinnennenswertollos, 1962 / Rundscheibe IX: Lirum darum, 1962 / Rundscheibe XIII: Wen labal new?, 1963 / Colophon here

anonymous asked:

hey! i love your blog and it made me even more interested on sumerian language. also, my name means "woman of strength" or "one who is strong". could you translate it?

Silim! And thanks for the kind words ^_^

I’ll translate “strong woman” first. The basic word for “woman” is munus. There are quite a few words for “strong” in Sumerian, but a couple pertinent ones are lirum “physically strong, athletic” and kalag “strong, powerful”

(You may notice these words look very similar. It’s because lirum is (most often) written with kalag 𒆗 as one of its component signs.)

There are also a couple more specific terms you may like. One is angal, “strong person” in the sense of “leader” (it’s a gender-neutral term). There is also a specific term, burshuma, which means “matriarch, old and powerful woman”.

Thanks again!

GTTGYF Backlog Spoilers

Backlog of All Gaming Things that give you Feels posts *spoilers included* (A list without spoilers is also available):

These should all link to their respective pages. Just CTRL+F to search for a specific keyword relating to the Feel you want to find. If there are any broken links, please message me~

1)          Journey: Completing Your First Journey

2)          Final Fantasy VII: Crisis Core: Zack’s Death

3)          Legend of Zelda Series: Pulling out your first Master Sword

4)          Bioshock: The Good Ending

5)          Red Dead Redemption: John Marston’s Death

6)          Pokemon: Choosing your first Pokemon

7)          Portal 2: Turret Opera

8)          Gears of War 2: Dom and Maria

9)          Final Fantasy X: The Spring Scene and Tidus and Yuna’s First Kiss

10)       Mother 3

11)       Pokemon: Defeating the Elite Four

12)       Kingdom Hearts: Ending

13)       Fallout 3: Your dad’s death

14)       Metal Gear Solid 3: Killing the Boss

15)       Psychonauts: Milla’s Nightmare

16)       Legend of Zelda: Twilight Princess: When Midna breaks the Mirror of Twilight and leaves forever

17)       Alan Wake: “It’s not a lake…it’s an ocean.”

18)       Mass Effect 3: “I’m proud of you.”

19)       Silent Hill 2: Talking to Angela on the burning staircase

20)       Super Paper Mario: The Ending

21)       Jak 3: Damas’s death and the reveal of Jak’s dad

22)       Dear Esther: Reaching the Aerial (Ending)

23)       Professor Layton and the Unwound Future: Ending

24)       Heavy Rain: (Discovering the truth and history behind the Origami Killer)

25)       Shadow of the Colossus: Losing Agro

26)       Kingdom Hearts 358/2 Days: Xion’s Death

27)       Half Life 2: Episode 2: When Alyx cries over her father

28)       Nier

29)       Fallout 3 & New Vegas: Ending Slides

30)       Xenoblade Chronicles: Fiora’s Death

31)       F3AR 3: Point Man’s ending

32)       Bioshock: The Dancers in Cohen’s Apartment

33 – Paper Mario: The Thousand Year Door: Scarlette’s Letter

34 – Finishing a rich and beautiful game

35 – Sonic Adventure 2: Shadow’s implied death

36 – Final Fantasy X: Ending

37 – LIMBO: Finding your sister

38 - Brothers in Arms: Hell’s Highway:When Baker tells Red he will never walk

39 – Pokemon Mystery Dungeon: Explorers of Sky: Grovyle and Celebi’s last moment together

40 – Silent Hill 3: Reading Harry’s Notebook

41 -  Persona 4: When Nanako dies

42 – Shadow of the Colossus: Seeing/Fighting your 1st Colossus

43 – Prince of Persia: Sands of Time: Farah’s death

44 – Bioshock: Andrew Ryan’s speech

45 – Earthbound: The changes after defeating Giygas

46 – Tales of Abyss: Asch’s death

47 – Final Fantasy VIII: The Ragnarok scene

48 – Assassin’s Creed: Revelations: When Ezio finds Altair’s skeleton

49 – Legend of Zelda: Majora’s Mask: Finishing the Anju/Kafei quest

50 – Kingdom Hearts 2: Axel’s death

51 – Dragon Age: Origins: The Cousland Origin

52 – Ib: The “Promise of Reunion” Ending

53 – Bioshock 2: The Neutral Ending

54 – Red Dead Redemption: Riding home to your family

55 – Devil May Cry 3: Dante and Vergil

56 – Lost Odyssey: Lirum

57 – Mass Effect 3: Thane’s Death

58 – Okami: Issun’s speech/prayer before the battle against Yami’s true form

59 - Diablo III: Tyrael’s Sacrifice

60 - Super Metroid: When the Metroid Hatchling rescues you

61 - Chrono Trigger: Crono’s Resurrection

62 - Kingdom Hearts 2: Returning to Destiny Islands

63 – Ib: Garry’s Death

64 – Tales of Symphonia: When the party reunites before fighting Pronyma

65 – Beating Your First Boss

66 – Gears of War 3: Dom’s Death

67 – Resident Evil 6: Pier’s Death

68 – Bioshock 2: The Good Ending

69 – Final Fantasy VI: When Celes tries to commit suicide

70 – Alundra: All the funerals

71 – The Walking Dead: Killing Duck

72 – Metal Gear Solid 4: Returning to Shadow Moses

73 – Tales of Monkey Island: Guybrush’s Death

74 – Skullgirls: Painwheel’s Ending

75 – Tales of Graces f: Finding out Lambda’s Past

76 – Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time: Saying Goodbye to Saria

77 – Pokemon Black/White 2: Getting N’s Zorua

78 – Dragon Quest IX: Aquila’s Death

79 – Tales of Graces f: Learning Malik’s Past

80 – Walking Dead: Lee’s Death 

81 - Fatal Frame 3: Normal Ending

82 – Tales of Symphonia: Mithos begging Martel not to go and descending further into madness

83 – Legend of Zelda: Majora’s Mask: Calling the 4 Giants

84 – Pokemon Colosseum: Opening the Door to a Shadow Pokemon’s Heart

85 – X-COM: Unknown Enemy: The Memorial

86 – Dragon Age: Origins: Leaving the Dalish Clan in the Dalish Origin

87 – NIGHTS Journey of Dreams: Secret Ending

88 – Okami: When Amaterasu turns into Shiranui

89 – Final Fantasy VI: Cyan’s Flashback of his wife and son

90 – Ace Combat 5: The Unsung War: Chopper’s Death

91 – Legend of Zelda: Skyward Sword: “Will you wake me up?"     

92 – Dragon Age: Origins: Tamlen’s Return

93 – Resident Evil 5: Lost in Nightmares: Jill’s Sacrifice

94 – Final Fantasy V: Galuf’s Flame has Flickered Out

95 – Borderlands 2: Opening Roland’s Personal Armory

96 – Pokemon Gold/Silver: Beating Red (Your First Persona)

97 – Metal Gear Solid 4: The Final Battle

98 – Castlevania: Dawn of Sorrow: When Cecelia kills Mina

99 – Tales of Symphonia: Corrine’s Sacrifice

100 – Nier: The King of Facades Death

101 – Legend of Dragoon: Death of Lavitz

102 – Legend of Zelda: Wind Waker: Leaving Outset Island

103 – Pokemon Mystery Dungeon: Explorers of the Time/Darkness/Sky: Hero’s Death

104 – Suikoden I: Gremio’s Death

105 – Super Mario Galaxy 2: Reaching the End of the Slimy Spring Galaxy

106 – Fatal Frame Project Zero 2: The Crimson Butterfly Ending

107 – Project Diva f: Time Machine

108 – Resident Evil Code Veronica:Steve’s Death

109 – Shadow Hearts: When Alice Sacrifices Herself for Yuri

110 – Silent Hill 2: "In Water” Ending

111 - Megaman Zero 4: Zero’s Sacrifice

112 – No More Heroes 2: Desperate Struggle: When Travis receives Bishop’s Head

113 – Kingdom Hearts: Dream Drop Distance: When Roxas Tells Sora He is His Own Person

114 – Asura’s Wrath: The True DLC Ending

115 – Borderlands 2: Bloodwings’s Death

116 – Persona 3: Akihiko visits Shinjiro’s Memorial

117 – Assassin’s Creed 2: Giovanni, Pertruccio, and Federico’s Deaths

118 -  Final Fantasy VIII: Laguna and Raine’s Story

119 – Okami: When you realize the real Rao is dead

120 – Pokemon: Black/White Version: When N Leaves

121 – Digital Devil Saga: Jinana’s Death      

122 – Shadow Hearts 2: The Good Ending

123 – Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty: Emma’s Death

124 – Left 4 Dead 2: The Passing DLC: Finding Bill’s Corpse

125 – Final Fantasy X-2: Watching all the scenes play through, while listening to Yuna and Lenne sing 1,000 Words

126 – The Unfinished Swan: Meeting the King/The Ending

127 – Okami: Kaguya’s Goodbye

128 – Shadows Hearts 2 - Covenant: The Oath (Where Yuri meets Alice[’s soul] again in the train where she died)

129 – Resident Evil 4: Luis’s Death

130 – Deus Ex: Human Revolution: Talking to Michelle Walthers

131 – Mana-Khemia Alchemist of Al-Revis: Sulphur’s Loyalty in the Vayne Ending

132 – Mass Effect 2: Seeing Jack Cry

133 – Dragon Age II: All That Remains

134 – Legend of Zelda: Twilight Princess: Entering the Temple of Time

135 – Batman Arkham City: Talia’s Death

136 – Mass Effect 3: Mordin’s Sacrifice

137 – Infamous 2: Good Karma Ending        

138 – Pokemon Black & White 2: Battling Iris

139 – Katawa Shoujo: Rin’s Route

140 – Fallout Series: Ron Pearlman’s Narration

141 - Eternal Sonata: When Fredric is declared dead

142 - Persona 4 Arena: Labrys’s Story

143 - The World Ends With You: The Ending

144 - Dead Island Trailer

145 - The Witch’s House:True Ending/Ellen’s Death

146 - Gears of War 2: Benjamin Carmine’s Death

147 - Final Fantasy VII:Aeris’s Death

148 - Far Cry 3: The Good Ending

149 - Bullet Hell Games: Attaining your first 1CC

150 - The Walking Dead: 400 Days DLC: Russell Standing Up to Nate

151 - Brutal Legend: Cutscene Before the Final Boss

152 - Jade Empire: The Open Palm ending to the Drowned Orphans Sidequest

153 - Super Smash Bros. Wii U/3DS: Mega Man’s Arrival

154 - Fallout: New Vegas: The Last Radio Broadcast from the Sierra Madre

155 - Pokemon XY: Pokemon Amie

156 - Fire Emblem Awakening: Emmeryn’s Death

157 - Persona 4 Golden: When Nanako begs you not to die

158 - Tales of Symphonia: Ending Scene

159 - Fable 3: Walter’s Death

160 - Bastion: Being Spared by the Ura

161 - Legend of Zelda: Majora’s Mask: Parting with all the masks in the end

162 - The Last of Us: Ellie and Joel’s Relationship

163 - Silent Hill: Lisa’s Death

164 - Final Fantasy XIII: Snow’s Proposal to Serah before she turns to crystal

165 - Alice: Madness Returns: Returning to Wonderland

166 - Dead Space 2: Killing Nolan Stross

167 - The Last of Us: Joel’s Injury

168 - Legacy of Kain: Defiance: Raziel’s Sacrifice

169 - Dragon Age: The Darkspawn Chronicles

170 - Dragon’s Dogma: ‘Closure Ending’

171 - Final Fantasy VIII: Trabia Garden destroyed

172 - Bioshock Infinite: “Just Let Go”

173 - Black Lodge: Dale Cooper escapes the Black Lodge

174 - Dragon Age Origins: Ultimate Sacrifice Ending

175 - Harvest Moon: Another Wonderful Life: Galen talking to Nina after she passes away

176 - Sly Cooper: Thieves in Time: Meeting your First Ancestor (Rioichi Cooper)

177 - Final Fantasy VII: Mako Poisoned Cloud

178 - Uncharted 2: Watching Tenzin’s Village be Destroyed

179 - Dead Rising 2: Off The Record: Chuck Greene as a Psychopath

180 - Drakengard 2: Angelus and Caim

181 - The Last of Us: The Giraffe Scene

182 - Super Mario Galaxy: Rosalina’s Storybook

183 - Devil May Cry 3: The “Jackpot” Scene

184 - Batman Arkham City: Carrying Joker

185 - Deadly Premonition: Emily’s Death

186 - The Last of Us: Sarah’s Death

187 - Legend of Zelda: Majora’s Mask: Pamela reunites with her father

188 - World of Warcraft: Wrath of the Lich King: When King Terenas comforts Arthas as he dies

189 - Final Fantasy X: Auron’s Sending

190 - Resident Evil 4: The Credits

191 - Pokemon: Cubone’s Mother

192 - Saints Row 2: Carlos’s Death

193 - Metal Gear Solid 4: The Microwave Hallway

194 - Soul Reaver 2: Janos Audron is Slain

195 - Dangan Ronpa: Chihiro Fujisaki’s Death

196 - Uncharted 3: Sully’s “Death”

197 - Super Mario 64: Dire, Dire Docks music

198 - Final Fantasy IV: Palom and Porom Turn to Stone

199 - Resident Evil Outbreak: The Bad Endings

200 - Batman: Arkham City: Pay Your Respects Achievement/Trophy

201 - Final Fantasy 9: Blank is Petrified

202 - Bioshock Infinite: Burial at Sea DLCs

203 - Legend of Dragoon: Ending

204 - Pokemon Mystery Dungeon: Explorers of Time/Darkness/Sky: Beating Wigglytuff’s Guild

205 - Final Fantasy IX: When Sir Fratley doesn’t remember Freya

206 - Mass Effect 2: Thane’s Romance

207 - Mirror’s Edge: Ending

208 - Assassin’s Creed III: Haytham’s Death

209 - Xenosaga Episode 3: Jin Uzuki’s Death

anonymous asked:

Is there a word for strong in Sumerian, with the meaning more figurative than literal? What about a word for warrior?

There are several words for “strong” in Sumerian! But most of them are associated with physical strength. The most basic word for “strength” is a(2), an extremely versatile word meaning “arm, wing, strength, workforce, wages, moment.” Various terms, like angal “strong (one), power(ful), leader” and anunngal “strongest, most powerful”, are derived from it.

Other physical-strength terms include lirum “strong, athletic” or shul “strong, heroic; young man”.

Less physical strength is most often kalag “strong, powerful”. Other vocab words are uru(n) “mighty, exalted” and ir “mighty, manly”.

The word usutuku refers to strength of skill, i.e. “skilled, powerful person”. And you sometimes encounter the word silig “axe” used for “strong, mighty” in a metaphoric sense.

“Warrior” also has several vocabulary options. One is gud, derived from the verb “to jump (at), attack”. Another is ursang, meaning “warrior, young man, hero” (and source of the word namursang “heroism, valor”). And you can also use shul “strong; young man” (see above) for “warrior”.

All cuneiform images are from the ePSD. Hope those are helpful!

30 DAY VIDEO GAME CHALLENGE

Day 9 - Saddest game scene

I’m torn. There are pretty remarkably sad scenes in gaming. But there were two that really stood out for me…and that would be scenes in Metal Gear Solid 3 and Lost Odyssey. (Some of my other favorite sad scenes include games like Xenosaga Ep III, Kingdom Hearts 358/2 Days, Final Fantasy X…also, I haven’t played Crisis Core…though duh since it’s a prequel I know the sad ending…but I haven’t watched it yet cause I still want to play it!!)

BUT…I still went ahead a chose one, and for just one reason. 

*spoilers* I thought it was necessary to point out cause this I can’t skip explaining!

Saddest Scene: LOST ODYSSEY (XBOX360)

-Lirum


open this in new tab/window to get into the mood! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9xwXaEHthlY

That one reason? The screams of young children. 

This scene…seriously…this scene. It got me. Now I may or may not had physically shed a tear, but it was ingrained in memory forever. 

Now obviously, serious spoilers ahead…BUT…

Kaim, the main character, is an immortal. For a while, he was living a normal life…with his wife and child. Those days came crashing down when he witnessed his daughter, Lirum, fall to her death off a cliff. Since then, his memory was unclear.  But one day, he comes across two children and they bring him to their house. They show him to his sick mother. That sick mother is Kaim’s daughter, whom he thought dead for years and years. 

To think, to finally have found her again, she is within her last moments. Like a shot from a bullet, all walls come crashing down for Kaim, as he holds his long lost daughter, dying…in his arms. Lirum…she is happy. And she can finally rest. She closes her eyes.

The tears pour down, Kaim breaks down…Lirum’s children…Kaim’s “grand children”…they scream…and they scream. 

I can’t even…seriously the saddest moment in gaming ever. No really, I mean it. 

And from this moment on…you really see Kaim’s character truly evolve. He began as the wanderer, became the gentlemanly family man…thought he lost his family…and became the brooding mercenary. He finds his family again and those emotions once lost are regained, and you watch him grow as he now takes care of his grandchildren throughout his journeys. Touching? Oh hell yes. And you witness all this transformations and really take notice that Kaim is one of the most well written protagonists of recent…actually, since ever. It’s truly sad this game didn’t get more recognized. There is some amazing content in Lost Odyssey, and phenomenal characters. 

Anyway…yes, this scene can’t ever be topped for me. 

LINK (in case anyone wanted to witness it…though if you haven’t played it, GO BUY IT): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oithEgDE8H8