linear composition

Necklace by Marie Křivánková

Gold, emerald, mother-of-pearl. Circa 1910-12

Additional information from the Museum of Decorative Arts In Prague:

Marie Křivánková was a great name in Czech jewellery of Late Art Nouveau and Modernism. Her unmistakable, stylised designs based on geometric patterns influenced Prague jewellery production for several decades.

Křivánková’s participation in a contest announced by the Museum of Decorative Arts in 1908 was her first public presentation. She entered her designs for hair ornaments, featuring an abstract linear composition made of Bohemian garnets. At the time, she was still employed in the Max Schober jewellery house that specialised in Empire Revival jewellery.

Křivánková’s designs soon enriched the company’s output with minute, almost ethereal pieces made of meticulously coiled spirals and regularly arranged chains, encrusted with garnets and tiny pieces of mother-of-pearl. Her inspiration in ancient ornamentation and the granulation and filigree techniques led to objects that boasted an entirely modern appearance, in many aspects reminiscent of the Wiener Werkstätte aesthetic.

HORIZONTAL COMPOSITES 

From Left to Right: 

Mario Botta with Luigi Snozzi, Competition for the New Administrative Center, Perugia, Italy, 1971 / B. Lavrov, Linear City 1927

Ivan Leonidov, Film Studio, Project, 1928 / Nikolai Suetin, Suprematism, 1931 

A hopeful future.

I’ve stumbled upon an idea/trend that I think was started here on tumblr and I’d like to add my two cents. 

Solarpunk. If you google it (I even tried adding the word definition) you don’t get a straightforward, short description. It’s an idea so rapidly forming and changing that it hasn’t been pinned down yet. Right now, as best I can tell it is the idea of a sustainable future for humankind that merges science and nature in the most beneficial and beautiful ways. 

I think the very name evokes an idea that a lot of solarpunk enthusiasts miss. It is not just about pretty nature inspired clothes or even green ways of living but it is a sort of peaceful opposition to the current way of life. It has been branded as a hopeful way of looking at our future and therefor HAS to be separate from our capitalistic and hyper competitive society. My comparative government teacher is adamant that we understand why the economic inequality never changes even though in America we have government turnover every four years. It is because it doesn’t matter whether our government officials brand themselves as republican or democratic, our economic system and the platforms for corruption and exploitation never go away. Until we reconstruct our economic system, we will never have real *equality. Punk is expressive of a rebellion and I think it’s essential that we don’t loose that spirit.

Art Nouveau and solarpunk seem to be concurrent for some here on tumblr and while I do agree that the linear composition and basis in natural form go well with solarpunk, it’s important to address the facts. Much of the art nouveau style is intricate and expensive. Living in a sustainable world doesn’t have to exclude fashion but it needs to be realistic. We have to be careful of clothing because it was used traditionally to identify classes. Spending a large amount of time and money on intricate clothing is something only the rich were able to afford. Opulence and beauty are not a packaged set and we should be conscious of our materialistic want overpowering our rationality and compassion. 

*I’d like to define equality for a second. In my opinion equality is when everyone is treated according to their needs and that need is not measured vaguely but individually and precisely. 

The Cumaean Sibyl (1877). Edward Burne-Jones (British, 1833-1898). Oil on panel.

This work is a fine example of Burne-Jones’ breaking away from the conventional canvas size and presentation of paintings. He was fascinated with strongly linear composition which suited his somewhat flat technique (especially with draperies) and the challenges of presenting and exaggerating the subjects with the size and shapes of his canvases.