Could you give me a run down of the whole German political election RN? I heard the alt right was predicted to win and that doesn't sound v fun
Mhm, I can give you a very basic and bare rundown, yeah
I. hope I don’t get this shit wrong lmao.
What are the elections about tomorrow?
They are about the Bundestag, the German parliament and a legislative organ of the state, and by extension we are voting on our next chancellor. This happens every four years.
The Bundestag has a certain number of seats/mandates; there are small variations in how many seats are available each time depending on certain factors, there were 631 in total in the 18th Bundestag (2013-2017).
How are these seats distributed?
In Germany we have a system of proportional representation, which means that the number of seats each party gets is dependent on the percentage of voters who voted for that specific party. There is a 5% hurdle in place: all parties that fall below 5% in the elections will not be represented in the Bundestag, because otherwise there may end up being too many small splinter parties represented. Like the… V³ party, which is apparently a party for Vegans…?
After elections, the leading party will often still not hold the decisive majority within the Bundestag, which means they will have to build coalitions with other parties - the past four years, CDU and SPD have formed a grand coalition.
All other parties will end up in the opposition. In the 18th Bundestag, four parties were represented: SPD, CDU (together with their sister party, CSU, which is Bavarian-only), the Greens, and the Left, and as SPD and CDU were leading the Bundestag, Greens and Left represented the opposition.
How does voting go down?
Elections always fall on Sundays to make voting more accessible (most places are closed on Sundays) with ballots in several places across the city.
German voters get two votes:
1) The first vote is a “direct” vote. There will be a list of candidates from your specific voting district, and whoever gets the most votes from your district will receive a direct mandate.
2) The second vote pertains to the party that you are voting for.
Edit: you will have to bring your ID and a letter that states that you are informed of the election and are confirmed to be a registrated voter
How is the chancellor elected?
The chancellor is not elected directly by the people. Instead parties will nominate a candidate themselves, and whichever party receives the most votes during the election will have their candidate become chancellor.
The two “top candidates” this year are Martin Schulz of the SPD (Social Democratic Party, moderates) and Angela Merkel of the CDU (Christian Democratic Union, conservatives)
And yes, despite Angela Merkel having already been chancellor for 12 years in a row due to her party winning the past three elections, she can actually run a fourth time for this office!
Please save us
The ““Alt-Right””, aka AfD, “Alternative for Germany”
Or as I fondly call them, Nazis in suits! They are a very young party as opposed to the established parties and is far-right, having been born of the racist and islamophobic movements following the refugee crisis. in 2013 they failed to enter the Bundstag due to falling below 5% in the elections, but this year…. they are estimated to get ~10%. Which is an outrage and it disgusts me to know that these people will be able to take influence in the Bundestag - but they are very far from actually winning the elections! The most popular party in surveys has once again been the CDU by a noticeable margin even compared to the second largest party, the SPD. The CDU is expected to try and build a coalition with the libertarian party FDP.
So, the AfD will not win these elections luckily. They will be persent in the Bundestag, which is still a victory for them, but they will not run this country from now on.
I am personally hoping that the party shows its complete incompetence on the political stage and will take itself apart, and that people will finally snap out of it and stop even tolerating these fuckers.
Hope this helped!
And just for a laugh, here are my highlights of this election:
-not seeing a single AfD poster for ages
-not seeing a single NPD (Nationalist Party Germany) AT ALL
-a TV judge being the candidate of an actual political party (he was a candidate to become the federal president too I think????)
-seeing an AfD poster, immediately followed by posters of the Marxist-Leninist Party Germany (MLPD) with slogans like REAL SOCIALISM NOW! or 100TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE OCTOBER REVOLUTION!