“The first Seafire fighters fly over Japan, 17 July 1945. The first plane to actually crass the coast (top) was piloted by Lieut (A) Norman Goodfellow, RNVR, of Southport, Lancs. These planes soon returned to their carrier as the strike was cancelled due to heavy fog.”
April 14, 1917 - Ten Newfoundlanders Hold Back a German Division for Five Hours
Pictured - The men of Monchy-le-Preux. Front Row: Pte. F. Curran, Cpl J. H. Hillier, Pte. J. Hounsell, Lt.-Col.
J. Forbes-Robertson, Lieut. K. J. Keegan, Sgt. C. Parsons, Sgt. J. R.
Back Row: Cpl. A. S.Rose, Sgt. W. Pitcher, Lt.-Col. J.
Forbes-Robertson, Lieut. K. J. Keegan, Sgt. C. Parsons, Sgt. J. R.
An action fought on April 14 was one of the most remarkable of the war. Launching an attack on German positions near the town of Monchy-le-Preux, the Royal Newfoundland Regiment was virtually annihilated, losing 458 men killed, badly wounded, or taken prisoner. A group of ten soldiers, however, including the regiment’s commander Lt.-Col. J. Forbes Robertson, dodged German gunfire and made it back to Monchy.
Sheltering behind a hedge, the little squad watched as the Germans jumped out of their own trenches and counter-attacked, trying to capture the village. For over five hours, however, this small band of Newfoundlanders held them off with rifle fire. Scavenging ammo and rifles from dead soldiers, the squad held their fire and made every bullet count; within two hours they had killed 40 Germans. Lieutenant-Colonel Forbes-Robertson accounted for 30 all by himself.
One of the men, Corporal Rose, ran off to headquarters to ask for help, and then heroically returned to the fight, scrambling to avoid German rifles both ways. After five hours, British artillery rained down on the clumped-up Germans, and then a regiment of Hampshires arrived to drive them off. But it was only thanks to ten men from Britain’s smallest dominion that a vital strategic position had been saved. A mighty bronze caribou today marks the spot where they made their stand.
→ Summary: arranged marriage au with Jeongguk, the lieutenant your parents have arranged for you to marry. He was nothing but perfect, but you no longer longed for perfection anymore.
→ part of When War Runs Deep series, but can be read alone (prologue and pt 2 to WWRD highly recommended!)
But somewhere in your heart, you longed for freedom, to escape this stiff-backed, constant air of politeness and grace. Just once, you wished silently, you wanted to experience the world without a worry and make your own choice. Although his excellent competence, you didn’t know Jeon Jeongguk. You’d never felt the rush of your heartbeat or the quickening of your breath at his presence, neither the heat or fiery urges fueled by love. Just this once, you wanted to make your own decision this time instead of your parents; to choose a man who loved you as much as you loved him, to choose a partner only in the terms of the passion you felt for him and his soul. But, your reality was less kind.
British Pattern 1821 Light Cavalry Officer’s Sword, the sword of Colonel A.G. Peyton of the 9th Bengal Lancers (Hodson’s Horse)
A superb Wilkinson cavalry officer’s sword, numbered and marked to Colonel Algernon George Peyton of the 9th Bengal Lancers (Hodson’s Horse), who had a long career, fought in the Sudan and became the Commander of Hodson’s Horse!
Colonel A G Peyton: Commissioned August 1880 2nd Lieut in the East Surrey Regiment, then moved to 9th Bengal Lancers in 1884 with his rank dated back to Jul 1881. Jul 1881 Lieut. Aug 1891 Capt. Aug 1900 Maj. Aug 1906 Lt Col. 1904-1911 Commander of Hodson’s Horse. Retired August 1912 as Colonel. Returned to the Army in WW1. Died 28 April 1938.
Colonel A. G. Peyton (then a Lieutenant) served in the Sudan campaign in 1885 and was present in the engagements at Hasheen and the Tofrek zereba (Medal with two Clasps, and Khedive’s Star). He served with the Chitral Relief Force under Sir Robert Low in 1895 with the 9th Bengal Lancers (Medal with Clasp).
The sword itself is in overall good condition considering the hard campaigning it has evidently been through. Everything is tight in the assembly, the blade is straight and service sharpened, the etching clear, with even patina overall. The grip is in good condition, with all the shagreen and some expected wear to the silver grip wire. Simply a wonderful sword that has actually seen combat in one of the most illustrious cavalry regiments of the British Army. The scabbard is missing and as can be seen from the photo below was almost certainly a wood and leather field service scabbard which has perished. This sword was formerly unidentified and came to me in a neglected condition; I have cleaned it carefully and minimally. Apart from being a great sword by itself, this has a top notch history with years of research potential. There are even first hand accounts from events where this sword was present.
Antique Chilcat mask with Chinese coins set in as eyes.
Handbook of Aboriginal American Antiquities
William Henry Holmes Washington: Government Printing Office, 1919.
‘A good example of an art transfer which lies somewhere near the border between the historic and the pre-European invasion of the Pacific and is thus under the ban of modernity is exemplified by an old Chilcat mask having bronze Chinese coins set in the eye sockets (fig. 18). This specimen, which is described by Lieut. Bolles, was obtained from the grave of an old “medicine man who had flourished more than two hundred years ago, six successors having filled this office; each one living to a good old age.” The Indians were entirely ignorant of the origin and significance of the coins forming the eyes of the specimen. This and many other occurrences are regarded as suggestive of indefinitely early intercourse between the New World and the Old World across the Pacific, but are not decisive.’
“Flight deck party pushing a damaged Firefly of 1772 Squadron along the deck of the Indefatigable after it had made an emergency landing. The pilot was Sub Lieut (S) J Maclaren, RNVR.” July 1945, off the coast of Japan.
A new Constitution for South Vietnam, written by members of an elected assembly, was promulgated at colorful ceremonies on the porch of Independence Palace in Saigon. Lieut. Gen. Nguyen Van Thieu, chief of state, urged all political parties in the nation to exercise restraint so that the stability built up over the last two years would not be swept away.
Without fanfare or comment, President Johnson ratified a consular convention with the Soviet Union, the nation’s first bilateral treaty with Moscow since the Bolshevik revolution of 1917.
The nation’s four major auto producers filed suits in a Cincinnati Federal court challenging three of the Government’s new safety standards for 1968 cars. The key target of the suits was the standard for passenger impact protection, aimed at reducing the chances of a passenger’s being injured in an accident.
In Montgomery, former Gov. George C. Wallace of Alabama said in an interview that he was thinking of entering the New Hampshire Presidential primary next March. Although he has not yet formally announced his candidacy, a campaign headquarters has been opened in Montgomery, and Mr. Wallace has asked his staff to check on the filing deadlines in states holding primary elections.
In Washington, meanwhile, Federal officials said that Gov. Lurleen B. Wallace’s threat to seize the public schools in Alabama could lead to another showdowh between state and Federal power reminiscent of past confrontations in Alabama, Arkansas and Mississippi.
On this day 26 February in 1852, the Wreck of HMS Birkenhead, one of the most famous disasters in British naval history occurred. It is remembered as a classic example of the British characteristics of steadfastness, discipline and self-sacrifice.
She had sailed from Simon’s Bay, South Africa on 25 February 1852 with between 630 and 643 British soldiers, from regiments throughout the UK, and women and children. They were heading to Algoa Bay to take the soldiers to fight in the 8th Xhosa War.
In the early hours of the 26 February, she struck an uncharted rock. 100 soldiers drowned immediately in their berths. Lieutenant Colonel Alexander Seton, of the 74th Highland Regiment of Foot, commanded the troops aboard HMS Birkenhead. Seton was from Mounie in Aberdeenshire.
Before she sank, the captain of the ship called out that “all those who can swim jump overboard, and make for the boats”.
Seton, however, recognising that rushing the lifeboats would risk swamping them and endangering the women and children, ordered the men to stand to attention and wait.
Hence was born the first documented application of the phrase “women and children first” which became known as “the Birkenhead Drill” after it was further popularised in Rudyard Kipling’s 1893 poem “Soldier an’ Sailor Too”.
Tragically, only 193 people were to survive the incident. A memorial in St Giles’ Cathedral, Edinburgh, today bears the following inscription:
“In memory of Lieut.-Colonel Alexander Seton, Ensign Alex. C. Russell, and forty-eight N.C.O.s and men of the 74th Highlanders who were drowned at the wreck of H.M.S. ‘Birkenhead’ on the 26th February 1852, off Point Danger, Cape of Good Hope, after all the women and children on board had been safely landed in the ship’s boats.”
Other places bear witness to the loss including a plaque on the wall of St Mary’s Church in Bury St Edmunds, which remembers the men of the Suffolk Regiment who were lost in the disaster.
The painting with the Bugle Boy is entitled “The Wreck of the Birkenhead” (1899) by Lance Calkin. The other is “The Wreck of the Birkenhead” (ca 1892) by Thomas M Hemy.
US FEARS THAT HANOI IS BRAINWASHING AMERICAN P.O.W.’S
Neil Sheehan, The New York Times, 4 April 1967
The State Department expressed concern today that North Vietnam might be brainwashing American prisoners to obtain propaganda statements attacking United States policy.
Robert J. McCloskey, the State Department spokesman, cited an account in the current issue of Life magazine of a captured American pilot’s appearance before foreign newsmen in Hanoi,
The department, Mr. McCloskey said, is “concerned at recent indications that North Vietnam may be using mental or physical pressure on American prisoners of war to obtain confessions or statements critical of United States policy in Vietnam.”
The article in Life, by Lee Lockwood, a freelance American photographer who visited North Vietnam for four weeks, describes the exhibition in Hanoi on March 6 of Lieut. Comdr. Richard A. Stratton, a Navy pilot who was shot down in North Vietnam in January.
‘Repeated’ Hanoi Assurances The article said the Navy man “looked straight ahead, but he wasn’t really looking—his eyes never seemed to focus—he just wasn’t there.” He was “like a robot,” Mr. Lockwood wrote, adding: “When they said something to him, he acted; if they said nothing, he did nothing.”
North Vietnam, Mr. McCloskey said, “has given repeated assurances that it treats prisoners humanely.”
“However,” he said, “it has refused to permit the International Committee of the Red Cross or any other neutral observers to visit the prisoners, which is required by the Geneva conventions.
“In the absence of such independent verifications, North Vietnam’s professions of human treatment cannot be accepted.”
U.S. Plea to Red Cross Mr. McCloskey contended that the United States and South Vietnam were treating North Vietnamese soldiers captured in the fighting in the South in accordance with the regulations of the 1949 Geneva convention on prisoners of war. Representatives of the International Committee, he said, frequently visit prison camps.
In recent weeks, Mr. McCloskey said, the United States has asked the International Committee, which sits in Geneva, to express American concern to the North Vietnamese authorities over indications that prisoners are being subjected to brainwashing techniques.
Washington has also called on the International Committee to ask North Vietnam again to allow the Red Cross or some neutral power to inspect prison camps and to give the prisoners mail and parcels containing medicine and food. Such actions are provided in the Geneva convention. No response has been received.
According, to Mr. Lockwood, Commander Stratton, dressed in striped prison pajamas and sandals, read a five-page “confession" over a microphone from behind a curtain while foreign newsmen listened. Copies of the statement were given to the newsmen.
Mr, McCloskey noted that a Japanese television film shown in this country in mid-March confirmed Mr. Lockwood’s account of Commander Stratton’s demeanor in response to commands.
There are now about 380 American prisoners in North Vietnam. Definitive figures cannot be obtained because the North Vietnamese refuse to provide the Red Cross with lists.
Of the total 128 have been confirmed by one means or another as being in North Vietnamese captivity. Four are marines, 63 are Air Force men and 61 are Navy personnel. Fifty other men. all of the Air Force, are believed to have been captured and 204 men are listed as missing in action and possibly captured.
State Department officials said there had been a number of other indications besides the account in Life that American prisoners were being subjected to brainwashing.
In May 1966, they said, Comdr. Jeremiah A. Denton Jr., a Navy pilot, was exhibited before Japanese television cameramen in Hanoi. Commander Denton confessed to crimes “in the manner of a man who was not himself any more,” the officials said, and made statements critical of American policy,
Some Appeared Normal Since then propaganda statements attributed to 20 other prisoners have been read over the Hanoi radio or distributed through Communist press media. In the statements, all marked by stilted language, the prisoners confessed to war crimes and denounced the United States’ involvement in Vietnam,
Last July a number of American prisoners were paraded through the streets of Hanoi.
Officials also note that on the dozen or so occasions when the North Vietnamese have allowed Communist or left-wing journalists to interview prisoners, the captured Americans acted reasonably normally, did not make propaganda statements and praised their captors.
No foreigners have been allowed to interview prisoners in their camps.
Officials believe that the North Vietnamese are treating normally a small number of prisoners whose will they feel they cannot break while subjecting the majority to brainwashing tactics.
Last summer North Vietnamese officials announced plans to try American fliers as war criminals. Later President Ho Chi Minh said no trials would take place.
A collection of items belonging to Major Lord William Cavendish-Bentinck, DSO of the 10th Royal Hussars (Prince of Wales Own), including an officer’s sword by Henry Wilkinson, Pall Mall, London, Serial No. 30364, the 89cm blade etched with recipient’s name and regiment, VR cypher amongst scrolls, plated triple bar guard, downswept quillon, wirebound fish skin grip and diced pommel, 103.5cm overall in its steel scabbard, a steel tin with brass plaque engraved ‘Captain Lord William Bentinck, 10th Royal Hussars’, enclosing about 29 items including a fine sabretache of the 10th Hussars embroidered with battle honours, in original leather bag, uniforms (moth eaten), pill box hat and box, two further leather sabretaches each with applied bi-metal Prince of Wales plume, spurs, buttons, badges, belts, approximately 30 items in total. Lord William Augustus Cavendish-Bentinck was born in 1865, son of the Lieut-General Arthur Cavendish Bentinck (great-grandson of the 3rd Duke), half brother of the 6th Duke of Portland. He was educated at Eton and entered the 10th Hussars from the militia in 1887, commissioned Lieutenant 1889 and Captain 1893, he was created a companion of the Distinguished Service Order (London Gazette, 27 Sept. 1901) “Lord William Augustus Cavendish-Bentinck, Capt.) 10th Hussars. In recognition of services, during the operations in South Africa”, he died in 1903.
Modern!Muggle!Soilder!James and Modern!Muggle!WarsideNurse!Lily
“Take off your shirt.”
“Forward of you, ma’am,” he replies, grinning up at her from his cot.
Because Lily has heard twelve such remarks today, and because she has better things to do than banter with smarmy patients, she starts toward him, fingers swiftly parting his shirt buttons from their holes. She moves his hand away from the injury site. His wound is worse than she expected, and her eyes flicker back up to his and she sees that his grin is still in place.
“You were shot, Lieutenant.” she says bluntly; obviously. He would not be there if he did not know he were injured.
This document from 1778 is our oldest-known record relating to LGBTQ issues. Lieutenant James Michael wrote an account of a fellow officer’s court martial and sentence.
This week we’ll be sharing stories of #LGBTQ history in our holdings. On Saturday, join us online for our second National Conversation, held in Chicago, on LGBTQ human and civil rights: http://bit.ly/1UB5sCs
On March 10, 1778, Lieutenant Frederick Gotthold Enslin became the first U.S. soldier court-martialed for “attempting to commit sodomy” with another soldier.
His sentence was to be literally drummed out of the Continental Army by its regiments’ fifes and drums. Enslin was told “never to return.”
Lieutenant James Michael of Pennsylvania recorded this description of Enslin’s punishment:
“I this morning proceeded to the grand parade, where I was a spectator to the drumming out of Lieut. Enslin of Col. Malcom’s regiment. He was first drum’d from right to left of the parade, thence to the left wing of the army; from that to the centre, and lastly transported over the Schuylkill with orders never to be seen in Camp in the future. This shocking scene was performed by all the drums and fifes in the army—the coat of the delinquent was turned wrong side out” (Read the full transcription here:http://founders.archives.gov/docum…/Washington/03-14-02-0138)
Over 230 years after Enslin’s court martial, gay men, lesbians, and bisexuals are now allowed to serve openly in the U.S. armed forces.
Image: Account of Lt. Enslin’s court martial and sentence; War Dept. Revolutionary War Records, National Archives. Text and images via http://lgbtqarchives.tumblr.com/
British Mk IV (Female) tank, ‘Escapade’ (Nº2815) , broken down and captured by the Germans near Cambrai, France. Commanded by 2nd Lieut. Black of 1 Section, ‘E’ Battalion, 13 Company, tasked as a wire crusher. Flesquières, 20th November 1917. Possibly belonging to 152 Brigade, 51st Highland Division.