December 8th in 1174 saw the release of William I ‘the Lion’  under the terms of the Treaty of Falaise, following a five-month imprisonment after invading Northumberland. 

Under the treaty the Scots were taxed to pay the costs of the occupying English army and the English were to retain control of key Scottish castles like Stirling and Edinburgh. The treaty also stipulated that William acknowledge Henry II of England as his feudal superior. As a result, in 1186 Henry arranged for William to be married to Ermengarde de Beaumont, a granddaughter of King Henry I of England. Her dowry was Edinburgh Castle the modern translation of the text goes…..

“William, king of Scots, has become the liege man of the lord king against every man, for Scotland and for all his other lands; and has done him fealty as to his liege lord, as his other vassals are accustomed to do to him. Likewise he has done homage to king Henry, his son; and fealty, saving his faith to the lord king, his father. And all the bishops and abbots, and the clergy of the land of the king of Scots, and their successors, shall do to the lord king as to their liege lord, fealty for all for which he wishes to have it, as his other bishops are accustomed to do to him; and to king Henry, his son, and to their heirs. And the king of Scots, and David; his brother, and his barons and his other vassals, have granted to the lord king that the church of Scotland shall make to the church of England henceforth such subjections as she ought to make to her, and used to make in time of the kings of England, his predecessors. Likewise Richard, bishop of St. Andrew, and Richard, bishop of Dunkeld, and Geoffrey, abbot of Dunfermline, and Herbert, prior of Coldingham, have granted also that the church of England shall have the right in the church of Scotland which by right she ought to have; and that they will not oppose the right of the church of England… And for the sure observance of this agreement and compact, by the king of Scots and his heirs to the lord king and to Henry, his son, and his heirs, the king of Scots has delivered to the the lord king the castle of Roxburgh, and the castle of Berwick, and the castle of Jedburgh, and the castle of the Maidens*, and the castle of Stirling, at the mercy of the lord king… Morerover for the fulfilment of the aforesaid agreement and compact, the king of Scots has delivered up to the lord king his brother David as hostage, and earl Duncan, and earl Waldeve [and several others]. And when the castles have been rendered, William, king of Scots, and David his brother shall be released… ”

In 1189 Henry II was succeeded by Richard I. In order to finance the third Crusade, Richard, The Lionheart,  sold England’s rights under the Treaty of Falaise back to William I for the sum of 10,000 marks (a mark was an accounting unit roughly equal to two-thirds of an English pound or one-and-a-half Scottish pounds) under the Quitclaim of Canterbury.

The Treaty of Falaise is the earliest Anglo‐Scottish treaty whose terms are known in full

Do Not Let Tumeblr Decieve Ye That:
  • Young women and girls should be allowed to attend school.
  • Serfdom is an oppressive institution
  • Your liege lord does not know best.
  • Being a member of the emergent merchant class makes you a bad person.
  • You should stop paying tithe to the landowners.

Tsk. Just how are you planning to represent our liege if you can’t even dress yourself properly?”


Mary and Francis getting some late wedding gifts:

Mary and Francis dancing the night away:

Mary finding out about the marriage clause:

Kenna snooping and endangering herself for Scotland:

Bash showing Kenna he’s there for her and her reaction:


Catherine getting it on:

Catherine then proceeding to kill the man she frick fracked with and all his scottish friends:

Julien getting over the fact lola’s pregnant, even though he doesn’t want children, and staying engaged to her when he couldn’t get over greer kissing a servant:

Mary bitch slapping catherine:

Mary crying into francis’ arms:


Just Mary’s development as queen this episode:


Anyone getting that feeling that...

Francis is thinking more clearly in this marriage than Mary? I really want to say he is way more invested just because of the fact that we have heard him profess his loyalty to her and saying that he will be by her side/they can figure it out together, but we have never really heard Mary profess the same. 

I loved the episode up until the last scene where we learn that Mary was actually ready to betray France (and Francis along with it) for her country. Ya know, I get it, but I mean, she could have made a plan with Francis or made a bluff or something… 

I love Francis, so I always have to think “am I just defending him for no reason at all or am I making sense?” And I just hope that we get to see him do something with his power (even though he is only a prince…for now) that shows his loyalty to his country and his marriage while also showing him as a great ruler.

That is all…for now. 


This time the lightning lord did not set the blade afire, but merely laid it light on Gendry’s shoulder. “Gendry, do you swear before the eyes of gods and men to defend those who cannot defend themselves, to protect all women and children, to obey your captains, your liege lord, and your king, to fight bravely when needed and do such other tasks as are laid upon you, however hard or humble or dangerous they may be?”
“I do, m'lord.”
The marcher lord moved the sword from the right shoulder to the left, and said, “Arise Ser Gendry, knight of the hollow hill, and be welcome to our brotherhood.”

Gendry’s book plot in ASoS and AFfC (requested by anonymous)