Male face mask of the Wee people, eastern Liberia/western Côte d'Ivoire.    Wood, decorated with pigment, shells, cloth, fiber, fur, paper, metal, feathers, and quills.  Artist unknown; first half of 20th century.  Now in the Indianapolis Museum of Art.

Liberia's Sirleaf just ahead: partial vote tally

Johnson-Sirleaf collected just over 96,000 of 220,000 votes counted so far, Tubman just under 80,000, and ex-rebel Prince Johnson just under 20,000, the Liberia Media Center said. The tally was based on its reporters calling in results that were being pinned up at polling stations across the country.About 1.8 million Liberians registered to vote in Tuesday’s election, the second since its 1989-2003 civil war. If no candidate wins an outright majority, the two front-runners from a field of 16 go into a run-off vote scheduled for early November.Official preliminary results were not expected till Thursday, but small crowds gathered at polling stations across the West African state to look at results as they were posted.“As we are looking at it, it is free and fair,” said Jackson Jargbah, a 29-year-old student at a polling station in Monrovia.“I don’t think any other party will come between them. For me, looking at this, there will be a runoff,” he added, pointing to the pink sheet taped to the wall of the polling station bearing the Liberian National Election Commission blue seal.Johnson-Sirleaf got a pre-poll boost with her award of the Nobel Peace Prize last Friday, but rivals have said Liberians would judge her on her success in fighting poverty in a country with an average annual income of $300 a head.Voting on Tuesday passed peacefully in the capital Monrovia. Observer groups said they had not received any reports of trouble in the country of four million people, but have expressed concern that the results could be a flashpoint.Attahiru Jega, head of the observation mission from West African bloc ECOWAS, said the mission was of the view that there were no major irregularities and incidents of violence.“It estimated that on the whole, the elections of October 11, 2011 were conducted under acceptable conditions of freedom of voters and transparency of the process,” Jega said.“We feel fine, the election was peaceful, there were no perturbances,” said Boye Morgan, 52, one of a group of men drinking tea and chatting outside a shop on Carey Street, one of the capital’s main thoroughfares.HIGH TURNOUTThe front pages of local newspapers carried banner headlines hailing the peaceful vote and the apparent high turnout, despite heavy rain during much of the day.Liberia’s New Democrat carried the headline “CDC To Accept Results If.,” referring to the party of Tubman, which has said it was 100 percent confident he will win and that its supporters would reject defeat if the vote was not considered free and fair.A dispute over the results of the 2005 election that brought Johnson-Sirleaf to power as Africa’s first freely elected female head of state triggered days of rioting.“I hope everybody, as I have appealed and appealed, will proceed peacefully and accept the results according to the rules,” Special Representative to the U.N. Secretary General Ellen Margreth Loj told Reuters on Tuesday. U.N. peacekeepers have been in the country since the war.Eight years into peace, Liberia has seen growing investment in its iron and gold mines and has convinced donors to waive most of its debt, though many residents complain of a lack of basic services, high food prices, rampant crime and corruption.A peaceful, free and fair election could bolster growing investor confidence in the country, which is also hoping to strike oil offshore.Miners ArcelorMittal and BHP Billiton and oil companies Anadarko, Tullow and Chevron are active in the country.

Liberia's Johnson-Sirleaf leads on early vote count

That put the newly-named Nobel Peace laureate well ahead of closest rival Winston Tubman on 26.5 percent, but short of the overall majority she would need to avoid a second-round run-off against the former top U.N. diplomat early next month.National Election Commission chairman James Fromayah told a news conference the tally was based on 195,178 valid ballots counted so far in Sunday’s election, for which 1.8 million Liberians were registered to vote.Former rebel leader Prince Johnson, now a senator in rural Nimba county, scored 19.5 percent, a result which if repeated in the final score could make him a kingmaker for either Johnson-Sirleaf or Tubman.“If there is a run-off, I will get to my constituencies to ask them which way to go. Based on what they will tell me, I will then make a decision, but for now, I cannot say anything. We represent a huge group of people,” Prince Johnson told Reuters earlier on Thursday.Fromayah said there had been no formal complaints from any candidate so far, but added that Tubman had made what he called an unsubstantiated complaint through unofficial channels of some ballot boxes being broken into.The vote is seen as a test of Liberia’s progress since the 1989-2003 civil war killed nearly a quarter of a million people and left infrastructure in ruins. If smooth, the election could pave the way to billions of dollars in investment in Liberia’s mining, energy and agriculture sectors.“We are all waiting for the results, and from my perspective, I think they will be accepted,” said Amadou Kante, a resident of the Sinkor neighborhood in the capital Monrovia.VOTING PEACEFULVoting on Tuesday passed off peacefully in Monrovia. Observer groups said they had received no reports of trouble elsewhere in the country of four million people, but have expressed concern that the results could be a flashpoint.“The mission is of the view that there were no major irregularities and incidents of violence. It estimated that on the whole, the elections of October 11, 2011 were conducted under acceptable conditions of freedom of voters and transparency of the process,” said Attahiru Jega, head of the observer mission from West African bloc ECOWAS.Election watchdog the Carter Center said on Thursday that voting in the election was “peaceful, orderly and remarkably transparent” and urged Liberians to be patient ahead of official results.“Until the NEC (National Election Commission) issues preliminary results, political parties and candidates should refrain from any public statements that might undermine the process,” it said.Johnson-Sirleaf got a pre-poll boost with her award of the Nobel Peace Prize last Friday, but rivals have said Liberians will judge her on her success in fighting poverty in a country with an average annual income of $300 a head.A dispute over the results of the 2005 election, which brought Johnson-Sirleaf to power as Africa’s first freely elected female head of state, triggered several days of rioting.
Will Sweden deport gay Liberian refugee to his homophobic homeland?
"In prison I’ll be beaten and raped every day until I am released and leave the country again," said Andrew Nagbe.

He traveled to Sweden to play soccer, but stayed for love. Now, openly gay footballer Andrew Nagbe is asking for asylum after being arrested by immigration officials right in the midst of Stockholm’s Pride parade. The 22-year-old, who was celebrating Pride with his boyfriend at the time of his arrest, is a refugee from Liberia, where being gay is against the law and punishable by imprisonment. It’s a fate Nagbe reportedly fears is certain, if Sweden goes through with its threat to deport him.

“In prison I’ll be beaten and raped every day until I am released and leave the country again. Everyone I know in Liberia knows I am gay now, so they won’t hold back. I want to play football and live as an openly gay man in Sweden,” Nagbe told the Swedish newspaper Dagens Nyheter, according to NewNowNext.

But even though he’s been doing just that, playing for third and fourth-tier teams, and dating another man, NewNowNext notes that officials “maintain that Nagbe’s claims to be both gay and that he would have his safety compromised if he returns home are not verifiable,” according to the Swedish paper. And reports say the only Nagbe will be able to appeal the ruling is by presenting new evidence to show he is in fact gay and faces certain imprisonment upon his return to Liberia.

The Scotsman reported that at the time of his arrest, Nagbe was playing for Södertälje FK in the fourth tier, a town to the south of Stockholm where many immigrants have settled. Unless the club can find a way to win his release, Nagbe is set to be deported August 23.

The works in Disguise: Masks and Global African Art are organized around the idea that masquerade is always an art of becoming.

Masks are a rich metaphor for leadership, often becoming political platforms for critiquing institutions or upholding the ideal political community. This Dan mask’s calm, graceful face expresses the serene and wise characteristics associated with good governance. It may have served in a judicial capacity, considering and resolving disputes in its original community.

Posted by Kevin D. Dumouchelle and Meghan Bill
Unidentified Dan artist. Mask (Ga Wree Wree), 1850–1980. Liberia or Côte d’Ivoire. Seattle Art Museum Photo: Elizabeth Mann

Fragile hope shines in Liberia's slums

At 55, he has lived a life of desperate poverty and survived Liberia’s 14 bloody years of conflict – a small miracle, but he wants more.“I hope my children or my grandchildren will have lights and electricity,” he says, pausing for a moment to hug one of his grandchildren as countless flies buzz around his shelter.“I’m sure by the time this man gets your age, he will live a better life than what I have lived."Monrovia’s West Point slum, home to many of the West African state’s former child soldiers and the capital city’s worst crime, is a symbol for a nation thriving to move forward but facing obstacles unimaginable to most in the developed world.Mobo spent his entire life in West Point and mostly made a living from fishing. His compound is right by the beach – an unappealing strip of sand adorned by some battered fishing boats and covered in human excrement.A presidential election, in which newly named Nobel peace laureate Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf is seeking a second term against former U.N. diplomat Winston Tubman and ex-rebel Prince Johnson, has raised hopes of a turning point.An early vote count released on Thursday put Johnson-Sirleaf on 44.5 percent so far, well ahead of Tubman’s 26.5 percent but short of the overall majority needed to spare her from a November run-off against her nearest challenger. It could take another week or longer for the full results to emerge.One of the poorest and least developed countries in the world, Liberia still bears the unhealed wounds of a 1989-2003 civil war that killed nearly a quarter of a million people and destroyed virtually all of its infrastructure, leaving its four million people in a modern stone age."MA ELLEN TRIED HER BEST"Eight years after the fighting, residents point to some modest gains – mainly that the peace has held and that the government of Johnson-Sirleaf is slowly bringing power, piped water, and paved roadways back to the crumbling and mould-blackened buildings of the seaside capital."Development is a gradual process,” said Jackson Jargbah, a 29-year-old student in Monrovia.“Ma Ellen has tried her best, but more needs to be done, whoever wins this election,” he said, citing unchecked crime, rampant unemployment, and high food prices.The election will be a test of Johnson-Sirleaf’s record since becoming Africa’s first freely elected female head of state in 2005, and a gauge of future expectations as mining and energy companies plan billions of dollars of investments.If it can avoid the “resource curse” that has blighted many countries in Africa, revenues from Liberia’s vast iron ore deposits and offshore oil potential could help lift its people, who now survive on an average of less than $1 a day, out of grinding poverty.But the task for the next president remains huge and could be complicated by a likely withdrawal of the nearly 10,000 U.N. peacekeepers who have helped maintain security across the country since the end of the war.SINKING INTO THE SEALiberia was founded as Africa’s first republic in 1847 by freed American blacks who attempted to recreate the plantation South on African soil, building churches, wearing top hats and sometimes forcing indigenous tribes into labour on farms.Tensions between the Americo-Liberians and the indigenous population have eased since the war, although Johnson-Sirleaf often mentions her indigenous roots to avoid being painted as part of the traditional Americo-Liberian political elite.Near her party headquarters on the edge of one of Monrovia’s wealthiest areas, Sinkor, is a dramatic example of the problems facing Liberia’s leaders - an entire neighbourhood falling into the sea due to coastal erosion.“Coconut trees were around here. The flow started coming, coming, coming until finally tide come take some of the houses out around here,” Amos Gbomiah, 22, said in thick patois of the narrow band of sand between the roaring waves and his home, one of dozens torn apart to expose still-inhabited bedrooms.“What I want from the election is anyone who take over, especially Ellen or whoever, if she take over she must find areas and certify us for us to be there,” he said.Less than a block away, there is the contrast of rare wealth in a city of deprivation - quiet paved streets lined with high walls topped with barbed-wire and shattered glass, behind them private villas, embassies, NGO and company offices.A western-style restaurant, Sam’s BBQ, nearby caters to those who can afford $8 for a plate of chicken.Few Liberians have achieved anything close to middle-class status since the war - something reserved for the moment for the parallel economy propped up by aid groups and the United Nations peacekeeping mission.NEW LIBERIABut optimism is in healthy supply.“The new Liberia is coming,” said Lebanese businessman Khalil Azar, a manager of a computer and office supply store in the midst of the capital.Beever Communications Inc., selling high-end brand name products in a well-lit and air-conditioned space, is a rare sight in a city dominated by market traders hawking used, handmade, or stolen wares out of decrepit storefronts.“Things are not bad at all, especially from six, seven years ago, everything is better and better. And we are expecting more,” Azar said of his plans for two new shops.“People who were running away from the war, now people are coming back, from America from Liberia, anywhere from out of Liberia they are coming back now."But perhaps the greatest hope can be found inside the offices of the National Oil Company of Liberia - a state-run entity that, to date has no oil to speak of and which leases its two floors from the Episcopal Church in the centre of town."Within the next 12 months the prospect looks very good,” said NOC President Christopher Neyor said of drilling by U.S. firms Anadarko and Chevron and approaches by other oil majors like Exxon Mobil and Petrobras.“Natural resources can lift people out of poverty if they are managed well."He said the NOC was preparing legislation on local hiring, transparency, royalties and state share so that Liberia can manage energy revenues and avoid the corruption and violence seen in other West African oil producers "long before we become a producer."But he added the key to continued investment - including in the country’s rich iron ore deposits which have already drawn miners ArcelorMittal and BHP Billiton – will be for Liberia to remain peaceful.Voting in the Tuesday poll passed calmly, though observers have cautioned the results could be a flashpoint for street clashes – as happened following an election dispute in 2005. Voters seem keen to prove those fears wrong."If they give us exactly what they put in there, we will accept it,” said Victor Freeman, a security guard and supporter of opposition candidate Tubman, referring to the ballot boxes.“We have seen enough fighting, what we want is peace and prosperity.”

Let’s try an even more awesome example. In the war-ravaged African nation of Liberia, it’s the Muslims who are the minority in a nation that is overwhelmingly Christian. They were in the middle of two consecutive decades of civil war, where factions of warlords basically staged a reality show where whoever committed the most atrocities won the country. Finally, a woman named Leymah Roberta Gbowee started convincing other women – Muslims and Christians both – to stand up and demand an end to the war. From mosque to church they went, recruiting women who were as fed up as they were.

These women proceeded to get right in the faces of the warlords, demanding an end to the violence. Keep in mind, this isn’t like protesting in America, where maybe you get pepper sprayed and spend a night in jail on a disorderly conduct charge. These are warlords who used drugged children as battlefield drones and mutilated the faces and limbs of anyone who stood in their way. These are people who used rape as a military tactic.

But in 2003, this group of women protested and shouted and increased their numbers, demanding that the warring factions sit down at the peace table and hammer out a truce. And they did. They actually stopped the war just to shut them up. Liberia held its first democratic elections two years later.

6 True Stories That Will Restore Your Faith in Humanity


Ayer comenté que iba a hablar del canal de youtube VisualPolitik, un canal de política y economía que ha crecido mucho en muy poco tiempo. Como toca infinidad de temas, me voy a centrar en uno de los que me han parecido más llamativos, los países que ellos promueven como modelos exitosos a seguir.

En el vídeo de las imágenes habla sobre Suiza, como sabréis es uno de los países con mayor renta per cápita del mundo y como también sabréis históricamente se lo ha considerado un paraíso fiscal.

Fonseca empieza con una “pequeña” trampa, como dicen que lo que no son cuentas son cuentos, voy a dar una serie de datos del banco mundial año 2015.

La comparativa de Suiza con Panamá, Chipre o Liberia pues sí, efectivamente tiene en común que ofrecen condiciones fiscales favorables, pero en España también hay posibilidades de tener condiciones fiscales muy favorables (SICAV) y no es considerado un paraíso fiscal. Un paraíso fiscal es mucho más que eso, y lo desarrollaré más tarde, por ahora me centro en los países que nombra en el vídeo.

Panamá un país con 3,9 millones de habitantes recibió una entrada neta de capital en el año 2015 de 5.700 millones de dólares. 

No está nada mal, considerando que España con 46,4 millones de habitantes tuvo una entrada neta de capital de 22.000 millones. O Francia con 66,8 millones de habitantes tuvo una inversión extranjera de 42.000 millones.

Chipre con 1,1 millón de habitantes tuvo una inversión extranjera de 5.200 millones.

Liberia con 4,5 millones de habitantes tuvo una inversión extranjera de 512 millones de euros.

El tema es, que tanto Panamá como Chipre tienen una mejor relación entre habitantes y balanza de pagos que España y Francia, entra una cantidad anómala de dinero a esos países cada año. La cuestión es ¿Suiza se mueve en unos parámetros similares a Chipe o Panamá?

Suiza en el año 2015 con 8,2 millones de habitantes tuvo una entrada directa de capital de 119.000 millones. Para que nos hagamos una idea, esa cantidad es superior a la balanza de pagos de Alemania, Francia y España juntas, sumando estos tres países cerca de 200 millones de habitantes, mientras Suiza tiene 8 millones de habitantes.

Con estos datos resulta ridículo querer comparar a Suiza como paraíso fiscal con Chipre, Liberia o Panamá cuando la capacidad de atraer capital no residente de Suiza es infinitamente mayor que la de esos países, y es extraordinariamente anómala. Para entendernos, Suiza es un paraíso fiscal que juega en una división superior a la que juegan Panamá o Chipre.

Suiza juega en la división como paraíso fiscal de países como Hong Kong o Singapur, no quiso compararlos con esos países y eligió “azarosamente” a países, ciertamente paraísos fiscales pero de una división inferior. 

Las entradas enormes de capital que tienen ¿Suiza, Singapur o Hong Kong explican su éxito económico? Indudablemente, esas cantidades tan anómalas no están guardadas en una caja fuerte, ni siquiera existen físicamente, parte de ese capital se invierte en empresas e infraestructuras del país y permite tener un sistema tributario muy bajo para residentes, una economía competitiva y tener una balanza comercial positiva. Es el factor clave del éxito, no el único pero sí el más importante. 

En el vídeo se enfatiza que Suiza es un país democrático, que cumple con los derechos humanos y demás (Hong Kong y Singapur no cumplen y también son extremadamente ricos) pero yo me pregunto ¿de dónde proceden esos 119 mil millones?

Es importante recordar que el dinero es extranjero, no es dinero perteneciente a los residentes. Suiza es un destino habitual del capital extranjero no tanto por su baja tributación sino sobretodo por la relación entre su estabilidad política y económica, su secreto bancario, dificultades de intercambio de información con otros países, dificultad de acceso al propietario real con entramados de sociedades etc

Un país como España ya tiene formas de baja tributación como las SICAV (sociedades de inversión de capital variable) Suiza aporta algo que va más allá de pagar pocos impuestos y es su falta de transparencia.

Volviendo a la pregunta inicial de dónde procede el money, pues desde actividades legales hasta empresas que quieren evitar pagar impuestos, narcotraficantes, políticos corruptos, tráfico de armas, dictadores etc Lo mejorcito de cada casa. Legalmente, a nivel fiscal para un no residente tener el dinero en Suiza no aporta ninguna ventaja en tanto que también ese dinero tributa en España.

Suiza, Liechtenstein y compañía no solo tienen un papel fundamental en la criminalidad internacional, sino también en la evasión de impuestos muy necesarios en los países de origen. Cuando una empresa española o italiana desvía dinero a Suiza nos jode a todos porque ese dinero pertenece a la sociedad española o italiana y es muy necesario aquí. Por no hablar de lo que nos joden los políticos corruptos. 

Otra cuestión que me llama la atención, ¿es Suiza un modelo a seguir? posiblemente en muchos aspectos democráticos, sí. Pero Suiza es un modelo matemáticamente inaplicable económicamente a todos los países y ESA ES LA TRAMPA!!!

Si yo tengo mil euros, puedo tener mil euros en España o tenerlos en Suiza, pero no puedo tener mil euros en España y en Suiza porque entonces tendría 2 mil euros. Es una tontería pensar que España bajando impuestos, privatizando servicios y demás va a conseguir que entren 400 mil millones de dólares al año y seamos la suiza ibérica, ni en China entra tanto dinero. Pero es más, pensar que todos los países van a tener una relación de capital extranjero y población similar a la de Suiza es matemáticamente imposible. El dinero que se genera un un lugar se va a otro lugar, hay unos países captadores de dinero extranjero como Singapur, Hong Kong o Suiza que se llevan la mayor parte del pastel. 

Solo Singapur y Hong Kong con 12 millones de habitantes entre los dos, atraen la misma cantidad de capital extranjero que China con 1.300 millones de habitantes.  

En fin, me he enrollado mucho, entiéndase esto como un post que critica la simpleza con que se trata la información en ese canal para vender su ideología, con la que puedes estar de acuerdo o no, pero ante todo por honestidad intelectual hay que decir la verdad o como mínimo acercarte explicando las cosas un poco mejor. 

Look who’s back with another list! This is a list of all the countries in the world and it’s pretty long! It doesn’t contain territories as they are seen as belonging to that country, if you get what I mean. Tagging @iwillbeapolyglot, @wonderful-language-sounds and @howtopolyglot!

  • A recap of some words:

Land بَلَد
Country إقْليم / مُقاطَعة
Continent قارّة
Territory أرض / إقليم
Island جَزيْرة
North الشَّمال
South الجَنوب
East الشَّرْق
West الغَرْب

Africa إفْريقِيا

Algeria الجزائر
Angola أنغولا
Benin بنين
Botswana بوتسوانا
Burkina Faso بوركينا فاسو
Burundi بوروندي
Cameroon الكاميرون
Cape Verde الرأس الأخضر
Central African Republic جمهورية افريقيا الوسطى
Chad تشاد
Comoros جزر القمر
Democratic Republic of Congo جمهورية الكونغو الديمقراطية
Republic of Congo جمهورية الكونغو
Côte d’Ivoire كوت ديفوار
Djibouti جيبوتي
Egypt مصر
Equatorial Guinea غينيا الإستوائية
Eritrea إريتريا
Ethiopia أثيوبيا
Gabon الغابون
Gambia غامبيا
Ghana غانا
Guinea غينيا
Guinea-Bissau غينيا بيساو
Kenya كينيا
Lesotho ليسوتو
Liberia ليبيريا
Libya ليبيا
Madagascar مدغشقر
Malawi ملاوي
Mali مالي
Mauritania موريتانيا
Morocco المغرب
Mozambique موزمبيق
Namibia ناميبيا
Niger النيجر
Nigeria نيجيريا
Rwanda رواندا
Sao Tome and Principe ساو تومي وبرينسيب
Senegal السنغال
Seychelles سيشيل
Sierra Leone سيرا ليون
Somalia الصومال
South Africa جمهورية جنوب أفريقيا
Sudan سودان
Swaziland سوازيلاند
Tanzania تنزانيا
Togo توغو
Tunisia تونس
Uganda أوغندا
Western Sahara الصحراء الغربية
Zambia زامبيا
Zimbabwe زيمبابوي

  • Asia آسيا

Afghanistan أفغانستان
Armenia أرمينيا
Azerbaijan أذربيجان
Bahrain البحرين
Bangladesh بنغلاديش
Bhutan بوتان
Brunei بروناي
Cambodia كمبوديا
China الصين
Georgia جورجيا
Hong Kong هونغ كونغ
India الهند
Indonesia أندونيسيا
Iran إيران
Iraq العراق
Israel إسرائيل
Japan اليابان
Jordan الأردن
Kazakhstan كازاخستان
North Korea كوريا الشمالية
South Korea كوريا الجنوبية
Kuwait الكويت
Kyrgyzstan قيرغيزستان
Laos لاوس
Lebanon لبنان
Malaysia ماليزيا
Maldives جزر المالديف
Mongolia منغوليا
Myanmar ميانمار
Oman عمان
Nepal نيبال
Pakistan باكستان
Palestine فلسطين
Philippines الفلبين
Qatar قطر
Saudi Arabia المملكة العربية السعودية
Singapore سنغافورة
Sri Lanka سيريلانكا
Syria سوريا
Taiwan تايوان
Tajikistan طاجيكستان
Thailand تايلند
Timor تيمور
Turkey تركيا
Turkmenistan تركمانستان
UAE الإمارات العربية المتحدة
Uzbekistan أوزبكستان
Vietnam فيتنام
Yemen اليمن

  • Europe أوروبا

Albania ألبانيا
Andorra أندورا
Austria النمسا
Belarus روسيا البيضاء
Belgium بلجيكا
Bosnia and Herzegovina البوسنة والهرسك
Bulgaria بلغاريا
Croatia كرواتيا
Czech Republic جمهورية التشيك
Denmark الدنمارك
Estonia استونيا
Faroe Islands جزر فارو
Finland فنلندا
France فرنسا
Germany ألمانيا
Greece اليونان
Hungary المجر
Iceland أيسلندا
Ireland أيرلندا
Italy إيطاليا
Kosovo كوسوفو
Latvia لاتفيا
Liechtenstein ليختنشتاين
Lithuania ليتوانيا
Luxembourg لوكسمبورغ
Macedonia مقدونيا
Malta مالطا
Moldova مولدوفا
Monaco موناكو
Montenegro الجبل الأسود
Netherlands هولندا
Norway النرويج
Poland بولندا
Portugal البرتغال
Romania رومانيا
Russia روسيا
San Marino سان مارينو
Serbia صربيا
Slovakia سلوفاكيا
Slovenia سلوفينيا
Spain إسبانيا
Sweden السويد
Switzerland سويسرا
Ukraine أوكرانيا
UK المملكة المتحدة
Vatican City مدينة الفاتيكان

  • North America أمريكا الشمالية

Antigua and Barbuda أنتيغوا وباربودا
Bahamas جزر البهاما
Barbados بربادوس
Belize بليز
Canada كندا
Costa Rica كوستا ريكا
Cuba كوبا
Dominica دومينيكا
Dominican Republic جمهورية الدومنيكان
El Salvador السلفادور
Greenland جرينلاند
Grenada غرينادا
Guatemala غواتيمالا
Haiti هايتي
Honduras هندوراس
Jamaica جامايكا
Mexico المكسيك
Nicaragua نيكاراغوا
Panama بناما
Trinidad and Tobago ترينداد وتوباغو
United States الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية

  • South America امريكا الجنوبية

Argentina الأرجنتين
Bolivia بوليفيا
Brazil البرازيل
Chile تشيلي
Colombia كولومبيا
Ecuador الاكوادور
Guyana غيانا
Paraguay باراغواي
Peru بيرو
Suriname سورينام
Uruguay أوروغواي
Venezuela فنزويلا

  • Oceania أوقيانوسيا

Australia أستراليا
Fiji فيجي
Kiribati كيريباس
Marshall Islands جزر مارشال
Micronesia ميكرونيزيا
Nauru ناورو
New Zealand نيوزيلاندا
Palau بالاو
Papua New Guinea بابوا غينيا الجديدة
Samoa ساموا
Solomon Islands جزر سليمان
Tonga تونغا
Tuvalu توفالو
Vanuatu فانواتو

  • Antarctica القطب الجنوبي
  • Arctic قطبي شمالي