liberia president


Vila i frid, Anders Zorn.  One of Sweden’s foremost and most beloved artists, Zorn was an accomplished painter, etcher, and sculptor, and used his success to further the arts, including founding the prestigious Bellman Prize for poetry.  Among other subjects, he painted Presidents Taft (pictured above), Cleveland, and (T.) Roosevelt.  He died on this date in 1920 at the age of 60.

Stamp details:
Top left:
Issued on: February 18, 1960
From: Stockholm, Sweden
MC #455

Top right:
Issued on: April 7, 1982
From: Monrovia, Liberia
MC #1238

Middle stamp:
Issued on: March 2, 1973
From: Stockholm, Sweden
MC #795

Stamp on bottom:
Issued on: October 1, 1983
From: Stockholm, Sweden
MC #1257

Ellen Johnson Sirleaf (b. 1938) is the current president of the African nation of Liberia. Currently serving her second term, she had become the first elected female head of state in Africa upon first assuming office in 2006.

In 2011 she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her ‘non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women’s rights’. During her first days in office, she issued an order which made elementary school free and compulsory throughout the country. Also, in 2010, she signed the Freedom of Information Bill, becoming the first African country with such legislation.

Liberia Declares War on Germany

Daniel Howard (1861-1935), President of Liberia from 1912-1920.

August 4 1917, Monrovia–Most of Africa was involved in the war, as most of Africa was colonized by the belligerent powers or their dominions.  The sole exceptions were the few Spanish colonies in Africa and the two independent countries of Ethiopia (despite Turkish intrigues) and Liberia.  Liberia, founded by freed American slaves “colonized” in Africa, was essentially an American protectorate, and was undoubtedly influenced to enter the war once the United States did (though not as directly as Cuba or Panama were).

On August 4, Liberia declared war on Germany, and was able to seize German-owned businesses and interned German ships.  They also hoped that entry into the war would give them access to more favorable credit for foreign loans from the Allies (which became necessary due to disruptions in trade caused by the U-boat campaign), and that a spot at the peace table would make sure that Liberia was not harmed by any changes in the map of Africa that would occur after the war.  They were not able to participate in the war militarily, as their small armed forces were necessary to keep the Liberians of American origin in power (as the native African population would not be enfranchised until well after World War II).

In 1918, a long-range German submarine did shell Monrovia, sinking the Liberian Navy’s only ship and damaging their powerful wireless station.

Today in 1916: Sixth Battle of the Isonzo Begins
Today in 1915: Germans Enter Warsaw
Today in 1914: Britain Declares War on Germany

Edward Wilmont Blyden, Educator, Scholar, Diplomat, Father of Pan-Africanism

Edward Wilmot Blyden, widely known as the father of Pan-Africanism, was born on August 3, 1832 in Saint Thomas, in what are now the U.S Virgin Islands. Blyden was the third of seven children and was born to Romeo and Judith Blyden, a tailor and schoolteacher, respectively. The family lived in a predominantly Jewish and English speaking community, and attended church at the integrated Dutch Reformed Church. Blyden’s parents were free and literate at a time when most blacks on the islands were enslaved and illiterate. In 1842, the family moved to Porto Bello, Venezuela where Blyden first discovered his facility with languages. He also found that black free Venezuelans performed much the same menial labor as enslaved blacks in the Virgin Islands. 

Upon the family’s return to Saint Thomas Blyden became a student of Rev. John P. Knox, the pastor at the Dutch Reformed Church. Rev. Knox, impressed with Blyden’s scholarly potential, his mentor and through him Blyden decided to become a clergyman. In May 1850, Blyden accompanied Mrs. Knox, the clergyman’s wife, to the U.S to enroll into Rutgers’ Theological College in New Jersey but was refused admission because of his race. 

Blyden turned his attention to Africa. The West African nation of Liberia had become independent in 1847. Blyden accepted an offer in 1850 to come to Liberia to teach. Soon after his arrival in January 1851, Blyden was employed at Alexander High School in Monrovia. There he began self-directed studies of theology, the classics, geography and mathematics. In 1858 Blyden was ordained a Presbyterian Minister and appointed Principal of Alexander High School. He was also appointed editor of the Liberian Herald, then the only newspaper in the nation, by Liberian President Joseph Roberts. 

Drawing on both scriptures and science, Blyden challenged the arguments about black inferiority that were increasingly popular in Europe and North America during this period. He argued black equality and used examples of little known but successful persons of African ancestry. Between 1856 and 1887 Blyden authored four books, A Voice From Bleeding Africa (1856); A Vindication of the African Race; Being a Brief Examination of the Arguments in Favor of African Inferiority (1862); Africa for the Africans (1872); and Christianity, Islam and the Negro Race (1887) as well as numerous articles to advance his case.

Blyden also challenged black and mulatto elites in Liberia who hoped to monopolize political power. During the 1860s and early 1870s Blyden was Liberia’s Secretary of State and Professor of Classics at Liberia College. From these posts he called for the emigration of skilled and intelligent Black West Indians and African Americans to Liberia. Not surprisingly his proposals drew determined opposition from the Liberian elite. Nonetheless in 1885, Blyden ran for President of Liberia. After his defeat he went into self-imposed exile in neighboring Sierra Leone. Edward Wilmot Blyden died in Sierra Leone on February 7, 1912.

Yes Please by Amy Poehler: My Castmates and Friends

RASHIDA JONES (ANN PERKINS): Rashida is my old friend and chosen sister. She is my wife for life. I loved the scenes where it was just Ann and Leslie figuring out a problem. I would go sit on a fake apartment set and be friends with Ann and then go sit in my real trailer and be friends with Rashida. It was so easy to play being in love with Ann because next to my mom and my possible future daughter, Rashida Jones is the prettiest person I have ever met. She is also beautiful inside. We had so many deep conversations about our real lives in our fake offices. Rashida can speak on everything from Rodarte to Rodin to Rhodesia. I am so proud of the real friendship that Leslie and Ann had on-screen. It was important to both Rashida and me to show two women who supported each other and seemed like they would actually be friends.

  • My favorite moments on set: Rashida and me singing and dancing between takes.
  • A lot of people don’t know: Rashida shares my obsession with miniature fake food.
  • I laughed the hardest: The time Rashida and I (Ann and Leslie) had to try to pin Nick Offerman (Ron Swanson) down and feed him medicine in the “Hunting Trip” episode.

NICK OFFERMAN (RON SWANSON): I met Nick Offerman in Chicago in 1997. He had dyed his beard bright orange and his hair was shaped into two devil horns. He looked terrifying. He was doing a production of A Clockwork Orange with some cool theater company. Nick has real theater training and complete control over his instrument. This is why Ron Swanson is one of the best characters ever to be on television. He can do stillness like no other. He is incredibly professional but also giggly. We both talk about how much we love our jobs at least five times a day. He adores his wife and takes nothing for granted. He is someone I would run to when the zombies attack because he can build a boat and is great company.

  • My favorite moments on set: Blocking scenes with Nick in Ron’s office.
  • A lot of people don’t know: Nick is crazy for his two poodles.
  • I laughed the hardest: The time Ron Swanson tried to push Leslie up onto a podium while the entire cast was slipping on ice in the episode “The Comeback Kid.“

AZIZ ANSARI (TOM HAVERFORD): Aziz was a UCB wunderkind who had already had his own sketch show, Human Giant, before he joined Parks. He is a keen observer of the human condition and a lot sweeter and quieter than you would imagine. Like Tom Haverford, he is a total foodie and part-time culture vulture. Aziz and I spent a lot of time together building the world of Pawnee in those first couple of seasons. We stood together in a dusty pit and did our first television promos with a bunch of wild raccoons. We once shot a scene where Aziz had to run the length of a golf course and he barely broke a sweat. He has the stride and work ethic of a long-distance runner.

  • My favorite moments on set: Hearing my kids call Aziz “turkey sandwich.” I think it’s because he was eating a turkey sandwich once? Either way they think he is hilarious.
  • A lot of people don’t know: Aziz went to business school.
  • I laughed the hardest: The night Aziz and I spent shooting in a van during the episode “The Stakeout.”

AUBREY PLAZA (APRIL LUDGATE): Aubrey is my devil child and my girlfriend in crime. She will do anything for me, and me for her. She was an NBC page and made up facts during her studio tours. She was an SNL intern and smoked cigarettes with the set painters. Her great work as April Ludgate turned what could have been a one-note performance into a deep character study. Both the character of April and person of Aubrey are secret softies. When I was going through my divorce and sad about coming back to Los Angeles, Aubrey dressed up as an alien and surprised me at the airport. She is a big-hearted warrior and a good and loyal friend. She speaks Spanish and gets the most sleep of anyone on our show.

  • My favorite moments on set: Hugging Aubrey and asking her if she was eating enough.
  • A lot of people don’t know: Aubrey has a shrine to Judy Garland in her house.
  • I laughed the hardest: The scene in the “Two Parties” episode where April discovers that the illuminated penis hat she is wearing is helping her as she digs to bury stolen artifacts.

CHRIS PRATT (ANDY DWYER): Chris had the best audition I had ever seen. No one knew his work and he came in and crushed. He is a comedy savant and a natural actor in a way I have never really seen. Each take is different and hilarious and completely unexpected. His character was only supposed to be on the show for six episodes, which seems ridiculous now. There are long discussions in the writers’ room about how much Andy knows and doesn’t know. Chris is exactly how you would expect him to be in person: friendly, open, and very strong. When we were going through tough times we would text each other, “How’s the weather?” He also likes hunting and country music. I’ve learned a lot from watching him. He constantly reminds me to stay loose and have fun.

  • My favorite moments on set: Watching Pratt do physical comedy. Nobody falls like Pratt. Nobody does pratfalls like Pratt falls.
  • A lot of people don’t know: Chris actually plays the guitar and has helped write Mouse Rat songs.
  • I laughed the hardest: Any time Andy got distracted in the middle of listening to important instructions, like in the episode “The Trial of Leslie Knope.

ROB LOWE (CHRIS TRAEGER): I can’t believe I am Rob Lowe’s coworker, let alone his friend. For the first few weeks after I met him I hounded him with questions about his movies. The scene when Sodapop comes out of the shower in The Outsiders was a very important moment in my adolescence. Rob gives wise advice and loves to talk about show business. He joined the show at a time when our status was very shaky and he helped keep us on the air. He is a committed father and has great wisdom about raising two boys. He delighted in the rigorous physical challenges we put him and his character through. He played Chris Traeger as a wide-eyed lunatic and loved every minute of it.

  • My favorite moments on set: When Chris Traeger would have to go from standing still to a full sprint in less than five seconds.
  • A lot of people don’t know: We have a nickname for Rob. It’s RoLo, and he loves it.
  • I laughed the hardest: When Chris Traeger played “air banjo” in the backseat during the “Road Trip” episode.

RETTA SIRLEAF (DONNA MEAGLE): Retta can sing opera and cry on cue. She is a very warm person who does not suffer fools. The character of Donna Meagle has grown because Retta keeps adding small details in the fine work she does. I love how Donna is the only character who really holds her own against Ron Swanson. I love how she has nothing in common with Leslie Knope but tolerates her anyway. When we were rehearsing in the first few weeks of the show, Greg Daniels had me give a tour of the office and introduce everyone to camera. Retta, whom I barely knew, was sitting at Donna’s station pretending to be on the phone. I came over and checked out the stuff on her desk and noticed a yellow leaf pinned up on a bulletin board behind her. I asked her where it came from and she deadpanned, “Outside.”

  • My favorite moments on set: Retta talking about anything she loves or hates.
  • A lot of people don’t know: Her aunt is the president of Liberia.
  • I laughed the hardest: When Donna Meagle cried after a bullet hit her Benz in the “Hunting Trip” episode.

JIM O’HEIR (GARY/JERRY/LARRY/TERRY GERGICH): The character of Jerry is allowed to be such a loser because Jim the person is such a winner. He is sweet and funny and has the best timing of anyone on our show. He is a fine actor from Chicago who made what could have been a bad one-joke character into someone you root for and against. In real life, teasing him is okay because we all love him. In the show, Gary/Jerry/Larry/Terry is married to Christie Brinkley and has a gigantic penis. He is my parents’ favorite.

  • My favorite moments on set: Everybody making fun of Jerry.
  • A lot of people don’t know: Jim has a huge tongue.
  • I laughed the hardest: When Jerry suffered a “fart attack” in “Halloween Surprise.” Jim played it so real and it was ridiculous.

ADAM SCOTT (BEN WYATT): Adam is my TV husband and I couldn’t ask for a better partner to fake come home to. The characters of Ben and Leslie have gone through so much together and I feel so lucky to have had Adam by my side. The fact that people cared about our TV love story is because Adam is a tremendous actor; he listens intently and always makes me better. Ben-and-Leslie scenes were exciting and nerve-racking to shoot because we all cared so much about making them work. Adam is a kind person who loves his family and cares about the people he works with. He also speaks slowly and tells really long and boring stories and someone needs to tell him to cut the shit. Adam always has fresh breath for kissing scenes and a very dry sense of humor.

  • My favorite moments on set: Any time Leslie and Ben kiss.
  • A lot of people don’t know: Adam grew up in Santa Cruz and insists it’s totally acceptable to drive barefoot.
  • I laughed the hardest: When Ben had a kidney stone and lost his mind on morphine in the “Partridge” episode.
  • I cried the hardest: When Ben got down on one knee and proposed to Leslie.

“I need feminism because… I don’t want to have to dress like a man to be a politician”








List of ladies in order of appearance:
- Hina Rabbani Khar, 26th Foreign Minister of Pakistan
- Laura Chinchilla, President of Costa Rica
- Yingluck Shinawatra, Prime Minister of Thailand
- Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, President of Liberia
- Quentin Bryce, 25th Governor-General of Australia 
- Cristina Kirchner, President of Argentina 
- Helle Thorning-Schmidt, Prime Minister of Denmark


OSLO, Norway — Three women who fought injustice, dictatorship and sexual violence in Liberia and Yemen accepted the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize on Saturday, calling on repressed women worldwide to rise up against male supremacy.

My sisters, my daughters, my friends — find your voice,” Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf said after collecting her Nobel diploma and medal at a ceremony in Oslo.

Sirleaf, Africa’s first democratically elected female president, shared the award with women’s rights campaigner Leymah Gbowee, also from Liberia, and Tawakkul Karman, a female icon of the protest movement in Yemen.

The peace prize was announced in October, along with the Nobel awards for medicine, physics, chemistry, literature and economics. Worth 10 million kronor ($1.5 million) each, the Nobel Prizes are always handed out on the anniversary of award founder Alfred Nobel’s death on Dec. 10, 1896.

By selecting Karman, the prize committee recognized the Arab Spring movement that has toppled autocratic leaders in North Africa and the Middle East. Praising Karman’s struggle against Yemen’s regime, Nobel committee chairman Thorbjoern Jagland also sent a message to Syria’s leader Bashar Assad, whose crackdown on rebels has killed more than 4,000 people according to U.N. estimates.

“President Assad in Syria will not be able to resist the people’s demand for freedom of human rights,” Jagland said.

Karman is the first Arab woman to win the prize and at 32 the youngest peace laureate ever. A journalist and founder of the human rights group Women Journalists without Chains, she also is a member of the Islamic party Islah.

Wearing headphones over her Islamic headscarf, she clapped and smiled as she listened to a translation of Jagland’s introductory remarks.
In her acceptance speech, Karman paid tribute to Arab women and their struggles “in a society dominated by the supremacy of men.”

According to an English translation of her speech, delivered in Arabic, she criticized the “repressive, militarized, corrupt” regime of outgoing President Ali Abdullah Saleh. She also lamented that the revolution in Yemen hasn’t gained as much international attention as the revolts in Egypt, Tunisia, Libya and Syria.

“This should haunt the world’s conscience because it challenges the very idea of fairness and justice,” Karman said.

No woman or sub-Saharan African had won the prize since 2004, when the committee honored Wangari Maathai of Kenya, who mobilized poor women to fight deforestation by planting trees.

Sirleaf, 73, was elected president of Liberia in 2005 and won re-election in October. She is widely credited with helping her country emerge from an especially brutal civil war.

The Nobel chairman noted that she initially supported Charles Taylor but later dissociated herself from the former rebel leader who is now awaiting judgment from the International Criminal Court on charges of war crimes in Sierra Leone.

Gbowee, 39, challenged Liberia’s warlords as she campaigned for women’s rights and against rape. In 2003, she led hundreds of female protesters through Monrovia to demand swift disarmament of fighters, who continued to prey on women, despite a peace deal.

By John McConnico
Obama sends 3,000 troops to W.Africa to 'turn tide' on Ebola

US President Barack Obama will try to “turn the tide” on the Ebola epidemic Tuesday by ordering 3,000 US military personnel to west Africa to curtail its spread as China also dispatched more experts to the region.

The White House said Obama will travel to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta – where US Ebola victims were treated – to make the announcement, meant to spur a global effort to tackle the outbreak that has already killed 2,400 people.

It comes as alarm grows that the worst-ever Ebola epidemic which spread through Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea before reaching Nigeria, is out of control. A separate strain of the disease has appeared in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Most of the US effort, which will draw heavily on its military medical corps, will be concentrated in impoverished Liberia – the worst hit nation – with plans to build 17 Ebola treatment centres with 100 beds in each.

China is also sending more medics to neighbouring Sierra Leone to help boost laboratory testing for the virus, raising the total number of Chinese medical experts there to 174, the UN said Tuesday.

anonymous asked:

Is Cleveland the biggest city named after a president?

Cleveland actually isn’t named after Grover Cleveland; it’s named after the city’s founder (who actually spelled his name “Cleaveland”. The city was founded before Grover Cleveland was even born.

By the way, this is a really good trick question – for two reasons – if you’re trying to stump somebody. One reason is obviously the fact that Cleveland isn’t named after a President.

The other reason why it would be a great trick question is because of the actual answer. Washington, D.C. is the biggest city (in population) named after a President in the United States. But the biggest city in the world named after an American President is Monrovia, Liberia. James Monroe was President of the United States when Liberia was being established by the American Colonization Society as a place for emancipated African-American slaves (and free African-Americans living in the United States) to settle after gaining their freedom. President Monroe was one of the most prominent supporters of the colonization efforts in Liberia, and the colonists and American Colonization Society honored him by naming Liberia’s capital after him.


Pieces of Silver

Betty Ford reviewed the table settings in the State Dining Room as preparations for the state dinner honoring the President of Liberia were underway.

For the centerpieces the White House borrowed 19th century silver presentation pieces from the Museum of the City of New York. These pieces, which had been given to individuals in recognition of service or accomplishment, had all be manufactured in America.

The decorations also featured arrangements of flowers and greenery that included Boston ivy, pink cabbage roses, eucalyptus, Gerber daisies, and mums. A pink lily was tucked in each napkin, which rested on the wildflower-patterned Johnson china.