Khorramshahr, the site of such determined and bloody Iranian resistance in the opening months of the war, was recaptured easily in March of 1982 as part of Operation Jerusalem. With less than two days fighting, the city fell and over 20,000 Iraqi prisoners were marched into captivity.
After two years of fighting, Iraq now had nothing to show for their losses, which were heavy. Saddam ordered the execution of a number of generals, and attempted to sue for a ceasefire that summer, which was rejected by the Ayatollah, despite the fact that Iran was just as battered, if not even more so, that Iraq. Despite all that, he began planning for the Iranian counter-invasion.