The Black Venus
The appellation of “Black Venus” is a mystery – it may indicate the stygian nature of the Daemons involved, or the fact that the ritual is to take place at night. Perhaps it is derived from the cult epithet of Aphrodite Philopannyx – “Night-loving,” or “Lover of all the Night”. This epithet occurs in the Orphic Hymn to Aphrodite, which the author would have known the Latin translation, if he was at all familiar with the work. Additionally, in his Guide to Greece composed in the second century AD, Pausanias mentions an Aphrodite Melaina – the “Black Aphrodite” – so called “due to the fact that men do not, as the beasts do, have sexual intercourse always by day, but in most cases by night.”
— Journal of the Western Mystery Tradition No. XII, Vol. II, Appendix I: Some Brief Thoughts on John Dee’s Tuba Veneris by Phil Legard. Vernal Equinox, MMVII.
Some of the Black Venus’ epithets are Aphrodite Epitumbidia – “the goddess who lays upon graves.” She is Aphrodite Skotia – “queen of the beautiful darkness.” Known as Aphrodite Androphonos, she is “the killer of men,” and she is Aphrodite Tumborukhos – “the grave digger.”