1 atlas hands / benjamin francis leftwich 2 heartbeats / josé gonzález 3 hold back the river / james bay 4 all i want / kodaline 5 same mistakes / paper aeroplanes 6 the first day of my life / bright eyes 7 generator (first floor) / freelance whales 8 home / gabrielle aplin 9 riptide / vance joy 10 devil on my shoulder / orla gartland 11 bones / lewis watson 12 sos / ashley frangipane 13 waiting for the fall / tommy ashby 14 you always make me smile / kyle andrews 15 featherstone / the paper kites 16 lilo / lauren aquilina 17 neopolitan dreams / lisa mitchell 18 put on, cologne / donovan woods 19 play with fire / vance joy 20 skinny love / birdy 21 windows / lewis watson 22 the ground / orla gartland 23 as we are now / saint raymond 24 another love / tom odell 25 pictures / benjamin francis leftwich 26 how to save a life / the fray 27 i’ll keep you safe / sleeping at last 28 out on my own / gabrielle aplin 29 bruises / tommy ashby 30 turning page / sleeping at last 31 the river / saint raymond 32 youth / daughter 33 lost / gentle bones 34 bloom / the paper kites 35 5 years time / noah and the whale 36 heirloom / sleeping at last 37 dancing song / little comets 38 gracious / ben howard 39 favourite day / bombay bicycle club 40 generator (second floor) / freelance whales 41 butterfly culture / benjamin francis leftwich 42 jupiter / sleeping at last 43 cold snap / tommy ashby 44 cough syrup / young the giant 45 give me love (the live room) / ed sheeran 46 turning back around / rhodes 47 do you want it all? / two door cinema club 48 we are (live at the cluny 2 newcastle) / ed sheeran
Matters: Anthropologist, chemist, author, actor and civil rights
activist Eslanda Goode Robeson was born on December 15, 1895.
Eslanda Cardozo Goode was born in Washington, DC. Her paternal
great-grandfather was a Sephardic Jew whose family was expelled from
Spain in the 17th century.Her grandfather was Francis Lewis Cardozo, the
first Black treasurer of South Carolina. Her father, John Goode,
was a law clerk in the War Department who later finished his law degree
at Howard University. Eslanda had two older brothers, John Jr. and
Francis. She attended the University of Illinois and later graduated
from Columbia University in New York with a B. S. degree in chemistry.
When then she started to work at New York-Presbyterian Hospital, she
soon became the head histological chemist of Surgical Pathology, the
first Black to hold such a position.
In 1920, Paul Robeson and
Eslanda attended summer school at Columbia. One year later they married.
Eslanda gave up her intentions to study medicine and supported her
husband as his business manager. Eslanda worked at the hospital until
1925, when the career of her husband took more and more of her time. She
spent time between Harlem, London and France in the following years.
The only child of the Robesons, Paul Jr, “Pauli” was born on November
2, 1927; Robeson was on a tour in Europe at that time. The marriage was
strained and Eslanda suffered under the affairs of her husband.
Robeson’s long-term liaison with Yolanda Jackson almost broke up the
marriage, and Eslanda even agreed to a divorce at a time. Yet, despite
all the setbacks and separations, the marriage endured as each of the
two had needs that only the other could fill. Eslanda chose to “rise
above Paul’s affairs,” but to stay married to him and pursue her own
In 1930, Eslanda published her first book, a biography
of her husband: “Paul Robeson, Negro.” In 1931, the couple were living
in London and became more estranged. Eslanda resumed her own career,
taking acting parts in three movies over the next couple of years. She
enrolled at the London School of Economics for anthropology and
graduated in 1937. In England, she learned more about Africa. She made
the first of three journeys to the continent, touring South and East
Africa with her son in 1936.
With the signs of war imminent in
Europe, the Robesons moved back to Harlem in 1938. Three years later,
they moved to Enfield, Connecticut, to their estate, “The Beeches.”
Eslanda earned her Ph.D. at the Hartford Seminary in 1946. Using her
diary notes of her Africa trip, she completed her second book, “African
Journey,” the same year. The book was unusual, as few books in those
days dealt with Africa in the first place, and her perspective, as an
African American woman, on women in black Africa was unique. The book’s
publication was endorsed by Pearl Buck, whose husband was the head of
the John Day publishing house. The book argued that Blacks should take
pride in their African heritage.
Buck and Eslanda continued to
work together. As a result, “American Argument” was published in 1949, a
book of dialogues and comments, edited by Buck, in which Eslanda spoke
on society, politics, gender roles, and race relations.
the development of the cold war, the life of the Robesons changed
dramatically. The couple had first visited the Soviet Union in 1934,
were impressed by the apparent absence of racism, and agreed with the
stance of communism against racism, colonization, and imperialism.With
their pro-Soviet views, both became targets during the McCarthy days.
Robeson’s career came to a standstill, their income dropped
dramatically, and the Connecticut estate had to be sold.
July 17, 1953. Eslanda, like her husband, was called to testify before
the US Senate. Asked if she was a communist, she took the Fifth
Amendment and challenged the legitimacy of the proceedings. Her passport
was revoked until the decision was overturned in 1958. Fighting for the
decolonization of Africa and Asia she continued to work for the Council
on African Affairs and to write as the UN correspondent for the New
World Review, a pro-Soviet magazine.
Once their passports had
been returned, they flew to London and the Soviet Union. Eslanda made
her third and final trip to Africa, attending the first postcolonial
All-African Peoples’ Conference in Ghana in 1958. In 1963, she was
diagnosed with breast cancer. She returned from Russia to the US and
died in New York in December 1965.