Cinematography - Lenses

How do you know the best lens to use for a shot? Different lenses have different focal points. The focal length of the lens is the distance between the lens and the image sensor when the subject is in focus.

Below is a quick overview of the different lenses and how they look on screen.

Zoom Lenses- have a range as their focal length. Common zoom lenses may be 18-55mm. These are nice because they are flexible and can capture photos or videos at varying focal lengths.

Prime Lenses- have a fixed focal length. Although not as versatile as zoom lenses, these lenses tend to have better quality, wider maximum aperture, and are smaller and lighter. These are most common in professional filming and photography. Focal lengths of prime lenses: the higher the focal length (mm), the higher the zoom.

-Wide angle lenses (14-35mm)- These are often used for wide shots, landscapes, group photos, or interiors. Distorts images especially when close to the camera.

(15mm, high light, landscape)

-Standard lenses (50-60mm)- These are considered the “normal” focal length because it is close to how the human eye sees. Minimal distortion and used for portraits (close ups in film) and nature.

(50mm, low-light, portrait)

-Telephoto lenses (70-300mm)- Use these when you want to get close to a subject but can’t. They tend to distort images and are susceptible to camera shake the higher the focal length.

(200mm, average light, action) 

-Super-telephoto lenses (300mm-600mm)- same as telephoto lenses but closer. Good for capturing subjects from a large distance.

(400mm, average light, wildlife)

-Macro lenses (60, 105, 200mm)- used for close ups that can be reproduced life-sized. Used for extreme close ups in film and images of flowers and insects in nature.

(105mm, average light, insect)

Gwenpool lenses tutorial

things you will need! 
-a spandex/lyrca white mask 
-black curtain grommets (I used Dritz, make sure they are 1 and 9/16 of an inch, but I’m sure there are other brands) 
-some kind of acrylic glue. please do NOT use super glue or really any other kind of glue, it will MELT your acrylic otherwise!!!!
-circular pink acrylic lenses (I found them on etsy for like… steam punk goggle replacements.) make sure you can see through them. we will handle the mirror lens issue later. 
-1 way mirror tint film. I got it here on Amazon this is kind of expensive, and I only used a little, so like… if you want some from me and don’t want to pay that price, just message me! I’ll cut some and mail it to you if you throw me some dolla’ bills for a stamp and envelope! 

this can totally work for other characters who have perfectly circle eye holes with a weird color lens too! 

specific grommets I got: 

specific glue I got: 

I bought two colors that were both described as  “pink” but one is totally purple. so here is how you like… assemble your lens!

do NOT put your lens in the middle of the front and back of the grommet. it will not close if you do that. 

I wouldn’t suggest snapping together your grommet until you are ready to put it on the fabric, I broke my nail trying to pry it open. 

cut eye holes out of your mask so the grommets are eye holes!
snap that shit together! 

the back of your mask will look like this: 

some of you will be done with the tutorial at this part. that’s fine! your mask will look like this :

but if you want to take it a step further, you can use the 1 way mirror tint. I can see you, but you can’t see my eyes! just follow the instructions on the packaging on how to apply the 1 way tint, or if you do take me up on wanting me to cut some, I’ll send you the directions 

An Early Christmas!!!!!

I’ve always said, Tumblr isn’t perfect, but it brought me wonderful blessings! Amy @amymontico has been my cheerleader from the beginning! She is one of my dearest friends and mentors and I can always count on her for a good chuckle or a hug, when needed. ;) I cannot wait to see what these little things can do and hopefully channel my inner Amy!! THANK YOU, THANK YOU, THANK YOU AMY!!! *HUGE HUGS* 💖💖💖💖

Sophie Kaye, New York, 80mm

The vintage photography experts at Lomography are back on Kickstarter with a new art lens set. Based on a design from the 1830s, the convertible Neptune system opens up a new world of visual possibilities for modern photographers — letting you create exceptionally sharp images with strong, saturated colors, or soften them with delicate bokeh effects. 

See more here.

Marine Toux, Paris, 50mm

Lorenzo Scudiero, Rovereto, 35mm