Let’s check out some excellent epithets of Pallas Athene.
Lots of names connecting her to places, a few generic appellations shared with other deities, etc. But most really are illuminating. For example, note that the goddess is a leader in peace and war, is very perceptive and quick of mind, a great protectress - but is noted more for quickness of mind and practicality, than for introspection and deep knowledge. Basically, it looks like her presence is more likely to be felt on a military base or in a city hall than in a library.
Adamatos thea - untamed Agoraia - of the market place Anemotis - of the winds Ageleia - who leads and protects people like a herd of cattle or she who takes the spoils Aglauros - connected with the heroine Aglauros Aithyia - diver, or a figurative reference to ships? Alea - connected with the hero Aleus. Possibly also of refuge Alalkomeneis - protectress, or also of Alalkomenai Alkidemos - defender of the people Alkimakhe - defender in battle Alkis - strong, brave Amboulia - of counsel Apatouria - deciever Areia - warlike Akraia - She on high Amaria - of day? Arkhegetis - foundress, leader Assesia - of Assesus Atrytone - unflinching Axiopoinos - who metes out just punishment Aiantis - connected with the hero Aiax, or with the attic phile Aiantis Agestratos- leader of hosts Boarmia, Boudeia - yoker of oxen Bia - might Boulaia - of the boule (council) Damasippos - horse tamer Deino - terrible Epipyrgitis - of/upon the tower Ergane - of craft Eryma - defender Erysiptolis - defender of the city Euresitekhnos - inventor of the crafts Glaukopis - bright-eyed, owl-eyed Gorgopis - gorgon-faced, grim Gorgolopha - gorgon-crested Gorgophone - killer of the gorgon Gigantoleteira - destroyer of giants Iasonia - connected with the hero Jason, or healer Ilia - of Ilios Ismenia - of the Ismenos river Itonia - of Itonus, or connected with the hero Itonios Hephaistia - connected with Hephaistos Hippia - of horses Hippolaitis - of Hippola Hellotia - of the fertile marsh, or connected with the heroine Hellotis Homaria - of the gathering Homolois - well, one of the gates of Thebes was called that, and there was a Homoloia festival in Boeotia. Also, Homole mountain in Thessaly, and a legendary priestess called Homolois. Might also mean “of concord”. Nice range of options. Hygieia - of good health Kalliergos - of beautiful crafts Keleutheia - of the roads Khalinitis - bridler Khalkioikos - of the bronze dwelling Khryseopelex - gold-helmeted Khrysolonkhos - of the golden spear Kleidouchos - keeper of the keys Koryphasia - of the head, or of the promontory called Koryphasion Koryphagenes - born from the head Kyparissia - of Kyparissiae, or of the cypress Kydonia - of Kydonia on Crete Kynthia - of the Kynthus mountain on Delos Kolokasia - of the edible tubers, probably Kissaia - of ivy Koresia - of the lake Koresia, which might just mean maiden lake Ktesia - protectress of the household Kranaia - of the top of the hill, probably Laossoos - rallier of the people Lemnia - of Lemnos Lindia - of Lindos Leitis - distributor of war booty Larisaia - of Larisus Magarsia - of Magarsos Medeousa Athenon - protectress and queen of Athens Mekhanitis - contriver of plans Meter - mother. (Yes, there was such a cult in Elis. Apparently, there is nothing weird about asking a virgin goddess for children) Moria - of the sacred olive tree Nike - victory Nikephoros - bringer of victory, who holds victory in her hands Nedousia - of Nedon Narkaia - connected with the hero Narkaios Obrimopatre - of a mighty father Oleria - of Oleris Ophtalmitis - of eyes Optiletis - sightful Oxyderkes - of sharp eyesight Pareia - of parian marble (in reference to a statue ) Paionia - healer Pandrosos - connected with the heroine Pandrosos Pankrates - almighty Persepolis - sacker of cities Potnia Egrekydoimos - mistress who raises the din of war Phalaritis - who wears cheekpieces Phobesistrate - who is feared by hosts Phratria - of the phratry Phronesis - of moral responsibility Polyboulos, Polymetis - of many counsels Polioukhos, Poliatis - protector of the polis Polemedokos - sustainer of war Promakhos - first in battle, who fights in front Pronoia - of foresight Proxima - near one Panakhaia - of all Akhaia Parthenos - virgin Pallas - maybe a reference to her friend she killed accidentally, maybe a giant she killed (not accidentally) , maybe one who brandishes (pallein) her spear or aegis Pronaia - before the temple Pylaimakhos - fighter at the gates Polias - of the city Pylaitis - of the gates Sais, Saitis - of Sais. Neith, a Kemetic goddess, is that city’s proper patron, but hey, Interpretatio Graeca, what can you do *grumble grumble
* Salpinx - war trumpet
Soteira - saviour Sounia - of Sounion Skiras - of Skiron Skillyntia - of Skillos Sthenias - mighty Stoikheia - marshaler of ranks Telkhinia - connected with the Telkhines, probably Tritogeneia - born near the Lybian lake Tritonis or river Triton, or possibly from the head Zosteria - of the girdle Xenia - of (hospitality to) strangers
It cannot be stressed enough that Pausanias is invaluable, as well as the Homeric hymns, Kallimachos, Euripides, Aristophanes, etc. We are so very lucky to have their works, aren’t we?
Athena Lemnia. Metallic Reconstruction of a Roman marble copy of a Greek statue believed to have been sculpted by Phidias. Museum Hessen Kassel, Germany. Photograph: Blofield.
Today, you are invited to join with people all around the world in making a libation to Athena.In this way, whatever else we do to celebrate Hellenic occasions, we are united in doing the same action on the same day.