“Exorcizamus te, omnis immundus spiritus, omnis satanica potestas, omnis incursio infernalis adversarii, omnis legio, omnis congregatio et secta diabolica. Ergo, omnis legio diabolica, adiuramus te…cessa decipere humanas creaturas, eisque æternæ perditionìs venenum propinare…Vade, satana, inventor et magister omnis fallaciæ, hostis humanæ salutis…Humiliare sub potenti manu Dei; contremisce et effuge, invocato a nobis sancto et terribili nomine…quem inferi tremunt…Ab insidiis diaboli, libera nos, Domine. Ut Ecclesiam tuam secura tibi facias libertate servire, te rogamus, audi nos.

Roman Gold 4th Legion Flavia Felix Ring, 1st-2nd Century AD

A broad openwork gold hoop with beaded wire borders, filigree loops enclosing cast D-section letters ‘LEGIIIIFF’ for Legio IIII Flavia Felix.

The Legio Quarta Flavia Felix (“Lucky Fourth Legion of Flavia”), was a unit of the Imperial Roman army, founded in 70 AD by Vespasian (r. 69-79) from the remnants of the Legio IV Macedonica disbanded after the Batavian revolt. The legion was active in Moesia Superior (map) until the early 5th century and its symbol was a lion.

Warlord and queen of the British Iceni, an ancient Celtic tribe, Boudica led an uprising against the occupying forces of the Roman Empire. Boudica’s husband Prasutagus was ruler of the Iceni tribe, and enjoyed autonomy under a treaty with the Romans. However, when he died, the kingdom was annexed as if conquered. Boudica was flogged, her daughters were raped, and Roman financiers called in their loans. In AD 60 or 61, Boudica waited until the Roman governor Gaius Suetonius Paulinus was leading a campaign on the island of Anglesey off the northwest coast of Wales. She then launched a massive assault leading the Iceni, Trinovantes and other Britons in revolt against Roman population centers. She destroyed Camulodunum (modern Colchester), and while the out-manned Roman garrisons attempted to flee, Boudica’s army of 100,000 engaged the Legio IX Hispana, decimating them, then burned and destroyed Londinium, and Verulamium (modern-day St. Albans). An estimated 70,000–80,000 Romans and British were killed in the three cities by Boudica’s armies. Despite these early gains, Suetonius regrouped his forces in the West Midlands, and though heavily outnumbered, defeated Boudica’s advancing Britons in the Battle of Watling Street. The crisis caused the Emperor Nero to consider withdrawing all Roman forces from Britain, but Suetonius’s eventual victory over Boudica confirmed Roman control of the province. Boudica then killed herself so she would not be captured. She has since remained an important cultural symbol in the United Kingdom, and is renown for her tactical use of the chariot on the battlefield by employing shock-combat to break enemy formations.

5th Legion Roman Gold Officer’s Ring, 2nd-3rd Century AD

The 5th Macedonian Legion (Legio V Macedonia) was founded in the year 43 BC by Octavian, the later Augustus, and Consul Gaius Vibius Pansa Caetroniasus. It existed in Moesia until the 5th century.  The 5th Legion was one of the original 28 legions raised by Octavian. It is also the longest lived Roman Legion, spanning 680 years from 43 BC to 637 AD.

Moesia was an ancient region and later Roman province situated in the Balkans, along the south bank of the Danube River. It included most from the territory of modern-day Serbia (without Vojvodina) and the northern parts of the Republic of Macedonia, (Moesia Superior), as well Northern Bulgaria and Romanian Dobrudja, (Moesia Inferior).

The ring is a tapered shank with rectangular panel. Nielloed inscription “LEG V MAC” between two swastikas on top.

More about the 5th Macedonian Legion…