law giver

The Nine Holds

Picture a solar eclipse. The dark circle that would normally be the moon is now the universe. The wispy light around the edge of the circle is the realm of Aetherius, also known as the place where we draw magicka from. Our little chunk of the dark circle is the realm of Nirn, kinda like the planet Earth. Tamriel is a continent on Nirn. Skyrim is a province of Tamriel.

Brief astronomy/astrology/metaphysics lesson over.

Skyrim has nine holds: Haafingar, Hjaalmarch, the Pale, Winterhold, the Reach, Whiterun, Eastmarch, Falkreath, and the Rift. Each of the nine holds is governed by a jarl, whose seat of power is in the capital city of their hold.

In Haafingar, Jarl Elisif the Fair lives in Solitude. Solitude was the only city that didn’t fall when King Olaf One-Eye laid siege to the entire province. It is also the seat of the Imperial presence in Skyrim (I’ll make another post about why the Empire is in Skyrim later). The Thalmor Embassy is just up the hill from Solitude and the city of Dragon Bridge is near the border between the Reach and Haafingar. The weather of Haafingar is actually pretty nice. Everything’s green except in the mountains where everything’s covered in snow, and Haafingar has the longest coastline of all nine holds.

In Hjaalmarch, Jarl Igrod Ravencrone lives in Highmoon Hall in Morthal. Morthal is a smaller town and doesn’t have a protective wall surrounding it from anything that crawls out of the marsh nearby. The jarl is said to have visions, something that has both her husband and her housecarl worried. People in Morthal are suspicious of the mage, Falion, but don’t do anything to him, thankfully. If need be, he can help cure you of vampirism, which is pretty nifty. The weather of Hjaalmarch is a combination of snow and fog most days, but if you happen to be there on a sunny day, the marsh waters glitter like piles of gemstones.

In the Pale, Jarl Skald the Elder lives in the White Hall in Dawnstar. Dawnstar is a small town on the northern coastline of Skyrim with an old Dark Brotherhood sanctuary that spooks literally all of the residents. The jarl isn’t the nicest person is Skyrim, but he can be given a pass due to the lack of defensive walls around his city. Wolves, giants, and other creatures can just wander into the city, so I would be angry too. It’s almost always snowing in the Pale and the days when it’s now snowing, the sun is blinding and you almost hope snow will begin to fall just to make it easier to see.

In Winterhold the hold, Jarl Korir lives in his longhouse in Winterhold the town. During the Great Collapse, the northern sea, known as the Sea of Ghosts, supposedly rose up and washed most of the city away. With only four buildings remaining, Winterhold is easily the smallest hold capital in the province. To further mar the reputation of the town, the mages’ College of Winterhold stands just off shore on a tall pillar connected to the mainland by a few narrow bridges. The college was untouched by the Great Collapse and serves and the largest target for Winterhold’s anger towards mages. It’s literally always snowing in Winterhold. The only time it hasn’t been snowing in Winterhold for me was when I did the Clear Skies shout and stopped the snow myself, and even then, it came back after a few minutes. If you install the “Frostfall” mod on steam, do not go swimming in Winterhold.

In the Reach, Jarl Igmund lives in Understone Keep in Markarth. Said to be built by the Dwarves, Markarth appears as if built into the hillside with waterfalls everywhere and the Crag in splitting the city in two. The Crag consists of the Temple of Dibella on top of a shrine to Talos on top of the warrens, where the miners and the homeless sleep. Unlike Morthal, Dawnstar, and Winterhold, Markarth has tall stone walls. Connected to Understone Keep is the dwarven ruin of Nchuand-Zel—you’re welcome to go through it but there’s tons of falmer and, if you flip a switch at a dead end, tons of dwarven automatons. Still, Markarth is a beautiful city in the southwest of Skyrim, so the weather is always agreeable. Sometimes it rains, but most days are sunny and clear.

In Whiterun the hold, Jarl Balgruf the Greater lives in Dragonsreach in Whiterun the city. Whiterun is centrally located in Skyrim and is usually the first big city you go to. The city has three districts—the plains district, the wind district, and the cloud district. The plains district stretches from the front gate to The Bannered Mare, including everything off the main street like Ysolda’s house and the Guard’s barracks. The wind district is the middle part of Whiterun, including Jorrvaskr, the Gildergreen, and the houses past the Temple of Kynareth. The cloud district consists of Dragonsreach only. Whiterun hold is never snowy unless you go up into the hills, but it can be rainy, sunny, cloudy, foggy, and everything in between.

In Eastmarch, Jarl Ulfric Stormcloak lives in the Palace of the Kings in Windhelm. Windhelm is the seat of the Stormcloak rebellion and anyone who isn’t a Nord is discriminated against. Dark Elves are forced into the Gray Quarter, living in squalor. Argonians are forced to live out on the docks and I don’t think I’ve actually ever seen a Khajiit in Windhelm. Niranye is a High Elf and she lives just south of the Gray Quarter. It’s always snowy in Windhelm and everything is made of stone, making the emotion of the city cold and distant. As you head south in the hold, though, things warm up. The hot springs in the middle of the hold are teeming with animals, some friendly and some not, and it’s always clear out, even when it’s raining.

In Falkreath the hold, Jarl Siddgeir lives in his long house in Falkreath the city. Renowned for its expansive graveyard, locals of Falkreath have taken to naming their businesses death related puns such as “Dead Man’s Drink” and “Grave Concoctions.” Rain or shine, citizens go about their day with ease despite the lack of protective walls. The woods around the town are teeming with deer…and other animals…and Lake Ilinalta to the north is absolutely stunning on a sunny day. The weather in Falkreath is mild, never too bright or to rainy, but wit occasional thunderstorms, but its understandable how everything is green.

In the Rift, Jarl Layla Law-Giver lives in Mistveil Keep in Riften. Riften used to be a bustling trade city whose fishing industry was legendary. Now, the canal through the city is disgustingly stagnant and the sewers are infested with thieves—thieves you can join, if you want. There are tons of people you can help and do favors for, though, so if you like making a difference, Riften is the place to go. The entire hold is in perpetual autumn, with orangeish-yellowish-red trees and afternoon light that makes the world look like it’s been dipped in honey. The forests are full of bears and wolves, especially just north of Riften. If you take the light dirt path off the main road, the next fork will have three to four bears attacking some deer. Just a warning.

Ravi Zacharias said, “If you are an atheist it is not for intellectual reasons but moral reasons.” The evidence for a Creator and an objective moral law giver is overwhelming. The problem is not a LACK of evidence but a SUPPRESSION of evidence. The real reason why atheists don’t believe in God is because they love their sin. Jesus said in John 3:19 NKJV “And this is the condemnation, that the light has come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil.” 🌎

Salvation, whatever salvation may mean, is not to be obtained by any reasonable terms. Reason is an impasse, reason is damnation; only madness, divine madness, offers an issue. The law of the Lord Chancellor will not serve; the law-giver may be an epileptic camel-driver like Mohammed, a megalomaniac provincial upstart like Napoleon, or even an exile, three-parts learned, one-part crazy, an attic-dweller in Soho, like Karl Marx. There is only one thing in common among such persons; they are all mad, that is inspired.
—  Aleister Crowley

Suleiman the magnificent, Sultan of the Ottoman empire (1494-1566)

You hear a lot about Abraham Lincoln, Winston Churchill, and Napoleon. Don’t get me wrong these 3 people where awesome. They are all iconic national heroes in their own countries view. But what about Suleiman the magnificent? One of the greatest leaders the middle east ever knew. 

Suleiman of the house Osman was born in 1494. Like any Ottoman prince he was sent to a school to study science, maths and millitary tactics. He befriended a slave called Pargali Ibrahim. Who would later become the sultans most trusted adviser. Suleiman had little ruling experience before he became sultan. He had been appointed governor of Theodosia by his father. However when his father died in 1520. Suleiman was sat on the throne at the age of 26. Suleiman was looked an as more of a domestic king than a foreign powerhouse and an envoy of venice said that “all men would benefit from his rule”. 

Contrary to popular opinion Suleiman embarked on a campaign to conquer hungary and only a year later he captured Belgrade in 1521 and Rhodes in 1522. He was stopped at Vienna in 1529. But soon the Ottoman fleet dominated the red sea and soon the whole Mediterranean, waging war on the coasts of North Africa, Italy and Dalmatia. Suleiman doubled the empires terriotry and launched it into being a serious power player in the game of empires. 

At home Suleiman was a great reformer. He started his modern vision of an empire by appionting the Grand vizier of the Ottoman empire as Pargali Ibrahim (that slave he met in school). Bascially making him head of government and making him the most second most powerful man in the empire. 

Suleiman Ensured new dams, aqueducts and theological schools were built across the empire. Suleiman reformed the judicial system by adding in laws to prevent corruption and limit tax collector which resulted in many tax breaks for the working class. He made sure every prisoner had human rights and this earned him the name law giver. 

Culturally his one of the greatest poets in the islamic world and oversaw the “Golden age of the ottoman empire”. When artists flourished in their new social houses and the sultan kept many artists at court. Suliemans great architectural achievements included restoring the old walls of jerusalem and the dome of the rock which was sacred to all not only muslims but christians and jews aswell. 

As a poet Suleiman was admired. His greatest verse being 

The people think of wealth and power as the greatest fate,

But in this world a spell of health is the best state.
What men call sovereignty is a worldly strife and constant war;
Worship of God is the highest throne, the happiest of all estates

Suleiman died in 1520. It took get 300 years worth of decadent and incapable heirs to destroy what he had created. 

Seven Wise Men

The Seven Sages (of Greece) or Seven Wise Men (Greek: οἱ ἑπτὰ σοφοί, hoi hepta sophoi; c. 620 BCE–550 BCE) was the title given by ancient Greek tradition to seven early 6th century BCE philosophers, statesmen and law-givers who were renowned in the following centuries for their wisdom.

The Seven Sages

Traditionally, each of the seven sages represents an aspect of worldly wisdom which is summarized in an aphorism. Although the sages included in the list has sometimes varied, the most usual ones included are the following ones:

  • Cleobulus of Lindos: he would say that “Moderation is the best thing.” He governed as tyranos of Lindos, in the Greek island of Rhodes, circa 600 BC.
  • Solon of Athens: he said that “Keep everything with moderation.” Solon (640-559 BC) was a famous legislator and social reformer from Athens, enforcing the laws that shaped the athenian democracy.
  • Chilon of Sparta: authored the aphorism “You should never desire the impossible.” Chilon was a spartan politician from the 6th century BC, to whom the militarization of the spartan society is attributed.
  • Bias of Priene: “Most men are bad.” Bias was a politician who became a famous legislator from the 6th century BC.
  • Thales of Miletus: Thales is the first known philosopher and mathematician. He famously said “Know thyself”, a sentence so famous it was engraved on the front façade of the Oracle of Apollo in Delphos.
  • Pittacus of Mytilene (c. 650 BC), governed Mytilene (Lesbos) along with Myrsilus. He tried to reduce the power of nobility and was able to govern Mytilene with the support of popular classes, to whom he favoured. He famously said “You should know which opportunities to choose.”
  • Periander of Corinth: he was the tyranos of Corinth circa 7th and 6th centuries BC. Under his rule, Corinth knew a golden age of unprecedented prosperity and stability. He was known for “Be farsighted with everything.”

Sources and legends

The oldest explicit mention on record of a standard list of seven sages is in Plato’s Protagoras, where Socrates says:

The passage in which the above occurs is “elaborately ironical”; so it is unclear which of its aspects may be taken seriously, although Diogenes Laertius later confirms that there were indeed seven such individuals who were held in high esteem for their wisdom well before Plato’s time. According to Diogenes, citing Demetrius Phalereus, it was during the archonship of Damasias (582/1 BCE) that the seven had first become known as “the wise men”, Thales being the first so acknowledged.



Hurrem Sultan (1500–18 April 1558), a concubine slave who became a queen of the Turkish Ottoman Empire…

Also known as Huseki Sultan or Roxelana, Sultan Hürrem has remained a contested and controversial figure in early modern history. Her ruthless pragmatism, political genius, and unparalleled patronage of charitable foundations in Mecca, Medina, and Jerusalem represented her political and pious persona in the annals and imaginations of Ottoman history. Hürrem was captured as a slave during a Tartar raid in Ruthenia; however, sources indicate her homeland to be present-day Ukraine, which was then part of the kingdom of Poland. Hürrem was presented to the Ottoman sultan Süleyman I the Magnificent (1520–1566), known to Ottomans as the Law Giver, as a gift from his mother. Hürrem’s charm and beauty facilitated her rise within the ranks of the harem, and soon she became Süleyman’s favorite concubine and later his beloved queen. Hürrem’s hastened and unprecedented transition from a harem slave to the queen of the Ottoman Empire provoked a contentious and vindictive response from the governing body and the general populace. Hürrem exerted immense influence over Süleyman and accompanied him as his political adviser to the extent that members of the court claimed that he was bewitched by his queen’s charm. Hürrem’s unique place in the Ottoman court was further conveyed through Süleyman’s contravention of dynastic traditions. Süleyman freed a slave concubine to make her his legal wife, allowed Hürrem to bear more than one son, and gave her access to imperial affairs that allowed her to replace the heir apparent with her own firstborn son. Finally, Süleyman gave away all of his concubines in marriage to remain faithful to Hürrem. During their forty-year monogamous romance, Hürrem bore Süleyman five children and reigned supreme in the imperial court as well as in his heart. Hürrem’s private letters to Süleyman and Süleyman’s amorous poetry for Hürrem indicate their desperate and passionate longing for each other during Süleyman’s long military campaigns. However, Hürrem’s yearning for Süleyman never distracted her from her political duties. Diplomatic letters written to the kings of Poland document her important role in maintaining peaceful and cordial relations with her native land. Promoting her sons as legitimate heirs to the throne was Hürrem’s primary concern; however, she was aware of her unsavory reputation in the court and empire and wanted to rectify this image to ensure an enduring legacy. Hürrem publicized her munificence through numerous commissions, including sacred and secular monuments. Her major commissions, particularly in the holy centers of the Islamic lands, were part of a larger building scheme. In Jerusalem, for example, she established a multipurpose charity, which included a mosque, a hostel for religious pilgrims, an inn and stable for other travelers, public toilets, and a large soup kitchen. Hürrem had hoped to correct and construct her public persona through her patronage as a benevolent queen whose objectives included the welfare of her Ottoman subjects, international travelers, and pilgrims. Hürrem died on 18 April 1558 from malaria and colic, bearing the title haseki sultan (mother of princes). She is buried in a domed mausoleum adjacent to Süleyman’s at the Suleymaniye Mosque.

Despite giving Imperials control of Riften, Laila Law-Giver remained Jarl. Maven still makes comments like she is jarl (“The throne suits me, don’t you think?”), and she often enters the keep when everyone is sitting around the table and looms over Laila’s shoulder.

An Epitaph for Solon

Anthologia Palatina 7.86 (author and date unknown)

This island, Salamis, that quelled the unjust hubris
Of the Medes, now covers Solon, the holy giver of laws.

Τὴν Μήδων ἄδικον παύσασ’ ὕβριν ἥδε Σόλωνα
    τόνδ’ ἐπέχει Σαλαμὶς θεσμοθέτην ἱερόν.

Solon and Croesus, Gerard van Honthorst, 1624

When you say there’s too much evil in this world you assume there’s good. When you assume there’s good, you assume there’s such a thing as a moral law on the basis of which to differentiate between good and evil. But if you assume a moral law, you must posit a moral Law Giver, but that’s Who you’re trying to disprove and not prove. Because if there’s no moral Law Giver, there’s no moral law. If there’s no moral law, there’s no good. If there’s no good, there’s no evil. What is your question?
—  Ravi Zacharias

In response to the objection, “There cannot be a God, because there is too much evil in this world.”

anonymous asked:

thoughts/predictions for the 100 season 3?

[Disclaimer: I am agnostic. I treat all biblical references as myths in this essay. I also apologize if this ends up making little to no sense. My head is a muddled mess about this show!]

Well, after seeing the poster they released around the CW Upfronts, which depicts Clarke, Bellamy, Abby, and Jaha, a somewhat odd foursome to use for promoting the show, I began to develop the Four Horsemen Theory.

The four horsemen of the apocalypse, as many of you are probably familiar with, is one of my favorite biblical legends. It depicts four colored horses and their riders as a sort of wayward set of Paul Reveres, who will someday ride in and bring with them warnings of the end to come. 

I’ve felt the biblical references so strongly on this show for such a long time. And though I joke that Bellamy is my Messiah, it isn’t such a stretch. Messiahs, in part, are beacons of hope. The horsemen are warnings that there is no hope. By season three, the world has had its chance. By season three, the end is near.

Keep reading

The souls of people on their way to earth life: pass through a room of lights. Each takes a taper, often only a spark, to guide them in the dim country of this world. But some souls are rare fortune, are detained longer and have time to grab full a handful of tapers, which they weave into a torch. These are the torch- bearers of humanity. It’s poets, seers, and saints, who lead and lift the human race out of darkness towards the light. They are the light -bringers, the truth-tellers, the way-showers, the law-givers, the saviors, and without them humanity would lost it’s way in the dark. (plato) 



KING OF SPADES “The Lone Warrior” The King of Spades is a stern law giver who is not easily swayed by emotion. Symbol of detachment. In a relationship based on dependency, it can mean that the end can be devastating, but to have good effects. When feelings are becoming amusement, subtlety replaces cordiality.

KING OF HEARTS “The Suicidal King” The King of Hearts has lived a romantic life and died from it. The King of Hearts is a symbol of someone who is reborn, after the experience of both the joys and tragic pain of love. They then return and master love with more self respect.

When you say there’s too much evil in the world you assume there’s good. When you assume there’s good, you assume there’s such thing as a moral law on the basis of which to differentiate between good and evil. But if you assume a moral law, you must presuppose a moral Law Giver, but that’s Who you’re trying to disprove and not prove. Because if there’s no moral Law Giver, there’s no moral law. If there’s no moral law, there’s no good. If there’s no good, there’s no evil. What is your question?
—  Ravi Zacharias