A Look into the Grágás (Medieval Icelandic Law):

Grágás I: Assembly Procedures Section, Quarter Courts, pg. 53.

“It is prescribed in our laws that we shall have four Quarter Courts. Each chieftain who has an ancient and full chieftaincy shall nominate a man to join a court. And those are full and ancient chieftaincies which existed when there were three assemblies in each Quarter and three chieftains in each assembly. The assemblies were then not split up. If chieftaincies are divided into shares, then those who have part of ancient chieftaincies are to arrange it so that nomination is made in the way now told. Then the Quarter Courts are complete.”

Source: Andrew Denis, Peter Foote, and Richard Perkins trans., Laws of Early Iceland: Grágás I. (University of Manitoba Press, 2012), 53.

sowwaki  asked:

Prepare yourself, my asks are coming! I'm going to give you a lot of work! How about the male strawhats + Law, Ace and kid, their ideal female s/o? Btw, will you do match ups?

*cracks fingers* I’m ready!

And no, I won’t do Match Ups. But I do all the other stuff ;)

Male Strawhats Ideal Female S/O
+Law, Ace, Kid


  • He would see them as a friend too, so his ideal female s/o has to love adventures, action and fun!
  • Luffy would get easily bored with a Girl, who does nothing, just sits there and…yeah. U know what I mean.
  • We all know Luffy, and we all know what kind of people he likes
  • Luffy would not care much about the look, more important for him is the personality.
  • There’s a lot of playground for his future s/o. 
  • If he loves her, he will love her will all his heart. (Even love her more than meat)


  • This marimo loves silence and calm moments, and he would love it even more if he could share it with his babe.
  • If he can talk with her about swords, training and all that stuff, it would be even better! So a good listener is pretty good for the swordsman.
  • Zorro won’t care about the look either, so the personality is here also more important.
  • He would love it, if his s/o is into snuggle and naps. Or even better, both.
  • Because he loves to snuggle while taking a little nap on deck. And with his s/o by his side,it would be perfect for him.
  • Zorro is not the kind of guy, whos much emotional, so he could not handle a too sensitive girl, it would be too much for him
  • Maybe he doesn’t look like the guy who talks much, but he would love to have long and interesting conversations with his s/o about topics he like. 


  • We all know, this man loves women, but for a long and happy relationship he will pick carefully.
  • It would be perfect, if his s/o would be interested in cooking, but it wont be necessary.
  • A sweet and kind woman, would melt his heart. Sanji is not a man who would like a tomboy, is more into a real Lady.
  • He would love to talk with his Love about God an the World, while he’s cooking, or if he helps him (even better).
  • He prefers a neat woman, since he places importance on his own look.
  • Sanji is pretty  comprehensible man. If you have something on your sweet heart, and you want to talk about it, he’s the right guy for talking
  •  He wants someone, who gives him love, gives him kisses and say nice and sweet thing to him.


  • I think a girl, which listens to his lies and just chuckles about it, would be perfect.
  • Even if she knows, it’s a lie she would let him.
  • A smart girl would be perfect for him. He would love to talk about topics she like and what she’s interested too. 
  • He’s a pretty good listener, and he would love to hear the soft voice of his s/o.
  •  Someone he can protect and someone he can impress or bring to laugh.
  • Usopps ideal woman has to have his humor. He would love to bring her to laugh, smile, chuckle. This man just wants to see his Love happy. 
  • A calm and sweet Girl, thats his s/o.


  • This cute little fluff needs a second cute little fluff.
  • I can image a little shy girl by choppers side.
  • He would love it, if his s/o would be interested in his work.
  • We all know how strong this fluff is, so his s/o doesn’t have to be strong or though. He would protect her with his life.
  • I think, chopper needs someone, who is by his side. Who is with him in his doctor room, who helps him to sort all the medical books, just some one, who spends time with him.
  • It would be perfect if his little fluff would share his love for sweet things.
  • He would buy her cotton candy and eat it with her together. 
  • This sweet guy, just needs a sweet girl. 


  • This man, just needs a strong woman.
  • He would love it, if his girl watches him while he’s working, or just helps him. 
  • I think Franky would get pretty bored witch a shy little girl
  • This Cyborg just wants a badass woman. 
  • And also, a little naughty and dirty minded one would be good, since Franky is a perv.
  • It would be perfect if his s/o would have knowledge in mechanical things, and give him a hand at work or even better, improving his Cyborg body.
  • Franky would adore it, if his s/o would bring him Coke, joke with him do the “Supeer~!” with him.


  • Oh dear, this gentleman needs a lady.
  • It would be perfect if his s/o could sing to his music, or just if she’s interested in music.
  • He would write her tons of songs!
  • Brook would love to have long conversations with his love about everything. This skeleton saw so much, he loves to talk about it and even more with his partner.
  • A classy woman is the perfect one for him.
  • Someone who chuckles every time he made his dorky jokes
  • He won’t even ask his Love for underpants, because he would adore this woman so much.


  • I’m pretty sure, that his ideal woman has to be kinda like him.
  • She should be calm and very smart, so Law can have good conversations with her.
  • He would like it if she’s a bit cheeky, but just a bit.
  • This man needs a woman who cares about him. Someone who brings him coffee, gives him a small kiss on the cheek and reminds him to rest a bit.
  • His s/o has to be a calm person, o dear he loves that. Not much of a talk, thats perfect for him.
  • It would be perfect if his s/o would be interested in what he does.
  • Someone who reads a lot of good and complex literature, this man will melt. He would love to discuss with her about a special book and the best parts of it.


  • This satan, needs a badass woman. He won’t even let a weakling in his crew, so why should he date one?
  • But honestly, he needs a strong woman. Someone who can protect themselves. Someone whos evil like him. Just someone he can argue with and have sex after that.
  • Kid definitely needs someone with a dirty mind. It would suit him just so well.
  • He loves women who don’t give a little fuck about what others say. Sort of tomboy, not that much of a Queen of the Bitches.
  • This guy does not like boring people, he loves crazy and insane. Just like him.
  • In short, just be like this Read Head with tits.


  • His woman should suit into his Family.
  • His ideal s/o should know showing respect and honor for his father.
  • I’m sure Ace loves woman with a good taste of humor. Just someone, he can laugh with.
  • His s/o should be a good listener. Ace loves to talk about old days, about his brother and his home.
  • Kind of swinging and uncomplicated woman, is his taste.
  • Someone who loves the freedom, adventures and the sea.

anonymous asked:

I request a h/c about the Strawhats and the Heart alliance going to a water park.

Sure, here you go!

Straw Hat and Heart Pirates:

  • Wherever these lively crews go there is an adventure. A water park sounds awesome in truth, but dangerous as well, in a way, especially for Devil Fruit users. However, Luffy and Chopper, and anyone from the Heart crew who is an user as well, are going to use floaters in order not to sink down and drown and, even so, they will go to those pools with shallow waters. Usopp is totally one to use water guns, only if they are allowed, though, to attack them. Bepo might join in, but apologize every time he hits someone with a blast of cold water.
  • Nami and Robin are going to sunbath, along with the girl in Law’s crew. They are going to be served some snacks and cool smoothies by Sanji, who is constantly drooling over them, as well as the 97% of Law’s crew, led by Shachi and Penguin.
  • There are going to be palm trees, just what Zoro is looking for. Or anywhere where there are shadows, he’s fine with it. He just wants to nap. But don’t think that is the only thing that he will do. He’s totally one to push Sanji into the pool with his clothes on and go back napping until Sanji appears and kicks him into the water. The fight continues with them both trying to drown each other.
  • Law, as well as Zoro, is most likely going to take a nap or read. Having some coffee. Without even taking off his sweater. Until Luffy appears, takes him like a potato sack and throws him into the water… Only to remember that Law is also an user and get Zoro to help him, later on being strangled by a very angry and wet surgeon.
  • Franky is just going around in his speedo, glad that no one is making any comment because of it for once. Not that he usually cares, though. He’s probably making conversation with Jean Bart, who doesn’t feel like going for a swim and, surprisingly, find out that they have many interesting topics in common.
  • Brook would like to bath too, but if he’s going to do something much better, it is creeping out those girls in cute bikinis who he doesn’t need to ask to show him their panties. If they run away from him, he will go after those ones inside the pool and make them jump out of their skin, only to follow them because he can run above the water.
Science Terms for Non-scientists

There is a huge amount of misunderstanding around common science terms. So here I am to blow away the fog! Hopefully some of you can find this useful for both everyday life and your writing.

Hypothesis: A statement made by a researcher regarding what they think is going on. Also called an “educated guess,” as in the person has the background knowledge to attempt an explanation prior to any testing. A hypothesis must be testable.

Observation: Literally what it sounds like. It is a fact of something a person sees. For example, a researcher may make an observation that the sky appeared orange at sunset or that their rat ate 24 food pellets in month. There is no thinking about it, no extrapolation, just the facts.

Law: This is a statement made following repeated experimental observation. A law is always true under a given set of conditions. They are not theories, as they do not try to explain what is going on.

Theory: This is the explanation for the repeated observations. It is supported by experimentation. Note: theories can never be proven true, only false (you can never test every single instance of the situation). You can just build evidence to support it.

The scientific method (though not always followed):

  1. A person makes an observation.
  2. The person forms a hypothesis attempting to explain the observation.
  3. The person comes up with ways to test the hypothesis.
  4. The person implements these tests.
  5. The person evaluates results and revises the hypothesis if needed.

Field: This is the sub-specialization of a scientist. For example, a biologist may be a general biologist, marine biologist, molecular biologist, cancer biologist, neuroscientist, immunobiologist, epidemiologist, ecologist, behavioral researcher, neuropsychologist, etc.

Field work: This is the type of experiment that is performed outside of the lab. For example, an ecologist may be performing evaluations of stream conditions. While they are physically at the stream, they are doing field work.

Bench work: This is work inside the lab. For example, a scientist who is actively working on something like cell culture or running a gel is doing bench work.

Science writing: This is writing with a focus on science! It may be writing scientific articles, writing protocols, evaluating and editing proposals, or writing for popular press and audiences. Yes, this is its own separate career, typically requiring a background in at least science and possibly scientific writing or journalism.

Journal: This is where scientific papers are published. Some common journals in my field are Nature and The American Journal of Medicine and Neuron. There are a lot. And some are very obscure. They are rated by this thing called “impact factor” that is supposed to relate to journal quality (better impact factor gives your research better exposure), but in my opinion is nonsense. Also, you should trust peer reviewed journals more than journals that are not peer reviewed…that means that other professionals in their field have evaluated the paper.

Principle Investigator (PI): This is the person in charge of a particular study. Often that is the person who runs the lab out of which the study comes. Their name will be last on the paper. Note: name order on papers is very important. First and last author are the important ones. If your name is in the middle, you’re not as big of a contributor unless it is noted otherwise in the journal.

EDIT: It has been pointed out in the notes that author order sometimes varies by field. So these comments on order are not always true.

I hope you found this interesting and informative! Hopefully I will be able to post a biology-specific post like this soon. :)

Happy writing!


Notes on Politics, which is turning out to be my favorite course this semester. Also, my newest desktop wallpaper featuring a deconstructed s'more. If you guys like it, it’s available on my etsy: http://etsy.me/1NFig8m

Happy studying and keep up the good work!